Editorial board
(Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - November 16, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Increased amino acid turnover and myofibrillar protein breakdown in advanced cancer are associated with muscle weakness and impaired physical function
This study investigates amino acid metabolism and the association with muscle mass and function in patients with cancer. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - November 14, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Barbara S. van der Meij, Nicolaas EP. Deutz, Ramon ER. Rodriguez, Mari ëlle PKJ. Engelen Tags: Original article Source Type: research

A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials to evaluating the trend of cytokines to vitamin A supplementation in autoimmune diseases
Vitamin A is considered as a supplement that effect on autoimmune diseases. We aimed to systematically review the effect of vitamin A on cytokines in patients with autoimmune disease. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - November 14, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Mohammad Hossein Harirchian, Zinat Mohammadpour, Farzad Fatehi, Negar Firoozeh, Sama Bitarafan Tags: Meta-analyses Source Type: research

Higher concentration of selenium in placental tissues is associated with reduced risk for orofacial clefts
Growing evidence suggests that essential trace element imbalance during pregnancy may contribute to fetal malformations, but the role of essential trace elements in the occurrence of orofacial clefts (OFCs) is unknown. We aimed to examine the association between concentrations of zinc (Zn), manganese (Mn), selenium (Se), cobalt (Co), molybdenum (Mo), and nickel (Ni) in placental tissues and the risk for OFCs in offspring in a rural population in northern China with a high prevalence of OFCs. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - November 14, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Xin Pi, Yihui Wei, Zhiwen Li, Lei Jin, Jufen Liu, Yali Zhang, Linlin Wang, Aiguo Ren Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Treatment of malignant gliomas with ketogenic or caloric restricted diets: a systematic review of preclinical and early clinical studies
&Aims: Patients with malignant gliomas have a poor prognosis. Diets that lower blood glucose, such as ketogenic or caloric restricted diets (KCRDs), are hypothesized to reduce tumor growth and improve survival. In this systematic review, we summarize preclinical and clinical data on KCRDs in gliomas. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - November 13, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Lotte Noorlag, Filip Y. De Vos, Annemieke Kok, Marike L.D. Broekman, Tatjana Seute, Pierre A. Robe, Tom J. Snijders Tags: Review Source Type: research

Evaluating the concurrent validity of body mass index (BMI) in the identification of malnutrition in older hospital inpatients
This study aimed to explore the relationship between commonly applied BMI cut-offs and diagnosed malnutrition. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - November 10, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Ng WL, Collins PF, Hickling DF, Bell JJ Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Usefulness of the preoperative prognostic nutritional index score as a predictor of the outcomes of lung transplantation: A single-institution experience
This study aimed to evaluate preoperative nutritional assessment as a predictor of LTX outcomes. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - November 10, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Chi Young Kim, Song Yee Kim, Joo Han Song, Young Sam Kim, Su Jin Jeong, Jin Gu Lee, Hyo Chae Paik, Moo Suk Park Tags: Original article Source Type: research

The effects of vitamin D and probiotic co-supplementation on glucose homeostasis, inflammation, oxidative stress and pregnancy outcomes in gestational diabetes: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial
This study was designed to assess the effects of combined vitamin D and probiotic supplementation on metabolic status and pregnancy outcomes in women with gestational diabetes (GDM). (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - November 10, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Mehri Jamilian, Elaheh Amirani, Zatollah Asemi Tags: Randomized Control Trials Source Type: research

Plasma 25-Hydroxyvitamin D concentrations and risk of incident cancer in adults with hypertension: A nested case control study
Evidence from epidemiologic studies on the association of circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentrations with the incident risk of cancer has been inconsistent. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - November 5, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Tengfei Lin, Yun Song, Xianglin Zhang, Huiyuan Guo, Lishun Liu, Ziyi Zhou, Binyan Wang, Genfu Tang, Chengzhang Liu, Yan Yang, Wenhua Ling, Zhengqiang Yuan, Jianping Li, Yan Zhang, Yong Huo, Xiaobin Wang, Hao Zhang, Xianhui Qin, Xiping Xu Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Supplemental parenteral nutrition improves immunity with unchanged carbohydrate and protein metabolism in critically ill patients: the SPN2 randomized tracer study
Individualized supplemental parenteral nutrition (SPN) providing measured energy expenditure from day 4 reduced infectious complications in a previous study including 305 intensive care (ICU) patients. The study aimed at investigating the metabolic, and immune responses underlying the clinical response of the previous trial. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - November 5, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Mette M. Berger, Olivier Pantet, Nathalie Jacquelin-Ravel, M élanie Charrière, Sabine Schmidt, Fabio Becce, Régine Audran, François Spertini, Luc Tappy, Claude Pichard Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Dietary intake, body composition and metabolic parameters in women with polycystic ovary syndrome
Overweight polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) patients present exacerbation of clinical symptoms and increased risk for chronic diseases. The effects of inadequate dietary intake have been investigated in body weight gain in PCOS women. The aim of this study was to evaluate the dietary pattern and to analyze possible associations with the metabolism and body composition in PCOS women. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - November 3, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Nayara Bernardes da Cunha, Camila Toffoli Ribeiro, Catarina Mendes Silva, Ana Carolina Japur de S á Rosa-e-Silva, Daurea Abadia De-Souza Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Prevalence of malnutrition using harmonized definitions in older adults from different settings – a MaNuEL Study
This study aimed to describe prevalences in several populations of older persons in different settings using harmonized definitions. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - November 2, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Maike Wolters, Dorothee Volkert, Melanie Streicher, Eva Kiesswetter, Gabriel Torbahn, Eibhl ís M. O’Connor, Mary O’Keeffe, Mary Kelly, Eileen O’Herlihy, Paul W. O’Toole, Suzanne Timmons, Emma O’Shea, Patricia Kearney, Judith van Zwienen-Pot, Ma Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Salts and energy balance: A special role for dietary salts in metabolic syndrome
Dietary salts sodium (Na+), potassium (K+), magnesium (Mg2+), and calcium (Ca2+) are important in metabolic diseases. Yet, we do not have sufficient understanding on the salts global molecular network in these diseases. In this systematic review we have pooled information to identify the general effect of salts on obesity, insulin resistance and hypertension. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - November 2, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Christopher W. Brey, Safoura Akbari-Alavijeh, Jun Ling, Jordan Sheagley, Bilal Shaikh, Futwan Al-Mohanna, Yi Wang, Randy Gaugler, Sarwar Hashmi Source Type: research

Evidence of muscle loss delay and improvement of hyperinsulinemia and insulin resistance in Duchenne muscular dystrophy supplemented with omega-3 fatty acids: a randomized study
Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD) is the most prevalent dystrophy of childhood and is characterized by generalized motor delays due to progressive muscular weakness, leading to loss of muscle mass. Additionally, patients with DMD develop obesity, hyperinsulinemia, and Insulin Resistance (IR). Omega-3 Long-Chain PolyUnsaturated Fatty Acids ( Ω-3LCPUFA) increase fat mass, decrease lean mass, and decrease hyperinsulinemia and IR. The aim of this study was to analyze the impact of Ω-3LCPUFA consumption on lean mass, fat mass, hyperinsulinemia, and IR in children with DMD. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - October 30, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Maricela Rodr íguez-Cruz, Salvador Atilano-Miguel, Lourdes Barbosa-Cortés, Mariela Bernabé-García, Tomás Almeida-Becerril, Alan Cárdenas-Conejo, Oriana del Rocío Cruz-Guzmán, Jorge Maldonado-Hernández Source Type: research

Performance of CT-based low skeletal muscle index, low mean muscle attenuation, and bioelectric impedance derived low phase angle in the detection of an increased risk of nutrition related mortality
The aim of this study was to evaluate in a head to head comparison the performance of bioimpedance derived low phase angle (PA), CT-based low skeletal muscle index (SMI) and low mean muscle attenuation (MA), and Pandora Score (PS) to detect an increased nutrition related mortality in hospitalized patients. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - October 30, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Melanie Viertel, Carsten Bock, Michael Reich, Stefan L öser, Mathias Plauth Source Type: research

Association between dietary inflammatory index and psychological profile in adults
Limited data are available on the association of inflammatory potential of the diet and odds of psychological disorders. We investigated the association between adherence to a pro-inflammatory diet, as measured by Dietary Inflammatory Index (DII), and odds of psychological disorders. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - October 27, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Asma Salari-Moghaddam, Ammar Hassanzadeh Keshteli, Hamid Afshar, Ahmad Esmaillzadeh, Peyman Adibi Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Carnitine and extra trace elements change stability of paediatric parenteral nutrition admixtures?
High concentrations of trace elements (TE), in particular zinc and selenium, along with carnitine, are often added to parenteral admixtures in paediatric patients on long-term Parenteral Nutrition (PN). We aim to evaluate whether lipid droplet diameters of these admixtures maintain the recommended range of 0.4-1.0 micrometres. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - October 27, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: M.L. Forchielli, A. Bonoli, A. Stancari, L.L. Bruno, F. Piro, G. Piazza, C. Albertini, A. Pession, C. Puggioli, G. Bersani Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Transcriptomics and proteomics analyses of anti-cancer mechanisms of TR35 –An active fraction from Xinjiang Bactrian camel milk in esophageal carcinoma cell
The aim of the paper is to investigate the effect of the active fraction extracted from the Xinjiang Bactrian camel whey on the human cancer cells using an in  vitro and in vivo model of human carcinoma of the esophagus. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - October 26, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Jie Yang, Zhihua Dou, Xi Peng, Hongjuan Wang, Tong Shen, Jun Liu, Guan Li, Yang Gao Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Transcriptomics and Proteomics Analyses of Anti-Cancer Mechanisms of TR35 - An Active Fraction from Xinjiang Bactrian camel milk in Esophageal Carcinoma Cell
The aim of the paper is to investigate the effect of the active fraction extracted from the Xinjiang Bactrian camel whey on the human cancer cells using an in vitro and in vivo model of human carcinoma of the esophagus. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - October 26, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Jie Yang, Zhihua Dou, Xi Peng, Hongjuan Wang, Tong Shen, Jun Liu, Guan li, Yang Gao Tags: Original article Source Type: research

An iso-osmolar oral supplement increases natriuresis and does not increase stomal output in patients with an ileostomy: a randomised, double-blinded, active comparator, crossover intervention study
This study aimed to evaluate how an iso-osmolar and a hyperosmolar oral supplement affect ileostomy output, urine production, and natriuresis as proxy measurements of water-electrolyte balance. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - October 24, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Charlotte Rud, Anne Kathrine Nissen Pedersen, Trine Levring Wilkens, Mette Borre, Jens Rikardt Andersen, Hanne B. Moeller, Jens Frederik Dahlerup, Christian Lodberg Hvas Tags: Randomized Control Trials Source Type: research

No independent associations between preconception paternal dietary patterns and embryonic growth; the Predict Study
Several studies show the importance of periconceptional maternal dietary patterns on human embryonic growth. Healthy paternal nutrition has been associated with better semen quality and fecundability, however, evidence on the impact on pregnancy outcome is limited. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the association between preconception paternal dietary patterns and first trimester embryonic growth using the parameters longitudinal crown-rump length (CRL) and embryonic volume (EV). (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - October 23, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Elsje C. Oostingh, Iris de Vos, Annelies C. Ham, Elske M. Brouwer-Brolsma, Sten P. Willemsen, Alex J. Eggink, Eric A.P. Steegers, R égine P.M. Steegers-Theunissen Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Characteristics and reference values of fat mass index and fat free mass index by bioelectrical impedance analysis in an adult population
We aim to examine the influence of sex, age, region and ethnicity on fat mass index (FMI) and fat free mass index (FFMI), and to establish FMI and FFMI reference values in Chinese adults. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - October 18, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Meng Jin, Hanze Du, Yuelun Zhang, Huijuan Zhu, Ke Xu, Xianxian Yuan, Hui Pan, Guangliang Shan Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Reply - Letter to the Editor - Impact of route and adequacy of nutritional intake on outcomes of allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation for hematologic malignancies
(Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - October 17, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Julie Beckerson Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Does intravenous fish oil affect the growth of extremely low birth weight preterm infants on parenteral nutrition?
Long chain n-3 fatty acids (n-3 LCPUFA) play a pivotal role during central nervous system development and the provision of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) is recommended for the preterm infant. However, there are concerns that oral fish oil, which is a good source of DHA, may adversely affect growth of preterm infants, as it decreases arachidonic acid (ARA). It has been about ten years since fish oil was added to the fat blend of intravenous (IV) lipid emulsions (LE) but information on growth and other clinical outcomes of preterm infants is still scarce. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - October 16, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Chiara Biagetti, Alessio Correani, Rita D ’Ascenzo, Maria Paola Bellagamba, Paolo Marchionni, Luca Antognoli, Adriana Pompilio, Paola Cogo, Virgilio P. Carnielli Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Pterostilbene Raises Low Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol in People
(Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - October 13, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Charles Brenner, Amy C. Boileau Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Lipid Paradox in Patients with Acute Myocardial Infarction: Potential Impact of Malnutrition
Aggressive lipid reduction is recommended for patients with AMI, but reverse epidemiology, the lipid paradox, has been reported in several clinical studies. The cause of lipid paradox remains uncertain, and nutrition is one possible explanation. In this single-center retrospective study, we investigated the relationships between baseline LDL concentrations and clinical outcomes in patients with AMI, stratified by different nutritional status. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - October 13, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Ya-Wen Lu, Shu-Fen Lu, Ruey-Hsing Chou, Po-Shan Wu, Yu-Chen Ku, Chin-Sung Kuo, Chun-Chin Chang, Yi-Lin Tsai, Cheng-Hsueh Wu, Po-Hsun Huang Source Type: research

Do probiotics, prebiotics and synbiotics affect adiponectin and leptin in adults? A systematic review and meta-analysis of clinical trials
Human studies have reported controversial findings regarding the health promoting effects of probiotic, prebiotic and synbiotic on adiponectin and leptin levels. This systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to understand the effect of probiotics, prebiotics or synbiotics on adiponectin and leptin levels in adults. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - October 12, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Mohammad Hossein Rouhani, Amir Hadi, Ehsan Ghaedi, Mina Salehi, Atena Mahdavi, Hamed Mohammadi Tags: Meta-analyses Source Type: research

Reply-Letter to the Editor – Metabolic healthy overweight/obese individuals: Not just a restricted group
We would like to thank Drs. Spatola and Badalamenti for their interest and comments [1] on our recently published article [2]. Their response provided us an opportunity to reevaluate our data in regard to the definition and clinical implications of the metabolically healthy overweight/obese (MHO) phenotype. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - October 10, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Yong-Moon Mark Park, Moon Kyung Choi, Seong-Su Lee Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Association between enteral macronutrient delivery and inflammatory response in Critically Ill Children
An important goal of nutrition support in paediatric critical illness is minimising catabolism. While focusing on providing full energy requirements, macronutrient balance is often neglected. Studies suggest that there is interplay between nutrition and inflammation. We aimed to assess the amount of enteral macronutrients delivered compared to estimated requirements, and the association between delivered macronutrients and systemic inflammation in critically ill children. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - October 10, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Sara Zaher, Deborah White, Jenna Ridout, Frederic Valla, Ricardo Branco, Rosan Meyer, Nazima Pathan Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Reply-Letter to the Editor- Metabolic healthy overweight/obese individuals: Not just a restricted group
(Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - October 10, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Yong-Moon Mark Park, Moon Kyung Choi, Seong-Su Lee Source Type: research

Critical appraisal for low-carbohydrate diet in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease: Review and meta-analyses
Weight loss by lifestyle modification is the cornerstone therapy of Non Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease. Low carbohydrate diet has showed favorable effects for body weight as well as hepatic fat content in several reports. In this meta-analysis, we review clinical studies article to date regarding the composition of the diet and analyzed the impact of low carbohydrate diet comparing to low calorie diet on hepatic fat change, AST and ALT using Forest plot. We aimed to investigate the efficacy of low carbohydrate diet on NAFLD. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - October 9, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Jaehee Ahn, Dae Won Jun, Hyo Young Lee, Jin Hwa Moon Tags: Meta-analyses Source Type: research

Altered host-gut microbes symbiosis in severely malnourished anorexia nervosa (AN) patients undergoing enteral nutrition: an explicative factor of functional intestinal disorders?
Functional intestinal disorders (FIDs) are frequently observed in patients with anorexia nervosa (AN). Relationship between FIDs and a potential gut microbiota dysbiosis has been poorly explored. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - October 9, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Mouna Hanachi, Chaysavanh Manichanh, Andreu Schoenenberger, Victoria Pascal, Florence Levenez, Nicole Courn ède, Joël Doré, Jean-Claude Melchior Source Type: research

A New Renal Inpatient Nutrition Screening Tool (Renal iNUT): A Multicenter Validation Study
This study aimed to assess the validity and reliability of the Renal iNUT, a novel renal-specific inpatient nutrition screening tool. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - October 8, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Helena S. Jackson, Helen L. MacLaughlin, Alberto Vidal-Diez, Debasish Banerjee Source Type: research

Effect of vitamin D supplementation on cardiovascular risk in type 2 diabetes
Whether vitamin D affects lipid profile and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk is controversial. We evaluated the effect of oral daily vitamin D supplementation on lipid profile and CVD risk in patients with well-controlled type 2 diabetes. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - October 8, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Edith Angellotti, David D ’Alessio, Bess Dawson-Hughes, Yan Chu, Jason Nelson, Peter Hu, Robert M. Cohen, Anastassios G. Pittas Tags: Short Communication Source Type: research

Body composition and dairy intake in sedentary employees who participated in a healthy program based on nutrition education and Zumba
The dairy intake is associated with body composition; however, its effect is controversial and remains unknown in relation to exercise interventions as Zumba Fitness ®. Thus, we analyzed the body composition and its relation to dairy intake in sedentary employees who participated in a healthy program based on nutrition education and Zumba Fitness®. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - October 5, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Marcela Guerendiain, Emilio Villa-Gonz ález, Yaira Barranco-Ruiz Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Obesity Paradox in Peripheral Artery Disease
&Aims: Previous studies have suggested an obesity survival paradox in patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD). We investigated the influence of obesity and underweight on adverse in-hospital outcomes in PAD. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - October 3, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Karsten Keller, Lukas Hobohm, Martin Geyer, Thomas M ünzel, Carl J. Lavie, Mir Abolfazl Ostad, Christine Espinola-Klein Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Association of erythrocyte n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids with incident type 2 diabetes in a Chinese population
The association between circulating n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) biomarkers and incident type 2 diabetes in Asian populations remains unclear. We aimed to examine the association of erythrocyte n-3 PUFA with incident type 2 diabetes in a Chinese population. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - October 1, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Ju-Sheng Zheng, Jie-sheng Lin, Hong-li Dong, Fang-fang Zeng, Duo Li, Yiqing Song, Yu-ming Chen Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Transthyretin for the routine assessment of malnutrition: A clinical dilemma highlighted by an international survey of experts in the field
Nutritional management begins with the assessment of nutritional status [1,2]. However, without a recognized gold standard to quantify protein –energy malnutrition (PEM) and without international consensus among experts, it is difficult for a common easy assessment of malnutrition and its severity to emerge. The issue is compounded by ongoing debate over the definition of malnutrition itself [1,3]. Transthyretin (TTR) may be a suitable m arker for assessing malnutrition and the efficacy of refeeding [4], yet there is no clear pattern of TTR use among experts in the field. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - October 1, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: S. Delli ère, N. Neveux, J.-P. De Bandt, L. Cynober Tags: Opinion paper Source Type: research

Liver lipid metabolism disruption in cancer cachexia is aggravated by cla supplementation -induced inflammation
The liver is the main organ regulating metabolism. In spite of that, few studies examine liver metabolism in cachexia, a wasting syndrome associated with increased morbidity and mortality in cancer. Cachexia induces major metabolic disruption, inflammation and fat and lean mass loss. We have previously shown impairment of hepatic lipid metabolism in cancer cachexia that contributes to the aggravation of the symptoms. The present study addresses the effects of Conjugated Linoleic Acid supplementation upon liver lipid metabolism in cachectic rats. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - October 1, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Daniela Caetano Gon çalves, Fábio Santos Lira, Alex Shimura Yamashita, Luiz Carlos Carnevali Junior, Robson Eder, Alessandro Laviano, Marília Seelaender Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Circulating microRNAs and adipokines as markers of metabolic syndrome in adolescents with obesity
Circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) as valuable biomarkers yielded important insights into the pathogenesis of obesity. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - October 1, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Hadeel A. Al-Rawaf Tags: Original article Source Type: research

ESPEN guideline on clinical nutrition in the intensive care unit
Following the new ESPEN Standard Operating Procedures, the previous guidelines to provide best medical nutritional therapy to critically ill patients have been updated. These guidelines define who are the patients at risk, how to assess nutritional status of an ICU patient, how to define the amount of energy to provide, the route to choose and how to adapt according to various clinical conditions. When to start and how to progress in the administration of adequate provision of nutrients is also described. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - September 29, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Pierre Singer, Annika Reintam Blaser, Mette M. Berger, Waleed Alhazzani, Philip C. Calder, Michael Casaer, Michael Hiesmayr, Konstantin Mayer, Juan Carlos Montejo, Claude Pichard, Jean-Charles Preiser, Arthur R.H. van Zanten, Simon Oczkowski, Wojciech Szc Tags: ESPEN Guideline Source Type: research

Malnutrition according to ESPEN consensus predicts hospitalizations and long-term mortality in rehabilitation patients with stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
This study aimed to explore the value of the European Society of Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism (ESPEN) definition of malnutrition (and/or its individual components) to predict hospitalizations and mortality at 2 years, and to determine the prevalence of malnutrition in COPD patients referred to pulmonary rehabilitation. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - September 28, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Ester Marco, Dolores S ánchez-Rodríguez, Vanesa N. Dávalos-Yerovi, Xavier Duran, Eva M. Pascual, Josep M. Muniesa, Diego A. Rodríguez, Ana Aguilera-Zubizarreta, Ferran Escalada, Esther Duarte Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Impact of sarcopenic obesity on outcomes in patients undergoing living donor liver transplantation
This study examined the impact of sarcopenic obesity on outcomes after living donor LT (LDLT). (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - September 28, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Naoko Kamo, Toshimi Kaido, Yuhei Hamaguchi, Shinya Okumura, Atsushi Kobayashi, Hisaya Shirai, Siyuan Yao, Shintaro Yagi, Shinji Uemoto Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Dietary Inflammatory Index and Incidence of Breast Cancer in the SUN Project
Breast cancer (BC) is the most commonly diagnosed cancer, and diet is suspected to play a role in its development. Dietary factors may mediate this process through modulation of inflammation, though findings from previous studies have not been consistent. We aimed to longitudinally assess the association between the dietary inflammatory index (DII ®), a frequently used method to assess the inflammatory potential of the diet, and incident BC. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - September 28, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: I. Gardeazabal, M. Ruiz-Canela, R. S ánchez-Bayona, A. Romanos-Nanclares, J.M. Aramendía-Beitia, N. Shivappa, J.R. Hébert, M.A. Martínez-González, E. Toledo Source Type: research

A double-blind placebo controlled trial into the impacts of HMB supplementation and exercise on free-living muscle protein synthesis, muscle mass and function, in older adults
Age-related sarcopenia and dynapenia are associated with frailty and metabolic diseases. Resistance exercise training (RET) adjuvant to evidence-based nutritional intervention(s) have been shown as mitigating strategies. Given that HMB supplementation during RET improves lean body mass in younger humans (Wilson et al., 2014), and that we have shown that HMB acutely stimulates muscle protein synthesis (MPS) and inhibits breakdown; we hypothesized that chronic supplementation of HMB adjuvant to RET would enhance MPS and muscle mass/function in older people.We recruited 16 healthy older men (PLA: 68.5 ±1.0y, HMB: 67.8&...
Source: Clinical Nutrition - September 27, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: U.S.U. Din, M.S. Brook, A. Selby, J. Quinlan, C. Boereboom, H. Abdullah, M. Franchi, M.V. Narici, B.E. Phillips, J.W. Williams, J.A. Rathmacher, D.J. Wilkinson, P.J. Atherton, K. Smith Tags: Randomized Control Trials Source Type: research

Financial impact of sarcopenia or low muscle mass – a short review
Low muscle mass is associated with increased falls, medical complications, length of hospital stay and loss of independence. An increasing number of studies has also shown the association between sarcopenia and health care expenditure. The following narrative review summarizes the current evidence on the economic relevance of low muscle mass (MM) or sarcopenia. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - September 27, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Kristina Norman, Lindsey Otten Tags: Review Source Type: research

Spicy food and self-reported fractures
Population-based evidence that suggests health effects of spicy consumptions on fracture was scant. The study aimed to explore the association of spicy food intake with self-reported history of fractures in the Chinese populations. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - September 27, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Chuchu Mei, Zhe Fang, Ruoyu Yin, Ruotong Yang, Kun Tang Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Elemental formula associated hypophosphataemic rickets
We describe a series of cases of HR associated with the use of Neocate ®, an amino-acid based formula (AAF). (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - September 27, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: S. Uday, S. Sakka, J.H. Davies, T. Randell, V. Arya, C. Brain, M. Tighe, J. Allgrove, P. Arundel, R. Pryce, W. H ögler, N.J. Shaw Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Plasma citrulline concentration, a marker for intestinal functionality, reflects exercise intensity in healthy young men
In this study we investigated the effects of different exercise intensities and hydration state on citrulline and iFABP levels following a post-exercise glutamine bolus in healthy young men. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - September 27, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Shirley Kartaram, Marco Mensink, Marc Teunis, Eric Schoen, Gerrit Witte, Lonneke Janssen Duijghuijsen, Martie Verschuren, Karin Mohrmann, Laura M ’Rabet, Karen Knipping, Harriet Wittink, Ardy van Helvoort, Johan Garssen, Renger Witkamp, Raymond Pieters, Tags: Original article Source Type: research

The chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction subtype has prognostic significance in patients with severe gastrointestinal dysmotility related intestinal failure
Severe gastrointestinal dysmotility (GID) is a significant cause of chronic intestinal failure (CIF) with unclear benefits of sub-classifying into Chronic Intestinal Pseudo-obstruction (CIPO) and non-CIPO sub-types. We compared outcomes between CIPO and non-CIPO sub-types in a tertiary cohort of patients with CIF resulting from severe GID. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - September 22, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Dipesh H. Vasant, Ramya Kalaiselvan, Joanne Ablett, Ashley Bond, Arun Abraham, Antje Teubner, Darren Green, Peter A. Paine, Simon Lal Source Type: research