Aliskiren and Outcomes in Diabetic vs Non-diabetics With HFAliskiren and Outcomes in Diabetic vs Non-diabetics With HF

Learn more about effects of a direct renin inhibitor on post-discharge outcomes in patients hospitalized for heart failure. European Heart Journal
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Cardiology Journal Article Source Type: news

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Conclusion: Risk factors, aetiology, and precipitating factors of HF in de novo and ADCHF differ. De novo HF also had lower 1-year mortality and 3-month mortality compared to ADCHF. PMID: 32252602 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Acta Cardiologica - Category: Cardiology Tags: Acta Cardiol Source Type: research
In this study, we analyzed the National Readmissions' Database (NRD) to identify infective endocarditis cases and the causative organisms, clinical determinants, length of stay, in-hospital mortality, and 30-day hospital readmission rates. The study cohort was derived from Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project's National Readmission Database between 2010-15. We queried the National Readmissions' Database using the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) diagnostic code for infective endocarditis (421.0) and identified a total of 187,438 index admissions. SAS 9.4 (SAS Ins...
Source: Reviews in Cardiovascular Medicine - Category: Cardiology Tags: Rev Cardiovasc Med Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 6 April 2020Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular DiseasesAuthor(s): Rosa Cannistraci, Simone Mazzetti, Andrea Mortara, Gianluca Perseghin, Stefano Ciardullo
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
Nitric oxide (NO)-soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC)-cyclic 3',5' GMP (cGMP) signaling plays a central role in regulation of diverse processes including smooth muscle relaxation, inflammation, and fibrosis. sGC is activated by the short-lived physiologic mediator NO. sGC stimulators are small-molecule compounds that directly bind to sGC to enhance NO-mediated cGMP signaling. Olinciguat, (R)-3,3,3-trifluoro-2-(((5-fluoro-2-(1-(2-fluorobenzyl)-5-(isoxazol-3-yl)-1H-pyrazol-3-yl)pyrimidin-4-yl)amino)methyl)-2-hydroxypropanamide, is a new sGC stimulator currently in Phase 2 clinical development. To understand the potential clinica...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
AbstractAims/hypothesisObservational studies have shown a bidirectional association between major depressive disorder (MDD) and cardiometabolic diseases. We conducted a two-sample bidirectional Mendelian randomisation (MR) study to assess the causal associations of MDD with type 2 diabetes, coronary artery disease (CAD) and heart failure and vice versa.MethodsWe extracted summary-level data for MDD, type 2 diabetes, CAD and heart failure from corresponding published large genome-wide association studies of individuals mainly of European-descent. In total, 96 SNPs for MDD, 202 SNPs for type 2 diabetes, 44 SNPs for CAD and 1...
Source: Diabetologia - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
AbstractThe mechanisms of the diuretic effect of sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitor and its predictors in heart failure (HF) patients with coexisting type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) remain under investigation. A total of 40 hospitalized HF patients with T2DM (68  ± 13 years old, male gender 63%) were prospectively enrolled and received ipragliflozin at a dose of 50 mg once daily after breakfast for at least 4 consecutive days. They underwent first-morning blood and urine tests, and 24-h urine tests before and after short-term ipragliflozin therapy. D aily urine volume significan...
Source: Heart and Vessels - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
ConclusionsThese results suggest that intake of germinated brown rice may effectively to protect cell proliferation and apoptosis and may provide important nutrients to prevent heart failure due to myocardial ischemia.
Source: High Blood Pressure and Cardiovascular Prevention - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
(Joslin Diabetes Center) In people with type 1 diabetes without known cardiovascular disease, the presence of autoantibodies against heart muscle proteins was associated with cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging evidence of increased volume of the left ventricle (the heart's main pumping chamber), increased muscle mass, and reduced pumping function (ejection fraction), features that are associated with higher risk of failure in the general population
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
The advent of Sodium Glucose Transporter 2-inhibitors (SGLT2-i) in recent years gave endocrinologists the opportunity to actively treat and prevent heart failure (HF) in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM). While the relationship between T2DM and HF has been extensively reviewed, previous work focused mostly on epidemiology, pathophysiology and treatment of HF in T2DM.The aim of our work was to aid health care professionals in identifying individuals at high risk for this dreadful complication.
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - Category: Nutrition Authors: Tags: Viewpoint Source Type: research
AbstractMany crucial cardiovascular adaptations occur in the body during pregnancy to ensure successful gestation. Maladaptation of the cardiovascular system during pregnancy can lead to complications that promote cardiac dysfunction and may lead to heart failure (HF). About 12% of pregnancy-related deaths in the USA have been attributed to HF and the detrimental effects of cardiovascular complications on the heart can be long-lasting, pre-disposing the mother to HF later in life. Indeed, cardiovascular complications such as gestational diabetes mellitus, preeclampsia, gestational hypertension, and peripartum cardiomyopath...
Source: Biology of Sex Differences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
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