Psychological flexibility, self-compassion and daily functioning in chronic pain

Publication date: Available online 8 July 2020Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral ScienceAuthor(s): Amanda Davey, Joseph Chilcot, Elizabeth Driscoll, Lance M. McCracken
Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

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There is significant heterogeneity in pain outcomes following motor vehicle crashes (MVCs), such that a sizeable portion of individuals develop symptoms of chronic pain months after injury while others recover. Despite variable outcomes, the pathogenesis o...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
ConclusionsArthroscopic repairs of chronic, massive RCTs, whether complete or partial, are associated with significant improvements in pain, function and objective outcome scores. The rate of repair failure is lower than previously reported, however, still high at 36%. The present paper finds that arthroscopic repair is still a viable treatment option for massive RCTs.Level of evidenceIV.
Source: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
DiscussionRecruitment began in February 2017 and will continue through 2019.Trial registrationClinicaltrials.govNCT03014583. Registered on 9 January 2017.
Source: Trials - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
We present the case of a 59-year-old woman admitted to the emergency department with confluent abscess formations of autochthonous back muscles and staphylococcal sepsis caused by injection therapy performed by a general practitioner for LBP. The findings of this case report emphasize a careful selection of patients for this type of treatment and a multidisciplinary approach to treatment of LBP.
Source: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
ConclusionScrotal inguinal hernias demonstrated a very unfavorable relation with the postoperative complication rate, the rate of complication-related reoperations and the rate of general complications. But a very favorable association with chronic pain rates was identified at 1-year follow-up. Medial inguinal hernia had an unfavorable relation with the recurrence and pain rates.
Source: Hernia - Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research
In this study, we examined the effects of oxytocin on the Aβ-induced impairment of synaptic plasticity in mice. To investigate the effect of oxytocin on synaptic plasticity, we prepared acute hippocampal slices for extracellular recording and assessed long-term potentiation (LTP) with perfusion of the Aβ active fragment (Aβ25-35) in the absence and presence of oxytocin. We found that oxytocin reversed the impairment of LTP induced by Aβ25-35 perfusion in the mouse hippocampus. These effects were blocked by pretreatment with the selective oxytocin receptor antagonist L-368,899. Furthermore, the tr...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Purpose of review To describe the main clinical differences of children and adults with chronic nonbacterial osteomyelitis (CNO). Recent findings CNO is a severe systemic autoinflammatory syndrome characterized by multiple bone lesions because of inflammatory osteitis. Delay to diagnosis of CNO can lead to functional impairment, fractures, and chronic pain. Key clinical aspects and disease patterns differ in children and adults, including onset and time to diagnosis, symptom localization, associated comorbidities (i.e. skin, joints), bone lesion distribution pattern, and treatment approach. Novel biomarkers, such as u...
Source: Current Opinion in Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Tags: PEDIATRIC AND HERITABLE DISORDERS: Edited by Polly J. Ferguson Source Type: research
Purpose of review The nomenclature and classification of somatoform disorders have undergone revisions in the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM 5) and the upcoming eleventh edition of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11). The present review describes the changes that have evolved and highlight the possible challenges. Recent findings Bodily distress disorders replace the term somatoform disorders. The emphasis on the symptoms to be medically unexplained has been removed. The need to have a certain number of symptoms associated with different organ systems has made way to the ...
Source: Current Opinion in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: PSYCHIATRY, MEDICINE AND THE BEHAVIOURAL SCIENCES: Edited by Mohan Isaac and Igor Filipcic Source Type: research
Authors: Head P, Waldron M, Theis N, Patterson SD Abstract CONTEXT: Neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) combined with blood flow restriction (BFR) has been shown to improve muscular strength and size better than NMES alone. However, previous studies used varied methodologies not recommended by previous NMES or BFR research. OBJECTIVE: The present study investigated the acute effects of NMES combined with varying degrees of BFR using research-recommended procedures to enhance understanding and the clinical applicability of this combination. DESIGN: Randomized crossover. SETTING: Physiology labora...
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe current findings attest to the relevance of (child ‐ and self‐oriented) injustice in the parental experience of caring for a child with chronic pain and provides insight into the specific content and scope of these appraisals. As such, this study provides valuable insights to further research in this area.
Source: European Journal of Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
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