Associated factors of self-injury among adolescents with autism spectrum disorder in a community and residential treatment setting - Flowers J, Lantz J, Hamlin T, Simeonsson RJ.

Self-injurious behavior (SIB) occurs in up to 50% of individuals with autism. As one of the most serious conditions in individuals with developmental disabilities, SIB affects the individual and his or her family in multiple contexts. A systematic analysis...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

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Across California, thousands of families are now forced to care for severely disabled loved ones at home, including some with serious autism.
Source: L.A. Times - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Source Type: news
Virtanen Depression and anxiety are associated with unemployment and disability pension, while autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is less studied. We aimed to first identify unemployment trajectories among young adults with and without ASD, and then to examine their social determinants. Finally, we used the trajectories as determinants for subsequent disability pension. We used a population-based cohort, including 814 people who were 19–35 years old, not on disability pension, and who had their ASD diagnosis between 2001 and 2009. A matched reference population included 22,013 people with no record of mental di...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Authors: Andrade C Abstract Many observational studies have found an association between antidepressant drug prescription during pregnancy and neurodevelopmental disorders such as autism spectrum disorder, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, and intellectual disability. The results of such studies cannot be considered conclusive because of the possible presence of inadequately measured, unmeasured, and unknown confounds. In this context, maternal anemia before or at but not after 30 weeks of gestation was recently associated with an increased risk of all 3 of these neurodevelopmental disorders. Additionally, ...
Source: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: J Clin Psychiatry Source Type: research
Epilepsy and autism frequently co-occur. Epilepsy confers an increased risk of autism and autism confers an increased risk of epilepsy. Specific epilepsy syndromes, intellectual disability, and female gender present a particular risk of autism in individuals with epilepsy. Epilepsy and autism are likely to share common etiologies, which predispose individuals to either or both conditions. Genetic factors, metabolic disorders, mitochondrial disorders, and immune dysfunction all can be implicated.
Source: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Source Type: research
Authors: Ne'eman A, Bascom J PMID: 32223631 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Source: American Journal of Bioethics - Category: Medical Ethics Tags: Am J Bioeth Source Type: research
Dr. Lynette Louise (aka The Brain Broad), and people who build their lives and livings out of helping others, are finding creative and powerful ways to reach out to their communities
Source: Disabled World - Category: Disability Tags: Awareness Source Type: news
Pre-eclampsia was associated with a slightly increased risk of epilepsy, autism and other neurodevelopmental problems in offspring.
Source: NYT Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Preeclampsia Pregnancy and Childbirth Autism Epilepsy Ears and Hearing Intellectual Disabilities Source Type: news
CASE: Carl is a 12-year-old boy midline, with neurologic malformation, ataxia, bilateral strabismus with presumed residual visual impairment after surgical repair, and intellectual disability. He was referred to developmental-behavioral pediatrics for evaluation of possible autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Carl had a benign prenatal course and was born via spontaneous vaginal delivery at term. Bilateral strabismus was noted at birth. Despite surgery to address strabismus, Carl continues to be unable to raise his eyes above midline, and his visual status, including visual acuity, depth perception, color perception, and vi...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics - Category: Child Development Tags: Challenging Case Source Type: research
Neurodevelopmental disorders (NDDs), including global developmental delay (GDD), intellectual disability (ID), and autism spectrum disorder (ASD), represent a continuum of developmental brain dysfunction. Although the etiology of NDD is heterogeneous, genetic variation represents the largest contribution, strongly supporting the recommendation for genetic evaluation in individuals with GDD/ID and ASD. Technological advances now allow for a specific genetic diagnosis to be identified in a substantial portion of affected individuals. This information has important ramifications for treatment, prognosis, and recurrence risk, ...
Source: Cold Spring Harbor perspectives in medicine - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Genetic Counseling: Clinical Practice and Ethical Considerations PERSPECTIVES Source Type: research
Dysregulation of early neurodevelopment is implicated in macrocephaly/autism disorders. However, the mechanism underlying this dysregulation, particularly in human cells, remains poorly understood. Mutations in the small GTPase gene RAB39b are associated with X-linked macrocephaly, autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and intellectual disability. The in vivo roles of RAB39b in the brain remain unknown. We generated Rab39b knockout (KO) mice and found that they exhibited cortical neurogenesis impairment, macrocephaly, and hallmark ASD behaviors, which resembled patient phenotypes. We also produced mutant human cerebral organoids...
Source: Genes and Development - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: Research Papers Source Type: research
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