The Mitochondrial Ribosome: A World of Opportunities for Mitochondrial Dysfunction Toward Parkinson's Disease

Antioxidants&Redox Signaling, Ahead of Print.
Source: Antioxidants and Redox Signaling - Category: Research Authors: Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 20 May 2020Source: Life SciencesAuthor(s): Tian Li, Li Tu, Ran Gu, Xiu-Lin Yang, Xiu-Juan Liu, Gui-Ping Zhang, Qian Wang, Yi-Pin Ren, Bing-Jin Wang, Jin-Yong Tian
Source: Life Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
This study aimed to examine the effect of parkin deficiency on chronic alcohol intake-induced organ injury in brain, liver and skeletal muscle (rectus femoris muscle). Adult parkin-knockout (PRK-/-) and wild-type mice were placed on Liber-De Carli alcohol liquid diet (4%) for 12 weeks prior to assessment of liver enzymes, intraperitoneal glucose tolerance, protein carbonyl content, apoptosis, hematoxylin and eosin morphological staining, and mitochondrial respiration (cytochrome c oxidase, NADH:cytochrome c reductase and succinate:cytochrome c reductase). Autophagy protein markers were monitored by western blot analys...
Source: Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tags: Acta Biochim Biophys Sin (Shanghai) Source Type: research
This study provides direct evidence for the contribution of gut microbiota to the cognitive decline during normal aging and suggests that restoring microbiota homeostasis in the elderly may improve cognitive function. On Nutraceutical Senolytics Nutraceuticals are compounds derived from foods, usually plants. In principle one can find useful therapies in the natural world, taking the approach of identifying interesting molecules and refining them to a greater potency than naturally occurs in order to produce a usefully large therape...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Abstract Although macroautophagy/autophagy deficiency causes degenerative diseases, the deletion of essential autophagy genes in adipocytes paradoxically reduces body weight. Brown adipose tissue (BAT) plays an important role in body weight regulation and metabolic control. However, the key cellular mechanisms that maintain BAT function remain poorly understood. in this study, we showed that global or brown adipocyte-specific deletion of pink1, a Parkinson disease-related gene involved in selective mitochondrial autophagy (mitophagy), induced BAT dysfunction, and obesity-prone type in mice. Defective mitochondrial...
Source: Autophagy - Category: Cytology Authors: Tags: Autophagy Source Type: research
DNA and Cell Biology, Ahead of Print.
Source: DNA and Cell Biology - Category: Cytology Authors: Source Type: research
In this study, we found that older nematodes have higher ROS levels. Interestingly, after hydrogen treatment, the ROS levels were significantly decreased, and hydrogen could significantly extend the lifespans of the N2, sod-3 and sod-5 mutant strains, by approximately 22.7%, 9.5%, and 8.7%, respectively. In addition, aging is regulated by a variety of pathways, such as the insulin signaling pathway, the rapamycin target signaling pathway, and the caloric restriction pathway. However, our results showed that the lifespans of the daf-2 and daf-16 strains, in which these pathways are upregulated, were not affected afte...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Abstract Disruption of cellular functions with aging-induced accumulation of neuronal stressors causes cell death which is a common feature of neurodegenerative diseases. Studies in a variety of neurodegenerative disease models demonstrate that poly (ADP-ribose) (PAR)-dependent cell death, also named parthanatos, is responsible for neuronal loss in neurological diseases, such as Parkinson's disease (PD), Alzheimer's disease (AD), Huntington's disease (HD) and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Parthanatos has distinct features that differ from caspase-dependent apoptosis, necrosis or autophagic cell death. Parth...
Source: International Review of Cell and Molecular Biology - Category: Cytology Authors: Tags: Int Rev Cell Mol Biol Source Type: research
Parkinson’s disease (PD) represents one of the most common multifactorial neurodegenerative disorders affecting the elderly population. It is associated with the aggregation of α-synuclein protein and the loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra pars compacta of the brain. The disease is mainly represented by motor symptoms, such as resting tremors, postural instability, rigidity, and bradykinesia, that develop slowly over time. Parkinson’s disease can also manifest as disturbances in non-motor functions. Although the pathology of PD has not yet been fully understood, it has been suggested tha...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
The objective is to start treating chronic diseases from the root and not the symptoms of the disease. As we are starting to enroll patients in "senolytics-clinical trials," it will be imperative to assess if senolysis efficiently targets the primary cause of disease or if it works best in combination with other drugs. Additional basic science research is required to address the fundamental role of senescent cells, especially in the established contexts of disease. Notes on Self-Experimentation with Sex Steroid Ablation for Regrowth of the Thymus
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
In this study, we would like to call attention to the fact that during the differential diagnosis of parkinsonism, the possible involvement of POLG gene should be kept in mind. Especially in the presence of additional symptoms, such as ophthalmoparesis, non-vascular white matter lesions, psychiatric comorbidity, and relatively early age of onset, the POLG gene should be taken into consideration. Based on previous data from the literature and our own experience, we have summarized a possible diagnostic approach for POLG-associated parkinsonism. Orv Hetil. 2020; 161(20): 821-828. PMID: 32364361 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Orvosi Hetilap - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Orv Hetil Source Type: research
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