A systematic review and meta-analysis of the effects of soy on serum hs-CRP
The results of studies about the effect of soy products on serum highly sensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) are inconsistent. Aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials (RCTs) was to investigate the effect of soy products intake on serum hs-CRP concentration. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - September 12, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Mahdieh Khodarahmi, Mahdieh Abbasalizade Farhangi, Mohammad Asghari Jafarabadi, Jalal Moludi Tags: Review Source Type: research

Proposed standard model and consistent terminology for Monitoring and Outcome Evaluation in different Dietetic Care settings: Results from the EU-sponsored IMPECD project
Dietetic interventions contribute to certain health objectives and other outcomes, but are mostly part of a multimodal and multidisciplinary approach what makes evaluating the actual effects of dietitians involvement rather complex. Although monitoring and outcome evaluation (M&OE) can provide routine data to prove the effectiveness of dietetic interventions, this has not been established yet in different dietetic settings. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - September 10, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: K. Vanherle, A.M. Werkman, E. Baete, A. Barkmeijer, A. Kolm, C. Gast, S. Ramminger, E. H öld, K. Kohlenberg-Müller, S. Ohlrich-Hahn, M.E. Walters, D. Wewerka-Kreimel, M. Adam, L. Valentini Tags: Opinion paper Source Type: research

Impact of colonic fermentation on sterols after the intake of a plant sterol-enriched beverage: A randomized, double-blind crossover trial
Cholesterol microbial transformation has been widely studied using in vitro fermentation assays, but less information is available on the biotransformation of plant sterols (PS). The excretion percentage of animal sterols (AS) (67-73%) is considerably greater than that of PS (27-33%) in feces from healthy humans following a Western diet. However, a lower content of AS in feces from subjects following a vegetarian, vegan or low-fat animal diet has been seen when compared to omnivorous subjects. Although only one human study has reported fecal sterol excretion after the consumption of PS-enriched food (8.6g PS/day), it was f...
Source: Clinical Nutrition - September 6, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Mar ía Cuevas-Tena, José D. Bermúdez, Ramona de los Ángeles Silvestre, Amparo Alegría, María Jesús Lagarda Tags: Randomized Control Trials Source Type: research

Characterising the nutritional status of children with primary ciliary dyskinesia
Primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) is a rare, heterogeneous genetic disorder where impaired mucociliary clearance is caused by dysfunctional motile cilia leading to bronchiectasis. There is limited evidence characterising the nutritional status of children with PCD, although lower body mass index (BMI) z-score has been associated with worse lung function (FEV1). (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - September 6, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Marino LV, Harris A, Johnstone C, Friend A, Newell C, Miles EA, Lucas JS, Calder PC, Walker WT Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Indirect calorimetry in critically ill mechanically ventilated patients: Comparison of E-sCOVX with the Deltatrac
Indirect calorimetry is recommended to measure energy expenditure (EE) in critically ill, mechanically ventilated patients. The most validated system, the Deltatrac ® (Datex-Ohmeda, Helsinki, Finland) is no longer in production. We tested the agreement of a new breath-by-breath metabolic monitor E-sCOVX® (GE healthcare, Helsinki, Finland), with the Deltatrac. We also compared the performance of the E-sCOVX to commonly used predictive equations. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - September 5, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Sandra N. Stapel, Peter J.M. Weijs, Armand R.J. Girbes, Heleen M. Oudemans-van Straaten Source Type: research

Vitamin D Levels are associated with Metabolic Syndrome in Adolescents and Young Adults: the BCAMS Study
The relationship between vitamin D deficiency and metabolic syndrome (MS) remains controversial with relatively sparse data among youth. Therefore, we attempted to explicate the association of 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] levels with MS in Chinese adolescents and young adults. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - September 5, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Junling Fu, Lanwen Han, Yanglu Zhao, Ge Li, Yingna Zhu, Yu Li, Ming Li, Shan Gao, Steven M. Willi Tags: Original article Source Type: research

A multicentre development and evaluation of a dietetic referral score for nutritional risk in sick infants
Unrecognized nutritional issues may delay recovery in hospitalized infants. It has been proposed that nutritional risk screening should be performed at hospital admission, but few tools include infants. The aim of this study was to develop and test a tool to identify sick infants in need of dietetic input. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - September 4, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Konstantinos Gerasimidis, Shamsi Milani, Andrew Tester, Orla Purcell, Catriona Woodley, Melina Tsiountsioura, Alexandra Koulieri, Ourania Zerva, Konstantina Loizou, Mandana Rafeey, Meropi Kontogianni, Charlotte Wright Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Letter to Editor re: Refeeding syndrome in adults receiving total parenteral nutrition: An audit of practice at a tertiary UK centre
(Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - September 3, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Gabriel Jun Yung Wong, Charles Chin Han Lew Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Association between Phase Angle from Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis and Level of Physical Activity: Systematic Review and Meta-analysis
To evaluate the relationship between physical activity and phase angle. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - September 3, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Eduardo Mundstock, Marina Azambuja Amaral, Rafael R. Baptista, Edgar E. Sarria, Rejane Rosaria Grecco dos Santos, Adriano Detoni Filho, Carlos Alberto S Rodrigues, Gabriele Carra Forte, Luciano Castro, Alexandre Vontobel Padoin, Ricardo Stein, Lisiane Mar Tags: Meta-analyses Source Type: research

GLIM criteria for the diagnosis of malnutrition – A consensus report from the global clinical nutrition community
This initiative is focused on building a global consensus around core diagnostic criteria for malnutrition in adults in clinical settings. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - September 2, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: T. Cederholm, G.L. Jensen, M.I.T.D. Correia, M.C. Gonzalez, R. Fukushima, T. Higashiguchi, G. Baptista, R. Barazzoni, R. Blaauw, A. Coats, A. Crivelli, D.C. Evans, L. Gramlich, V. Fuchs-Tarlovsky, H. Keller, L. Llido, A. Malone, K.M. Mogensen, J.E. Morley Tags: ESPEN Endorsed Recommendation Source Type: research

The GLIM criteria for the diagnosis of malnutrition – A consensus report from the global clinical nutrition community
This initiative is focused on building a global consensus around core diagnostic criteria for malnutrition in adults in clinical settings. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - September 2, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: T. Cederholm, G.L. Jensen, M.I.T.D. Correia, M.C. Gonzalez, R. Fukushima, T. Higashiguchi, G. Baptista, R. Barazzoni, R. Blaauw, A. Coats, A. Crivelli, D.C. Evans, L. Gramlich, V. Fuchs-Tarlovsky, H. Keller, L. Llido, A. Malone, K.M. Mogensen, J.E. Morley Tags: ESPEN Endorsed Recommendation Source Type: research

Relationship between dietary quality, determined by DASH score, and cardiometabolic health biomarkers: a cross-sectional analysis in adults
The relationship between dietary patterns and cardiometabolic disease is of increasing interest. However, limited data regarding the association between dietary quality and biomarkers of cardiometabolic health exist. Therefore the aim of this work was to examine potential associations between dietary quality, assessed using the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) dietary quality score, adiposity and biomarkers of glucose homeostasis, lipoprotein metabolism and inflammation in a cross-sectional sample of 1,493 men and women. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - September 1, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Catherine M. Phillips, Janas M. Harrington, Ivan J. Perry Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Effects of Dietary Omega-3 Fatty Acids on Bones of Healthy Mice
Altering the lipid component in diets may affect the incidence of metabolic bone disease in patients dependent on parenteral nutrition. Consumption of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) can impact bone health by modulating calcium metabolism, prostaglandin synthesis, lipid oxidation, osteoblast formation, and osteoclastogenesis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the dietary effects of PUFA on murine bone health. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - September 1, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Lorenzo Anez-Bustillos, Eileen Cowan, Maria B. Cubria, Juan C. Villa-Camacho, Amin Mohamadi, Duy T. Dao, Amy Pan, Gillian L. Fell, Meredith A. Baker, Prathima Nandivada, Ara Nazarian, Mark Puder Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Between-meal sucrose-sweetened beverage consumption impairs glycaemia and lipid metabolism during prolonged sitting: A  randomized controlled trial
Chronic overconsumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) is associated with unfavourable health effects, including promotion of obesity. However, the acute effects of consuming SSBs on glucose and lipid metabolism remain to be characterized in a real-world, post-prandial context of prolonged sitting. We quantified the acute effects of between-meal SSB consumption compared with water, on glucose and lipid metabolism in habitual soft drink consumers during prolonged sitting. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - August 31, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Pia Varsamis, Melissa F. Formosa, Robyn N. Larsen, Medini Reddy-Luthmoodoo, Garry L. Jennings, Neale D. Cohen, Megan Grace, John A. Hawley, Brooke L. Devlin, Neville Owen, David W. Dunstan, Paddy C. Dempsey, Bronwyn A. Kingwell Tags: Randomized Control Trials Source Type: research

Poor nutritional status but not cognitive or functional impairment per  se independently predict 1 year mortality in elderly patients with hip-fracture
This study aimed to determine whether poor nutritional status independently predicts 1 year post-fracture mortality after adjusting for cognitive and functional status and for other clinically relevant covariates. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - August 31, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Michela Zanetti, Gianluca Gortan Cappellari, Chiara Ratti, Giuliano Ceschia, Luigi Murena, Paolo De Colle, Rocco Barazzoni Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Applying precision to the design and interpretation of dietary trials
(Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - August 31, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: H.M. Staudacher, C.J. Tuck Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Between-meal sucrose-sweetened beverage consumption impairs glycemia and lipid metabolism during prolonged sitting: a randomized controlled trial
Chronic overconsumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) is associated with unfavourable health effects, including promotion of obesity. However, the acute effects of consuming SSBs on glucose and lipid metabolism remain to be characterized in a real-world, post-prandial context of prolonged sitting.We quantified the acute effects of between-meal SSB consumption compared with water, on glucose and lipid metabolism in habitual soft drink consumers during prolonged sitting. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - August 31, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Pia Varsamis, Melissa F. Formosa, Robyn N. Larsen, Medini Reddy-Luthmoodoo, Garry L. Jennings, Neale.D. Cohen, Megan Grace, John A. Hawley, Brooke L. Devlin, Neville Owen, David W. Dunstan, Paddy C. Dempsey, Bronwyn A. Kingwell Tags: Randomized Control Trials Source Type: research

Dietary quality influences body composition in overweight and obese pregnant women
Excessive adiposity and gestational weight gain (GWG) have been linked with maternal and offspring morbidity. We investigated the relation of maternal diet, physical activity and GWG on body composition in overweight and obese pregnant women. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - August 31, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Outi Pellonper ä, Ella Koivuniemi, Tero Vahlberg, Kati Mokkala, Kristiina Tertti, Tapani Rönnemaa, Kirsi Laitinen Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Poor Nutritional Status But Not Cognitive Or Functional Impairment Per Se Independently Predict 1 Year Mortality In Elderly Patients With Hip-Fracture
This study aimed to determine whether poor nutritional status independently predicts 1 year post-fracture mortality after adjusting for cognitive and functional status and for other clinically relevant covariates. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - August 31, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Michela Zanetti, Gianluca Gortan Cappellari, Chiara Ratti, Giuliano Ceschia, Luigi Murena, Paolo De Colle, Rocco Barazzoni Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Feeding mitochondria: potential role of nutritional components to improve critical illness convalescence
Persistent physical impairment is frequently encountered after critical illness. Recent data point towards mitochondrial dysfunction as an important determinant of this phenomenon. This narrative review provides a comprehensive overview of the present knowledge of mitochondrial function during and after critical illness and the role and potential therapeutic applications of specific micronutrients to restore mitochondrial function.Increased lactate levels and decreased mitochondrial ATP-production are common findings during critical illness and considered to be associated with decreased activity of muscle mitochondrial com...
Source: Clinical Nutrition - August 31, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: E. Wesselink, W.A.C. Koekkoek, S. Grefte, R.F. Witkamp, A.R.H. van Zanten Tags: Review Source Type: research

Artificial nutrition in patients with cancer has no impact on tumour glucose metabolism: Results of the PETANC Study
Nutrition support is recommended in cachexic patients with cancer. However, there is no clear evidence about its impact on tumour growth. Glycolysis, which is usually higher in cancer than normal cells, can be monitored by 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (18F-FDG PET/CT) imaging that is widely used for cancer staging and therapy efficacy assessment. Here, we used 18F-FDG PET/CT imaging to investigate whether artificial nutrition has an impact on tumour glucose metabolism in patients with cancer and cachexia. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - August 31, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Emmanuel Deshayes, H élène de Forges, Julien Fraisse, Marie-Claude Eberlé, Sophie Guillemard, Anne Fallières, Jean-Pierre Pouget, Raphael Tetreau, Pierre-Olivier Kotzki, Lore Santoro, Pierre Senesse, Nicolas Flori Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Vitamin D status during pregnancy and in cord blood in a large prospective French cohort
This study aims at determining the vitamin D status during the first and third trimesters of pregnancy (T1, T3) and in cord blood (CB) in the middle-north of France. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - August 31, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Marie Courbebaisse, Jean-Claude Souberbielle, Amandine Baptiste, Jo ëlle Taieb, Vassilis Tsatsaris, Jean Guibourdenche, Marie-Victoire Senat, Hazar Haidar, Jacques Jani, Meriem Guizani, Jean-Marie Jouannic, Marie-Clotilde Haguet, Norbert Winer, Damien Ma Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Reply – Letter to the Editor – Statistically but not clinically significant? Biomarkers in gastric cancer
The mainly authors of the referenced article: Mocellin MC, Fernandes R, Chagas TR, Trindade EB. A meta-analysis of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids effects on circulating acute-phase protein and cytokines in gastric cancer. Clinical Nutrition 37 (2018) 840-850. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - August 29, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Michel Carlos Mocellin Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Reply - Letter to the Editor - Statistically but not clinically significant? Biomarkers in gastric cancer
(Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - August 29, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: M.C. Mocellin, R. Fernandes, T.R. Chagas, E.B. Trindade Source Type: research

Isolated colonic Crohn's disease is associated with a reduced response to exclusive enteral nutrition compared to ileal or ileocolonic disease
Exclusive enteral nutrition (EEN) as a primary therapy is safe and effective for inducing the clinical remission of active luminal Crohn's disease (CD). Whether isolated colonic involvement affects the efficacy of EEN is controversial. We aimed to identify the influence of isolated colonic CD on the efficacy of EEN and to determine other potential predictors of the response to induction therapy with EEN in adult patients with CD. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - August 28, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Yihan Xu, Zhen Guo, Lei Cao, Tingbin Xie, Weisong Shen, Yi Li, Jianfeng Gong, Weiming Zhu Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Isolated Colonic Crohn ’s Disease is Associated with a Reduced Response to Exclusive Enteral Nutrition Compared to Ileal or Ileocolonic Disease
Exclusive enteral nutrition (EEN) as a primary therapy is safe and effective for inducing the clinical remission of active luminal Crohn ’s disease (CD). Whether isolated colonic involvement affects the efficacy of EEN is controversial. We aimed to identify the influence of isolated colonic CD on the efficacy of EEN and to determine other potential predictors of the response to induction therapy with EEN in adult patients with CD. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - August 28, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Yihan Xu, Zhen Guo, Lei Cao, Tingbin Xie, Weisong Shen, Yi Li., Jianfeng Gong, Weiming Zhu Source Type: research

Statistically but not clinically significant? Biomarkers in gastric cancer
(Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - August 28, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Qin Xiang Ng, Alex Yu Sen Soh, Wee-Song Yeo Source Type: research

Re: Letter to the Editor – Comment on: ‘Sufficient levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D and protein intake required to increase muscle mass in sarcopenic older adults – The PROVIDE study’
(Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - August 28, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Sjors Verlaan, Andrea Maier, Tommy Cederholm Source Type: research

Metabolic healthy overweight/obese individuals: not just a restricted group
(Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - August 28, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Leonardo Spatola, Salvatore Badalamenti Source Type: research

Tolerability and safety of early enteral nutrition in children after percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy placement: A multicentre randomised controlled trial
We assessed the tolerability and safety of implementing early enteral nutrition in children at 3 h after percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) placement to establish an optimum feeding mode in paediatric patients that reduced the fasting period, the inadequate nutritional support interval, and the hospitalisation time. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - August 27, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Wiernicka Anna, Matuszczyk Ma łgorzata, Szlagatys-Sidorkiewicz Agnieszka, Landowski Piotr, Toporowska-Kowalska Ewa, Gębora-Kowalska Beata, Popińska Katarzyna, Sibilska Marta, Grzybowska-Chlebowczyk Urszula, Więcek Sabina, Hapyn Ewa, Blimke-Kozieł Kar Source Type: research

Dietary Intake of Flavonoid Subclasses and Risk of Type 2 Diabetes in Prospective Cohort Studies: A Dose-Response Meta-Analysis
Flavonoids intake has been linked to risk of type 2 diabetes theoretically, but the findings were conflicting from observational studies. Results from the recent meta-analysis suggested a moderate favorable effect of total dietary flavonoids consumption on type 2 diabetes risk. However, the relationship, if exists, between total dietary flavonoids consumption and type 2 diabetes risk is unclear, especially further in the association between flavonoid subclasses and risk of type 2 diabetes. Thus, the dose-response relationship was assessed by restricted cubic spline model and multivariate random-effect meta-regression. (Sou...
Source: Clinical Nutrition - August 27, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Yunping Zhou, Tao Wang, Daiqin Song, Aimin Wang Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Is adequate enteral nutrition associated with a similar outcome as adequate oral caloric intake after allogeneic transplantation?
(Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - August 27, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Shigeo Fuji Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Association between the dietary inflammatory index and common mental health disorders profile scores
The association between diet and mental health disorders might be mediated by inflammatory properties of the diet. We evaluated the association between the dietary inflammatory index (DII) and the risk of a worsened mental health disorders profile. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - August 25, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Fahimeh Haghighatdoost, Awat Feizi, Ahmad Esmaillzadeh, Christine Feinle-Bisset, Ammar Hassanzadeh Keshteli, Hamid Afshar, Payman Adibi Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Resting energy expenditure equations in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, creation of an ALS-specific equation
Resting energy expenditure (REE) formulas for healthy people (HP) are used to calculate REE (cREE) in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patients. In 50-60% of ALS cases an increase of measured REE (mREE) in indirect calometry (IC) compared to cREE is found. The aims here were (i) to assess the accuracy of cREE assessed using 11 formulas as compared to mREE and (ii) to create (if necessary) a specific cREE formula for ALS patients. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - August 25, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Pierre J ésus, Benoit Marin, Philippe Fayemendy, Marie Nicol, Géraldine Lautrette, Huguette Sourisseau, Pierre-Marie Preux, Philippe Couratier, Jean-Claude Desport Tags: Original article Source Type: research

High iodine dietary intake is associated with type 2 diabetes among women of the E3N-EPIC cohort study
The objective of the present study is to investigate the link between iodine intake and the risk of type 2 diabetes. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - August 25, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Francesca Romana Mancini, Kalina Rajaobelina, Courtney Dow, Tina Habbal, Aur élie Affret, Beverley Balkau, Fabrice Bonnet, Marie-Christine Boutron-Ruault, Guy Fagherazzi Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Association between the dietary inflammatory index with common mental health disorders profile scores
The association between diet and mental health disorders might be mediated by inflammatory properties of the diet. We evaluated the association between the dietary inflammatory index (DII) and the risk of a worsened mental health disorders profile. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - August 25, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Fahimeh Haghighatdoost, Awat Feizi, Ahmad Esmaillzadeh, Christine Feinle-Bisset, Ammar Hassanzadeh Keshteli, Hamid Afshar, Payman Adibi Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Extra-skeletal Impact of Vitamin D Supplementation Protocol in an Adult Population with Cystic Fibrosis
Due to lack of vitamin D absorption in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF), vitamin D supplementation becomes necessary. Our aim was to study the association between serum vitamin D levels and key clinical factors, such as nutritional status, pulmonary function and pulmonary exacerbations (PEx) frequency, in an adult CF population. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - August 24, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: C. Lehoux Dubois, E. Labr èche, V. Boudreau, J. Colomba, M. Mailhot, A. Lavoie, R. Rabasa-Lhoret, A. Coriati Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Editorial board
(Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - August 22, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Inside contents list
(Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - August 22, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Author index
(Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - August 22, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Effect of obesity in critically ill patients; muscle quality as an explanatory outcome for the "obesity paradox"
Rationale: The ‘obesity paradox’ of critical illness refers to better survival with a higher body mass index. Hypercatabolism in the acute phase of the critical illness is presumed to be an adaptive response providing the essential fuel for energy production in vital organs. However, when hypercatabolism persi sts it may result in muscle wasting and weakness. Skeletal muscle quality is recognized as a marker of function in healthy individuals and critically ill patients. By using a novel non-invasive assessment of muscle histology we aim to study muscle quality in obese and non-obese critically ill patien ts. (...
Source: Clinical Nutrition - August 22, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: J. Molinger, D. Gommers Source Type: research

The impact of continuous venovenous haemofiltration on indirect calorimetry
Rationale: Indirect Calorimetry (IC) is the gold standard to calculate Resting Energy Expenditure (REE) and guide individual precision nutritional support. In ICU patients, IC is not always possible as this technique is not validated during renal replacement therapy (RRT) because of pH alteration and CO2 removal. Several efforts have been made to validate IC during different modalities of RRT but not during continuous venovenous haemofiltration (CVVH). The aim of the current study is to compare IC measurements of individual patients during and without CVVH. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - August 22, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: J. Jonckheer, S. Herbert, J. Demol, M. Malbrain, E. De Waele Source Type: research

Effects of enteral nutrition on stress ulcer bleeding prophylaxis in critically ill patients: Multicenter randomized controlled trial
Rationale: Enteral nutrition (EN) may have protective effects against stress ulcer bleeding by neutralizing the acidic pH in the stomach lumen, providing a structural and functional integrity of the mucosal surface and trophic effect on the GI mucosa. There is no sufficient data showing the relation between enteral nutrition and stress ulcer hemorrhage. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - August 22, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: K. Gundogan, E. Karakoc, T. Teke, A. Zerman, A. Coruh, M. Guven, M. Sungur Source Type: research

Is there an ebb phase (early hypometabolic period) after multiple trauma?
Rationale: The ebb and flow phases have been described dozens of years ago mainly in surgical patients, showing a hypo-metabolic period followed by an increase in energy metabolism. New intensive care technology and sedation techniques have been challenging these period definitions. The aim of this retrospective study was to find a difference in metabolic rate between the early and the later phase of stress after multiple injury admitted in the ICU. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - August 22, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: M. Theilla, I. Kagan, S. Rattanachaiwong, P. Singer Source Type: research

Preoperative carbohydrate supply and postoperative protein metabolism
Rationale: The Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) strategy, or preoperative carbohydrate administration may improve the metabolic response to surgical stress and contribute to ameliorate patient ’s postsurgical recovery; however, data are inconclusive. Some experimental studies showed very short-term effects 2 h after surgery. Our purpose was to evaluate the effect of preoperative carbohydrate administration on protein homeostasis 24 h after abdominal surgery in rats. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - August 22, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: N. Tennoune-El Hafaia, Z. Desmazi ères, M. Juchet-Martin, P. Jegatheesan, S. Magassa, N. Neveux, S. Nakib, M. Aboubacar, R. Ramassamy, L. Cynober, J.-P. De Bandt, EA4466 Source Type: research

The effect of ph on contractility of porcine renal and mesenteric arteries in vitro
Rationale: Critically ill patients often receive the α-adrenoceptor agonist noradrenaline (NA) and clonidine (CLON) to elevate blood pressure and induce sedation, respectively. Since both drugs can influence renal blood flow, we examined the effect of acidosis on the vasoactive properties of these agents in renal and mesenteric blood vessels in vitro . (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - August 22, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: P. Sko řepa, S. Yahya, D.N. Lobo, V.G. Wilson Source Type: research

Absence of vasoconstrictor activity of adenosine in porcine intralobular renal artery and vein: Comparison with clonidine
Rationale: Adenosine A1 receptors and α2-adrenoceoptors share functional similarities in the kidney, in terms of vasoconstrictor activity, signalling pathways and impact on renal function. We compared the vasoactive properties of CCPA (A1 agonist) and clonidine on porcine renal arteries and veins. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - August 22, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: P. Sko řepa, D.N. Lobo, V.G. Wilson Source Type: research

Contribution of quadriceps rectus femoris central tendon and muscle quality us assessment to diagnose muscular wasting in patients with prolonged ICU stay
Rationale: Ultrasound (US) to assess muscle wasting in ICU patients is a valuable tool but standardization is lacking. The aim was to search for a more reliable US method to assess Quadriceps rectus femoris (QRF) muscle quantity and quality in ICU patients and healthy controls. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - August 22, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: S. Ruiz-Santana, C.R. Hern ández-Socorro, P. Saavedra Source Type: research

In vitro validation of the new indirect calorimeter at high FiO2 settings
This study aimed at validating in vitro the accuracy of the new IC developed for the ICALIC study* (Q-NRG; Cosmed, Italy) under mechanically ventilated condition at high FiO2 ranges, using mass spectrometer (MS; Extrel, USA) as gold standard reference. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - August 22, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: T. Oshima, Y.M. Dupertuis, M. Delsoglio, N. Achamrah, C. Heidegger, C. Pichard Source Type: research

Maternal BMI and gestational diabetes mellitus: Impacts on the maternal and cord blood metabolome
This study aims to identify the impact of maternal prepregnancy BMI (pBMI) and GDM on the metabolic profiles in both maternal and cord blood. We assume that the maternal status (obesity or GDM) negatively impacts the metabolic status of the mother consequently affecting the intrauterine milieu with potential unfavored neonatal outcomes. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - August 22, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: E.S. Shokry, L. Marchioro, O. Uhl, M.G. Berm údez, J.A. García-Santos, M.T. Segura, C. Campoy, B. Koletzko Source Type: research