Concurrent diabetic ketoacidosis and pancreatitis in Paediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia receiving L-asparaginase

Although hyperglycemia and pancreatitis are known side effects of L-asparaginase, both contributing to the development of diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is unfamiliar in literature.
Source: BMC Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Case report Source Type: research

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This study used 30 adult male mice strain BALB/c. Diabetes was induced using high-fat diet/streptozotocin method until random blood glucose level reached> 200 mg/dL. Diabetic mice were then exposed to electrical field (static and dynamic), magnetic field (static and induce), and infrared ray (with or without infrared ray) combination therapy 15 min daily for 28 days. Fasting blood glucose level, plasma insulin level, HOMA-IR index, and membrane GLUT-4 density after treatment were analyzed statistically atα = 0.05. Result showed that exposure combination of electrical field, magnetic field, and infrared were found ...
Source: Lasers in Medical Science - Category: Laser Surgery Source Type: research
The objective of this study was investigating the additional effect of DL with nonsurgical periodontal treatment on the red complex bacteria in type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) patients with chronic periodontitis (CP). Sixty type 2 DM patients with chronic periodontitis (CP) were randomly assigned in two parallel groups to receive scaling root planning (SRP,n = 30) or SRP followed by DL periodontal pocket irradiation (SRP + DL,n = 30). Recording of clinical parameters and subgingival plaque sampling were performed at baseline, and post therapy (1 and 3 months after treatment). Amounts ofPorphy...
Source: Lasers in Medical Science - Category: Laser Surgery Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: The preventive strategy is fundamental, since the therapy is complex with poorly validated effectiveness. PMID: 32645129 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: J Bras Nefrol Source Type: research
Authors: John J, Henry M, Ringoir A, Pinto G, Kesner K, Lazarus J, Sinha S Abstract BACKGROUND: The standard of care for surgically resectable disease renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is a nephrectomy. Post-nephrectomy, these patients are at risk for the development of new onset chronic kidney disease or the progression of pre-existing chronic kidney disease. We aimed to report the changes in renal function in patients who had a nephrectomy for RCC. METHODS: This retrospective, descriptive, cross-sectional study identified 137 patients who had a nephrectomy for RCC from 1 January 2009 to 31 December 2017. The pre-nep...
Source: South African Journal of Surgery - Category: Surgery Tags: S Afr J Surg Source Type: research
Authors: Salcedo Mafla E, Gutiérrez Benítez L, Asaad M Abstract The case is presented on an 80-year-old woman with IgA multiple myeloma (MM), who developed retinal changes similar to mild non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy, with micro-aneurysms and intraretinal fluid. The patient was treated with systemic chemotherapy for MM, and with bevacizumab intravitreal injections, with control of her ocular disorder for 22 months. Anti-angiogenic therapy can be useful in the control of retinopathy secondary to MM, as long as the systemic disease has been controlled. PMID: 32636041 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Archivos de la Sociedad Espanola de Oftalmologia - Category: Opthalmology Tags: Arch Soc Esp Oftalmol Source Type: research
Asparaginase (ASP) and steroids are a main part of treatment for ALL, in both front-line and relapse setting. It is known, that ASP can cause several toxicities such as hypersensitivity, pancreatitis, as well as severe lipid and coagulation disturbances. Administered steroids can result in diabetes, obesity, hyponatremia and also mild hyperlipemia, which can intensify side effects of asparaginase. When triglyceride elevation is greater than 1000  mg/dl, the risk of pancreatitis is significantly increased.
Source: Transfusion and Apheresis Science - Category: Hematology Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusions This review describes how leukocyte-heparanase can be a double-edged sword in tumor progression; it can enhance tumor immune surveillance and tumor cell clearance, but also promote tumor survival and growth. We also discuss the potential of using heparanase in leukocyte therapies against tumors, and the effects of heparanase inhibitors on tumor progression and immunity. We are just beginning to understand the influence of heparanase on a pro/anti-tumor immune response, and there are still many questions to answer. How do the pro/anti-tumorigenic effects of heparanase differ across different cancer types? Does...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Conclusion. AYAs with AL who are disease-free survivors at one-year have favorable long-term HCT outcomes. Long-term survival in this population appears unrelated to a TBI vs. CT-based MAC regimen. Development of cataracts is increased in long-term AYA AML HCT survivors receiving TBI-based MAC. Screening for LEs is important in survivors of AYA HCT for AL, regardless of the use of TBI or CT- based MAC regimens.DisclosuresMuffly: Shire Pharmaceuticals: Research Funding; Adaptive Biotechnologies: Research Funding.
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 723. Clinical Allogeneic and Autologous Transplantation: Late Complications and Approaches to Disease Recurrence: HSCT Late Effects and Disease Monitoring Source Type: research
BackgroundThe outcomes of older adults with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) remain poor when compared to younger ALL patients [PMID 19897583, 28419558, 22409379, 10653870]. Asparaginase (Asp) induces death of human lymphoblasts, and effective asparagine depletion is associated with improved outcomes in ALL. PEG-Asparaginase (PEG-Asp), which has a longer half-life than Asp, is a key component of the intensive chemotherapeutic regimens utilized for treatment of pediatric and younger adult ALL [PMID 29450465]. Frequently, older patients with Ph-negative ALL are not offered PEG-Asp containing pediatric chemotherapy regimen ...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 612. Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia: Clinical Studies Source Type: research
Conclusion: This study found that sociodemographic factors were associated with the risk of developing medical conditions in AYA NHL, ALL and AML survivors. As expected, the risk of medical conditions varied by cancer type and treatment, with those undergoing SCT having a higher risk of medical conditions regardless of cancer type. NHL and ALL survivors who were uninsured or publicly insured were at a consistently higher risk of developing medical conditions, as were Hispanic ALL survivors and Black AML survivors. Our findings highlight the higher burden of medical conditions in subgroups of cancer survivors that may relat...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 904. Outcomes Research-Malignant Conditions: Real World Outcomes Source Type: research
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