Acute and chronic improvement in postprandial glucose metabolism by a diet resembling the traditional Mediterranean dietary pattern: Can SCFAs play a role?
Postprandial metabolic abnormalities are considered important and independent risk factors for cardiovascular diseases. However, the effects of the Mediterranean diet on postprandial metabolism and the mechanism underpinning the effects on clinical variables have not been exhaustively explored. Therefore, the aims of the present study were to evaluate the acute and medium-term effects (8 weeks) on postprandial glucose and lipid metabolism of a diet resembling a typical Mediterranean diet (Med-D) compared to a western-type diet (Control-D), and the mechanisms underlying those effects. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - June 2, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Marilena Vitale, Rosalba Giacco, Manolo Laiola, Giuseppe Della Pepa, Delia Luongo, Anna Mangione, Dominic Salamone, Paola Vitaglione, Danilo Ercolini, Angela Albarosa Rivellese Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Relationship of visceral adiposity index with new-onset proteinuria in hypertensive patients
This study aimed to examine the prospective relationship of baseline VAI with new-onset of proteinuria in hypertensive patients without major car diovascular diseases. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - June 2, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Mengyi Liu, Chun Zhou, Zhuxian Zhang, Panpan He, Yuanyuan Zhang, Di Xie, Jing Nie, Min Liang, Yun Song, Chengzhang Liu, Lishun Liu, Yong Huo, Binyan Wang, Xiaobin Wang, Xiping Xu, Xianhui Qin Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Impact of oral nutritional supplements in post-discharge patients at nutritional risk following colorectal cancer surgery: A randomised clinical trial
Guidelines on clinical nutrition recommend the use of appropriate nutritional support therapy for surgical cancer patients at risk of malnutrition both during hospital care and following discharge from the hospital. However, previous studies regarding nutritional interventions have mainly focused on patients during their hospital stay; there is limited evidence supporting the recommendation of nutritional interventions for post-discharge patients after cancer surgery, particularly those who underwent gastrointestinal cancer surgery and at high risk of malnutrition. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - June 2, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Shanjun Tan, Qingyang Meng, Yi Jiang, Qiulin Zhuang, Qiulei Xi, Jiahao Xu, Jinou Zhao, Xiangyu Sui, Guohao Wu Tags: Randomized Control Trials Source Type: research

Post-discharge oral nutritional supplements with dietary advice in patients at nutritional risk after surgery for gastric cancer: A randomized clinical trial
Malnutrition frequently occurs and deteriorates in patients after surgery for gastric cancer, especially after hospital discharge, which has been consistently associated with negative outcomes. However, information regarding the impact of post-discharge nutritional interventions is poorly described. The aim of this study was thus to evaluate the impact of post-discharge oral nutritional supplements (ONS) with dietary advice compared with dietary advice alone on nutritional outcomes, including body mass index (BMI) and skeletal muscle index (SMI), sarcopenia prevalence, chemotherapy tolerance, the 90-day readmission rate, a...
Source: Clinical Nutrition - June 2, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Qingyang Meng, Shanjun Tan, Yi Jiang, Jun Han, Qiulei Xi, Qiulin Zhuang, Guohao Wu Tags: Randomized Control Trials Source Type: research

Crohn's disease, Visceral Obesity and Sarcopenia
(Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - June 1, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Vildan Binay Safer, Ilker Tasci, Umut Safer Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma, and Sarcopenia
(Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - June 1, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Umut Safer, Ilker Tasci, Vildan Binay Safer Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids and metabolic syndrome
(Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - June 1, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Tomoyuki Kawada Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Comment to “ESPEN guideline on clinical nutrition in acute and chronic pancreatitis”
(Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - June 1, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Mariana Brito, Gon çalo Nunes, Jorge Fonseca Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

ICU-acquired weakness
(Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - June 1, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Fengming Ni, Chunchun Zhou, Hongliang Zhang Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Eat less meat: fortifying food with creatine to tackle climate change
(Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - June 1, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Sergej M. Ostojic Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

TICACOS International: a multi-center, randomized, prospective controlled study comparing Tight Calorie Control versus Liberal Calorie Administration Study
Since the first TICACOS study, 3 additional studies have been published comparing a medical nutrition therapy guided by indirect calorimetry to a regimen prescribed on the basis of predictive equations. A recent guidelines document included a meta-analysis including these 4 papers and found a trend for improvement (OR 0.98-1.48) in favor of medical nutrition therapy guided by indirect calorimetry in terms of survival. The aim of our study was to perform a multicenter prospective, randomized, controlled non blinded study in critically patients to assess the added value for measuring daily resting energy expenditure as a gui...
Source: Clinical Nutrition - May 29, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: P. Singer, E. De Waele, C. Sanchez, S. Ruiz Santana, J.C. Montejo, P.F. Laterre, A. Sorokski, E. Moscovici, I. Kagan Tags: Randomized Control Trials Source Type: research

COVID-19, economic impact and child mortality: A global concern
(Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - May 29, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Mahvish Kabir, Muhammad Arif Nadeem Saqib, Muhammad Zaid, Haroon Ahmed, Muhammad Sohail Afzal Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Prescribing Parenteral Nutrition in Acute Hospital setting during COVID-19: The Singapore experience
(Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - May 29, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Ennaliza Salazar, Mark Cheah CC Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Espen expert statements and practical guidance on clinical nutrition in COVID-19 patients
(Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - May 29, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Shanjun Tan, Guohao Wu Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Editorial board
(Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - May 28, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Introduction - Dr Osman Abbaso ğlu
(Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - May 28, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Considerations for the Management of Home Parenteral Nutrition during the SARS-CoV-2 Pandemic: a position paper from the Home Artificial Nutrition and Chronic Intestinal Failure Special Interest Group of ESPEN
The management of patients with chronic intestinal failure requiring home parenteral nutrition has been and will continue to be impaired during the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic. Multidisciplinary intestinal failure teams may have to adapt their clinical approaches to home care, outpatient care as well as hospital admission and discharge in order to keep this vulnerable group of patients as safe and well as possible during the unprecedented challenges that countries are facing during the pandemic. Equally, it is important that expert advice from intestinal failure teams is available when home parenteral nutrition (HPN)-dependent pat...
Source: Clinical Nutrition - May 27, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Simon Lal, Andre Van Gossum, Francisca Joly, Federico Bozzetti, Cristina Cuerda, Georg Lamprecht, Manpreet S. Mundi, Michael Staun, Kinga Szczepanek, Geert Wanten, Carolyn Wheatley, Loris Pironi, the Home Artificial Nutrition & Chronic Intestinal Failure Tags: ESPEN Endorsed Recommendation Source Type: research

The impact of type of dietary protein, animal versus vegetable, in modifying cardiometabolic risk factors: A Position Paper from the International Lipid Expert Panel (ILEP)
Proteins play a crucial role in metabolism, in maintaining fluid and acid-base balance and antibody synthesis. Dietary proteins are important nutrients and are classified into: 1) animal proteins (meat, fish, poultry, eggs and dairy), and, 2) plant proteins (legumes, nuts and soy). Dietary modification is one of the most important lifestyle changes that has been shown to significantly decrease the risk of cardiovascular (CV) disease (CVD) by attenuating related risk factors. The CVD burden is reduced by optimum diet through replacement of unprocessed meat with low saturated fat, animal proteins and plant proteins. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - May 26, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Fjolla Zhubi-Bakija, Gani Bajraktari, Ibadete Byty çi, Dimitri P. Mikhailidis, Michael Y. Henein, Gustavs Latkovskis, Zarife Rexhaj, Esra Zhubi, Maciej Banach, the International Lipid Expert Panel (ILEP), Fahad Alnouri, Fahma Amar, Atanas G. Atanasov, Ga Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Accuracy of surrogate methods to estimate skeletal muscle mass in non-dialysis dependent patients with chronic kidney disease and in kidney transplant recipients
Bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) and anthropometric predictive equations have been proposed to estimate whole-body (SMM) and appendicular skeletal muscle mass (ASM) as surrogate for dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) in distinct population groups. However, their accuracy in estimating body composition in non-dialysis dependent patients with chronic kidney disease (NDD-CKD) and kidney transplant recipients (KTR) is unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate the accuracy and reproducibility of BIA and anthropometric predictive equations in estimating SMM and ASM compared to DXA, in NDD-CKD patients and KTR. ...
Source: Clinical Nutrition - May 25, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Maria In ês Barreto Silva, Ana Paula Medeiros Menna Barreto, Karine Scanci da Silva Pontes, Mariana Silva da Costa, Kelli Trindade de Carvalho Rosina, Edison Souza, Rachel Bregman, Carla M. Prado, Márcia Regina Simas Torres Klein Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Consumption of food fried in olive oil and unhealthy aging in a Mediterranean country
We examined how changes in fried food consumption over a 3-year period were linked to unhealthy aging over 3 and 6 years. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - May 25, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Adri án Carballo-Casla, Esther García-Esquinas, Esther Lopez-Garcia, Mercedes Sotos-Prieto, Ellen A. Struijk, Francisco Félix Caballero, Fernando Rodríguez-Artalejo, Rosario Ortolá Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Mediterranean-style dietary pattern improves cancer-related fatigue and quality of life in men with prostate cancer treated with androgen deprivation therapy: A pilot randomised control trial
This study aimed to evaluate the effects of a 12-week MED-diet, compared to usual care, on CRF and quality of life in men with prostate cancer treated with ADT. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - May 24, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Brenton J. Baguley, Tina L. Skinner, David G. Jenkins, Olivia R.L. Wright Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Prognostic role of visceral fat for overall survival in metastatic colorectal cancer: a pilot study
Body composition, has been established as a risk factor for colorectal cancer diagnosis and disease progression. Aim of this study was to investigate the prognostic role of adiposity, especially visceral fat (VAT), in patients (pts) with metastatic colorectal cancer (MCRC). (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - May 23, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Debora Basile, Michele Bartoletti, Maurizio Polano, Lucia Bortot, Lorenzo Gerratana, Paola Di Nardo, Matteo Borghi, Valentina Fanotto, Giacomo Pelizzari, Camilla Lisanti, Mattia Garutti, Silvia Buriolla, Elena Ongaro, Eva Andreuzzi, Marcella Montico, Luca Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Adherence to the Mediterranean dietary pattern in relation to glioma: A case –control study
Although Mediterranean diet (MD) was associated with a lower risk of mortality and cancer, no data are available investigating the association between adherence to the MD and risk of glioma. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - May 21, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Seyed Mohammad Mousavi, Mehdi Shayanfar, Somaye Rigi, Minoo Mohammad-Shirazi, Giuve Sharifi, Ahmad Esmaillzadeh Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Adherence to the Mediterranean dietary pattern in relation to glioma: a case-control study
Although Mediterranean diet (MD) was associated with a lower risk of mortality and cancer, no data are available investigating the association between adherence to the MD and risk of glioma. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - May 21, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Seyed Mohammad Mousavi, Mehdi Shayanfar, Somaye Rigi, Minoo Mohammad-Shirazi, Giuve Sharifi, Ahmad Esmaillzadeh Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Is skeletal muscle loss associated with chemoradiotherapy toxicity in nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients? A prospective study
Our study explored to investigate whether skeletal muscle loss before concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) can predict treatment-related toxicity in this population. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - May 21, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Xiao Huang, Li-na Lv, Yang Zhao, Ling Li, Xiao-dong Zhu Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Malnutrition At Diagnosis In Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (Als) And Its Influence On Survival: Using Glim Criteria
Malnutrition is a prognostic factor in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS). Sometimes, this condition is underdiagnosed, and it might influence on disease progression. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - May 20, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Juan Jos é López-Gómez, María D. Ballesteros-Pomar, Beatriz Torres-Torres, Begoña Pintor De la Maza, M. Ángeles Penacho-Lázaro, José M. Palacio-Mures, Cristina Abreu-Padín, Antonio López-Guzmán, Daniel A. De Luis-Román Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Letter to the editor re: “Diabetes-specific formulas high in monounsaturated fatty acids and metabolic outcomes in patients with diabetes or hyperglycaemia. A systematic review and meta-analysis”
(Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - May 20, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Igor da Concei ção Eckert, Maria Luiza Lopes Ilgenfritz, Flávia Moraes Silva Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

A 3-year prospective cohort study of dietary patterns and frailty risk among community-dwelling older adults
The association between dietary patterns and frailty is less investigated in Asia. We aimed to investigate the prospective associations between dietary patterns and frailty index (FI) in community-dwelling Japanese older adults aged 60 years or older. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - May 18, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Chi Hsien Huang, Beatriz Arakawa Martins, Kiwako Okada, Eiji Matsushita, Chiharu Uno, Shosuke Satake, Masafumi Kuzuya Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Association between nutrition support and acute gastrointestinal injury in critically ill patients during the first 72 hours
This study aimed to 1) investigate the relationship between nutrition support and AGI, as well as nutrition support and prognosis in critically ill AGI patients and 2) evaluate the prognostic benefits of nutrition support in different severity categories of AGI patients. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - May 18, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Hongxiang Li, Junying Lu, Hongyan Li, Aosong Duan, Yushan Wang, Dong Zhang Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Vitamins and carotenoids in human milk delivering preterm and term infants: Implications for preterm nutrient requirements and human milk fortification strategies
In this study, HM was collected weekly for four and two months post-partum for preterm and term groups, respectively. Nutrients of interest, from single full breast expressions were measured by liquid chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry. Microbiological assay was employed for vitamin B12. When compared at equivalent post-partum age, vitamins B1, B2, B6, and B9 were significantly higher in preterm than in term HM, but only during the first two weeks. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - May 18, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Karine Redeuil, Antoine L évêques, Jean-Marie Oberson, Sylvie Bénet, Emeline Tissot, Karin Longet, Antonio de Castro, Céline Romagny, Lydie Beauport, Céline J. Fischer Fumeaux, Jean-François Tolsa, Michael Affolter, Esther Campos Giménez, Clara L. Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Impact of short-term overfeeding of saturated or unsaturated fat or sugars on the gut microbiota in relation to liver fat in obese and overweight adults
Intestinal microbiota may be causally involved in the pathogenesis of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). We aimed to study the effect of short-term overfeeding on human gut microbiota in relation to baseline and overfeeding-induced liver steatosis. We also asked whether the baseline microbiota composition is associated to the overfeeding-induced increase in liver fat. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - May 15, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Ching Jian, Panu Luukkonen, Sanja S ädevirta, Hannele Yki-Järvinen, Anne Salonen Tags: Original article Source Type: research

The Efficacy of Early Postoperative Enteral Immunonutrition on T-lymphocyte Count: A Randomised Control Study in Low-Risk Cardiac Surgery Patients
Patients undergoing cardiac surgery have a pronounced immune response that leads to a reduction in cellular immunity. Immune-modulating nutritional supplements are considered to be beneficial for patients undergoing major surgery. However, due to the lack of studies in the cardiac surgery population, the effect of immunonutrition remains unclear in this patient group. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - May 15, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Marija Svetikiene, Donata Ringaitiene, Jevgenija Vezeliene, Viktoras Isajevas, Dainius Trybe, Vaidas Vicka, Radvile Malickaite, Laimute Jurgauskiene, Jolita Norkuniene, Mindaugas Serpytis, Jurate Sipylaite Tags: Randomized Control Trials Source Type: research

A prospective analysis of micronutrient status in quiescent inflammatory bowel disease
This study described the micronutrient status of patients with quiescent IBD and explore whether biochemical micronutrient deficiencies related to time to subsequent disease relapse. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - May 14, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Morag Jane MacMaster, Spyridoula Damianopoulou, Christina Thomson, Dinesh Talwar, Fiona Stefanowicz, Anthony Catchpole, Konstantinos Gerasimidis, Daniel R. Gaya Tags: Short Communication Source Type: research

A simple remote nutritional screening tool and practical guidance for nutritional care in primary practice during the COVID-19 pandemic
Challenging periods like the COVID-19 pandemic require fast and efficient adaptations of the healthcare system. It is vital that every patient has access to nutritional care as a part of primary healthcare services, even if social distancing measures are adopted. Therefore, we propose a simple remote nutritional screening tool and practical guidance for nutritional care in primary practice, and their implementation into telemedicine processes and digital platforms suitable for healthcare providers. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - May 14, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Željko Krznarić, Darija Vranešić Bender, Alessandro Laviano, Cristina Cuerda, Francesco Landi, Rosario Monteiro, Matthias Pirlich, Rocco Barazzoni Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Nutrition in Critically Ill Patients with COVID-19: Challenges and Special Considerations
(Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - May 13, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Nicole Arkin, Kumar Krishnan, Marvin G. Chang, Edward A. Bittner Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Bioavailable 25(OH)D level is associated with clinical outcomes of patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma: an exploratory study
Vitamin D insufficiency is associated with worse clinical outcomes in multiple cancer types; however, its roles in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) patients are still unclear. Here, we aimed to determine the prognostic values of circulating total 25(OH)D and bioavailable 25(OH)D levels in DLBCL patients. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - May 10, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Peizhan Chen, Yiwen Cao, Xiaohua Duan, Jingquan Li, Weili Zhao, Hui Wang Tags: Original article Source Type: research

A visual analogue scale for food intake as a screening test for malnutrition in the primary care setting: prospective non-interventional study
The Self-Evaluation of Food Intake (SEFI ®) is a simple tool to assess food intake that correlates well with the diagnosis of malnutrition in the hospital setting. Aims: to evaluate the validity of SEFI® for the diagnosis of malnutrition among adults in the primary care setting (primary aim); to assess the prevalence of malnutrition, the feasibility of the SEFI® and the variables associated with malnutrition (secondary aims). (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - May 10, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Gwenha ël Bouëtté, Maxime Esvan, Katharina Apel, Ronan Thibault Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Perioperative Probiotic Treatment Decreased the Incidence of Postoperative Cognitive Impairment in Elderly Patients Following Non-cardiac Surgery: A Randomised Double-blind and Placebo-controlled Trial
Given that population aging is a global health challenge, the high prevalence of postoperative neurocognitive impairment in elderly patients necessitates the development of novel simple and effective prevention methods. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - May 10, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Pingzhu Wang, Xinlin Yin, Gong Chen, Lan Li, Yuan Le, Zhongcong Xie, Wen Ouyang, Jianbin Tong Tags: Randomized Control Trials Source Type: research

Gut microbiota alteration in a mouse model of Anorexia Nervosa
Anorexia Nervosa is a severe disease depending on both biological, psychological and environmental factors. The gut microbiota has recently been proposed as one of the biological factors potentially involved in the onset or maintenance of Anorexia Nervosa. To unravel the potential role of the gut microbiota in this disease, we characterized the dysbiosis occurring in a mouse model of Anorexia and correlated bacteria level changes with different physiological parameters such as body weight, food intake or levels of hypothalamic neuropeptides. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - May 10, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Jonathan Breton, Pauline Tirelle, Soujoud Hasanat, Arthur Pernot, Cl ément L’Huillier, Jean-Claude do Rego, Pierre Déchelotte, Moïse Coëffier, Laure B. Bindels, David Ribet Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Guanidinoacetic acid loading for improved location-specific brain creatine
We conducted here a secondary analysis of previously completed guanidinoacetic acid (GAA) loading trials categorizing participants into responders and non-responders using cut-off points for an increase in the location-specific levels of brain creatine (e.g. thalamus, cerebellum, white and grey matter). (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - May 10, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Sergej M. Ostojic Tags: Short Communication Source Type: research

From the gut to the heart: L. plantarum and inulin administration as a novel approach to control cardiac apoptosis via 5-HT2B and TrkB receptors in diabetes
Type 2 diabetes mellitus, as a metabolic disorder, can lead to diabetic cardiomyopathy, identified by cardiomyocyte apoptosis and myocardial fibrosis. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and serotonin are two neurotransmitters that can control cardiomyocyte apoptosis and myocardial fibrosis through their cardiac receptors. In the present study, we investigated the impacts of L. plantarum and inulin supplementation on the inhibition of cardiac apoptosis and fibrosis by modulating intestinal, serum, and cardiac levels of serotonin and BDNF as well as their cardiac receptors. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - May 10, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Safa Sefidgari-Abrasi, Leila Roshangar, Pouran Karimi, Mohammad Morshedi, Marziyeh Rahimiyan-Heravan, Maryam Saghafi-Asl Tags: Original article Source Type: research

High neutrophil to lymphocytes ratio is associated with sarcopenia risk in hospitalized cancer patients
This study aimed i) to identify the neutrophil to lymphocytes ratio (NLR) cut-off point that best predicts sarcopenia and ii) to verify the association between NLR and sarcopenia risk in hospitalized cancer patients. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - May 10, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Tha ís C. Borges, Tatyanne L.N. Gomes, Claude Pichard, Alessandro Laviano, Gustavo D. Pimentel Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Individualized Target Fortification of Breast Milk with Protein, Carbohydrates, and Fat for Preterm Infants: A Double-Blind Randomized Controlled Trial
This study investigates impacts of target fortification on preterm growth and metabolism by adjusting breast milk macronutrients. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - May 6, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Niels Rochow, Gerhard Fusch, Anaam Ali, Akshdeep Bhatia, Hon Yiu So, Renata Iskander, Lorraine Chessell, Salhab el Helou, Christoph Fusch Tags: Randomized Control Trials Source Type: research

The GLIM criteria for defining malnutrition can predict physical function and prognosis in cardiovascular disease
The Global Leadership Initiative on Malnutrition (GLIM) published a new international standard for defining malnutrition in 2018. Here, the GLIM criteria were compared with the European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism (ESPEN) criteria in relation to physical function and mortality risk in cardiovascular disease (CVD). (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - May 6, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Yoshifumi Kootaka, Kentaro Kamiya, Nobuaki Hamazaki, Kohei Nozaki, Takafumi Ichikawa, Takeshi Nakamura, Masashi Yamashita, Emi Maekawa, Jennifer Reed, Minako Yamaoka-Tojo, Atsuhiko Matsunaga, Junya Ako Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Blood Urea in Preterm Infants on Routine Parenteral Nutrition: A Multiple Linear Regression Analysis
Blood urea is considered a marker of amino acid utilization in preterm infants on routine parenteral nutrition. However, the association between blood urea and intravenous amino acid intake remains debated. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - May 6, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Ilaria Giretti, Alessio Correani, Luca Antognoli, Chiara Monachesi, Paolo Marchionni, Chiara Biagetti, Maria Paola Bellagamba, Paola Cogo, Rita D ’Ascenzo, Ilaria Burattini, Virgilio P. Carnielli Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Young children formula consumption and iron deficiency at 24 months in the general population: a national-level study
Iron deficiency (ID) is considered the most frequent micronutrient deficiency in industrialized countries where strategies for its primary prevention vary widely and are insufficiently evaluated. We aimed to study the effectiveness for iron status of a national iron deficiency prevention strategy based on recommendations for young-child formula (YCF) use after age 12 months, taking into consideration other sources of iron and the family ’s socio-economic status. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - May 6, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Anne-Sylvia Sacri, Alain Bocquet, Mariane de Montalembert, Serge Hercberg, Laurent Gouya, B éatrice Blondel, Amandine Ganon, Pascale Hebel, Catherine Vincelet, Franck Thollot, Massimiliano Rallo, Piotr Gembara, Corinne Levy, Martin Chalumeau Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Theaphenon E prevents fatty liver disease and increases CD4+ T cell survival in mice fed a high-fat diet
Obesity is a major cause of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). NAFLD is an epidemic affecting nearly 34% of the adult population in the US. As a chronic inflammatory disease, NAFLD influences the immune system by dysregulating T-cell activity. Remedies for the adverse effects on the immune system are urgently needed. We studied Theaphenon E (TE), a standardized formulation of green tea extract, on the adverse effects of NAFLD in C57BL/6J mice fed a high fat diet (HFD). (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - May 4, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Heidi Coia, Ning Ma, Yanqi Hou, Eva Permaul, Deborah L. Berry, M. Idalia Cruz, Evan Pannkuk, Michael Girgis, Zizhao Zhu, Yichen Lee, Olga Rodriquez, Amrita Cheema, Fung-Lung Chung Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Sex-specific associations of habitual intake of soy protein and isoflavones with risk of type 2 diabetes
This study aimed to evaluate the prospective associations between intake of dietary soy protein and isoflavones (total isoflavones, daidzein and genistein) and risk of type 2 diabetes in a community-based cohort of Korean adults aged ≥ 40 years, the Korean Multi-Rural Communities Cohort (MRCohort). (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - May 4, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Hye Won Woo, Mi Kyung Kim, Young-Hoon Lee, Dong Hoon Shin, Min-Ho Shin, Bo Youl Choi Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Carbohydrate quality index and breast cancer risk in a Mediterranean cohort: the SUN project
Beyond the quantity of carbohydrate intake, further research is needed on the relevance of carbohydrate quality. Thus, we evaluated the association between an a priori defined carbohydrate quality index (CQI) and the incidence of BC in a Mediterranean cohort study. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - May 3, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Andrea Romanos-Nanclares, Alfredo Gea, Miguel Ángel Martínez-González, Itziar Zazpe, Itziar Gardeazabal, Cesar Ignacio Fernández-Lazaro, Estefanía Toledo Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Editorial board
(Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - April 30, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research