Want to see more behavior? Consider institutional-level positive reinforcement
Publication date: Available online 20 August 2019Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral ScienceAuthor(s): A. Solomon KurzAbstractIn their review of 160 articles in the Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science (JCBS), Newsome, Newsome, Fuller & Meyer (2019) argued prior JCBS authors have disproportionately relied on self-report measures to the neglect of more overt measures of behavior. I agree that increasing the frequency of more overt behavioral measures of behavior could potentially improve the quality of the scholarship within JCBS. To encourage these changes, we might consider a fuller analysis of the factors ma...
Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science - August 21, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Mindfulness, experiential avoidance, and affective experience in older adults
Publication date: Available online 20 August 2019Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral ScienceAuthor(s): McKenna M. Pierson, Anne I. Roche, Natalie L. DenburgAbstractSubjective well-being is comprised of two components: affective experience and life satisfaction. Older adulthood is marked by changes and challenges that have the potential to diminish well-being. As the proportion of older adults in the population rises, it is becoming increasingly important to identify factors that may be protective against these potentially detrimental events. Mindfulness and acceptance constructs have been shown to be associated with a...
Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science - August 21, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Development and initial validation of a short form of the diabetes acceptance and Action Scale: The DAAS-Revised (DAAS-R)
This study aimed to develop a short form of the Diabetes Acceptance and Action Scale that would be suitable for administration across all ages.MethodPeople with diabetes were recruited via social media, support organisations and charities as well as clinical services. They completed an online survey measuring demographic and clinical data, the Diabetes Acceptance & Action Scale, Problems in Diabetes Short Form, Self-Care Inventory Revised, Brief Experiential Avoidance Questionnaire, Cognitive Fusion Questionnaire and Engaged Living Scale.ResultsFive hundred and thirty-one participants with diabetes responded to the onl...
Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science - August 18, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Training perspective taking skills in individuals with intellectual disabilities: A functional approach
This study aims to develop a new functional perspective-taking protocol that answers the limitations found in previous studies. Furthermore, we analyse the impact of this training protocol on traditional Theory of Mind tasks in individuals with intellectual disabilities. The results indicate that all the participants experienced an improvement in their Theory of Mind skills. (Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science)
Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science - August 15, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Perceived stress and professional quality of life in nursing staff: How important is psychological flexibility?
This study explores how process measures related to Acceptance and Commitment Training (ACT) are associated with perceived stress and professional quality of life in nurses, in order to guide intervention development.DesignA cross-sectional, online psychometric survey was implemented using LimeSurvey software.MethodsOne-hundred and forty-two nurses were recruited from various specialties across four English National Health Service (NHS) Trusts. Questionnaires assessed demographic and work-related sample characteristics, ACT processes (mindfulness, acceptance, cognitive defusion, self-as-context, values and committed action...
Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science - August 15, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The role of present moment awareness and cognitive fusion with food craving in the relationship between depression and binge eating
Publication date: Available online 8 August 2019Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral ScienceAuthor(s): Duckhyun Jo, Eunjoo YangAbstractMindfulness is an important process involved in binge eating triggered by negative mood. However, the specific components of mindfulness and their differential roles in this process have not been explored. Accordingly, the aim of the present study was to investigate the role that two mindfulness components, namely, cognitive fusion with food craving and present moment awareness play in the relationship between depression and binge eating. A total of 228 South Korean women (M = 22.91...
Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science - August 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

A service Member's experience of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy for moral injury (ACT-MI) via telehealth: “Learning to accept my pain and injury by reconnecting with my values and starting to live a meaningful life”
Publication date: Available online 8 August 2019Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral ScienceAuthor(s): Lauren M. BorgesAbstractAcceptance and Commitment Therapy for Moral Injury (ACT-MI) has been proposed to help individuals move towards their values in the presence of moral pain. The current case study is the first using ACT-MI and the first telehealth moral injury treatment application. ACT-MI was delivered to a Service Member in his early 30's over twelve (90-min) telehealth individual psychotherapy sessions. The Service Member reported significant changes engaging with his values and moral pain over the course of t...
Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science - August 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

From psychological distress to academic procrastination: Exploring the role of psychological inflexibility
Publication date: Available online 1 August 2019Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral ScienceAuthor(s): Nikolett Eisenbeck, David F. Carreno, Rubén Uclés-Juárez (Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science)
Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science - August 2, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Effectiveness of a web-based Acceptance and Commitment Therapy intervention for wellbeing of parents whose children have chronic conditions: A randomized controlled trial
Publication date: Available online 31 July 2019Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral ScienceAuthor(s): Essi Sairanen, Raimo Lappalainen, Päivi Lappalainen, Kirsikka Kaipainen, Fredrik Carlstedt, Malin Anclair, Arto Hiltunen (Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science)
Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science - August 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Psychological flexibility-based interventions versus first-line psychosocial interventions for substance use disorders: Systematic review and meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials
In this study, we first identified third-wave CBTs that deliberately target psychological flexibility and categorized them as psychological flexibility–based interventions (PF interventions). PF interventions included ACT, DBT, mindfulness-oriented recovery enhancement, and distress tolerance therapy. We then conducted a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCT) that compared PF interventions to first-line psychosocial interventions. From a total of 2781 citations, our search identified 10 RCTs including a total of 658 participants. Compared to the first-line psychosocial interventions recommended for SUD t...
Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science - August 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Treatment sensitivity: Its importance in the measurement of psychological flexibility
ConclusionsThe results of the present study show greater treatment sensitivity of three alternative questionnaires measuring PF compared to the AAQ-II. The results suggest that treatment effects concerning PF may have been underestimated depending on the wording and measure used. Implications for research on PF and ACT processes and outcomes are discussed. (Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science)
Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science - August 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Might psychological flexibility processes and Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) apply in adults with painful diabetic neuropathy? A cross-sectional survey
Publication date: Available online 16 July 2019Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral ScienceAuthor(s): Kitty Kioskli, Kirsty Winkley, Lance M. McCrackenAbstractPainful diabetic neuropathy (PDN) is a distressing and disabling condition. There is, surprisingly, relatively little research into the role of psychological variables related to PDN. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between psychological flexibility, daily functioning, and distress in people with PDN. This cross-sectional study included 225 participants who were recruited from hospital services and online. In correlation analyses, accepta...
Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science - July 17, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

How can process-based researchers bridge the gap between individuals and groups? Discover the dynamic p-technique
Publication date: Available online 9 July 2019Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral ScienceAuthor(s): A. Solomon Kurz, Yelena L. Johnson, Karen Kate Kellum, Kelly G. WilsonAbstractBehavioral researchers are concluding that conventional group-based analyses often mask meaningful individual differences and do not necessarily map onto the change processes in individual human lives. Hayes et al. (2018) have called for a renewed focus on idiographic research, but with methods capable of nuances multivariate insights and capable of scaling to nomothetic generalizations. To that end, we present a statistical technique we belie...
Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science - July 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Long-term stability of early sudden gains in an acceptance and values-based intervention
Publication date: Available online 3 July 2019Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral ScienceAuthor(s): Katariina Keinonen, Heidi Kyllönen, Piia Astikainen, Raimo LappalainenAbstractThough previous research has extensively reported that sudden gains are associated with superior treatment results, research on the long-term effects and stability of sudden gains is not as consistent. The current study explored the long-term stability of early sudden gains (ESGs) observed in a brief acceptance and values-based intervention for depression provided by novice therapists. The participants were 56 volunteers diagnosed with ma...
Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science - July 4, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Acceptance- and mindfulness-based interventions for health behavior change: Systematic reviews and meta-analyses
Publication date: Available online 19 June 2019Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral ScienceAuthor(s): Anne I. Roche, Emily B. Kroska, Natalie L. DenburgAbstractBehavioral health issues such as smoking and overweight are risk factors for a variety of adverse health outcomes, including mortality. Over the past decade, a growing number of randomized controlled trials have examined the efficacy of acceptance- and mindfulness-based interventions for smoking cessation and weight loss. The purpose of the current meta-analytic reviews was to quantitatively synthesize the existing literature comparing these interventions to con...
Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science - June 19, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

A Single-Session of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy for Health-Related behavior change: An Open Trial with a nonconcurrent matched comparison group
Publication date: Available online 13 June 2019Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral ScienceAuthor(s): Monica Barreto, Thi Anh Tran, Scott T. GaynorAbstractThe Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have identified tobacco use, physical activity, alcohol consumption, nutrition, and sleep as five key health-related behavior domains for chronic disease prevention. Only a minority of the population meet recommended guidelines across all domains. To impact population health it is important to develop interventions that can be simulateously focused, flexible, efficient, and efficacious. Toward this end, we examined the i...
Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science - June 13, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The role of psychological inflexibility and self-compassion in acceptance and commitment therapy for clinical perfectionism
Publication date: Available online 11 June 2019Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral ScienceAuthor(s): Clarissa W. Ong, Jennifer L. Barney, Tyson S. Barrett, Eric B. Lee, Michael E. Levin, Michael P. TwohigAbstractThe current study examined psychological inflexibility and self-compassion as theoretically relevant mediators and moderators of outcomes following acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) for clinical perfectionism. Fifty-three participants with clinical perfectionism were randomized to either a 10-session ACT condition or a 14-week waitlist control condition (only 39 completed the posttreatment assessment). O...
Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science - June 12, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Compassion focused therapy for anger: A pilot study of a group intervention for veterans with PTSD
Publication date: Available online 12 June 2019Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral ScienceAuthor(s): Jed Grodin, Joshua L. Clark, Russell Kolts, Travis I. Lovejoy (Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science)
Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science - June 12, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Cross-sectional relations between psychological inflexibility and symptoms of depression and anxiety among adults reporting migraines or risk factors for cardiovascular disease
Publication date: Available online 5 June 2019Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral ScienceAuthor(s): Lilian Dindo, Charles P. Brandt, Jess FiedorowiczAbstractPsychological inflexibility is a multifaceted construct reflecting a rigid dominance of psychological reactions over chosen values and contingencies in guiding action. Psychological inflexibility has been related to depressive and anxiety symptoms and has been studied as a target of treatment for different forms of psychopathology. This construct, however, remains understudied among some at-risk groups. To close this gap in knowledge, the current study examined cr...
Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science - June 6, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Effects of a brief mindfulness-infused behavioral parent training for mothers of children with autism spectrum disorder
Publication date: Available online 18 May 2019Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral ScienceAuthor(s): Tracy J. Raulston, Patricia K. Zemantic, Wendy Machalicek, Meme Hieneman, Eva Kurtz-Nelson, Hannah Barton, Sarah G. Hansen, Rebecca J. FrantzAbstractA concurrent randomized multiple baseline across three mother-child dyads single-case design was employed to evaluate the effects of a brief mindfulness-infused behavioral parent training program. The program included strategies embedded within the context of natural family routines. Three mothers and their children with autism spectrum disorder participated. At the individ...
Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science - May 19, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Acceptance and commitment therapy for autistic adults: An open pilot study in a psychiatric outpatient context
Publication date: Available online 27 April 2019Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral ScienceAuthor(s): Johan Pahnke, Tatja Hirvikoski, Johan Bjureberg, Sven Bölte, Jussi Jokinen, Benjamin Bohman, Tobias Lundgren (Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science)
Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science - April 29, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

ACT for sleep - Internet-delivered self-help ACT for sub-clinical and clinical insomnia: A randomized controlled trial
ConclusionsWe conclude that unguided Internet-delivered Acceptance and Commitment Therapy can be effective in treating symptoms of insomnia and offers a useful addition to existing treatment options. (Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science)
Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science - April 9, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Flexibly And/Or Inflexibly Embracing Life: Identifying Fundamental Approaches to Life with Latent Profile Analyses on the Dimensions of the Hexaflex Model
Publication date: Available online 12 March 2019Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral ScienceAuthor(s): Oliver K. Stabbe, Jaci L. Rolffs, Ronald D. RoggeAbstractDimensions of psychological flexibility (PF) have been linked to healthy functioning suggesting that the various dimensions within the Hexaflex model represent critical factors that shape the course of individuals’ lives. The current study built on this work by introducing a person-centered approach that identified fundamental types of individuals across the dimensions of PF and psychological inflexibility (PI) within the Hexaflex framework. A sample of 2,...
Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science - March 13, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Acceptance and Commitment Training for Reducing Inflexible Behaviors in Children with Autism
Publication date: Available online 6 March 2019Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral ScienceAuthor(s): Thomas G. SzaboAbstractAcceptance and Commitment Training has been employed to increase behavioral flexibility in only a handful of studies with children with autism. In the current study, we conducted a direct contingency functional analysis of the inflexible behavior of three children with autism and developed a function-based treatment. Upon finding that this intervention was either inefficient or ineffective, we conducted a secondary functional assessment of indirect (verbal) contingencies and employed a 4-hr Accep...
Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science - March 9, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Using an Acceptance-Based Behavioral Approach as a supplement to obesity treatment: A stepped-care approach
ConclusionsIn this investigation, approximately half of the participants were able to lose a clinically significant amount of weight utilizing a minimally intensive intervention with little additional support. MISS-ABT participants were adherent to treatment and lost significantly more weight than participants eligible for stepped care but randomized to continue with SH. A number of psychological factors discriminated between those who were successful and unsuccessful at losing weight. The current preliminary research offers support to continue investigating ABT's potential beneficial effects in promoting weight loss outco...
Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science - March 9, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

A Systematic Review of Derived Verbal Behavior Research
Publication date: Available online 1 March 2019Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral ScienceAuthor(s): Conny Raaymakers, Yors Garcia, Krystal Cunningham, Lisa Krank, Lauren Nemer-KaiserAbstractPractitioners in the field of autism treatment have historically been challenged by training complex language repertoires in individuals with an autism spectrum disorder, specifically when traditional training techniques have demonstrated a failure to promote a generalized repertoire. The inclusion of research from the field of Relational Frame Theory (RFT) may assist the practitioner in developing treatment targets that demonstra...
Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science - March 4, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

A Review of AAQ Variants and Other Context-Specific Measures of Psychological Flexibility
Publication date: Available online 27 February 2019Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral ScienceAuthor(s): Clarissa W. Ong, Eric B. Lee, Michael E. Levin, Michael P. TwohigAbstractPsychological flexibility refers to a way of interacting with internal experiences and the external environment that advances one toward chosen values whereas psychological inflexibility reflects rigid adherence to ineffective responses such that valued living is compromised. Psychological flexibility is a critical variable of interest in acceptance and commitment therapy, thus, accurate assessment of this construct is pertinent to professiona...
Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science - February 28, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Acceptance & Commitment Therapy for ME/CFS (Chronic Fatigue Syndrome) – a feasibility study
Publication date: Available online 28 February 2019Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral ScienceAuthor(s): Martin A Jonsjö, Rikard K Wicksell, Linda Holmström, Anna Andreasson, Gunnar L OlssonAbstractBackgroundAcceptance and Commitment Therapy has not been evaluated for Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (ME/CFS) to date. However, recent studies indicate the importance of psychological flexibility for well-being in this condition. The present study is a preliminary evaluation of the feasibility of an ACT-based behavior medicine treatment protocol for ME/CFS.Methods40 adult individuals, fulfilli...
Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science - February 28, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Quality Improvement and Applied Behavior Analysis: Another name for a rose that smells just as sweet
Publication date: Available online 21 February 2019Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral ScienceAuthor(s): Alexandros Maragakis, Michael Vriesman, Leah LaLonde, Sarah M. Richling, Blake LancasterAbstractWhile the field of applied behavior analysis (ABA) has demonstrated its effectiveness and applicability across multiple settings, there are still concerns within the field about its limited scope. To date, most of the recommendations for expanding the scope of ABA include integrating into other fields that require additional credentials and training. This could be both costly and time consuming. Given the changing landsc...
Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science - February 22, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Acceptance and commitment training focused on repetitive negative thinking for clinical psychology trainees: A randomized controlled trial
Publication date: Available online 21 February 2019Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral ScienceAuthor(s): Iduar Dereix, Francisco J. Ruiz, Marco A. Sierra, Andrés Peña-Vargas, Eduar S. RamírezAbstractThis parallel randomized controlled trial evaluated the effect of Acceptance and Commitment Training (ACT) focused on disrupting repetitive negative thinking (RNT) versus a waitlist control (WLC) in clinical psychology trainees. Ninety-four undergraduate, clinical psychology trainees of a Colombian university were invited to participate in the study. Eighty-five trainees agreed to participate and were ...
Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science - February 22, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Measuring Intimacy as a Contextual Behavioral Process: Psychometric Development and Evaluation of the Awareness, Courage, and Responsiveness Scale
Publication date: Available online 22 February 2019Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral ScienceAuthor(s): Adam M. Kuczynski, Jonathan W. Kanter, Chad T. Wetterneck, Fabián O. Olaz, R. Sonia Singh, Eric B. Lee, Tara J. Stowe, Trevor G. Mazzucchelli, Judy Mier-Chairez, Daniel W.M. Maitland, Katherine E. Manbeck, Mariah D. CoreyAbstractHigh quality relationships are essential to psychological health and well-being, and relational intimacy is a core feature of these relationships. Decades of research in relationship science have converged on a central model of intimacy wherein individuals develop close, trusting rel...
Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science - February 22, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Patterns of relational responding and a healthy self in older adolescents
Publication date: Available online 7 February 2019Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral ScienceAuthor(s): Orla Moran, Louise McHughAbstractEvidence from Contextual Behavioral Science indicates that two patterns of relating facilitate a sense of self, namely, self-as-distinction and self-as-hierarchy. Although the latter has been associated with better mental health outcomes relative to self-as-distinction, to date these types of relating have not been examined directly at a baseline level, wherein manipulation has not occurred. The present study examined the relative contribution of self-as-distinction and self-as-hiera...
Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science - February 8, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Partner Trust and Childhood Emotional Maltreatment: The Mediating and Moderating Roles of Maladaptive Schemas and Psychological Flexibility
Publication date: Available online 7 February 2019Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral ScienceAuthor(s): Leah M. Baugh, Daniel W. Cox, Richard A. Young, David KealyAbstractVictims of childhood emotional maltreatment (CEM) often experience lasting interpersonal impacts. CEM is commonly experienced as a betrayal of trust and can lead victims to generalize this mistrust to relationships in adulthood, including their romantic partners. The aim of the present study was to better understand the association between CEM and partner trust by examining the relative strength of three potential mediators – psychological flex...
Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science - February 8, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Change in Domain-specific but not General Psychological Flexibility Relates to Greater Weight Loss in Acceptance-Based Behavioral Treatment for Obesity
This study examined change in several domain-specific and general measures of psychological flexibility in a randomized controlled trial of an acceptance-based behavioral weight loss treatment. The relationships between change in these measures and weight loss outcomes were also examined. Adults (N = 283) were randomized to receive 12 months of acceptance-based (ABT) or non-acceptance-based (non-ABT) behavioral treatment and completed measures of general and weight control-specific psychological flexibility at months 0, 6, and 12. Participants in ABT demonstrated greater increases in psychological flexibility related to ea...
Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science - January 30, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Effects of Deictic Framing and Defusion on the Development of Self-As-Context in Individuals with Disabilities
Publication date: Available online 26 January 2019Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral ScienceAuthor(s): Sebastián García- Zambrano, Ruth Anne Rehfeldt, India Pauly Hertel, Rachel BoehmertAbstractThe purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of a brief protocol based on Relational Frame Theory (RFT) that consisted of a defusion exercise in combination with perspective-taking interactions. The protocol was designed to alter verbal statements about the self by training deictic frames (i.e., I-YOU, HERE-THERE, and NOW-THEN) and presenting a defusion exercise. A pre-post design with a control group wa...
Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science - January 27, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

A Pilot of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy for Public Speaking Anxiety Delivered with Group Videoconferencing and Virtual Reality Exposure
Publication date: Available online 24 January 2019Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral ScienceAuthor(s): Erica K. Yuen, Elizabeth M. Goetter, Michael Stasio, Philip Ash, Briana Mansour, Erin McNally, Morgan Sanchez, Erica Hobar, Simone Forte, Kristin Zulaica, Jordan WatkinsAbstractTwo pilot studies (N = 11; N = 15) assessed the feasibility and efficacy of a weekly 6-session ACT group videoconferencing intervention for public speaking anxiety with participants in separate physical locations. Both studies found significant improvements in self-reported social anxiety symptoms from pre-treatment to follow-up, with high le...
Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science - January 25, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Development and Preliminary Psychometric Properties of the Values Wheel
ConclusionsThese findings provide preliminary support for the psychometric properties of the Values Wheel. Notwithstanding this study’s limitations, the Values Wheel may hold potential as a measure of values-directed behavior with a broad scope of application in diverse contexts and languages. (Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science)
Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science - January 15, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

A Web-Based Self-Guided Program to Promote Valued-Living in College Students: A Pilot Study
Publication date: Available online 11 January 2019Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral ScienceAuthor(s): Jacob Firestone, LeeAnn Cardaciotto, Michael E. Levin, Edie Goldbacher, Peter Vernig, Laura Eubanks GambrelAbstractWeb-based programs that focus on values, a core process within acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT), may be a promising approach to cultivate positive psychosocial adjustment among undergraduates. The current study tested the usability, acceptability, and receptivity of the Living Your Values (LYV) program, a single-session, web-delivered, self-guided values intervention for undergraduates and its ut...
Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science - January 11, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Next-day effects of dysfunctional and functional emotion regulation and the moderating role of experiential avoidance
Publication date: Available online 9 January 2019Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral ScienceAuthor(s): Skye Fitzpatrick, Jennifer E. Khoury, Lillian Krantz, Richard Zeifman, Janice R. KuoAbstractThis work examined the influence of trait experiential avoidance (EA) on the relationship between functional versus dysfunctional emotion regulation (ER) strategies and next-day negative emotion. Participants (N = 154) reported levels of EA, and then provided daily measurements of negative emotional intensity and frequency of the use of dysfunctional and functional ER strategies that are focused inwards towards the self (inter...
Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science - January 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Preliminary Validation and Reliability Assessment of a 10-Item Tacting of Function Scale
This report details the development and preliminary psychometric properties of a 10-item self-report measure of the ability to label or 'tact' different functions of behavior that may be pertinent within ACT.The preliminary findings suggest that tacting of function can be measured in an internally consistent way and explains variance in symptoms and functional impairment beyond a commonly used process measure. Altogether, the present findings suggest tacting of function may be relevant within ACT and other functional interventions, and point to the role of deficits in tacting function in the emergence of mental health prob...
Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science - January 7, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Acceptance of Shame and Embarrassment: scale development and initial findings in a clinical sample
ConclusionsThe ASES is a reliable and valid instrument measuring the ability to accept shame and embarrassment. This ability is associated with better social functioning and mood in people with chronic pain; this form of acceptance should be targeted in treatment. (Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science)
Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science - January 4, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Further validation of the Chronic Pain Acceptance Questionnaire for Adolescents in a broader Paediatric context
Publication date: Available online 20 December 2018Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral ScienceAuthor(s): Shannon Connolly, Nuno Ferreira, Leona McGarrigle, Leyla DeAmicis (Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science)
Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science - December 20, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

An examination of the Construct Validity of the Generalized Pliance Questionnaire
Publication date: Available online 11 December 2018Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral ScienceAuthor(s): Daniel Waldeck, Luca Pancani, Ian TyndallAbstractThe Generalized Pliance Questionnaire (GPQ) was originally validated against measures of psychological flexibility and psychological distress. However, measures which have substantial conceptual overlap with the GPQ (e.g., the Need to Belong Scale [NTBS], Brief Fear of Negative Evaluation Scale [BFNE]) were not examined. The present study seeks to investigate the construct validity of the GPQ-9. As expected, data from a survey of 272 participants indicated significan...
Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science - December 12, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Elucidating the relationships between shame, anger, and self-destructive behaviors: The role of aversive responses to emotions
This study is among the first to examine a possible mechanism by which shame can lead to ISDB, providing potential points of intervention for treatment. (Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science)
Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science - December 12, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Symptoms of Social Anxiety and Depression: Acceptance of Socially Anxious Thoughts and Feelings as a Moderator
This study examined the extent to which acceptance of symptoms of social anxiety (i.e., fears of being scrutinized and social interaction anxiety) moderated the relationship between these symptoms and depression. The sample consisted of 961 undergraduates, who completed a series of questionnaires online. Results showed that interaction effects between both 1) acceptance and fears of being scrutinized and 2) acceptance and social interaction anxiety significantly predicted scores on the depressive symptoms measure. Findings support treatments that target increased acceptance as a transdiagnostic process. (Source: Journal of...
Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science - December 5, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

A Review of Anger, Hostility, and Aggression from an ACT Perspective
Publication date: Available online 3 December 2018Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral ScienceAuthor(s): Olga V. Berkout, Diana Tinsley, Maureen K. FlynnAbstractA growing body of literature has begun to examine anger, hostility, and aggression using the psychological flexibility model among both youth and adults. This manuscript provides the first overview of this research. Papers were included in this review if they were published in English, peer-reviewed, published through December 8th 2017 on PsycInfo and PubMed, or were recommended during the review process. The research reviewed examines anger, hostility, and agg...
Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science - December 4, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Psychometric properties of the Avoidance and Fusion Questionnaire – Youth in Colombia
In conclusion, the AFQ-Y and the AFQ-Y-8 seem to be valid and reliable measures of psychological inflexibility in Colombian children and adolescents. (Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science)
Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science - November 28, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Examination of sex-specific publication trends within the Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science between 2012 and 2017
Publication date: Available online 14 November 2018Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral ScienceAuthor(s): Lynn Farrell, Fiona Corcoran, Emily Sandoz, Louise McHughAbstractAn analysis of publication trends related to author sex was conducted on all articles published within the Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science (JCBS) between 2012 and 2017. This was in response to calls within the Association for Contextual Behavioral Science (ACBS) for an examination of its commitment to and progress in advancing inclusion and diversity. Results indicated that there was near parity in the overall numbers of male and female autho...
Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science - November 24, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Suicide prevention training for Christian faith-based organizations using Acceptance and Commitment Therapy: a pilot controlled trial of The HOLLY Program
This study is a pilot controlled trial of The HOLLY Program, an ACT-based suicide prevention gatekeeper training (GKT) program for Christian faith-based organizations (FBOs). Seventy-two participants took part in the study. Mixed ANOVAs with repeated measures examined changes on suicide responding outcomes and ACT processes using pre-intervention and one-month post-intervention data. Based on intention-to-treat analyses, significant increases in self-efficacy and suicide prevention behaviors were found. Increased knowledge and decreased stigma were data trends. No training effects emerged for the ACT processes; however, qu...
Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science - November 16, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Understanding Meaning and Racial Prejudice: Examining Self-Transcendence and Psychological Inflexibility in a Sample of White College Students
Publication date: Available online 16 November 2018Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral ScienceAuthor(s): Ivonne Andrea Florez, Stefan E. Schulenberg, Elicia C. Lair, Kelly G. Wilson, Kirk JohnsonAbstractRecent research suggests that meaning in life relates to processes of social judgments and could potentially facilitate relationships between racially diverse individuals. At this time however, there is no published study that examines factors that influence the relationship between meaning, racial prejudice, and values. To fill this gap, the present study examined whether (1) self-transcendence and (2) experiencing ob...
Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science - November 16, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research