A Helpful Tool in Diagnosing Stroke Mimics: Arterial Spin Labeled Perfusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging

Prompt and effective management of acute ischemic stroke in the emergency setting requires a high level of suspicion and accurate diagnosis. Conversely, identifying stroke mimics can be challenging, given the similarity of their clinical symptomatology, the necessary rapid assessment and triage, and the overall frenetic pace inherent in the goal of rapid thrombolysis ( “time is brain”).
Source: The Journal of Emergency Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Tags: Selected Topics: Emergency Radiology Source Type: research

Related Links:

The central concept of mismatch between perfusion and diffusion targets identified by magnetic resonance imaging offers an approximation of the tissue at risk of infarction if reperfusion is not achieved. This measure is becoming increasingly relevant in determining eligibility for and prognosis following thrombolytic and endovascular treatments, particularly at extended time windows. A few studies have shown that Black stroke patients are more likely to suffer small-vessel ischemic strokes and fewer cardioembolic strokes occluding large vessels.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Poster 03 Source Type: research
This study confirms the effectiveness of R18 in reducing the severity of ischemic brain injury and improving functional outcomes after stroke in a NHP model, and provides further support for its clinic al development as a stroke neuroprotective therapeutic.
Source: Neurotherapeutics - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Temporary middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) in sheep allows modeling of acute large vessel occlusion stroke and subsequent vessel recanalization. However, rapid and precise imaging-based assessment of vessel occlusion and the resulting perfusion deficit during MCAO still represents an experimental challenge. Here, we tested feasibility and suitability of a strategy for MCAO verification and perfusion deficit assessment. We also compared the extent of the initial perfusion deficit and subsequent lesion size for different MCAO durations. The rete mirabile prevents reliable vascular imaging investigation of middle cereb...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
ConclusionThe occurrence and severity of CCD are related to the degree of low supratentorial perfusion and the decrease in the ADC value of infarct focus.
Source: Japanese Journal of Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Abstract Adipose-derived stromal cell (ASC) therapy is currently investigated as a new treatment option for patients with ischemic heart disease (IHD). The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of ASC therapy in patients with chronic IHD measuring myocardial perfusion and cardiac function using cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMRI). Patients were included in MyStromalCell trial, a phase II, randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled study investigated the effect of ASCs in patients with chronic IHD with preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). In total, 41 of 60 patients underwent cine, ...
Source: Cell Transplantation - Category: Cytology Authors: Tags: Cell Transplant Source Type: research
Background and Purpose: Automated imaging software is integral to decision-making in acute ischemic stroke (AIS) during extended time windows. RAPID software is the most widely used and has been validated in landmark endovascular trials. Olea software is another commercially available and FDA-approved software, but has not been studied in AIS trials. We aimed to compare the diagnostic utility and accuracy of RAPID and Olea in everyday clinical practice outside of a clinical trial. Methods: We analyzed prospectively-collected data from a consecutive cohort of 141 patients with suspected AIS who underwent computed tomography...
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - Category: Neurology Authors: Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: Previous studies have estimated that the risk of recurrent stroke was nearly 20% shortly after a transient ischemic attack (TIA) or minor stroke. A missing or hypoplastic (
Source: Brain Research - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Brain Res Source Type: research
AbstractThe RAPID © software is the most commonly used computed tomography perfusion (CTP) software in stroke centers. It is estimated that about 1300 hospitals in the world are using this software for decision-making in ischemic stroke. The software provides the estimated volume of infarction and ischemic penumbra, so it is the backbone of treatment planning in these patients. In this manuscript, we present two cases of subacute infarction with misleading CTP using RAPID© software. We believe that given the popularity of this software and increasing application of CTP in subacute infarction, this pitfall is like...
Source: Emergency Radiology - Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research
AbstractIt has been proposed that intracranial pressure (ICP) elevation and collateral failure are responsible for unexplained early neurological deterioration (END) in stroke. The study ’s aims were to investigate whether cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) dynamics, rather than edema, are responsible for elevation of ICP after ischemic stroke. Permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion (pMCAO) was induced with an intraluminal filament. At 24 h after stroke, baseline ICP was measured an d CSF dynamics were probed via a steady-state infusion method. Diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) and T2-weighted magnetic resonance ima...
Source: Translational Stroke Research - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Abstract Important milestones of acute ischemic stroke (AIS) treatment were achieved in recent years. The results of two randomized controlled trials revealed that intravenous thrombolysis is efficacious for treatment of AIS patients with a symptom onset
Source: Der Nervenarzt - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Nervenarzt Source Type: research
More News: Emergency Medicine | Ischemic Stroke | MRI Scan | Perfusion | Radiology | Stroke