Monitoring nutrition in the ICU
This position paper summarizes theoretical and practical aspects of the monitoring of artificial nutrition and metabolism in critically ill patients, thereby completing ESPEN guidelines on intensive care unit (ICU) nutrition. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - July 20, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Mette M. Berger, Annika Reintam-Blaser, Philip C. Calder, Michael Casaer, Michael J. Hiesmayr, Konstantin Mayer, Juan Carlos Montejo, Claude Pichard, Jean-Charles Preiser, Arthur R.H. van Zanten, Stephan C. Bischoff, Pierre Singer Tags: Review Source Type: research

The outcomes of Long term Home Enteral Nutrition (HEN) in older patients with severe dementia
European and international guidelines advice against initiating tube-feeding in patients with severe dementia. These recommendations are based on studies with important methodological limitations that evaluated the benefits of artificial nutrition in patients with percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy almost exclusively in terms of the prolongation of survival. The aims of this study were to assess the harmful effects of home enteral nutrition administered via the nasogastric tube and percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy in patients with advanced dementia in terms of mechanical, gastrointestinal and metabolic complications, t...
Source: Clinical Nutrition - July 20, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Paolo Orlandoni, Nikolina Jukic Peladic, Mirko Di Rosa, Claudia Venturini, Donata Fagnani, Debora Sparvoli, Natascia Giorgini, Redenta Basile, Claudia Cola Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Weight loss program is associated with decrease α-tocopherol status in obese adults
(Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - July 20, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Jadwiga Hamu łka, Magdalena Górnicka, Agnieszka Sulich, Joanna Frąckiewicz Tags: Original articl Source Type: research

Acute consumption of Andalusian aged wine and gin decreases the expression of genes related to atherosclerosis in men with high cardiovascular risk. Randomized intervention trial.
Atherosclerosis is an inflammatory disease. Previous studies have suggested the beneficial effects of moderate consumption of alcoholic beverages on reducing cardiovascular risk (CVR). The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of acute consumption of Andalusian aged wine (AAW) and gin by analyzing the expression of genes related to the appearance and progression of atherosclerosis in men with high CVR. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - July 20, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Irene Roth, Rosa Casas, Margarita Rib ó-Coll, Mónica Doménech, Rosa M. Lamuela-Raventós, Ramón Estruch Tags: Randomized Control Trials Source Type: research

The effects of probiotic and selenium co-supplementation on mental health parameters and metabolic profiles in type 2 diabetic patients with coronary heart disease: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial
The objective of this investigation was to assess the effects of probiotic and selenium co-supplementation on indicators of mental health and metabolic profiles in diabetic people with coronary heart disease (CHD). (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - July 20, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Fariba Raygan, Vahidreza Ostadmohammadi, Zatollah Asemi Source Type: research

Comment on: Sufficient levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D and protein intake required to increase muscle mass in sarcopenic older adults - The PROVIDE study
(Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - July 19, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Ryan Oliver Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Could patients with hypoglycemia in the absence of insulin treatment join glycemic control trials in the ICU?
(Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - July 19, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Kentaro Shimizu, Hiroshi Ogura Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Is the use of the BMI alone sufficient to diagnose malnutrition in both male and female adults?
(Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - July 18, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Michele Barone Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Corrigendum to ‘Nutritional status predicts preterm death in older people: A prospective cohort study’ [Clin Nutr 33 (2) (2014) 354–359]
Unfortunately, the author's made a minor mistake in the scoring of the Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) instrument, which was used for determining the nutritional status of the participants. In short, question H of the MNA instrument was scored incorrectly, with ‘yes’ scored as 1 and ‘no’ scored as 0, while it should have been the other way around [1]. After correcting this error, 585 (33.1%) participants were classified as well-nourished, 997 (56.4%) as being at risk of malnutrition, and 185 (10.5%) as malnourished, based on the MNA definitions. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - July 15, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Lisa S öderström, Andreas Rosenblad, Eva Thors Adolfsson, Anja Saletti, Leif Bergkvist Source Type: research

Body adiposity indicators and cardiometabolic risk: cross-sectional analysis in participants from the PREDIMED-Plus trial
Excess adiposity is associated with poor cardiometabolic (CM) health. To date, several techniques and indicators have been developed to determine adiposity. We aimed to compare the ability of traditional anthropometric, as well as standard and novel DXA-derived parameters related to overall and regional adiposity, to evaluate CM risk. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - July 12, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Jadwiga Konieczna, Itziar Abete, Aina M Galm és, Nancy Babio, Antoni Colom, Maria Angeles Zulet, Ramón Estruch, Josep Vidal, Estefanía Toledo, Andrés Díaz-López, Miguel Fiol, Rosa Casas, Josep Vera, Pilar Buil-Cosiales, Vicente Martín, Albert Goday Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Severe vitamin D deficiency in the first trimester is associated with placental inflammation in high-risk singleton pregnancy
This study aimed to identify whether vitamin D deficiency in early pregnancy is associated with placental inflammation in high-risk pregnancy. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - July 9, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Qianqian Zhang, Hao Chen, Yi Wang, Chen Zhang, Zhen Tang, Hong Li, Xiaoyi Huang, Fengxiu Ouyang, Hefeng Huang, Zhiwei Liu Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Trimodal prehabilitation for colorectal surgery attenuates post-surgical losses in lean body mass: A pooled analysis of randomized controlled trials
Preservation of lean body mass is an important cancer care objective. The capacity for prehabilitation interventions to modulate the lean body mass (LBM) of colorectal cancer patients before and after surgery is unknown. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - July 9, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: C. Gillis, T.R. Fenton, T.T. Sajobi, E.M. Minnella, R. Awasthi, S.E. Loiselle, A.S. Liberman, B. Stein, P. Charlebois, F. Carli Tags: Randomized Control Trials Source Type: research

Clinical approach to the management of intestinal failure associated liver disease (ifald) in adults: a position paper from the home artificial nutrition and chronic intestinal failure special interest group of ESPEN
We recommend that intestinal failure associated liver disease (IFALD) should be diagnosed by the presence of abnormal liver function tests and/or evidence of radiological and/or histological liver abnormalities occurring in an individual with IF, in the absence of another primary parenchymal liver pathology (e.g. viral or autoimmune hepatitis), other hepatotoxic factors (e.g. alcohol/medication) or biliary obstruction. The presence or absence of sepsis should be noted, along with the duration of PN administration. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - July 9, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Simon Lal, Loris Pironi, Geert Wanten, Jann Arends, Federico Bozzetti, Cristina Cuerda, Francisca Joly, Darlene Kelly, Michael Staun, Kinga Szczepanek, Andre Van Gossum, Stephane Michel Schneider, the Home Artificial Nutrition & Chronic Intestinal Failur Tags: ESPEN Endorsed Recommendation Source Type: research

Towards microbiome-informed dietary recommendations for promoting metabolic and mental health: Opinion papers of the MyNewGut project
The gut microbiota coexists in partnership with the human host through adaptations to environmental and physiological changes that help maintain dynamic homeostatic healthy states. Break-down of this delicate balance under sustained exposure to stressors (e.g. unhealthy diets) can, however, contribute to the onset of disease. Diet is a key modifiable environmental factor that modulates the gut microbiota and its metabolic capacities that, in turn, could impact human physiology. On this basis, the diet and the gut microbiota could act as synergistic forces that provide resilience against disease or that speed the progress f...
Source: Clinical Nutrition - July 9, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Yolanda Sanz, Marina Roman í-Perez, Alfonso Benítez-Páez, Kevin J. Portune, Patrizia Brigidi, Simone Rampelli, Ted Dinan, Catherine Stanton, Nathalie Delzenne, Francois Blachier, Audrey M. Neyrinck, Martin Beaumont, Marta Olivares, Peter Holzer, Kathri Tags: Opinion paper Source Type: research

Reply-Letter to the Editor – Timing of PROTein INtake and clinical outcomes of adult critically ill patients on prolonged mechanical VENTilation: The PROTINVENT retrospective study
In this study, we studied the association between the timing of protein intake and clinical outcomes in critically ill patients on prolonged mechanical ventilation and found a time-dependent effect of high protein administration [1]. We are honored to answer the questions they have raised. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - July 7, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Kristine W.A.C. Koekkoek, Arthur R.H. van Zanten Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Reply-Letter to the Editor - Timing of PROTein INtake and clinical outcomes of adult critically ill patients on prolonged mechanical VENTilation: The PROTINVENT retrospective study
(Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - July 7, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Kristine W.A.C. Koekkoek, Arthur R.H. van Zanten Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Prognostic Value of Energy Expenditure and Respiratory Quotient Measuring in Patients with Liver Cirrhosis
Resting energy expenditure (REE) and respiratory quotient (RQ) as measured by indirect calorimetry (IC) may correlate with muscle mass and represent prognostic indicators in treating patients with liver cirrhosis. We aimed to assess the correlation of IC-measured REE and RQ with skeletal muscle mass (SM), mortality, and REE values as estimated by Harris-Benedict, European guidelines (EG), and Brazilian guidelines –DITEN (BG) equations in patients with liver cirrhosis. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - July 6, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: G. Belarmino, P. Singer, M.C. Gonzalez, N.M. Machado, C.S. Cardinelli, S. Barcelos, W. Andraus, L.A.C. D'Albuquerque, L. Damiani, A.C. Costa, R.M.R. Pereira, S.B. Heymsfield, P. Sala, R.S.M. Torrinhas, D.L. Waitzberg Source Type: research

Dietary intake of patients with inflammatory bowel disease: a comparison with individuals from a general population and associations with relapse
This study aimed to compare dietary intakes between IBD patients and individuals from the general population and to assess associations of dietary factors with relapse in patients with IBD. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - July 6, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Jorrit L. Opstelten, Jeanne H.M. de Vries, Anouk Wools, Peter D. Siersema, Bas Oldenburg, Ben J.M. Witteman Source Type: research

Refeeding syndrome in adults receiving total parenteral nutrition: An  audit of practice at a tertiary UK centre
The key to preventing refeeding syndrome (RS) is identifying and appropriately managing patients at risk. We evaluated our clinical management of RS risk in patients starting total parenteral nutrition (TPN). (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - July 2, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Felipe Pantoja, Konstantinos C. Fragkos, Pinal S. Patel, Niamh Keane, Mark A. Samaan, Ivana Barnova, Simona Di Caro, Shameer J. Mehta, Farooq Rahman Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Letter to the editor: comment on ‘Timing of PROTein INtake and clinical outcomes of adult critically ill patients on prolonged mechanical VENTilation: The PROTINVENT retrospective study’
With great interest we have read the study by Koekkoek and colleagues on the association between the timing of protein intake and clinical outcomes in critically ill patients on prolonged mechanical ventilation [1]. The authors found that overall low protein intake (0.8  g/kg/day) protein intake during day 1–3 was associated with higher 6-month mortality, while high protein intake during day 4–7 was associated with lower mortality. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - July 2, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Wilhelmus G.P.M. Looijaard, Peter J.M. Weijs, Heleen M. Oudemans-van Straaten Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Cadmium intake and chronic kidney disease: Response to Kawada T
We would like to thank Dr Kawada for the interest in our study. Dr Kawada raised a critical point regarding the provisional tolerable monthly intake (PTMI) for cadmium (25  μg/kg body weight/month) proposed by WHO in 2013 [1]. We agree that the mean dietary cadmium intake in our sample is well below this PTMI. Several other studies in China also found that the mean dietary cadmium was below the PTMI and concluded that the health risk from dietary cadmium exposure of the general Chinese people was low [2,3]. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - July 2, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Zumin Shi, Anne W. Taylor, Malcolm Riley, Julie Byles, Jianghong Liu, Manny Noakes Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

About acute coronary syndromes and obesity. Small lessons from RESCUE
In previous number, Tojek et al. [1], referred to obesity and in-hospital mortality. Indeed, obesity has reached epidemic proportions and their prevalence is increasing. Truly too, in the case of acute coronary disease, some studies [2 –5] have shown a better prognosis in obese patients, suggesting that Body Mass Index BMI can be associated with better prognosis, although, due to the complexities of this phenomenon, this relationship is controversial (see Tables 1 and 2). (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - July 2, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Miguel Rodr íguez Ramos Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Time-Response Studies on Development of Cognitive Deficits In an Experimental Model of Insulin Resistance
Alzheimer's disease is suggested to be primarily metabolic, mainly characterized by brain insulin resistance. Chronic fructose feeding results in hippocampal insulin resistance. However, variable opinion exists regarding the concentration and duration of fructose feeding to trigger insulin resistance and resultant cognitive insults. Therefore this study was planned to construct a time-response curve of the appearance of fructose-induced insulin resistance and memory insufficiencies in rats over a period of 24 weeks. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - July 2, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Anand Kamal Sachdeva, Ravinder Naik Dharavath, Kanwaljit Chopra Source Type: research

Refeeding Syndrome in Adults Receiving Total Parenteral Nutrition: An Audit of Practice at a Tertiary UK Centre
The key to preventing refeeding syndrome (RS) is identifying and appropriately managing patients at risk. We evaluated our clinical management of RS risk in patients starting total parenteral nutrition (TPN). (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - July 2, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Felipe Pantoja, Konstantinos C. Fragkos, Pinal. S. Patel, Niamh Keane, Mark A. Samaan, Ivana Barnova, Simona Di Caro, Shameer J. Mehta, Farooq Rahman Tags: Original article Source Type: research

comment on ‘Timing of PROTein INtake and clinical outcomes of adult critically ill patients on prolonged mechanical VENTilation: The PROTINVENT retrospective study’
(Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - July 2, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Wilhelmus G.P.M. Looijaard, Peter J.M. Weijs, Heleen M. Oudemans-van Straaten Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

A Dietary Pattern Derived Using B-Vitamins and its Relationship with Vascular Markers over the life course
Diet may influence vascular function through elevated homocysteine (Hcy) concentrations. However the relationship between dietary patterns (DP), characterised by Hcy and its associated nutrients is unknown. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - July 2, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Jane Maddock, Gina L. Ambrosini, Julian L. Griffin, James A. West, Andrew Wong, Rebecca Hardy, Sumantra Ray Source Type: research

Cadmium intake and chronic kidney disease
(Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - July 2, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Tomoyuki Kawada Source Type: research

About Acute Coronary Syndromes and Obesity. Small lessons from RESCUE.
(Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - July 2, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Miguel Rodr íguez Ramos Source Type: research

Direct costs of a home parenteral nutrition programme
Home parenteral nutrition (HPN) is a lifesaving treatment for people with chronic intestinal failure and its cost has been reported to be very high. The purpose of the present paper was to review the direct healthcare and non-healthcare costs associated with the HPN programme managed by a tertiary hospital. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - July 2, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: L. Arhip, P. Garc ía-Peris, R.M. Romero, L. Frías, I. Bretón, M. Camblor, M. Motilla, C. Velasco, A. Morales, M.L. Carrascal, A. Herranz, M. Sanjurjo, C. Cuerda Source Type: research

Potato consumption is prospectively associated with risk of hypertension: an 11.3-year longitudinal cohort study
In this study, we aim to investigate the association of potato consumption with the risk of hypertension among Chinese people. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - July 2, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Mengmeng Huang, Pan Zhuang, Jingjing Jiao, Jun Wang, Xinyu Chen, Yu Zhang Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Assessing dietary intake in accordance with guidelines: useful correlations with an ingesta-Verbal/Visual Analogue Scale in medical oncology patients
This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility and the accuracy of a Visual/Verbal Analogue Scale of food ingesta (ingesta-VVAS) to assess energy food intake and nutritional risk in medical oncology patients. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - July 2, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Estelle Guerdoux-Ninot, Nicolas Flori, Chlo é Janiszewski, Arnaud Vaillé, Hélène de Forges, Bruno Raynard, Vickie E. Baracos, Simon Thezenas, Pierre Senesse Source Type: research

Letter to the Editor-Cadmium intake and chronic kidney disease: Response to Kawada T
(Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - July 2, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Zumin Shi, Anne W. Taylor, Malcolm Riley, Julie Byles, Jianghong Liu, Manny Noakes Source Type: research

Effect of anthocyanin supplementation on cardio-metabolic biomarkers: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
Several studies have shown effects of anthocyanin on blood pressure, blood glucose, and lipid profile in different conditions, but the results of these studies are controversial. We summarized evidence from randomized clinical trials (RCTs) that investigated the effects of anthocyanin supplementation on cardio-metabolic biomarkers in adults. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - July 2, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Elnaz Daneshzad, Sakineh Shab-Bidar, Zinat Mohammadpour, Kourosh Djafarian Source Type: research

Maternal influences on the glucocorticoid concentrations of human milk: The STEPS study
Human milk (HM) contains a wide array of non-nutritive bioactive elements, including glucocorticoid hormones (glucocorticoid; cortisol and cortisone). The relationship between milk-borne glucocorticoids, measures of maternal health and patterns of breast-feeding is not yet established. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - July 2, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Shikha Pundir, Johanna M äkelä, Anu Nuora, Clare Rosemary Wall, Kaisa Linderborg, David Cameron-Smith, Hanna Lagström Source Type: research

Health-related quality of life, anxiety, depression and distress of mothers and fathers of children on Home Parenteral Nutrition
Parents of children with intestinal failure, dependent on Home Parenteral Nutrition (HPN), may experience psychosocial problems due to the illness and intensive treatment of their child. Literature concerning psychosocial problems is scarce. Therefore, we aimed to investigate Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQOL), levels of anxiety, depression, distress and everyday problems of these mothers and fathers. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - July 2, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Hedy A. van Oers, Lotte Haverman, Joanne F. Olieman, Esther G. Neelis, Cora F. Jonkers-Schuitema, Martha A. Grootenhuis, Merit M. Tabbers Source Type: research

ESPGHAN/ESPEN/ESPR Guidelines on pediatric parenteral nutrition: Complications
(Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - June 27, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Corina Hartman, Raanan Shamir, Venetia Simchowitz, Szimonetta Lohner, Wei Cai, Tam ás Decsi, the ESPGHAN/ESPEN/ESPR/CSPEN working group on pediatric parenteral nutrition Tags: ESPEN Guideline Source Type: research

Needs-based Quality of Life in Adults Dependent on Home Parenteral Nutrition
Home parenteral nutrition (HPN) provides life sustaining treatment for people with chronic intestinal failure. Individuals may require HPN for months or years and are dependent on regular intravenous infusions, usually 12 to 14 hours overnight between 1 and 7 days each week. This regime can have adverse impact on the life of people dependent on the treatment.The aim of this study was to establish mean values for the Parenteral Nutrition Impact Questionnaire (PNIQ) and to determine the effect of disease, frequency of infusions per week and patient characteristics on quality of life of patients fed HPN. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - June 25, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Sorrel T. Burden, Debra J. Jones, Matthew Gittins, Joanne Ablett, Michael Taylor, Christopher Mountford, Jonathan Tyrrell-Price, Clare Donnellan, Fiona Leslie, Tim Bowling, Simon Gabe, Farooq Rahman, Stephen P. McKenna, Jeanette Wilburn, Alice Heaney, Phi Source Type: research

Genetic variants of Tumor Necrosis Factor- α and its levels: A Correlation with Dyslipidemia and Type 2 Diabetes Susceptibility
Tumor necrosis factor- α (TNF-α) and its genetic variants are implicated in the development of type 2 diabetes (T2D) as a result of systemic inflammation, dyslipidemia, and insulin resistance. The aim of the present study was to investigate i) single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of TNF-α and its association with alt ered TNF-α transcript levels and plasma concentrations ii) free fatty acid (FFA) concentrations as a marker for dyslipidemia is associated with TNF-α and iii) genotype-phenotype correlation analysis in T2D patients. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - June 23, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Roma Patel, Sayantani Pramanik Palit, Nirali Rathwa, A.V. Ramachandran, Rasheedunnisa Begum Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Handgrip Strength and Lean Mass are Independently Related to Brain Atrophy among Alcoholics
In neurodegenerative disorders or in normal aging humans a relationship between muscle mass and/or performance and brain volume was observed, that is not dependent on age or other confounding factors. The aim of the present study is to analyse the relationship between lean mass and handgrip strength in alcoholics, who frequently show brain and muscle atrophy. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - June 23, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Luc ía Romero-Acevedo, Emilio González-Reimers, M. Candelaria Martín-González, Antonieta González-Díaz, Geraldine Quintero-Platt, Paula Reyes-Suárez, Daniel Martínez-Martínez, Francisco Santolaria-Fernández Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Discrepancies among different tools evaluating Mediterranean diet adherence during pregnancy, correlated to maternal anthropometric, dietary and biochemical characteristics.
Scientific evidence confirms the favorable impact of Mediterranean diets (MD) on maternal and neonatal outcomes. However, the assessment of this dietary pattern requires valid indexes with scoring systems adapted to pregnant females. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to compare the adherence to MD, through 5 internationally validated tools, in pregnant women following a Mediterranean eating pattern, correlated to maternal anthropometric, dietary and biochemical markers. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - June 22, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Tatiana Papazian, Aya Serhal, Hala Hout, Hassan Younes, Georges Abi Tayeh, Joseph Azouri, Fabienne Hajj Moussa Lteif, Assaad Kesrouani, Lydia Rabbaa Khabbaz Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Patients' experience of enteral feeding following (chemo) radiotherapy for head and neck cancer: A qualitative study
Enteral feeding is commonly required during radiotherapy treatment for head and neck cancer. Only limited qualitative research into head and neck cancer patients' experiences of enteral tube feeding has been undertaken. The aim of this qualitative study was to evaluate patients' experiences of EF and the surrounding decision making process. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - June 21, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Gillian F. Williams, Helen White, Mehmet Sen, Robin J.D. Prestwich Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Effects of inositol on glucose homeostasis: systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
The effect of inositol on glucose homeostasis is not well characterized. The aim of the present meta-analysis is to synthesize the effects of inositol on glucose homeostasis in different clinical conditions (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - June 21, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Inka Mi ñambres, Gemma Cuixart, Anna Gonçalves, Rosa Corcoy Tags: Meta-analyses Source Type: research

Patients ’ experience of enteral feeding following (chemo) radiotherapy for head and neck cancer: A qualitative study
Enteral feeding is commonly required during radiotherapy treatment for head and neck cancer. Only limited qualitative research into head and neck cancer patients ’ experiences of enteral tube feeding has been undertaken. The aim of this qualitative study was to evaluate patients’ experiences of EF and the surrounding decision making process. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - June 21, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Gillian F. Williams, Helen White, Mehmet Sen, Robin J.D. Prestwich Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Serum Vitamin D Levels Correlate With The Presence And Histological Grading Of Colorectal Adenomas In Peri And Postmenopausal Women
Vitamin D is known to modulate immune function and proliferation. Higher vitamin D [25(OH)D3] serum levels have been reported to have protective effects on adenoma detection and colorectal cancer (CRC) development and survival. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - June 21, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Pedro Marques da Costa, In ês Martins, Joaquim Neves, Helena Cortez-Pinto, José Velosa Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Patterns of nutrients intakes in relation to glioma: a case-control study
Nutrient pattern analysis is an easy way to compare nutrient intakes across different nations due to the universality of nutrients nature. The current study aimed to investigate the relation between patterns of nutrients intake and glioma in a case-control study in Iranian adults. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - June 21, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Hanieh Malmir, Mehdi Shayanfar, Minoo Mohammad-Shirazi, Hadi Tabibi, Giuve Sharifi, Ahmad Esmaillzadeh Source Type: research

The Effect of Acute Oral Phosphatidic Acid Ingestion on Myofibrillar Protein Synthesis and Intracellular Signaling in Older Males
This study examined the effects of acute oral PA ingestion on resting and exercise-induced MyoPS rates in older individuals. Methods: Sixteen older males performed a bout of unilateral leg resistance exercise followed by oral ingestion of 750mg of soy-derived PA or a rice-flour placebo (PL) over 60 min post-exercise. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - June 21, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Benoit Smeuninx, Yusuke Nishimura, James McKendry, Marie Limb, Ken Smith, Philip. J. Atherton, Leigh Breen Tags: Original article Source Type: research

ESPEN Guideline on Clinical Nutrition and Hydration in Geriatrics
Malnutrition and dehydration are widespread in older people, and obesity is an increasing problem. In clinical practice, it is often unclear which strategies are suitable and effective in counteracting these key health threats. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - June 15, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Dorothee Volkert, Anne Marie Beck, Tommy Cederholm, Alfonso Cruz-Jentoft, Sabine Goisser, Lee Hooper, Eva Kiesswetter, Marcello Maggio, Agathe Raynaud-Simon, Cornel C. Sieber, Lubos Sobotka, Dieneke van Asselt, Rainer Wirth, Stephan C. Bischoff Tags: ESPEN Guideline Source Type: research

Clinical intervention using Bifidobacterium strains in celiac disease children reveals novel microbial modulators of TNF- < alpha > and short-chain fatty acids
In this study, we aimed to identify correlations between fecal microbiota, serum tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-) and fecal short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) in healthy children and children with CD after administration of probiotic Bifidobacterium breve BR03 and B632. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - June 15, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Ma ša Primec, Martina Klemenak, Diana Di Gioia, Irene Aloisio, Nicole Bozzi Cionci, Andrea Quagliariello, Mario Gorenjak, Dušanka Mičetić-Turk, Tomaž Langerholc Tags: Original article Source Type: research

ESPGHAN/ESPEN/ESPR Guidelines on pediatric parenteral nutrition: Energy
(Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - June 15, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: K. Joosten, N. Embleton, W. Yan, T. Senterre, The ESPGHAN/ESPEN/ESPR/CSPEN working group on pediatric parenteral nutrition Source Type: research

ESPGHAN/ESPEN/ESPR Guidelines on pediatric parenteral nutrition: Amino acids
(Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - June 15, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: J.B. van Goudoever, V. Carnielli, D. Darmaun, M. Sainz de Pipaon, the ESPGHAN/ESPEN/ESPR/CSPEN working group on pediatric parenteral nutrition Source Type: research