Contribution of ultra-processed foods in visceral fat deposition and other adiposity indicators: prospective analysis nested in the PREDIMED-Plus trial
Ultra-processed food and drink products (UPF) consumption has been associated with obesity and its-related comorbidities. Excess of visceral fat, which appears with increasing age, has been considered as the culprit contributing to adiposity-associated adverse health outcomes. However, none of previous studies elucidated the link between UPF and directly quantified adiposity and its distribution. We aimed to prospectively investigate the association between concurrent changes in UPF consumption and objectively assessed adiposity distribution. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - January 27, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Jadwiga Konieczna, Marga Morey, Itziar Abete, Maira Bes-Rastrollo, Miguel Ruiz-Canela, Jesus Vioque, Sandra Gonzalez-Palacios, Lidia Daimiel, Jordi Salas-Salvad ó, Miguel Fiol, Vicente Martín, Ramón Estruch, Josep Vidal, Miguel A. Martínez-González, Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Repair of central venous access devices in intestinal failure patients is safe and cost-effective: a retrospective single centre cohort study
Patients with chronic intestinal failure (IF) require home parenteral nutrition (HPN). Central venous access is needed for prolonged use of PN, usually via a long term central venous access device (CVAD). Post insertion there may be mechanical complications with a CVAD such as catheter rupture or tear. Repair of damaged CVADs is possible to avoid risks associated with catheter replacement in patients with IF. However, catheter related blood stream infections (CRBSI) are a concern when CVAD ’s are accessed or manipulated. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - January 27, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Jane Fletcher, Diane Woodham, Sheldon C. Cooper Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Fruit, Vegetable, and Legume Intake and the Risk of All-cause, Cardiovascular, and Cancer Mortality: A Prospective Study
This study aimed to quantify the relationship between levels of fruit, vegetable, and legume consumption with the risk of major CVD, CVD mortality, cancer incidence, cancer mortality, and all-cause mortality. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - January 26, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Weida Liu, Bo Hu, Mahshid Dehghan, Andrew Mente, Chuangshi Wang, Ruohua Yan, Sumathy Rangarajan, Lap Ah Tse, Salim Yusuf, Xiaoyun Liu, Yang Wang, Deren Qiang, Lihua Hu, Aiying Han, Xincheng Tang, Lisheng Liu, Wei Li, PURE-China Investigators Tags: Original article Source Type: research

A ketogenic diet consumed during radiotherapy improves several aspects of quality of life and metabolic health in women with breast cancer
Ketogenic diets (KDs) have been proposed as complementary nutritional treatments for cancer patients. Because it is important to gain knowledge about the safety of KDs adopted during cancer therapy, we studied the effects of KDs on quality of life and blood parameters in women with early-stage breast cancer undergoing radiotherapy. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - January 26, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Rainer J. Klement, Michael M. Weigel, Reinhart A. Sweeney Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Relationship of several serum folate forms with the risk of mortality: A prospective cohort study
We aim to examine the relation of several folate forms (5-methyltetrahydrofolate [5-mTHF], unmetabolized folic acid [UMFA], non-methyl folate, and MeFox [pyrazino-s-triazine derivative of 4 α-hydroxy-5-methyltetrahydrofolate]) with the risk of mortality. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - January 26, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Mengyi Liu, Zhuxian Zhang, Chun Zhou, Qinqin Li, Panpan He, Yuanyuan Zhang, Huan Li, Chengzhang Liu, Min Liang, Xiaobin Wang, Xiping Xu, Fan Fan Hou, Xianhui Qin Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Effect of a high fructose diet on metabolic parameters in carriers for hereditary fructose intolerance
Hyperuricemia is an independent risk factor for the metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular disease. We hypothesized that asymptomatic carriers for hereditary fructose intolerance (OMIM 22960) would have increased uric acid and altered component of the metabolic syndrome when exposed to fructose overfeeding. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - January 26, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Fran çois-Guillaume Debray, Kevin Seyssel, Marjorie Fadeur, Luc Tappy, Nicolas Paquot, Christel Tran Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Is phase angle a valuable prognostic tool in cancer patients ’ survival? A systematic review and meta-analysis of available literature
The phase angle (PA), expressed via bioelectrical impedance, is an indicator of cell membrane health and integrity, hydration, and nutritional status, and may have further application as a prognostic marker in cancer survival. However, the associations between PA and cancer survival are inconsistent and unclear. The present systematic review and meta-analysis investigated the relationship between PA and survival among adult patients diagnosed with cancer. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - January 26, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Arman Arab, Elham Karimi, Kristina Vingrys, Fatemeh Shirani Tags: Meta-analyses Source Type: research

Fructose intake is not associated to the risk of hepatic fibrosis in patients with Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD)
Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD) has been linked to fructose intake (FI). The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the dietary FI from different food sources (added/industrial processing and natural/intrinsic to food) is associated with NAFLD and risk of hepatic fibrosis (HF). (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - January 25, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Vittoria Zambon Azevedo, Valesca Dall ’Alba Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Metabolic profiling in early pregnancy and associated factors of folate supplementation: a cross-sectional study
Pregnancy generally alters the balance of maternal metabolism, but the molecular profiles in early pregnancy and associated factors of folate supplementation in pregnant women remains incompletely understood. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - January 22, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Rui Zhao, Zhuoling An, Yuan Sun, Liangyu Xia, Ling Qiu, Aimin Yao, Yanping Liu, Lihong Liu Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Greater protein intake at breakfast or as snacks and less at dinner is associated with cardiometabolic health in adults
Protein intake is inversely associated with waist circumference and positively associated with HDL-cholesterol concentrations. However, the relationship between protein intake during specific eating occasions and cardiometabolic health is not well documented. This cross-sectional study measured protein intake at meals and combined snacking occasions and evaluated associations between protein intake at meals or snacking occasions and markers of cardiometabolic health in adults. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - January 22, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Claire E. Berryman, Harris R. Lieberman, Victor L. Fulgoni, Stefan M. Pasiakos Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Prevalence and prognostic implications of malnutrition as defined by GLIM criteria in elderly patients with heart failure
This study aimed to determine the prevalence and prognostic implication of malnutrition as defined by GLIM criteria in comparison to those for a pre-existing definition of malnutrition, the geriatric nutritional risk index (GNRI), in elderly patients with heart failure (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - January 22, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Susumu Hirose, Yuya Matsue, Kentaro Kamiya, Nobuyuki Kagiyama, Masaru Hiki, Taishi Dotare, Tsutomu Sunayama, Masaaki Konishi, Hiroshi Saito, Kazuya Saito, Yuki Ogasahara, Emi Maekawa, Takeshi Kitai, Kentaro Iwata, Kentaro Jujo, Hiroshi Wada, Takatoshi Kas Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Branched-Chain Amino Acids in relation to Food Preferences and Insulin Resistance in Obese Subjects Consuming Walnuts: A Cross-Over, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled inpatient physiology study
To assess whether the concentrations of circulating Branched-Chain Amino Acids (BCAAs) change after walnut consumption and, whether these changes are associated with alterations in markers of insulin resistance and food preferences. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - January 22, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Dario Tuccinardi, Nikolaos Perakakis, Olivia M. Farr, Jagriti Upadhyay, Christos S. Mantzoros Tags: Randomized Control Trials Source Type: research

Body composition, muscle function and biochemical values in patients after pancreatic surgery: an observational study
This study aims to observe changes in body composition, muscle function and biochemical values in patients during the early postoperative days (PODs) following pancreaticoduodenectomy or total pancreatectomy. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - January 22, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Martina Petrolo, Elena Rangelova, Maria Toilou, Folke Hammarqvist Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Growth and nutrition in pediatric neuromuscular disorders
Little is currently known about the nutrition and growth outcomes in children with neuromuscular disorders (NMDs), and these are likely disease dependent. The aim of this study was to describe the range of nutritional issues in pediatric NMDs and identify similarities and differences in growth outcomes and nutritional needs in children with a variety of NMDs at different ages, with the goal of informing future services. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - January 21, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Elle Chou, Rachel Lindeback, Arlene M. D ’Silva, Hugo Sampaio, Kristen Neville, Michelle A. Farrar Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Oleic acid restores the rhythmicity of the disrupted circadian rhythm found in gastrointestinal explants from patients with morbid obesity
We investigated whether oleic acid (OA), one of the main components of the Mediterranean diet, participates in the regulation of the intestinal circadian rhythm in patients with morbid obesity. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - January 21, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Ana Lago-Sampedro, Ailec Ho-Plagaro, Sara Garcia-Serrano, Concepci ón Santiago-Fernandez, Cristina Rodríguez-Díaz, Carlos Lopez-Gómez, Flores Martín-Reyes, Gonzalo Ruiz-Aldea, Guillermo Alcaín-Martínez, Montserrat Gonzalo, Custodia Montiel-Casado, Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Diurnal variation in gene expression of human peripheral blood mononuclear cells after eating a standard meal compared with a high protein meal: a cross-over study
Eating at night has been linked to impaired glucose metabolism and dyslipidaemia that is likely a consequence of an underlying disrupted circadian rhythm in metabolic processes. The aim of this study was to explore the gene expression differences after eating a standard test meal or high protein test meal at night compared with the same meal in the morning. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - January 18, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Rochelle Davis, Chiara Murgia, Aimee L. Dordevic, Maxine P. Bonham, Catherine E. Huggins Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Cut-off values of skeletal muscle index and psoas muscle index at L3 vertebra level by computerized tomography to assess low muscle mass
Computerized tomography (CT) is considered the gold standard for the evaluation of total skeletal muscle quantity. Skeletal muscle assessments at the L3 vertebra level revealed significantly correlated with total body muscle measurements. Clinicians need cut-offs to evaluate low muscle mass in various patients who already had CT imaging without any additional cost. This assessment is important to help the physicians to stratify the patients for mortality and other complications. It may also enable the diagnosis of malnutrition by the GLIM criteria. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - January 16, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: G ülistan Bahat, Banu Özulu Türkmen, Şamil Aliyev, Nezahat Müge Çatıkkaş, Barış Bakır, Mehmet Akif Karan Tags: Original article Source Type: research

A collagen hydrolysate/milk protein-blend stimulates muscle anabolism equivalently to an isoenergetic milk protein-blend containing a greater quantity of essential amino acids in older men
Nutritional composition is key for skeletal muscle maintenance into older age. Yet the acute effects of collagen protein blended with other protein sources, in relation to skeletal muscle anabolism, are ill-defined. We investigated human muscle protein synthesis (MPS) responses to a 20g blend of collagen protein hydrolysate + milk protein (CP+MP, 125ml) oral nutritional supplement (ONS) vs. 20g non-blended milk protein source (MP, 200ml) ONS, in older adults. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - January 12, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: M.S. Brook, P. Scaife, J.J. Bass, J. Cegielski, S. Watanabe, D.J. Wilkinson, K. Smith, B.E. Phillips, P.J. Atherton Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Serum uric acid is positively associated with muscle strength in older men and women: findings from NHANES 1999 – 2002
One of the causes of strength loss in older adults is the increased oxidative stress; thus, substances with antioxidants properties may have protective effects on muscle strength. Uric acid (UA) is an important antioxidant and it seems to be positively associated with muscle strength in older adults; however, the current evidence is still limited. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - January 12, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Paula C. Nahas, Luana T. Rossato, Fl ávia M.S. de Branco, Catarina M. Azeredo, Ana Elisa M. Rinaldi, Erick P. de Oliveira Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Hypertriglyceridemia and lipid tolerance in preterm infants with a birth weight of less than 1250  g on routine parenteral nutrition
To study the association of hypertriglyceridemia and of lipid tolerance with clinical and nutritional data in preterm infants receiving routine parenteral nutrition. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - January 11, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Ilaria Giretti, Rita D'Ascenzo, Alessio Correani, Luca Antognoli, Chiara Monachesi, Chiara Biagetti, Adriana Pompilio, Luisita Marinelli, Ilaria Burattini, Paola Cogo, Virgilio P. Carnielli Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Galacto-oligosaccharides supplementation in prefrail older and healthy adults increased faecal bifidobacteria, but did not impact immune function and oxidative stress
Ageing is associated with an increased risk of frailty, intestinal microbiota perturbations, immunosenescence and oxidative stress. Prebiotics such as galacto-oligosaccharides (GOS) may ameliorate these ageing-related alterations. We aimed to compare the faecal microbiota composition, metabolite production, immune and oxidative stress markers in prefrail elderly and younger adults, and investigate the effects of GOS supplementation in both groups. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - January 11, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Ellen Wilms, Ran An, Agnieszka Smolinska, Yala Stevens, Antje R. Weseler, Montserrat Elizalde, Marie-Jos é Drittij, Athanasia Ioannou, Frederik J. van Schooten, Hauke Smidt, Ad A.M. Masclee, Erwin G. Zoetendal, Daisy M.A.E. Jonkers Tags: Randomized Control Trials Source Type: research

Adherence to the Mediterranean diet and academic performance in adolescents: does BMI status moderate this association?
Adolescence is a critical period for neurodevelopment, it is characterised by the establishment of behavioural patterns that can affect children ’s physical, mental and cognitive health, both immediately and later in life. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - January 11, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Miguel Angel Tapia-Serrano, Irene Esteban-Cornejo, Mar ía Rodríguez-Ayllon, Mikel Vaquero-Solís, David Sánchez-Oliva, Pedro Antonio Sánchez-Miguel Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Clinical effect of enteral nutrition support during neoadjuvant chemotherapy on the preservation of skeletal muscle mass in patients with esophageal cancer
Reductions in skeletal muscle mass during neoadjuvant therapy can have a negative effect on short- and long-term outcomes in patients with esophageal cancer. However, effective treatment for suppressing reductions in skeletal muscle mass during neoadjuvant therapy has not been established. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - January 11, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Ryosuke Kita, Hiroshi Miyata, Keijiro Sugimura, Koji Tanaka, Tomoki Makino, Kotaro Yamashita, Makoto Yamasaki, Masaaki Motoori, Osamu Shiraishi, Yutaka Kimura, Takushi Yasuda, Masahiko Yano, Yuichiro Doki Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Dietary magnesium restriction affects hematopoiesis and triggers neutrophilia by increasing STAT-3 expression and G-CSF production
Magnesium (Mg2+) is able to modulate the differentiation and proliferation of cells. Mg2+ restriction can trigger neutrophilia, but the processes that result in this change have yet to be investigated and are not fully understood. Hematopoiesis is a complex process that is regulated by many factors, including cytokines and growth factors, and is strongly influenced by nutrient availability. In this context, our objective was to investigate the impact of the short-term restriction of dietary Mg2+ on bone marrow hematopoietic and peripheral blood cells, especially in processes related to granulocyte differentiation and proli...
Source: Clinical Nutrition - January 11, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Fabiana da Silva Lima, Edson Naoto Makiyama, Araceli Aparecida Hastreiter, Agatha Brida de Sousa Castelhano, Ricardo Ambrosio Fock Tags: Original article Source Type: research

The Effect of Meal Frequency on Biochemical Cardiometabolic Factors: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials
This study systematically reviewed the evidence from RCTs of the effect of higher compared with lower MF on the blood lipid profile, glucose homeostasis, and adipokines. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - January 11, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Shima Abdollahi, Asma Kazemi, Russell J. de Souza, Cain C.T. Clark, Sepideh Soltani Tags: Meta-analyses Source Type: research

Comprehensive Assessment of Nutritional Status and Nutritional-related Complications in Newly Diagnosed Esophageal Cancer Patients: A Cross-sectional Study
Malnutrition is prevalent in upper gastrointestinal cancer patients. The purpose of this study was a comprehensive assessment of nutritional status in newly diagnosed patients with esophageal cancer. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - January 11, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Sara Movahed, Fatemeh Varshoee Tabrizi, Naseh Pahlavani, Mehdi Seilanian Toussi, Ali Ghanbari Motlagh, Saeid Eslami, Majid Ghayour-Mobarhan, Mohsen Nematy, Gordon A. Ferns, Maryam Emadzadeh, Majid Khadem-Rezaiyan, Amir Hossein Alavi, Mahtab Salek, Pegah Z Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Hypertriglyceridemia and lipid tolerance in preterm infants with a birth weight of less than 1250 g on routine parenteral nutrition
To study the association of hypertriglyceridemia and of lipid tolerance with clinical and nutritional data in preterm infants receiving routine parenteral nutrition. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - January 11, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Ilaria Giretti, Rita D ’Ascenzo, Alessio Correani, Luca Antognoli, Chiara Monachesi, Chiara Biagetti, Adriana Pompilio, Luisita Marinelli, Ilaria Burattini, Paola Cogo, Virgilio P. Carnielli Tags: Original article Source Type: research

The association between the Adapted Dietary Inflammatory Index and colorectal cancer recurrence and all-cause mortality
The inflammatory potential of the diet has been linked to colorectal cancer (CRC) development and mortality. However, it is unknown whether it is also associated with CRC recurrence. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the associations between the inflammatory potential of the diet and plasma inflammation markers as well as recurrence and all-cause mortality in CRC patients. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - January 11, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Evertine Wesselink, Laura E. Staritsky, Moniek van Zutphen, Anne J.M.R. Geijsen, Dieuwertje E. Kok, Flip Kruyt, Renzo P. Veenstra, Ernst Jan Spillenaar Bilgen, Ewout A. Kouwenhoven, Johannes H.W. de Wilt, Ellen Kampman, Fr änzel J.B. van Duijnhoven Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Is serum vitamin D deficiency before gestational 20 weeks a risk factor for preeclampsia?
Our aim was to assess whether serum vitamin D deficiency before gestational 20 weeks was associated with an increased risk of preeclampsia. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - January 11, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Chao-Yan Yue, Jiang-ping Gao, Chun- Yi Zhang, Chun-Mei Ying Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Prevalence of Sarcopenic Obesity and Sarcopenic Overweight in the General Population: The Lifelines Cohort Study
Sarcopenic obesity (SO) is defined by a relatively low muscle mass in combination with obesity. Sarcopenic obesity was first noted as a health risk in geriatric populations but has recently been recognized as a scientific and clinical priority that may extend beyond geriatric settings. Obesity is generally preceded by overweight, so the prevalence and health risks of sarcopenia in those with overweight (SOW) is of interest for preventive purposes. The aim of this study, therefore, was to assess the prevalence and determinants of SO and SOW in a general population. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - January 11, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Carlijn A. Wagenaar, Louise H. Dekker, Gerjan J. Navis Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Methane and fatty acid metabolism pathways are predictive of Low-FODMAP diet efficacy for patients with Irritable Bowel Syndrome
Identification of microbiota-based biomarkers as predictors of low-FODMAP diet response and design of a diet recommendation strategy for IBS patients. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - January 11, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Ameen Eetemadi, Ilias Tagkopoulos Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Clinical malnutrition predictive model among Gynecologic cancer patients prior to elective operation: A cross-sectional study
Malnutrition is common among cancer patients regardless of stage of cancer. Given the strong association between malnutrition with prolonged hospitalization, delayed recovery and even higher post-operative complications among gynaecologic cancer (GC) patients, it is important to understand its predictive factors. The current study aimed to determine malnutrition predictors among GC patients before elective operation. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - January 11, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Chiou Yi Ho, Zuriati Ibrahim, Zalina Abu Zaid, Zulfitri 'Azuan Mat Daud, Nor Baizura Md. Yusop Tags: Original article Source Type: research

GLIM criteria for malnutrition diagnosis of hospitalized patients presents satisfactory criterion validity: a prospective cohort study
This study aimed to evaluate the concurrent and predictive validity of GLIM criteria for malnutrition diagnosis in hospitalized patients. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - January 11, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: J úlia Epping Brito, Camila Ferri Burgel, Júlia Lima, Victória Silva Chites, Camila Becker Saragiotto, Estela Iraci Rabito, Flávia Moraes Silva Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Association between hypertension-mediated organ damage and obesity defined by novel anthropometric indices in community-dwelling elderly individuals
Body mass index (BMI), the most common anthropometric index, has recently been challenged by two emerging parameters: a body shape index (ABSI) and body roundness index (BRI). The purpose of this study was to explore the associations of hypertension-mediated organ damage (HMOD) with conventional and novel anthropometric parameters. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - January 10, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Jiamin Tang, Song Zhao, Shikai Yu, Chen Chi, Hongwei Ji, Jing Xiong, Jiadela Teliewubai, Ximin Fan, Rusitanmujiang Maimaitiaili, Yawei Xu, Yi Zhang Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Habitual coffee intake and plasma lipid profile: evidence from UK Biobank
There is evidence that long-term heavy coffee consumption may adversely affect individuals ’ cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. As hyperlipidemia is a well-established contributor to CVD risk, we investigated the association between habitual coffee intake and plasma lipid profile. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - January 10, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Ang Zhou, Elina Hypp önen Tags: Original article Source Type: research

sarcopenia in patients after an episode of acute decompensated Heart Failure: an underdiagnosed problem with serious impact
Sarcopenia is a multifactorial syndrome resulting in a decrease in both muscle mass and function. Little is known about the prevalence and prognostic impact of sarcopenia in patients with acutely decompensated chronic heart failure (ADHF). We aimed to evaluate the prevalence (main endpoint) and impact of sarcopenia on ADHF patients. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - January 8, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Romain Eschalier, Gr égoire Massoullié, Yves Boirie, Marie Blanquet, Aurélien Mulliez, Pierre-Louis Tartière, Stefan Anker, Marie-Claire D’Agrosa Boiteux, Ruddy Richard, Frédéric Jean, Nicolas Combaret, Géraud Souteyrand, Clément Riocreux, Bruno Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Role of polyunsaturated fatty acids in ischemic stroke – a perspective of specialized pro-resolving mediators
Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) have been proposed as beneficial for cardiovascular health. However, results from both epidemiological studies and clinical trials have been inconsistent, whereas most of the animal studies showed promising benefits of PUFAs in the prevention and treatment of ischemic stroke. In recent years, it has become clear that PUFAs are metabolized into various types of bioactive derivatives, including the specialized pro-resolving mediators (SPMs). SPMs exert multiple biofunctions, such as to limit excessive inflammatory responses, regulate lipid metabolism and immune cell functions, decrease pro...
Source: Clinical Nutrition - January 8, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Zhijuan Miao, Marianne Schultzberg, Xiuzhe Wang, Yuwu Zhao Tags: Narrative Review Source Type: research

An individualized food-based nutrition intervention reduces visceral and total body fat while preserving skeletal muscle mass in breast cancer patients under antineoplastic treatment
Breast cancer patients (BCP) during treatment often experience an increase in body weight and fat mass, and a decrease in muscle mass known as sarcopenic obesity, affecting their prognosis and quality of life. We aimed to evaluate the effect of a 6-month individualized food-based nutrition intervention program in nonmetastatic BCP body composition during treatment. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - January 8, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Ana Teresa Limon-Miro, Mauro E. Valencia, Veronica Lopez-Teros, Heliodoro Alem án-Mateo, Rosa O. Méndez-Estrada, Bertha I. Pacheco-Moreno, Humberto Astiazaran-Garcia Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Prevalence of Hypophosphatemia in the ICU – results of an international one-day point prevalence survey
Hypophosphatemia (HypoP) is associated with organ dysfunction and mortality. Despite its potential severe consequences, HypoP remains poorly characterized in terms of real prevalence and timing of onset. The primary objective was to determine the prevalence of HypoP defined as blood phosphate (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - December 29, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: M.M. Berger, O. Appelberg, A. Reintam-Blaser, C. Ichai, O. Joannes-Boyau, M. Casaer, S.J. Schaller, J. Gunst, J. Starkopf, ESICM-MEN section (60 participating centres – see full list of contributors) Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Association of vitamin D pathway gene polymorphisms with vitamin D level during pregnancy was modified by season and vitamin D supplement
This study aims to explore the associations of vitamin D (VD) metabolic pathway gene with 25(OH)D level in pregnant women and the interactions of SNP with season and VD supplement. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - December 29, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Jinhua Wu, Bule Shao, Xing Xin, Wenliang Luo, Minjia Mo, Wen Jiang, Shuting Si, Shuojia Wang, Yu Shen, Yunxian Yu Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Association of red and processed meat consumption with cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in participants with and without obesity: A prospective cohort study
There is increasing evidence that red and processed meat consumption is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular (CV) disease. However, little literature reported the association among people with obesity versus those without obesity. We sought to investigate this using the UK Biobank data. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - December 29, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Jufen Zhang, Karen Hayden, Ruth Jackson, Rudolph Schutte Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Dietary Inflammatory Index (DII ®) and the risk of depression symptoms in adults
This study aims to assess the association between energy-adjusted DII (E-DII™) and DepS using the North West Adelaide Health Study (NWAHS) cohort as well as update a previous meta-analysis. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - December 29, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Prem Raj Shakya, Yohannes Adama Melaku, Nitin Shivappa, James R. H ébert, Robert J. Adams, Amanda J. Page, Tiffany K. Gill Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Review of Evolution and Current Status of Protein Requirements and Provision in Acute Illness and Critical Care
Nutrition therapy, by enteral, parenteral, or both routes combined, is a key component of the management of critically ill, surgical, burns, and oncology patients. Established evidence indicates overfeeding (provision of excessive calories) results in increased risk of infection, morbidity, and mortality. This has led to the practice of “permissive underfeeding” of calories; however, this can often lead to inadequate provision of guideline-recommended protein intakes. Acutely ill patients requiring nutritional therapy have high protein requirements, and studies demonstrate that provision of adequate protein can...
Source: Clinical Nutrition - December 28, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Elisabeth De Waele, Julie Roth Jakubowski, Reto Stocker, Paul E. Wischmeyer Tags: Narrative Review Source Type: research

Effects of probiotics and synbiotics on diarrhea in undernourished children: Systematic review with meta-analysis
Undernutrition predisposes children to a greater incidence and duration of diarrhea. No review and meta-analysis have yet been conducted to assess effectiveness of probiotics and synbiotics in malnourished children. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - December 24, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Richard Mbusa Kambale, Fransisca Isia Nancy, Gaylord Amani Ngaboyeka, Joe Bwija Kasengi, Laure B. Bindels, Dimitri Van der Linden Tags: Meta-analyses Source Type: research

High protein prescription in methylmalonic and propionic acidemia patients and its negative association with long-term outcome
Methylmalonic acidemia (MMA) and propionic acidemia (PA) are inborn errors of metabolism. While survival of MMA and PA patients has improved in recent decades, long-term outcome is still unsatisfactory. A protein restricted diet is the mainstay for treatment. Additional amino acid mixtures (AAM) can be prescribed if natural protein is insufficient. It is unknown if dietary treatment can have an impact on outcome. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - December 24, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: F. Molema, H.A. Haijes, M.C. Janssen, A.M. Bosch, F.J. van Spronsen, M.F. Mulder, N.M. Verhoeven-Duif, J.J.M. Jans, A.T. van der Ploeg, M.A. Wagenmakers, M.E. Rubio-Gozalbo, M.C.G.J. Brouwers, M.C. de Vries, S. Fuchs, J.G. Langendonk, D. Rizopoulos, P.M. Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Change in skeletal muscle mass is associated with lipid profiles in female rheumatoid arthritis patients -TOMORROW study-
To examine the relationship between changes in skeletal muscle mass and lipid metabolism and glycometabolism in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - December 24, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Yoshinari Matsumoto, Yuko Sugioka, Masahiro Tada, Tadashi Okano, Kenji Mamoto, Kentaro Inui, Daiki Habu, Tatsuya Koike Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Editorial board
(Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - December 23, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Acknowledgement to Reviewers 2020
(Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - December 23, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

An investigation of community-dwelling older adults' opinions about their nutritional needs and risk of malnutrition; a scoping review
Understanding how older adults perceive their nutritional needs and malnutrition risk is important to inform strategies to improve prevention and management of the condition. This scoping review aimed to identify, characterize and summarize the findings from studies analysing community-living older adults ’ opinions and perceptions towards their nutritional needs and malnutrition risk. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - December 22, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Patricia Dominguez Castro, Ciara ME. Reynolds, Sharon Kennelly, Aisling A. Geraghty, Karen Finnigan, Laura McCullagh, Eileen Gibney, Carla Perrotta, Clare A. Corish Tags: Narrative review Source Type: research

An investigation of community-dwelling older adults ’ opinions about their nutritional needs and risk of malnutrition; a scoping review
Understanding how older adults perceive their nutritional needs and malnutrition risk is important to inform strategies to improve prevention and management of the condition. This scoping review aimed to identify, characterize and summarize the findings from studies analysing community-living older adults ’ opinions and perceptions towards their nutritional needs and malnutrition risk. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - December 22, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Patricia Dominguez Castro, Ciara ME. Reynolds, Sharon Kennelly, Aisling A. Geraghty, Karen Finnigan, Laura McCullagh, Eileen Gibney, Carla Perrotta, Clare A. Corish Tags: Narrative Review Source Type: research