Post-Disaster Resilience: Lessions Learned From the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill

The psychological and behavioral consequences of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill disaster may be among the most widespread, long term and costly of all oil spill-related impacts. However, many people are resilient, and understanding the factors associated with better recovery are needed to guide prevention and early intervention activities. Toward this end, a cohort of NE Gulf Coast residents were studied with standard psychological, psychosocial, and risk perception measures during the oil spill and for one, two, and three years thereafter. Combining the results of several of these studies suggests that: elevated levels of mental health problems were found up to two years post spill; environmental risk perception was actually worse one year post spill than during the oil spill; income stability, higher self-reported resilience, lower environmental risk perception, and fewer lifetime stressors were associated with better mental health outcomes. Within the context of methodological challenges associated with post-disaster research, the possibility is raised that oil spills are protracted disasters, and that individual resilience is a complex process extending beyond individual strengths, weaknesses and perceptions to involve economic, community, and cultural variables. These factors support an “activation” model of resilience currently in development.Air date: 12/20/2013 2:00:00 PM
Source: Videocast - All Events - Category: Journals (General) Tags: Upcoming Events Source Type: video

Related Links:

Publication date: Available online 18 October 2019Source: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative MedicineAuthor(s): Kishor Patwardhan
Source: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research
ConclusionThis review shows that CAM may be useful for ALS treatment, but more evidence regarding the efficacy and molecular mechanisms is required to establish CAM as a good therapy for the treatment of ALS patients.
Source: Integrative Medicine Research - Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research
ConclusionResearch-related curricular interventions in the Chinese medicine field should directly address model validity, as it is of significant interest to a majority of students.
Source: Integrative Medicine Research - Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 October 2019Source: Revista Española de Cardiología (English Edition)Author(s): Francisco de la Cuerda, Fernando Rivero, Marcos García-Guimaraes, Teresa Bastante, Paula Antuña, Fernando Alfonso
Source: Revista Espanola de Cardiologia - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 18 October 2019Source: Interventional Cardiology ClinicsAuthor(s): Binita Shah
Source: Interventional Cardiology Clinics - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 18 October 2019Source: IJC Heart &VasculatureAuthor(s): Dominik Linz, Mathias Baumert, Lien Desteghe, Kadhim Kadhim, Kevin Vernooy, Jonathan M. Kalman, Dobromir Dobrev, Michael Arzt, Manu Sastry, Harry J.G.M. Crijns, Ulrich Schotten, Martin R. Cowie, R. Doug McEvoy, Hein Heidbuchel, Jeroen Hendriks, Prashanthan Sanders, Dennis H. LauAbstractIn patients with atrial fibrillation (AF), the prevalence of moderate-to-severe sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) ranges between 21% and 72% and observational studies have demonstrated that SDB reduces the efficacy of rhythm control strategies, whil...
Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 October 2019Source: Canadian Journal of CardiologyAuthor(s): Patrick Meagher, Mohamed Adam, Kim Connelly
Source: Canadian Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
The objective of this study was to test the hypothesis that worse prognosis in blacks with MF is mediated by higher disease stage at diagnosis and by earlier disease onset in black females. METHODS: We conducted retrospective chart review of 337 patients with clinically-suspected MF seen at Johns Hopkins between 2003 and 2018, requiring biopsy-proven disease for study inclusion. Patient demographics, initial stage/percent body surface area (BSA) involvement, pathology type, flow cytometry results, and treatment regimens were recorded. RESULTS: Of 303 patients with confirmed MF, 166 (55%) were white, 107 (35%) black...
Source: Journal of the National Medical Association - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Natl Med Assoc Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe RF-EBT3 seems to be a detector suitable for measurements of the dose at the surface. This suggests that RF-EBT3 films might be good candidates as detectors for in vivo dosimetry.
Source: Reports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Publication date: November–December 2019Source: Reports of Practical Oncology &Radiotherapy, Volume 24, Issue 6Author(s): Ngangom Robert, R.P. Chauhan, Arun Oinam, Bhavana RaiAbstractAimThe aim of this study was to formulate isodose volume relations encompassed by isodose surfaces in Co-60 and Ir-192 HDR intracavitary brachytherapy (ICBT) of cervix carcinoma using the Total Reference Air Kerma (TRAK).BackgroundThe TRAK and isodose volumes are radioactive source related. The formulated relations can easily estimate the irradiated isodose volume if the TRAK and dose are known. The C0-60 can also be used for brachyt...
Source: Reports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
More News: Environmental Health | General Medicine | Health | Men | Psychology | Study