Obestatin levels in response to a meal and association with subsequent appetite sensations in maintenance hemodialysis patients

Obestatin, a physiological opponent of acylated ghrelin, is linked to appetite suppression regulation in mice but its anorexigenic properties in humans are controversial. We aimed to investigate obestatin ’s potential role in dietary intake regulation by examining response to a meal in maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients.
Source: Clinical Nutrition - Category: Nutrition Authors: Tags: Original article Source Type: research

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Abstract: Gingivitis and periodontitis are associated with a negative impact on Oral Health Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL), exerting a significant influence on aspects related to the patients' function and esthetics. Periodontitis has been associated with several systemic conditions, including adverse pregnancy outcomes, cardiovascular diseases, type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM), respiratory disorders, fatal pneumonia in hemodialysis patients, chronic renal disease and metabolic syndrome. The aim of this paper was to review the results of different periodontal treatments and their impacts on patients' OHRQoL and systemic hea...
Source: Brazilian Oral Research - Category: Dentistry Source Type: research
The 2017 Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) guideline update suggests bone mineral density testing to assess fracture risk in patients with chronic kidney disease, but dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry is not available in most dialysis facilities. Radiographic absorptiometry is an inexpensive and quick method for evaluating bone mineral density. Therefore, we analyzed a historical cohort of 456 maintenance hemodialysis patients to determine whether metacarpal bone mineral density measured by digital image processing, a computer-assisted radiographic absorptiometry technique, predicts fracture risk.
Source: Kidney International - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: clinical investigation Source Type: research
AbstractA 43-year-old male patient on maintenance hemodialysis had an enhanced computed tomography scan examination with iohexol for the first time 10  min before regular hemodialysis therapy. At the start of hemodialysis, no symptoms were observed, and the platelet count was 148,000/μl. Approximately 1 h after starting hemodialysis, dyspnea and chest discomfort appeared. Since oxygen saturation of the peripheral artery decreased to 87%, oxygen administration was immediately started while continuing hemodialysis therapy. Furthermore, gingival hemorrhage was observed, and the platelet count decreased to 5000/&m...
Source: CEN Case Reports - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Despite improvements in treating human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), the risk of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and need for long-term arteriovenous (AV) access for hemodialysis remain high in HIV-infected patients. Associations of HIV/AIDS with AV access creation complications have been conflicting. Our goal was to clarify short and long-term outcomes of patients with HIV/AIDS undergoing AV access creation.
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Source Type: research
To determine the sources of protein and phosphorus levels from the food consumed by patients on dialysis.
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Original Research Source Type: research
We present a 50-year-old male who underwent PCNL for renal pelvic calculus. Since the day of the surgery, he had low-grade fever (100°F) which worsened (102°F) from the 2nd postoperative day. His preoperative urine culture was sterile. His platelet counts started dropping and NS1 antigen for dengue was positive. He also developed anemia (hemoglobin: 7g%) and platelet counts dropped to 17,000/cmm. He developed anuria on the 7th postoperative day, with serum creatinine rising to 7 mg%. He required two sessions of hemodialysis and urine output improved. There is a need for high index of suspicion for dengue,...
Source: Indian Journal of Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Source Type: research
This study evaluates the effect of diabetes on outcomes of autogenous fistulas and prosthetic grafts for hemodialysis access in a large population based cohort of patients.
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Source Type: research
Outset Medical announced that it received FDA 510(k) clearance for its Tablo Hemodialysis System to be used in the home, expanding its existing labeled indication for use in acute and chronic care facilities. Touted by Outset as a “dialysis ...
Source: Medgadget - Category: Medical Devices Authors: Tags: Medicine Source Type: blogs
Nature Reviews Nephrology, Published online: 06 April 2020; doi:10.1038/s41581-020-0280-yPatients on haemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis are likely to be at increased risk of novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19). Preventive strategies must be implemented to minimize the risk of disease transmission in dialysis facilities, including education of staff and patients, screening for COVID-19 and separation of infected or symptomatic and non-infected patients.
Source: Nature Reviews Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Source Type: research
Dietary potassium restrictions in kidney disease are complex to follow and may reduce quality of life. However, details on this impact are sparse. We therefore sought to explore patients ’ perspectives on the experienced impact of following low-potassium diets, to inform clinical practice and research.
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Original Research Source Type: research
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