National Library of Medicine Launches Emergency Access Initiative, Granting Free Access to Books and Journals for Those Responding to Typhoon Haiyanin

The National Library of Medicine (NLM) Emergency Access Initiative (EAI) has been activated in support of medical efforts in the Philippines and surrounding area following the devastating typhoon. The EAI is a collaborative partnership between NLM and participating publishers to provide free access to full-text from over 650 biomedical journals and over 4,000 reference books and online databases to healthcare professionals and libraries affected by disasters. It serves as a temporary collection replacement and/or supplement for libraries affected by disasters that need to continue to serve medical staff and affiliated users. It is also intended for medical personnel responding to the specified disaster. EAI is not an open access collection. It is only intended for those affected by the disaster or assisting the affected population. If you know of a library or organization involved in relief efforts in response to Typhoon Haiyan, please let them know of this service. EAI was activated four times in the past, including following the earthquake and subsequent cholera epidemic in Haiti, flooding in Pakistan and the earthquake and tsunami in Japan.
Source: NLM General Announcements - Category: Databases & Libraries Source Type: news

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Vibrio cholerae belonging to serogroups other than O1 and O139 are opportunistic pathogens which cause infections with a variety of clinical symptoms. Due to the increasing number of V. cholerae non-O1/non-O139 infections in association with recreational waters in the past two decades, they have received increasing attention in recent literature and by public health authorities. Since the treatment of choice is the administration of antibiotics, we investigated the distribution of antimicrobial resistance properties in a V. cholerae non-O1/non-O139 population in a large Austrian lake intensively used for recreation and in ...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
An eight-month-old boy is examined by a doctor in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Credit: Kristin Palitza/IPS By Ifeanyi NsoforABUJA, Nov 7 2019 (IPS) Free movement of people and goods across Africa increases the risk of transmission of infectious diseases. The continent must realise that it is no longer a question of if disease outbreaks will occur, but instead, of when, and how fast. The U.S. Centres for Disease Control says that within 36 hours, a disease outbreak can spread from a remote village to major urban cities of the world. According to preventepidemics.org, a website which ranks countries’ levels of e...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Africa Headlines Health Poverty & SDGs Source Type: news
Abstract Currently, the spread of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a global trend and poses a severe threat to public health. The causative agent of cholera, an extremely virulent disease with pandemic expansion, becomes more and more resistant to a wider range of drugs with every coming year. The Vibrio cholerae genome is highly flexible and adaptive; the acquisition of the SXT mobile element with a cluster of antibiotic resistance genes on it has marked a new stage in the adaptive evolution of the pathogen. The territory of Siberia and Russian Far East is free of cholera; however, in the 1970s and 1990s a numbe...
Source: Infection, Genetics and Evolution - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: Infect Genet Evol Source Type: research
Uganda is among the 51 countries where cholera outbreaks are common with epidemics occurring predominantly along the western border with Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Kampala city slums, Busia district w...
Source: BMC Public Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
New emerging and reemerging infectious disease outbreaks have continued to cause much human suffering and loss of life worldwide. During the past 2 decades, several landmark events in the field of infectious diseases with epidemic potential have occurred. The SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome) pandemic (2002 –2004), the Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak in West Africa (2013–2016), the cholera outbreak in Yemen (2015–2018), the Zika virus in the Americas and southeast Asia (2016–2018), Lassa fever (LF) in Nigeria (2018), diphtheria in Venezuela (2016-2017) and in Yemen (2017-2018), Yellow feve...
Source: Infectious Diseases Clinics of North America - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Preface Source Type: research
We described the dynamics of cholera in Tanzania between 2007 and 2017 and assessed the weaknesses of the current surveillance system in providing necessary data in achieving the global roadmap to 2030 for cho...
Source: BMC Research Notes - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Research note Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The first of the three hypotheses about its origins is the Columbian hypothesis, which states that Columbus's crew acquired syphilis from Native Americans and carried it back to Europe in 1493 A. D. On the contrary, the second hypothesis (pre-Columbian) asserts that syphilis was present in Europe long before Columbus's voyage and was transferred to the New World by Columbus's men. The Unitarian theory argues that syphilis, bejel, yaws, and pinta are not separate diseases but they represent syndromes caused by slightly different strains of one organism. Nowadays, Syphilis' origin is still uncertain and remains ...
Source: Endocrine, Metabolic and Immune Disorders Drug Targets - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Endocr Metab Immune Disord Drug Targets Source Type: research
Source: Wellcome Trust. Published: 11/30/2019. This 27-page study aims to better understand the barriers and enablers for research data sharing during recent epidemics of cholera in Western Africa. It takes into consideration the experiences at a country level from outbreaks in Guinea and C ôte d’Ivoire in 2012 and 2014 respectively, as well as the region’s general experience up until 2018, to gather specific and general lessons learned. The study was also funded by United Kingdom Department of International Development. (PDF)
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
[Radio Dabanga] Khartoum -The daily report of the Ministry of Health on the cholera epidemic shows that 167 people have contracted the disease up till Sunday, 117 in Blue Nile state and 50 in Sennar state. This includes four new cases reported in Blue Nile state and five in Sennar state on Sunday.
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - Category: African Health Source Type: news
Conclusion: Uganda successfully developed a national multi-hazard emergency preparedness and response plan using the preparedness logic model. The plan is now ready for implementation by the Uganda MoH and partners. PMID: 31526179 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Global Health Action - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research
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