Identification of key genes and pathways in castrate-resistant prostate cancer by integrated bioinformatics analysis

Publication date: Available online 13 July 2020Source: Pathology - Research and PracticeAuthor(s): Yu-Peng Wu, Zhi-Bin Ke, Fei Lin, Yao-An Wen, Sheng Chen, Xiao-Dong Li, Shao-Hao Chen, Xiong-Lin Sun, Jin-Bei Huang, Qing-Shui Zheng, Xue-Yi Xue, Yong Wei, Ning Xu
Source: Pathology Research and Practice - Category: Pathology Source Type: research

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In this study, microarray analysis was used for gene expression profiling in rat prostate tissue after exposure to EDCs and sex hormones over multiple time points (prepubertal through adulthood). We used dorsolateral prostate tissues from Sprague-Dawley rats (male offspring) and postnatally administered estradiol benzoate (EB) on postnatal days (PNDs) 1, 3, and 5, followed by treatment with additional hormones [estradiol (E) and testosterone (T)] on PNDs 90-200, as described by Ho et al. Microarray analysis was performed for gene expression profiling in the dorsolateral prostate, and the results were validated via qRT-PCR....
Source: Journal of Toxicological Sciences - Category: Toxicology Tags: J Toxicol Sci Source Type: research
Condition:   Castration-Resistant Prostatic Cancer Interventions:   Drug: Niraparib;   Drug: Abiraterone acetate (AA);   Drug: Prednisone;   Drug: Placebo for Niraparib Sponsor:   Janssen Research & Development, LLC Not yet recruiting
Source: - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Conclusion: mp-MRI has superior specificity, sensitivity, and accuracy for assessing ECE and SVI. Both imaging modalities had similar specificity, sensitivity, and accuracy for determining BNI. However, both imaging modalities had low diagnostic accuracy for LNM on histopathology.Urol Int
Source: Urologia Internationalis - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 2 August 2020Source: Journal of Bone OncologyAuthor(s): Janet E Brown, Catherine Handforth, Juliet E Compston, William Cross, Nigel Parr, Peter Selby, Steven Wood, Lawrence Drudge-Coates, Jennifer S Walsh, Caroline Mitchell, Fiona J Collinson, Robert E Coleman, Nicholas James, Roger Francis, David M Reid, Eugene McCloskey
Source: Journal of Bone Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
This study examined the association between problem-solving skills in the technology-rich environment and cancer screening in later life. Using 2012/2014 Program for International Assessment of Adult Competencies data, binary logistic regressions with survey weights were used to estimate the association between problem-solving skills in the technology-rich environment and four cancer screening behaviors among the corresponding target populations aged between 45 and 74 years old (n = 1374 for cervical screening; n = 1373 for breast screening; n = 1166 for prostate screening; n = 2563 for colon screening). Results showed tha...
Source: European Journal of Cancer Prevention - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Research Paper: Sctreening Source Type: research
To assess the histologic findings in the pubic bone resected during extirpative surgery for urinary pubic symphysis fistula (UPF). The concurrent presence of osteomyelitis and the need for bone resection at time of extirpative surgery for UPF has been debated. We hypothesized that UPF results in histopathologically confirmed osteomyelitis, underscoring the importance of bone resection at the time of surgery.
Source: Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Reconstructive Urology Source Type: research
eglia A significant number of meta-analyses reporting data on the diagnostic performance of positron emission tomography (PET) in prostate cancer (PCa) is currently available in the literature. In particular, different PET radiopharmaceuticals were used for this purpose. The aim of this review is to summarize information retrieved by published meta-analyses on this topic. The first step included a systematic search of the literature (last search date: June 2020), screening two databases (PubMed/MEDLINE and Cochrane Library). This combination of key words was used: (A) “PET” OR “positron em...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
DNA copy number alterations (CNAs) are promising biomarkers to predict prostate cancer (PCa) outcome. However, fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) cannot assess complex CNA signatures due to low multiplexing capabilities. Multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) can detect multiple CNAs in a single PCR assay, but PCa-specific probe mixes available commercially are lacking. Synthetic MLPA probes were designed to target 10 CNAs relevant to PCa: 5q15-21.1 (CHD1), 6q15 (MAP3K7), 8p21.2 (NKX3-1), 8q24.21 (MYC), 10q23.31 (PTEN), 12p13.1 (CDKN1B), 13q14.2 (RB1), 16p13.3 (PDPK1), 16q23.1 (GABARAPL2), and 17p13...
Source: Journal of Molecular Diagnostics - Category: Pathology Authors: Tags: Regular Article Source Type: research
Source: Cancer Management and Research - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Cancer Management and Research Source Type: research
Purpose of review To discuss and highlight the recent findings in urological oncology focusing on nuclear medicine advances on imaging and therapy. Recent findings Testicular tumors: 18F-FDG as the standard positron emission tomography (PET) tracer with proven good accuracy in detecting metastatic testicular cancer; urothelial cancer: good accuracy of 18F-FDG PET in detecting distant metastases but poor results in detecting local disease; prostate cancer: prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) is a promising target for imaging prostate cancer with unprecedented accuracy in both staging and restaging and prospective...
Source: Current Opinion in Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: PET IMAGING IN UROLOGY: Edited by Stefano Fanti and Declan G. Murphy Source Type: research
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