Limitation of diagnostic value of cone-beam CT in detecting apical root isthmuses

Abstract Isthmuses are reported as common anatomic complexities in teeth often associated with failures in endodontic treatment. They should be considered before starting treatment and a preoperative computed tomography scan (CT) may demonstrate these complexities. Objective To assess the diagnostic value of the highest resolution settings of a cone-beam CT (CBCT) system in identifying and measuring apical isthmuses, using micro-CT as reference. Methodology After micro-CT scanning, 40 humans ’ lower first molars with isthmuses in the apical-3 mm of mesial roots were scanned by the highest resolution settings of the New Generation i-Cat ® CBCT equipment. Two blinded observers recorded the detection of isthmuses in CBCT scans. The lengths of isthmuses were compared between micro-CT and CBCT to assess the diagnostic value of CBCT. Quantitative data for sensitivity were represented as percentages (95% confidence interval). The Bland- Altman method was used to assess differences between gold standard lengths (micro-CT) and CBCT lengths. Results BCT demonstrated 30 positive findings, representing sensitivity for isthmus identification of 75% (95% CI=0.4114 – 1.1364). Differences between the lengths in micro-CT (1.99 ±0.40 mm) and CBCT (1.53±0.41 mm) were significant (p
Source: Journal of Applied Oral Science - Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

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Conclusions: Excellent accuracy was found for types 1A, 1B, and 3C deformities (ends of spectrum). There was more variation among surgeons in differentiating between one-column (types 2A and 2B) and two-column (types 3A and 3B) deficiencies, as surgeons often failed to recognize the radiological signs of posterior column failure. This failure to identify column deficiencies can potentially alter kyphosis management. There was excellent consensus among surgeons in the recommendation of type 2 osteotomy; however, some variation was observed in their choice for other osteotomies. PMID: 32493003 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Asian Spine Journal - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Asian Spine J Source Type: research
Authors: Bund L, Tricard T, Alexis W, Schneider L, Karger C, Gicquel P Abstract Closed reduction and percutaneous osteosynthesis is an alternative to the open procedure for articular fractures of distal tibia of children. 38 patients were retrospectively reviewed. The measured parameters were : the score of Gleizes and the discrepancies between preoperative radiographic and CT scan measurements and postoperative radiographs. A significant correlation was found between the gap and the step-off in preoperative radiographic and CT scan. A significant decrease of the gap and step-off displacement was noticed after surg...
Source: Acta Orthopaedica Belgica - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Acta Orthop Belg Source Type: research
Authors: Behaeghe O, Van Beeck A, Dossche L, Somville J Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the inter- and intraobserver reliability of a CT-based femoral anteversion measurement. 17 CT scans showing an abnormal anteversion on one side were presented to 6. Three measurements of all scans were obtained : two bilateral measurements and a third measurement with a flipped CT scan. Interobserver correlation results using the spearman test for left, right and anteversion difference had a mean of respectively : 0.918, 0.760 and 0.757. Intraobserver correlation had a maximum of respectively : 0,99, 0,89 and 0,94...
Source: Acta Orthopaedica Belgica - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Acta Orthop Belg Source Type: research
We report the case of an 82-year-old male diagnosed with a metastatic castration resistant prostate carcinoma, under chemotherapy with disease progression in treatment with high doses of intravenous morphics. The patient reported abdominal distension with constipation and no vomiting in the emergency department and a distended and tympanic abdomen, without generalized peritonitis was identified during physical examination. A blood analysis showed lactate levels of 0.9 mmol/L and a PCR of 4.2 mg/L without leukocytosis. An extensive colonic pneumatosis with minimum pneumoperitoneum without free fluid was confirmed by a compu...
Source: Revista Espanola de Enfermedades Digestivas - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Rev Esp Enferm Dig Source Type: research
Authors: Sakai R, Ozaki K, Yamaguchi Y, Kubota N, Takano T, Okubo T, Kimura S, Hoyano M, Yanagawa T, Kashimura T, Minamino T Abstract We herein report a case of pulmonary artery sarcoma (PAS) in a 64-year-old woman. She was admitted to our hospital because of massive genital bleeding from endometrial cancer. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) revealed a left pulmonary artery mass and deep vein thrombosis. She underwent anticoagulant therapy for one year. However, the mass lesion gradually expanded. 18F-Fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET)/CT showed a positive uptake of FDG by the mass...
Source: Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Intern Med Source Type: research
Authors: Takaoka H, Uehara M, Saito Y, Ota J, Iida Y, Takahashi M, Sano K, Komuro I, Kobayashi Y Abstract Objective Forward-projected Model-based Iterative Reconstruction SoluTion (FIRST) is a novel reconstruction method. We investigated the improvement in the diagnostic performance for the detection of abnormal late enhancement (LE) in left ventricular myocardium (LVM) using a new-generation 320-slice computed tomography (CT) device with FIRST. Methods This is a retrospective study that included 100 adult patients who underwent cardiac CT including a late phase scan and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) within 3 mo...
Source: Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Intern Med Source Type: research
This study aimed to compare the quality of virtual low-keV monoenergetic images vs conventional images reconstructed from dual-layer spectral detector computed tomography (SDCT) for the detection of peritoneal implants of ovarian cancer. Fifty ovarian cancer patients who underwent abdominopelvic SDCT scans were included in this retrospective study. Virtual monoenergetic images at 40 (VMI40) and 50 keV (VMI50), and two conventional images were reconstructed using filtered back projection (FBP) and iterative model reconstruction (IMR) protocols. The mean attenuation of the peritoneal implant, signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), ...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Observational Study Source Type: research
An axial-volume scan with adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction-V (ASIR-V) is newly developed. Our goal was to identify the influence of axial-volume scan and ASIR-V on accuracy of automated nodule volumetry. An “adult" chest phantom containing various nodules was scanned using both helical and axial-volume modes at different dose settings using 256-slice CT. All CT scans were reconstructed using 30% and 50% blending of ASIR-V and filtered back projection. Automated nodule volumetry was performed using commercial software. The image noise, contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR), and signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) w...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Quality Improvement Study Source Type: research
We report on a 31-year-old male patient with non-invasive papillary urothelial carcinoma, low grade of the renal pelvis disguised as xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis. The only symptom of the patient was lower back pain. The initial renal-enhanced computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging and contrast-enhanced ultrasonography showed that the right kidney had a benign lesion and this inflammatory lesion might be xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis. A percutaneous renal biopsy was performed and histopathologic examination revealed a xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis. Initially, we diagnosed it as xanthogranulomatous p...
Source: International Journal of Immunopathology and Pharmacology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Int J Immunopathol Pharmacol Source Type: research
This study aims to assess the anti-inflammatory effects of colchicine in non-severe hospitalized COVID-19 patients.Trial designProspective, randomized (1:1 ratio), double blind study with parallel group design.ParticipantsHospitalized patients with positive nasopharyngeal swab for COVID-19 infection (RT -PCR) and lung Computed tomography scan involvement compatible with COVID-19 pneumonia. The patients are not severely hypoxic, do not need intubation or invasive oxygenation.Exclusion criteria: known hypersensitivity to colchicine; known hepatic failure; estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR)450 msec.Participants will ...
Source: Trials - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
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