Metabolomics reveals plausible interactive effects between dairy product consumption and metabolic syndrome in humans
Metabolic syndrome (MetS) induces major disturbances in plasma metabolome, reflecting abnormalities of several metabolic pathways. Recent evidences have demonstrated that the consumption of dairy products may protect from MetS, but the mechanisms remains unknown. The present study aimed at identify how the consumption of different types of dairy products could modify the changes in plasma metabolome during MetS. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - June 25, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Fr édéric Capel, Vanina Bongard, Corinne Malpuech-Brugère, Edward Karoly, Gregory A. Michelotti, Jean Paul Rigaudière, Chrystèle Jouve, Jean Ferrières, Corinne Marmonier, Jean Louis Sebedio Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Improved prediction equations for estimating height in adults from ethnically diverse backgrounds
This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between UL and height in adults from diverse ethnic groups and to consider whether this can be used to provide useful prediction equations for height in practice. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - June 21, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Angela M. Madden, Alla Mashanova, Farzad Amirabdollahian, Sandeep Ghuman, Munibah Makda, Avril Collinson, Frances Dean, Malgorzata Hirsz, Susan Lennie, Maria J. Maynard, Brian Power Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Associations of Overweight and Metabolic Health with Successful Aging: 32-Year Follow-up of the Helsinki Businessmen Study
Prognostic significance of metabolically healthy overweight and obesity (MHO) is under debate. However the relationship between MHO and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is less studied. We compared successful aging (longevity plus HRQoL) in men with MHO, metabolically healthy normal weight (MHN) and metabolically unhealthy overweight and obesity (MUO). (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - June 21, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Satu K. Jyv äkorpi, Annele Urtamo, Arto Y. Strandberg, Mikaela von Bonsdorff, Veikko Salomaa, Mika Kivimäki, Kari Luotola, Timo E. Strandberg Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Tolerability of proactive enteral nutrition post allogeneic haematopoietic progenitor cell transplant: a randomised comparison to standard care
Nutrition support is an important component of care to prevent malnutrition during allogeneic haematopoietic progenitor cell transplantation (HPCT) however there is no consensus on the optimal method of nutrition support. It is currently unclear whether enteral nutrition (EN) via nasogastric (NG) feeding is tolerated and improves clinical outcomes in comparison with parenteral nutrition (PN). This randomised study aimed to determine the tolerability and outcomes of proactive EN in comparison to PN (standard care). (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - June 19, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Sarah Andersen, Nicholas Weber, Glen Kennedy, Teresa Brown, Merrilyn Banks, Judy Bauer Tags: Randomized Control Trials Source Type: research

Identifying Metabolomic Profiles of Inflammatory Diets in Postmenopausal Women
We previously showed that a food-based empirical dietary inflammatory pattern (EDIP) score is associated with circulating inflammatory biomarkers. Metabolomic profiling of inflammatory diets may therefore provide insights on mechanisms contributing to disease etiology and prognosis. We aimed to elucidate metabolites associated with inflammatory diets among postmenopausal women, utilizing a robust study design that incorporates independent discovery and validation datasets. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - June 17, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Fred K. Tabung, Liming Liang, Tianyi Huang, Raji Balasubramanian, Yibai Zhao, Paulette D. Chandler, JoAnn E. Manson, Elizabeth M. Cespedes Feliciano, Kathleen M. Hayden, Linda Van Horn, Clary B. Clish, Edward L. Giovannucci, Kathryn M. Rexrode Tags: Original article Source Type: research

High-protein energy-restricted diets induce greater improvement in glucose homeostasis but not in adipokines comparing to standard-protein diets in early-onset diabetic adults with overweight or obesity
It has not been elucidated if an energy-restricted diet with high protein content could induce a benefit in insulin resistance in subjects with type 2 diabetes (T2DM); and if an adipose tissue functionality improvement could mediate this effect. We aimed to assess the effect of energy-restricted diets with standard (18% from total calories; SP) vs. high (35%) protein (HP), mainly coming from lean animal source, composition on glucose metabolism and adipokine concentration in overweight and obese subjects with T2DM. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - June 14, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Victoria Marco-Bened í, Sofía Pérez-Calahorra, Ana M. Bea, Itziar Lamiquiz-Moneo, Lucía Baila-Rueda, Ana Cenarro, Fernando Civeira, Rocío Mateo-Gallego Tags: Randomized Control Trials Source Type: research

Coffee to go? The effect of coffee on resolution of ileus following abdominal surgery: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials
; Ileus following abdominal surgery is a common postoperative complication. It is a source of considerable morbidity to patients and prolongs hospital stay. There is limited evidence to support the use of coffee to promote resolution of post-operative ileus. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - June 13, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Hannah L. Cornwall, Ben A. Edwards, John F. Curran, Stephen Boyce Tags: Meta-analyses Source Type: research

Chewing capacity and ideal cardiovascular health in adulthood: A  cross-sectional analysis of a population-based cohort study
To study the association between chewing capacity-a prerequisite for eating- and the level of cardiovascular health (CVH). (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - June 12, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: H élène Rangé, Marie-Cécile Perier, Adrien Boillot, Lucile Offredo, Quentin Lisan, Catherine Guibout, Frédérique Thomas, Nicolas Danchin, Pierre Boutouyrie, Xavier Jouven, Philippe Bouchard, Jean-Philippe Empana Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Association between body adiposity index and coronary risk in the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil)
The body adiposity index (BAI) was recently proposed as a better indicator of body adiposity than body mass index in adults. The association between BAI and cardiometabolic risk factors has been widely investigated. However, the strength and magnitude of these associations varied as a function of the endpoint evaluated, the study design, the population investigated, and the cut-off points used. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between BAI and coronary heart disease (CHD) risk in a large sample of Brazilian adults and to propose the most appropriate cut-off points for BAI for the identification of CH...
Source: Clinical Nutrition - June 12, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Rog ério Tosta de Almeida, Alexandre da Costa Pereira, Maria de Jesus Mendes da Fonseca, Sheila Maria Alvim de Matos, Estela Motta Leão Aquino Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Chewing capacity and ideal cardiovascular health in adulthood: A cross-sectional analysis of a population-based cohort study
To study the association between chewing capacity-a prerequisite for eating- and the level of cardiovascular health (CVH). (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - June 12, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Rang é Hélène, Perier Marie-Cécile, Boillot Adrien, Offredo Lucile, Lisan Quentin, Guibout Catherine, Thomas Frédérique, Nicolas Danchin, Boutouyrie Pierre, Jouven Xavier, Bouchard Philippe, Empana Jean-Philippe Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Effects of a hypoenergetic diet associated with a çaí (Euterpe oleracea Mart.) pulp consumption on antioxidant status, oxidative stress and inflammatory biomarkers in overweight, dyslipidemic individuals
(Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - June 12, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Luciana Nicolau Aranha, Mariana Gomes Silva, Sofia Kimi Uehara, Ronir Raggio Luiz, Jos é Firmino Nogueira Neto, Glorimar Rosa, Gláucia Maria Moraes de Oliveira Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Can psychobiotics “mood” ify gut? An update systematic review of randomized controlled trials in healthy and clinical subjects, on anti-depressant effects of probiotics, prebiotics, and synbiotics
Depression is a major debilitating health problem with high global prevalence. Gut microbiota dysbiosis might be implicated in pathophysiology of depression. Hence, probiotics, prebiotics and synbiotics (psychobiotics) have been administered in clinical trials in attempt to relieve depressive symptoms. This update systematic review aimed to evaluate the current body of research concerning the effects of psychobiotics on depression. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - June 11, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Elnaz Vaghef-Mehrabany, Vahid Maleki, Maryam Behrooz, Fatemeh Ranjbar, Mehrangiz Ebrahimi-Mameghani Tags: Meta-analyses Source Type: research

Can psychobiotics “mood”ify gut? An update systematic review of randomized controlled trials in healthy and clinical subjects, on anti-depressant effects of probiotics, prebiotics, and synbiotics
Depression is a major debilitating health problem with high global prevalence. Gut microbiota dysbiosis might be implicated in pathophysiology of depression. Hence, probiotics, prebiotics and synbiotics (psychobiotics) have been administered in clinical trials in attempt to relieve depressive symptoms. This update systematic review aimed to evaluate the current body of research concerning the effects of psychobiotics on depression. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - June 11, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Elnaz Vaghef-Mehrabany, Vahid Maleki, Maryam Behrooz, Fatemeh Ranjbar, Mehrangiz Ebrahimi-Mameghani Tags: Meta-analyses Source Type: research

Disease-related malnutrition in hospitalized chronic patients with complex needs
Disease-related malnutrition is a prevalent condition that can be associated with multimorbidity. The purposes of this study were to assess the prevalence of disease-related malnutrition in a cohort of chronic patients with complex needs (CPCN) admitted to two University hospitals, and to evaluate the impact of malnutrition in their hospitalization outcomes. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - June 11, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: R. Burgos, C. Joaqu ín, C. Blay, C. Vaqué Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Acute stroke patients not meeting their nutrition requirements: Investigating nutrition within the enriched environment
Malnutrition is common after stroke. We investigated the impact of environmental enrichment strategies on dietary intake and rates of malnutrition in an acute stroke unit. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - June 11, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Samantha T. Robertson, Rohan S. Grimley, Chris Anstey, Ingrid CM. Rosbergen Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Muscle weakness: Understanding the principles of myopathy and neuropathy in the critically ill patient and the management options
Myo-neuropathy of the critically ill patient is a difficult nosological entity to understand and manage. It appears soon after injury, and it is estimated that 20-30% of patients admitted to Intensive Care Units will develop it in some degree. Although muscular and nervous involvement are related, the former has a better prognosis. Myo-neuropathy associates to more morbidity, longer stay in Intensive Care Unit and in hospital, and also to higher costs and mortality. It is considered part of the main determinants of the new entities: the Chronic Critical Patient and the Post Intensive Care Syndrome. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - June 8, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Miguel Ángel García-Martínez, Juan Carlos Montejo González, Abelardo García-de-Lorenzo y Mateos, Susana Teijeira Bautista Tags: Review Source Type: research

Effect of epigallocatechin gallate on the body composition and lipid profile of Down syndrome individuals: implications for clinical management
Individuals with Down syndrome (DS) have higher rates of obesity. In the general population green tea extracts, and in particular epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), have been studied for their antiobesogenic effects. The aim of this study is to elucidate the effect of EGCG on body weight in young DS adults and whether it could be related to changes in lipid profile. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - June 8, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Laura Xicota, Joan Rodr íguez, Klaus Langohr, Montserrat Fitó, Mara Dierssen, Rafael de la Torre, the TESDAD study group Source Type: research

Vitamin D Nutrient Status during pregnancy and Its influencing factors
This study is to assess the change of VD status during pregnancy and its influencing factors among Chinese women. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - June 8, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Yu Shen, Liuyue Pu, Shuting Si, Xing xin, Minjia Mo, Bule Shao, Jinhua Wu, Manxian Huang, Shuojia Wang, Xiamusiye Muyiduli, Zexin Chen, Wen Jiang, Yunxian Yu Tags: Original article Source Type: research

The ‘epileptic diet’- ketogenic and/or slow release of glucose intervention: A review
The ketogenic diet is high in fat content, adequate with respect to protein but low in carbohydrate and designed to provide brain energy as ketone bodies rather than glucose. The consequence is that epilepsy can be managed and endurance (sport) related energy be derived from fat rather than ingested or stored (glycogen) carbohydrate. This review aims to set the diet in context for seizure related intervention, sport and potential modern variants with respect to glucose management – which have many medical (including epilepsy potentially) and activity related applications. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - June 7, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Xin Qi, Richard F. Tester Tags: Review Source Type: research

Editorial board
(Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - June 5, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

The fragility of statistically significant results from clinical nutrition randomized controlled trials
Recently, a parameter called “Fragility index” (FI) has been proposed, which measureshow many events the statistical significance relies on. The lower the FI the more “fragile” the results, and thus more care should be taken when interpreting the results. Our aim in this study was to check FI of nutritional trials. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - June 5, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Micha ł Pędziwiatr, Magdalena Mizera, Michał Wysocki, Piotr Małczak, Tomasz Stefura, Natalia Gajewska, Grzegorz Torbicz, Jakub Droś, Artur Kacprzyk, Piotr Major, Stanisław Kłęk, Małgorzata Bała Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Fried Food Consumption and Risk of Coronary Artery Disease: The Million Veteran Program
Previous studies of the relationship between fried food consumption and coronary artery disease (CAD) have yielded conflicting results. We tested the hypothesis that frequent fried food consumption is associated with a higher risk of incident CAD events in Million Veteran Program (MVP) participants. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - June 4, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Jacqueline P. Honerlaw, Yuk-Lam Ho, Xuan-Mai T. Nguyen, Kelly Cho, Jason L. Vassy, David R. Gagnon, Christopher J. O ’Donnell, J. Michael Gaziano, Peter W.F. Wilson, Luc Djousse, VA Million Veteran Program, MVP Program Office, MVP Recruitment/Enrollment Tags: Original article Source Type: research

ESPEN guideline on home enteral nutrition
This guideline will inform physicians, nurses, dieticians, pharmacists, caregivers and other home enteral nutrition (HEN) providers about the indications and contraindications for HEN, and its implementation and monitoring. Home parenteral nutrition is not included but will be addressed in a separate ESPEN guideline. This guideline will also inform interested patients requiring HEN. The guideline is based on current evidence and expert opinion and consists of 61 recommendations that address the indications for HEN, relevant access devices and their use, the products recommended, the monitoring and criteria for termination ...
Source: Clinical Nutrition - May 30, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Stephan C. Bischoff, Peter Austin, Kurt Boeykens, Michael Chourdakis, Cristina Cuerda, Cora Jonkers-Schuitema, Marek Lichota, Ibolya Nyulasi, St éphane M. Schneider, Zeno Stanga, Loris Pironi Tags: ESPEN Guideline Source Type: research

Resveratrol attenuates high-fat diet-induced non-alcoholic steatohepatitis by maintaining gut barrier integrity and inhibiting gut inflammation through regulation of the endocannabinoid system
This study aims to investigate the ameliorative effects of resveratrol (RSV) in a high-fat diet (HFD)-induced non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) rat model, focusing on the gut endocannabinoid system (ECS), regulated by RSV, in the maintenance of gut barrier integrity and inhibition of gut inflammation. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - May 30, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Mengting Chen, Pengfei Hou, Min Zhou, Qingbo Ren, Xiaolan Wang, Li Huang, Suocheng Hui, Long Yi, Mantian Mi Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Virgin olive oil (unfiltered) extract contains peptides and possesses ACE inhibitory and antihypertensive activity
The peptide and protein composition of olive oil is mostly unknown and the few studies available have not focused on the study of its low molecular weight peptides. We hypothesised that olive oil could naturally contain low molecular weight peptides with antihypertensive effect. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - May 29, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Juan Mar ía Alcaide-Hidalgo, María Margalef, Francisca I. Bravo, Begoña Muguerza, Eduardo López-Huertas Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Making Sense of ERAS Elements
(Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - May 29, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Joshua A. Bloomstone, Jonathan Katz Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Seasonal effects on resting energy expenditure are dependent on age and percent body fat
This study investigated seasonal changes in REE and relevant factors among Korean adults.A total of 867 healthy volunteers (385 men and 482 women) aged 20 –69 years were divided into four seasonal groups and subgroups based on age, body mass index (BMI), and percent body fat (PBF) quartiles. REE, body composition, glucose metabolism, thyroid hormones, and catecholamines were measured.The seasonal factor contributed to REE independent of anthropometr ic indices, with additional variation decreasing from 6% to 2% among younger and older persons, respectively. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - May 28, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Duong Duc Pham, Jeong Hun Lee, Ki Hwan Hong, Youn Joo Jung, Sung Jin Kim, Chae Hun Leem Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Geriatric indexes and malnutrition in dialysis patients. Are we actually speaking of nutritional issues?
(Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - May 28, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Leonardo Spatola, Giorgina B. Piccoli Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Comment on “Nutritional situation of enterally fed patients in neurological early rehabilitation and impact of nutritional status on functional outcome”
(Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - May 28, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Saori Imura, Ai Nishiyama, Hidetaka Wakabayashi Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Reduced skeletal muscle protein balance in paediatric crohn's disease
An inability to respond to nutrition could be implicated in low muscle mass in Crohn's disease. We aim to determine skeletal muscle metabolic response to feeding in Crohn's disease and healthy volunteers. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - May 24, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Amanda Davies, Aline Nixon, Rafeeq Muhammed, Kostas Tsintzas, Sian Kirkham, Francis B. Stephens, Gordon W. Moran Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Reduced skeletal muscle protein balance in paediatric crohn ’s disease
An inability to respond to nutrition could be implicated in low muscle mass in Crohn ’s disease. We aim to determine skeletal muscle metabolic response to feeding in Crohn’s disease and healthy volunteers. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - May 24, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Amanda Davies, Aline Nixon, Rafeeq Muhammed, Kostas Tsintzas, Sian Kirkham, Francis B. Stephens, Gordon W. Moran Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Does Tea Extract Supplementation Benefit Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity? A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Given the global epidemic of obesity, numerous strategies have been employed in the management of metabolic syndrome (MS) in this population. A meta-analysis was designed in the present investigation to evaluate the benefits of tea extract (TE) supplementation in MS in obesity. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - May 24, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Xiumin Li, Wen Wang, Huanghui Wu, Liming Hou, Yongjie Wu, Rong Xu, Yuan Xiao, Xiaoming Wang Tags: Meta-analyses Source Type: research

Mining Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium for organisms with long-term gut colonization potential
Probiotics administered orally endure one of two fates: some merely pass through, but others colonize the gut permanently. Although probiotics that can stably engraft in the gut are believed to exert beneficial effects on the host in terms of increasing the efficiency of metabolic activity and enabling durable modulation of the indigenous microbiota, the strains of long-term gut colonizers are poorly delineated. This review summarizes the gut colonization modes of Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium in the context of their natural niches and engraftment metadata in an attempt to identify organisms with long-term gut coloniza...
Source: Clinical Nutrition - May 23, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Yue Xiao, Jianxin Zhao, Hao Zhang, Qixiao Zhai, Wei Chen Tags: Review Source Type: research

Relationship between consumption of raw garlic and handgrip strength in a large-scale adult population
Garlic-derived organosulfur compounds have numerous potential benefits (e.g. antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects) on human health. Although these functions might be related to the onset and progression of muscle strength decline, no studies have explored the relationship between garlic consumption and muscle strength in the general population. The aim of this study was to investigate whether raw garlic consumption is related to handgrip strength in a large-scale adult population. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - May 23, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Yeqing Gu, Shunming Zhang, Jing Wang, Vu Thi Quynh Chi, Qing Zhang, Li Liu, Ge Meng, Zhanxin Yao, Hongmei Wu, Xue Bao, Shaomei Sun, Ming Zhou, Qiyu Jia, Kun Song, Jian Huang, Junsheng Huo, Bing Zhang, Gangqiang Ding, Kaijun Niu Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Feeding protocol deviation after esophagectomy: a retrospective multicenter study
Esophagectomy is associated with high postoperative morbidity rates, which can result in decreased quality of life and impaired recovery. Implementation of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocols have made a great impact in optimizing postoperative recovery. However, the best timing to start oral intake is still unclear. Conservative feeding protocols have been developed with a nil-by-mouth period in the first postoperative days to reduce postoperative complication rates (e.g. anastomotic leakage and pneumonia). (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - May 23, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Gijs H.K. Berkelmans, Feike Kingma, Laura F.C. Fransen, Grard A.P. Nieuwenhuijzen, Jelle P. Ruurda, Richard van Hillegersberg, Misha D.P. Luyer Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Lymphocyte-to-C-reactive protein ratio and score are clinically feasible nutrition-inflammation markers of outcome in patients with gastric cancer
s: Systemic inflammation arising from complex host-tumour interactions is considered the seventh hallmark of cancer. The aim of this study was to assess the clinical feasibility of our newly developed ‘lymphocyte-to-C-reactive protein (CRP) ratio’ (LCR) and ‘lymphocyte CRP score’ (LCS) for predicting short- and long-term outcomes in patients with gastric cancer (GC). (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - May 21, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Yoshinaga Okugawa, Yuji Toiyama, Akira Yamamoto, Tsunehiko Shigemori, Takashi Ichikawa, Chengzeng Yin, Akihiro Suzuki, Hiroyuki Fujikawa, Hiromi Yasuda, Junichiro Hiro, Shigeyuki Yoshiyama, Masaki Ohi, Toshimitsu Araki, Donald C. McMillan, Masato Kusunoki Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 and risk of type 2 diabetes among Japanese adults: the Hitachi Health Study
s and aims: Increasing evidence has suggested a protective role of vitamin D on diabetes, but epidemiologic evidence is scarce among Asian populations. Here we prospectively examined the association between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 (25[OH]D3) and type 2 diabetes (T2D) risk in Japanese individuals. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - May 21, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Shamima Akter, Keisuke Kuwahara, Yumi Matsushita, Tohru Nakagawa, Maki Konishi, Toru Honda, Shuichiro Yamamoto, Takeshi Hayashi, Mitsuhiko Noda, Tetsuya Mizoue Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Effect of a chronotype-adjusted diet on weight loss effectiveness: A  randomized clinical trial
The alteration of normal biological rhythms, also known as chronodisruption, may be associated with obesity development. For instance, those subject with preference for vespertinity seem to be prone to develop obesity. However, the current hypocaloric dietary treatment of obesity does not take into account these aspects. Therefore, the objective of this trial was to evaluate whether a diet adjusted to patient's chronotype is more effective that the current dietary recommendations. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - May 20, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: J.S. Galindo Mu ñoz, M. Gómez Gallego, I. Díaz Soler, M.C. Barberá Ortega, C.M. Martínez Cáceres, J.J. Hernández Morante Tags: Randomized Control Trials Source Type: research

Effect of a chronotype-adjusted diet on weight loss effectiveness: a randomized clinical trial
the alteration of normal biological rhythms, also known as chronodisruption, may be associated with obesity development. For instance, those subject with preference for vespertinity seem to be prone to develop obesity. However, the current hypocaloric dietary treatment of obesity does not take into account these aspects. Therefore, the objective of this trial was to evaluate whether a diet adjusted to patient ’s chronotype is more effective that the current dietary recommendations. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - May 20, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Galindo Mu ñoz JS, Gómez Gallego M, Díaz Soler I, Barberá Ortega MC, Martínez Cáceres CM, Hernández Morante JJ Tags: Randomized Control Trials Source Type: research

Reply to the Letter to Editor
(Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - May 16, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: K. Damayanti, S.M. Jeyakumar, A. Vajreswari Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

The importance of bioelectrical impedance in the critical pediatric patient
This study investigated the utility of PA and Xc/H raw values in the pediatric critical care unit as predictors of progression to septic shock, as a clinical monitoring tool and to support the diagnosis of septic shock. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - May 15, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Zina Maria Almeida de Azevedo, Br áulio dos Santos Junior, Eloane Gonçalves Ramos, Margarida dos Santos Salú, Daniella Mancino da Luz Caixeta, Fernanda Lima-Setta, Melissa Lorena Jacques, Vania Mattos da Fonseca, Elsa Rosa Pedroso, Daniella Campelo Bat Tags: Original article Source Type: research

The importance of electrical bioimpedance in the critical pediatric patient
This study investigated the utility of PA and Xc/H raw values in the pediatric critical care unit as predictors of progression to septic shock, as a clinical monitoring tool and to support the diagnosis of septic shock. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - May 15, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Zina Maria Almeida de Azevedo, Br áulio dos Santos Junior, Eloane Gonçalves Ramos, Margarida dos Santos Salú, Daniella Mancino da Luz Caixeta, Fernanda Lima-Setta, Melissa Lorena Jacques, Vania Mattos da Fonseca, Elsa Rosa Pedroso, Daniella Campelo Bat Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Standardized nutritional supply versus individual nutritional assessment: impact on weight changes, complications and functional outcome from neurological early rehabilitation
Approximately 55% of neurological and neurosurgical early rehabilitation (NNER) patients are in need of enteral nutrition, but long-term nutritional assessment of these critically ill patients is suboptimal. Therefore, this study analyzed the effect of an individual nutritional assessment on weight changes during rehabilitation and impact on complications and functional outcome. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - May 15, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: S.B. Schmidt, M. Boltzmann, J.K. Krauss, M. Stangel, C. Gutenbrunner, J.D. Rollnik Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Interactions of dietary fat with the gut microbiota: evaluation of mechanisms and metabolic consequences
The current scientific literature proposes that both the amount and type of dietary fat modulate homeostasis of the gut microbiota; disturbances in homeostasis may have metabolic consequences with potentially serious clinical manifestations. The evidence for interactions between dietary fat and gut microbiota has been mostly derived from animal studies, but there is now also evidence emerging from human studies. We will review the current literature on how dietary fat influences the gut microbiota, particularly focusing on the type of fat. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - May 13, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Kati Mokkala, Noora Houttu, Tugce Cansev, Kirsi Laitinen Tags: Review Source Type: research

Serum Metabolomic Profiling And Its Association With 25-Hydroxyvitamin D
The beneficial effect of vitamin D on the risk of non-musculoskeletal diseases has been investigated in observational studies and randomized clinical trials, but the findings were inconsistent. Identification of the metabolomic profile associated with vitamin D helps to identify novel biomarkers and increase the understanding of the biochemical and physiological role of vitamin D in different health conditions. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - May 11, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Raymond YH. Leung, Bernard MY. Cheung, Kathryn CB. Tan, Annie WC. Kung, Ching-Lung Cheung Tags: Original article Source Type: research

How Lifestyle Factors and their associated Pathogenetic Mechanisms impact Psoriasis
Psoriasis is a skin disorder affecting approximately 2-3% of the global population. While research has revealed a strong genetic component, there are few studies exploring the extent to which lifestyle factors influence psoriasis pathogenesis. The aim of this review was to describe the role of lifestyle factors as both a potential cause and treatment for psoriasis. The review also examines the underlying mechanisms through which these lifestyle factors may operate. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - May 11, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Seonad K. Madden, Katie L. Flanagan, Graeme Jones Tags: Review Source Type: research

Effect of omega-3 fatty acid plus vitamin E Co-Supplementation on oxidative stress parameters: a systematic review and meta-analysis
The impact of combined omega-3 FAs and vitamin E supplementation on oxidative stress (OS) has been evaluated in several studies. However the results are inconsistent. Therefore, we performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the role of omega-3 FAplus vitamin E on anti-oxidant and OS parameters. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - May 10, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Mahdi Sepidarkish, Maryam Akbari-Fakhrabadi, Elnaz Daneshzad, Mahsa Yavari, Mahroo Rezaeinejad, Mojgan Morvaridzadeh, Javad Heshmati Tags: Review Source Type: research

Dietary patterns at 7 year-old and their association with cardiometabolic health at 10 year-old
This study aims to assess whether dietary patterns derived at 7 years of age have an effect on cardiometabolic health at 10 year-old. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - May 10, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Andreia Pinto, Ana Cristina Santos, Carla Lopes, Andreia Oliveira Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Is abnormal 25  g fructose breath test a predictor of symptomatic response to a low fructose diet in irritable bowel syndrome?
Fructose malabsorption may trigger gastrointestinal symptoms in irritable bowel syndrome patients and a low fructose diet seems to improve digestive symptoms. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - May 8, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Chlo é Melchior, Charlotte Deprez, Estelle Houivet, Laura Armengol Debeir, Laura Bril, Mathilde Maccarone, Emilie Grout, Philippe Ducrotté, Guillaume Gourcerol, Anne-Marie Leroi Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Feeding intolerance in children with critical illness
(Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - May 8, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: L.V. Marino, M.J. Johnson, R.M. Beattie Tags: Editorial Source Type: research