The road ahead for health and lifespan interventions.
The road ahead for health and lifespan interventions. Ageing Res Rev. 2020 Feb 25;:101037 Authors: Gonzalez-Freire M, Diaz-Ruiz A, Hauser D, Martinez-Romero J, Ferrucci L, Bernier M, de Cabo R Abstract Aging is a modifiable risk factor for most chronic diseases and an inevitable process in humans. The development of pharmacological interventions aimed at delaying or preventing the onset of chronic conditions and other age-related diseases has been at the forefront of the aging field. Preclinical findings have demonstrated that species, sex and strain confer significant heterogeneity on reaching the desired health- and lifespan-promoting pharmacological responses in model organisms. Translating the safety and efficacy of these interventions to humans and the lack of reliable biomarkers that serve as predictors of health outcomes remain a challenge. Here, we will survey current pharmacological interventions that promote lifespan extension and/or increased healthspan in animals and humans, and review the various anti-aging interventions selected for inclusion in the NIA's Interventions Testing Program as well as the ClinicalTrials.gov database that target aging or age-related diseases in humans. PMID: 32109604 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Authors: Messaadi N, Bayen S, Beghin L, Lefebvre JM, Colleau S, Deken V, Cottencin O, Quersin F, Descamps A, Vanhelst J Abstract BACKGROUND: Screen media usage has become increasingly commonplace in daily life with children initiating themselves to screen media at an early age. Given the high prevalence of screen viewing among children worldwide, its impact on children's health has become a cause for concern. Unfortunately, little information on the independent association between sleep habits and screen time in French children is currently available. The main aim of this study was to assess possible...
Publication date: Available online 28 May 2020Source: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Molecular and Cell Biology of LipidsAuthor(s): Aline Bayerle, Christian Marsching, Mariona Rabionet, Shaalee Dworski, Mustafa A. Kamani, Chandramohan Chitraju, Nina L. Gluchowski, Katlyn R. Gabriel, Silke Herzer, Richard Jennemann, Thierry Levade, Jeffrey A. Medin, Roger Sandhoff
PMID: 32464083 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Conclusions: EVs from buffaloes infected with Theileria spp. were successfully isolated and characterized. This is an advance in the knowledge of host-parasite relationship that contributes to the understanding of host immune response and theileriosis evasion mechanisms. These findings may pave the way for searching new EVs candidate-markers for a better production of safe biological products derived from buffaloes.
Conclusions: JZTX-X selectively suppresses Kv4.2 and Kv4.3 potassium channe l activity in a concentration- and voltage-dependent manner and causes long-lasting mechanical hyperalgesia.
Conclusion: Our results suggest a different biochemical composition of S. polymorpha venom, based on the different effects of four venom fractions on the cells tested, according to statistical evidence. Fractions F6 and F7 caused the most important alterations.
Publication date: Available online 29 May 2020Source: The Annals of Thoracic SurgeryAuthor(s): Irsa S. Hasan, Hartzell V. Schaff, Richard C. Daly, Katherine S. King, John M. Stulak, Kevin L. Greason, Joseph A. Dearani
Publication date: Available online 29 May 2020Source: The Annals of Thoracic SurgeryAuthor(s): Takafumi Ouchi, Noriyuki Kato, Hiroaki Kato, Takatoshi Higashigawa, Hisato Ito, Ken Nakajima, Shuji Chino, Toshiya Tokui, Toru Mizumoto, Hajime Sakuma
Publication date: September 2020Source: Interdisciplinary Neurosurgery, Volume 21Author(s): Nobuya Murakami, Takato Morioka, Satoshi O. Suzuki, Nobutaka Mukae, Takafumi Shimogawa, Yoshihiro Matsuo, Takakazu Sasaguri, Masahiro Mizoguchi
Publication date: September 2020Source: Interdisciplinary Neurosurgery, Volume 21Author(s): Zachary K. Christian, Kimmo J. Hatanpaa, Richard J. Auchus, Stephen R. Hammes, Ankur R. Patel, Bruce E. Mickey