Supplementation with Bifidobacterium breve BR03 and B632 strains improved insulin sensitivity in children and adolescents with obesity in a cross-over, randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial
Variations in gut microbiota might impact metabolism leading to body weight excess. We assessed the impact of a probiotic supplementation in pediatric obesity on weight, metabolic alterations, selected gut microbial groups, and functionality. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - June 10, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Arianna Solito, Nicole Bozzi Cionci, Matteo Calgaro, Marina Caputo, Lucia Vannini, Iderina Hasballa, Francesca Archero, Enza Giglione, Roberta Ricotti, Gillian Elisabeth Walker, Antonella Petri, Emanuela Agosti, Giorgio Bellomo, Gianluca Aimaretti, Gianni Tags: Randomized Control Trials Source Type: research

Dietary Interventions and Blood Pressure in Overweight or Obese Individuals: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Increased fruit and vegetable consumption (FVC) beneficially impacts hypertension, yet researchers have not synthesized the effects of FVC interventions on blood pressure (BP) among overweight or obese individuals. Therefore, we aimed to examine if diets with increased FVC decrease BP in overweight and obese persons and explore effects of moderators, study methods, participants, intervention, and source characteristics. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - June 10, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Karla Arnotti, Mandy Bamber, Veronica Brewer Tags: Meta-analyses Source Type: research

Quantification of the B6 vitamers in human plasma and urine in a study with pyridoxamine as an oral supplement; pyridoxamine as an alternative for pyridoxine
Vitamin B6 is involved in a large spectrum of physiological processes and comprises of the vitamers pyridoxamine (PM), pyridoxal (PL), pyridoxine (PN), and their phosphorylated derivatives including the biological active pyridoxal 5 ′-phosphate (PLP). While PN toxicity is known to complicate several treatments, PM has shown promise in relation to the treatment of metabolic and age-related diseases by blocking oxidative degradation and scavenging toxic dicarbonyl compounds and reactive oxygen species. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - June 10, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Mathias D.G. Van den Eynde, Jean L.J.M. Scheijen, Coen D.A. Stehouwer, Toshio Miyata, Casper G. Schalkwijk Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Dietary citrulline does not modify rat colon tumor response to chemotherapy, but failed to improve nutritional status
During cancer therapy many patients experience significant malnutrition, leading to decreased tolerance to chemotherapy and decreased survival. Dietary citrulline supplementation improves nutritional status in situations such as short bowel syndrome and aging, and is of potential interest in oncology. However, a mandatory prerequisite is to test this amino acid for interaction with tumor growth and chemotherapy response.Dietary citrulline (Cit; 2 %), or an isonitrogenous mix of non-essential amino acids (control), was given to Ward colon tumor-bearing rats the day before chemotherapy initiation. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - June 9, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: C. Breuillard, C. Moinard, A. Goron, N. Neveux, A. De Reviers, V. Mazurak, L. Cynober, V.E. Baracos Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Effect of L-arginine on cardiac reverse remodeling and quality of life in patients with heart failure
(Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - June 8, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Shimao Ni Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Errors in meta-analysis should be corrected in “Critical appraisal for low-carbohydrate diet in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease: Review and meta-analyses”
(Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - June 8, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Beate Henschel, Stephanie L. Dickinson, David B. Allison Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Prognostic Value of Malnutrition Using Geriatric Nutritional Risk Index in Patients with Coronary Chronic Total Occlusion after Percutaneous Coronary Intervention
(Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - June 8, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Qunying Yang, Shimao Ni Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Hypohomocysteinemia may increases the risk of dementia and Alzheimer ’s disease: a nationwide population-based prospective cohort study
Hyperhomocysteinemia has been repeatedly found to increase the risk of dementia. However, the effects of hypohomocysteinemia on the risk of dementia have been barely investigated. If hypohomocysteinemia, like hyperhomocysteinemia, increases the risk of dementia, misuse or overuse of homocysteine-lowing agents such as vitamin supplements may increase the risk of dementia. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - June 8, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Jong Bin Bae, Ji Won Han, Junghan Song, Lee Kyunghoon, Tae Hui Kim, Kyung Phil Kwak, Bong Jo Kim, Shin Gyeom Kim, Jeong Lan Kim, Seok Woo Moon, Joon Hyuk Park, Seung-Ho Ryu, Jong Chul Youn, Dong Young Lee, Dong Woo Lee, Seok Bum Lee, Jung Jae Lee, Jin Hye Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Dietary patterns acquired in early life are associated with cardiometabolic markers at school age
Background& Aims: it has previously been described that dietary patterns established early in life tracked to late childhood. The aim of the present work was to analyse the association of dietary patterns that tracked from 2 to 8y with cardiometabolic markers at 8y of age. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - June 8, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Veronica Luque, Ricardo Closa-Monasterolo, Veit Grote, Gina L. Ambrosini, Marta Zaragoza-Jordana, Natalia Ferr é, Melissa Theurich, Berthold Koletzko, Elvira Verduci, Dariusz Gruszfeld, Annick Xhonneux, Joaquin Escribano Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Effects of probiotic supplementation on anthropometric and metabolic characteristics in adults with metabolic syndrome: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials
We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate evidence from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) documenting the effectiveness of supplementation with pro-/synbiotics versus placebo controls on anthropometric and metabolic (glucoregulatory status, lipid profile) indices in adults with metabolic syndrome (MetS). (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - June 7, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Amir Hadi, Arman Arab, Saman Khalesi, Nahid Rafie, Marzieh Kafeshani, Maryam Kazemi Tags: Meta-analyses Source Type: research

Myosteatosis predicting risk of transition to severe COVID-19 infection
About 10-20% of patients with Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infection progressed to severe illness within a week or so after initially diagnosed as mild infection. Identification of this subgroup of patients was crucial for early aggressive intervention to improve survival. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether computer tomography (CT) - derived measurements of body composition such as myosteatosis indicating fat deposition inside the muscles could be used to predict the risk of transition to severe illness in patients with initial diagnosis of mild COVID-19 infection. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - June 6, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Xiaoping Yi, Haipeng Liu, Liping Zhu, Dongcui Wang, Fangfang Xie, Linbo Shi, Ji Mei, Xiaolong Jiang, Qiuhua Zeng, Pingfeng Hu, Yihui Li, Peipei Pang, Jie Liu, Wanxiang Peng, Harrison X. Bai, Weihua Liao, Bihong T. Chen Tags: Covid-19 Source Type: research

Effects of dietary eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid supplementation on metabolic syndrome: a systematic review and meta-analysis data from 33 randomized controlled trials
Previous randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have compared the effects of pure preparations of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) in reducing metabolic syndrome (MetS) risk factors, but the results were inconsistent. The present study aimed to clarify whether EPA and DHA have differential effects on MetS features in humans. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - June 5, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Hui-Jun Zhang, Xiang Gao, Xiao-Fei Guo, Ke-Lei Li, Shan Li, Andrew J. Sinclair, Duo Li Tags: Meta-analyses Source Type: research

A systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies on the association between animal protein sources and risk of rheumatoid arthritis
The aim of this study was to investigate the linear and nonlinear dose-response associations of animal-based dietary protein intake and risk of developing rheumatoid arthritis (RA). (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - June 5, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Farzaneh Asoudeh, Ahmad Jayedi, Zahra Kavian, Sara Ebrahimi-Mousavi, Sabrina Mai Nielsen, Hamed Mohammadi Tags: Meta-analyses Source Type: research

Reducing ileus after colorectal surgery: a network meta-analysis of therapeutic interventions
Several treatment strategies for avoiding post-operative ileus have been evaluated in randomised controlled trials. This network meta-analysis aimed to explore the relative effectiveness of these different therapeutic interventions on ileus outcome measures. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - June 5, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: James Ashcroft, Aminder Anthony Singh, Bhavna Ramachandran, Amir Habeeb, Victoria Hudson, Jeremy Meyer, Constantinos Simillis, Richard Justin Davies Tags: Meta-analyses Source Type: research

The role of non-dietetic healthcare professionals in managing interventions among adults at risk of malnutrition: a systematic review
Malnutrition is estimated to affect over three million people in the UK resulting in serious consequences on both the individuals ’ health and healthcare system. While dietitians are uniquely qualified to provide nutritional interventions, they have one of the lowest workforce numbers in the NHS making it difficult to tackle the malnutrition burden alone. Thus, innovative ways of working are needed. Non-dietetic health care professionals are often involved in the identification, assessment and treatment of malnutrition and research has shown benefits of their involvement in identification and management of nutritiona...
Source: Clinical Nutrition - June 5, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Massar Dabbous, Rebecca Hastings, C. Elizabeth Weekes, Christine Baldwin Tags: Meta-analyses Source Type: research

Impact of nutritional therapy during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic in intensive care patients: a retrospective observational study
The COVID-19 pandemic has caused major organizational challenges to healthcare systems concerning staff, material and bed availability. Nutrition was not a priority in the intensive care unit (ICU) at the beginning of the pandemic with the need for simplified protocols. We aimed to assess the impact of a simplified nutritional protocol for critically ill COVID-19 patients during the pandemic first wave. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - June 4, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Aude de Watteville, Florencia Montalbano, Hannah Wozniak, Tinh-Hai Collet, Cyril Jaksic, Christophe Le Terrier, J érôme Pugin, Laurence Genton, Claudia Paula Heidegger Tags: Covid-19 Source Type: research

Prevalence of patients “at risk of malnutrition” and nutritional routines among surgical and non-surgical patients at a large university hospital during the years 2008-2018
This study aims to evaluate the long-term effects of these efforts by examining trends concerning: 1) the prevalence of patients «at risk of malnutrition» and 2) the use of nutritional support and diagnostic coding related to malnutrition over an 11-year period in a large university hospi tal. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - June 4, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Eli Skeie, Kari Sygnestveit, Roy M. Nilsen, Stig Harthug, Anne Mette Koch, Randi J. Tangvik Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Magnitude of Gluconeogenesis and endogenous glucose production: are they predictable in clinical settings?
Regulation of endogenous glucose production (EGP) is essential for glucose homeostasis. It includes gluconeogenesis (GNG) from non-carbohydrate substrates and hepatic glycogenolysis. Both these pathways are dysregulated in acute stress, but the magnitude of this deregulation cannot be assessed in clinical practice. The study aims at identifying clinically available variables predictive of EGP and GNG magnitude by modeling routinely available data. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - June 2, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Isabelle Udin, Marc Habisreutinger, Luc Tappy, Antoine G. Schneider, Mette M. Berger Tags: Original article Source Type: research

The effect of glucose control in liver surgery on glucose kinetics and insulin resistance
Clinical outcome is negatively correlated to postoperative insulin resistance and hyperglycemia. The magnitude of insulin resistance can be modulated by glucose control, preoperative nutrition, adequate pain management and minimal invasive surgery. Effects of glucose control on perioperative glucose kinetics in liver surgery is less studied. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - June 2, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Christina Blixt, Mirjam Larsson, Bengt Isaksson, Olle Ljungqvist, Olav Rooyackers Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Fructose intake is not associated to the risk of hepatic fibrosis in patients with Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD)
(Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - June 1, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Feiyan Zhu, Xiaofei Li Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Albumin-bilirubin score as a useful predictor of energy malnutrition in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma
(Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - June 1, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Feiyan Zhu, Xiaofei Li Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Cumulative Impact of Multiple Evidence Based Strategies on Postnatal Growth of Extremely-Low-Birth-Weight Infants
Postnatal growth failure is common in very preterm infants and is associated with worse neurodevelopmental outcome. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - June 1, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Praveen Kumar, Jeanne Perino, Laura Bowers, Brittany Welch, Viola Albert, Douglas Drenckpohl, David Wolfe Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Impact of a ketogenic diet intervention during radiotherapy on body composition: IV. Final results of the KETOCOMP study for rectal cancer patients
Obesity and low muscle mass are associated with worse outcomes of colorectal cancer patients. We conducted a controlled trial to study the impact of a ketogenic diet (KD) based on natural foods versus an unspecified standard diet (SD) on body composition in rectal cancer patients undergoing radiotherapy. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - May 30, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Rainer J. Klement, Petra S. Koebrunner, Detlef Meyer, Stefan Kanzler, Reinhart A. Sweeney Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Neuromuscular blockade administration is associated with altered energy expenditure in critically ill intubated patients with COVID-19
This study described energy needs of intubated patients with COVID-19 and explores whether neuromuscular blockade administration (NMBAs) is associated with altered energy expenditure. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - May 25, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: D. Karayiannis, A. Maragkouti, T. Mikropoulos, A. Sarri, A. Kanavou, C. Katsagoni, E. Jahaj, A. Kotanidou, Z. Mastora Tags: Covid-19 Source Type: research

Evolution of the nutritional status of COVID-19 critically-ill patients: a prospective observational study from ICU admission to three months after ICU discharge
Malnutrition following intensive care unit (ICU) stay is frequent and could be especially prominent in critically ill Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients as they present prolonged inflammatory state and long length stay. We aimed to determine the prevalence of malnutrition in critically ill COVID-19 patients both at the acute and recovery phases of infection. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - May 24, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: C. Rives-Lange, A. Zimmer, A. Merazka, C. Carette, A. Martins-Bexinga, C. Hauw-Berlemont, E. Guerot, A.S. Jannot, J.L. Diehl, S. Czernichow, B. Hermann Tags: Covid-19 Source Type: research

Measured energy expenditure in mildly hypothermic critically ill patients with traumatic brain injury: A sub-study of a randomized controlled trial
Prophylactic hypothermia, often used in critically ill patients with traumatic brain injury, reduces energy expenditure and may affect energy delivered by nutrition therapy. The primary objective of this study was to measure energy expenditure in hypothermic patients over the first 3 days after traumatic brain injury (TBI). Secondary objectives included comparison of measured energy expenditure and nutrition delivery to day 7. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - May 22, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Emma J. Ridley, Andrew R. Davies, Stephen Bernard, Colin McArthur, Lynne Murray, Eldho Paul, Antony Trapani, D James Cooper, the ANZICS Clinical Trials Group Tags: Randomized Control Trials Source Type: research

Different nutritional screening tools and recommended screening algorithm for pediatric oncology patients
Cancer is one of the leading causes of death for children; however, appropriate nutritional status can positively affect disease progression and outcome. The aim of this study was to present our self-developed nutritional risk screening method, relate it to another validated tool and to objective bio-impedance measures. We intended to recommend a screening algorithm which can be used in our pediatric oncology facilities. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - May 22, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Nora Gallo, Klara Horvath, Krisztina Czuppon, Erika Tomsits, Edina Felegyhazi, Gabor T. Kovacs Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Effect of dietary vitamins C and E on the risk of Parkinson's disease: A meta-analysis
A neuroprotective effect of dietary vitamins C and E on Parkinson's disease (PD) has been suggested, however, several human studies have reported controversial results. Therefore, we conducted a meta-analysis on the effect of vitamins C and E on the risk of Parkinson's disease. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - May 21, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Min Cheol Chang, Sang Gyu Kwak, Soyoung Kwak Tags: Meta-analyses Source Type: research

Development and validation of a novel sepsis biomarker based on amino acid profiling
Sepsis is a potentially fatal condition influenced by pathogens and host factors. Current sepsis biomarkers such as white blood cell count and C-reactive protein and procalcitonin levels show unsatisfactory performance in terms of diagnostic sensitivity and specificity in clinical practice. Thus, we developed and validated a new sepsis biomarker based on amino acid profiling. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - May 21, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Sunyoung Ahn, Su Hwan Lee, Kyung Soo Chung, Nam Su Ku, Young-Min Hyun, Sail Chun, Moo Suk Park, Sang-Guk Lee Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Effect of Dietary Vitamins C and E on The Risk of Parkinson ’s Disease: A Meta-Analysis
A neuroprotective effect of dietary vitamins C and E on Parkinson ’s disease (PD) has been suggested, however, several human studies have reported controversial results. Therefore, we conducted a meta-analysis on the effect of vitamins C and E on the risk of Parkinson’s disease. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - May 21, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Min Cheol Chang, Sang Gyu Kwak, Soyoung Kwak Tags: Meta-analyses Source Type: research

Baseline drinking water consumption and changes in body weight and waist circumference at 2-years of follow-up in a senior Mediterranean population
The association between drinking water consumption and adiposity has been poorly explored. Therefore, we aimed to analyse the associations between the frequency of drinking water consumption and body weight and waist circumference changes in an elderly Mediterranean cohort. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - May 21, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Indira Paz-Graniel, Nerea Becerra-Tom ás, Nancy Babio, Lluís Serra-Majem, Jesús Vioque, María Dolors Zomeño, Dolores Corella, Xavier Pintó, Aurora Bueno-Cavanillas, Josep A. Tur, Lidia Daimiel, M.A. Zulet, Antoni Palau-Galindo, Laura Torres-Collado, Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Epigenetic landscape in blood leukocytes following ketosis and weight loss induced by a very low calorie ketogenic diet (VLCKD) in patients with obesity
The molecular mechanisms underlying the potential health benefits of a ketogenic diet are unknown and could be mediated by epigenetic mechanisms. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - May 20, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Ana B. Crujeiras, Andrea G. Izquierdo, David Primo, Fermin I. Milagro, Ignacio Sajoux, Amalia J ácome, Alfredo Fernandez-Quintela, María P. Portillo, J Alfredo Martínez, Miguel A. Martinez-Olmos, Daniel de Luis, Felipe F. Casanueva Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Clinical nutrition and human rights. An international position paper
The International Working Group for Patients' Right to Nutritional Care presents its position paper regarding nutritional care as a human right intrinsically linked to the right to food and the right to health. All people should have access to food and evidence-based medical nutrition therapy including artificial nutrition and hydration. In this regard, the hospitalized malnourished ill should mandatorily have access to screening, diagnosis, nutritional assessment, with optimal and timely nutritional therapy in order to overcome malnutrition associated morbidity and mortality, while reducing the rates of disease-related ma...
Source: Clinical Nutrition - May 19, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Diana Cardenas, Maria Isabel Toulson Davisson Correia, Juan B. Ochoa, Gil Hardy, Dolores Rodriguez-Ventimilla, Charles E. Berm údez, Karin Papapietro, Régis Hankard, André Briend, Winai Ungpinitpong, Katerina Mary Zakka, Teresa Pounds, Cristina Cuerda, Tags: Original article Source Type: research

High-quality intake of carbohydrates is associated with lower prevalence of subclinical atherosclerosis in femoral arteries: the AWHS study
High-quality of the carbohydrates consumed, apart from their total amount, appear to protect from cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, the relationship between the quality of carbohydrates and the early appearance of atherosclerosis has not yet been described. Our objective was to estimate the association between the quality of dietary carbohydrates and subclinical atherosclerosis in femoral and carotid arteries. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - May 13, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: A. Mu ñoz-Cabrejas, Laclaustra M, P. Guallar-Castillón, Casasnovas JA, Jarauta E, H. Sandoval-Insausti, C. Donat-Vargas, B. Moreno-Franco Tags: Original article Source Type: research

The Goldilocks problem: Nutrition and its impact on glycaemic control
This study aims to examine BG outcomes in the context of nutritional management during GC. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - May 11, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Jennifer L. Knopp, J. Geoffrey. Chase, Geoffrey.M. Shaw Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Low dietary quercetin intake by food frequency questionnaire analysis is not associated with hypertension occurrence
The objective of the present study was to explore the relationship between dietary quercetin and hypertension incidence in a Chinese population. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - May 11, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Zhanxin Yao, Kun Dai, Ge Meng, Qing Zhang, Li Liu, Hongmei Wu, Yeqing Gu, Shaomei Sun, Xing Wang, Qiyu Jia, Kun Song, Zhe Li, Chao Li, Weina Gao, Changjiang Guo, Kaijun Niu Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Methodology for altering omega-3 EPA+DHA and omega-6 linoleic acid as controlled variables in a dietary trial
Increasing dietary intake of n-3 EPA+DHA and lowering dietary n-6 LA is under investigation as a therapeutic diet for improving chronic pain syndromes as well as other health outcomes. Herein we describe the diet methodology used to modulate intake of n-3 and n-6 PUFA in a free living migraine headache population and report on nutrient intake, BMI and diet acceptability achieved at week 16 of the intensive diet intervention and week 22 follow-up time-point. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - May 11, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Beth A. MacIntosh, Christopher E. Ramsden, Gilson Honvoh, Keturah R. Faurot, Olafur S. Palsson, Angela D. Johnston, Chanee Lynch, Paula Anderson, Daria Igudesman, Daisy Zamora, Mark Horowitz, Susan Gaylord, John D. Mann Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Blood Lipids-Related Dietary Patterns Derived from Reduced Rank Regression Are Associated with Incident Type 2 Diabetes
In this study, we aimed to derive dietary patterns that explained variation in blood lipids and investigate their associations with incident type 2 diabetes. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - May 10, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Ming-Jie Duan, Louise H. Dekker, Juan-Jesus Carrero, Gerjan J. Navis Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Micronutrient deficiencies in critical illness
Low micronutrient levels in critical illness have been reported in multiple studies. Because of the antioxidant properties of various micronutrients, micronutrient deficiency may augment oxidative stress in critical illness. However, it remains unclear whether micronutrient concentrations in ICU patients are different from those in healthy age-matched controls. It is also unclear whether micronutrient deficiency develops, worsens, or resolves during ICU admission without supplementation. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - May 10, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: W.A.C. Koekkoek, K. Hettinga, J.H.M. de Vries, A.R.H. van Zanten Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Temporal trends in nutrition intake among older long-term care residents
The temporal trends in protein and other nutrient intakes among older long-term care residents have not been studied. The aim of this study was to explore the changes in energy, protein, and other nutrient intakes between 2007 and 2017-8 in two cross-sectional samples of older long-term care residents in the Helsinki metropolitan area. We also studied how the residents ’ disability and stage of cognition modified the association between observation year and protein intake (g/body weight kg). (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - May 10, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Karoliina Salminen, Mirjami Willman, Hannu Kautiainen, Kaisu Pitk älä, Hanna-Maria Roitto, Merja Suominen Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Impact of slow versus rapid digesting carbohydrates on substrate oxidation in pre-pubertal children: A randomized crossover trial
Consumption of rapid digesting sugars by children are under increased scrutiny because of their contribution to unhealthy weight gain. Previous studies in adults and children have suggested that altering the blend of carbohydrates (CHOs) consumed may cause shifts in substrate utilization. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of consuming a slow digesting carbohydrate (SDC) and rapid digesting carbohydrate (RDC) on CHO and fat oxidation, glucose, and insulin responses at rest, during exercise, and post-exercise rest in pre-pubescent children. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - May 10, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Zachary M. Gillen, Vikkie A. Mustad, Marni E. Shoemaker, Brianna D. Mckay, Todd J. Leutzinger, Jose M. Lopez-Pedrosa, Ricardo Rueda, Joel T. Cramer Tags: Randomized Control Trials Source Type: research

Nutritional Risk at Intensive Care Unit Admission and Outcomes in Survivors of Critical Illness
This study ’s objective was to determine whether greater nutritional risk at ICU admission is associated with greater disability, worse cognition, and worse HRQOL at 3 and 12-month follow-up. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - May 10, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Matthew F. Mart, Timothy D. Girard, Jennifer L. Thompson, Hannah Whitten-Vile, Rameela Raman, Pratik P. Pandharipande, Daren K. Heyland, E. Wesley Ely, Nathan E. Brummel Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Nutritional Management Of Individuals With Obesity And Covid-19: Espen Expert Statements And Practical Guidance
The COVID-19 pandemics has created unprecedented challenges and threats to patients and healthcare systems worldwide. Acute respiratory complications that require intensive care unit (ICU) management are a major cause of morbidity and mortality in COVID-19 patients. Among other important risk factors for severe COVID-19 outcomes, obesity has emerged along with undernutrition-malnutrition as a strong predictor of disease risk and severity. Obesity-related excessive body fat may lead to respiratory, metabolic and immune derangements potentially favoring the onset of COVID-19 complications. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - May 10, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Rocco Barazzoni, Stephan C. Bischoff, Luca Busetto, Tommy Cederholm, Michael Chourdakis, Cristina Cuerda, Nathalie Delzenne, Laurence Genton, Stephane Schneider, Pierre Singer, Yves Boirie Tags: ESPEN Endorsed Recommendation Source Type: research

Association of Specialized Enteral Nutrition with Glycemic Control and Clinical Outcomes in Critically Ill Patients: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials
To evaluate the association of glycemic-control formulae (GCF) with measurements of glycemic control and clinical outcomes compared to standard enteral formulae (SF) in critically ill patients. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - May 8, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Igor Eckert, Magali C.C. Kumbier, Fl ávia M. Silva, Jussara C. de Almeida Tags: Meta-analyses Source Type: research

Impact of COVID-19 on nutritional status during the first wave of the pandemic
This study aims to know the percentage of patients admitted for COVID-19 who required artificial nutrition (AN), their clinical characteristics, as well as the prevalence of DRM and the risk of sarcopenia at hospital discharge and after 6 months. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - May 8, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Anal ía Ramos, Clara Joaquin, Mireia Ros, Mariona Martin, Montserrat Cachero, María Sospedra, Eva Martínez, José Manuel Sánchez Migallón, María-José Sendrós, Berta Soldevila, Manel Puig-Domingo Tags: Covid-19 Source Type: research

Assessment of the adequacy of dietary intake and dietary habits of patients with cirrhosis-uc the KIRRHOS study
Undernutrition is widely prevalent in patients with cirrhosis and affects prognosis. Given the lack of data regarding the dietary intake (DI) and habits of patients with cirrhosis, the aim of the present study was to evaluate them by assessing diet's adequacy compared to the new guidelines, and the association of DI with nutritional status indicators. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - May 7, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Alexandra Georgiou, Mary Yannakoulia, Georgios V. Papatheodoridis, Melanie Deutsch, Alexandra Alexopoulou, John Vlachogiannakos, Panagiota Ioannidou, Maria-Vasiliki Papageorgiou, Theodoros Voulgaris, Nikolaos Papadopoulos, Panagiotis Tsibouris, Meropi D. Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Assessment of the adequacy of dietary intake and dietary habits of patients with cirrhosis-the kirrhos study
Undernutrition is widely prevalent in patients with cirrhosis and affects prognosis. Given the lack of data regarding the dietary intake (DI) and habits of patients with cirrhosis, the aim of the present study was to evaluate them by assessing diet ’s adequacy compared to the new guidelines, and the association of DI with nutritional status indicators. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - May 7, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Alexandra Georgiou, Mary Yannakoulia, Georgios V. Papatheodoridis, Melanie Deutsch, Alexandra Alexopoulou, John Vlachogiannakos, Panagiota Ioannidou, Maria-Vasiliki Papageorgiou, Theodoros Voulgaris, Nikolaos Papadopoulos, Panagiotis Tsibouris, Meropi D. Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Effect of age, stress and protein supply on plasma amino acids during continuous enteral nutrition; a pragmatic study in rats
As life expectancy increases, an increasing older population may require surgery with perioperative nutritional management. While little is known about the combined effect of age and stress on amino acid metabolism during enteral nutrition, we hypothesized that blood amino acid bioavailability may be influenced not only by the characteristics of the ingested protein but also by intestinal ageing and splanchnic sequestration of amino acids. Plasma amino acid kinetics were thus evaluated in aged and adult rats receiving continuous enteral nutrition before and after standardized surgical stress. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - May 6, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: G. Ventura, S. Le Plenier, N. Neveux, G. Sarfati, L. Cynober, A. Raynaud-Simon, J.P. De Bandt Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Hypozincemia in the early stage of COVID-19 is associated with an increased risk of severe COVID-19
Nutritional predisposition to severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) remains unclear. Zinc deficiency could be critical since it is associated with a higher susceptibility to infections. We evaluated the prevalence of hypozincemia in the early stage of COVID-19, its association with risk factors for severe COVID-19 and its prognostic value for hospitalization for respiratory complications within 10 days. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - May 3, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Julien FROMONOT, Mickael GETTE, Amin BEN. LASSOUED, Jean-Louis GUEANT, Rosa-Maria GUEANT-RODRIGUEZ, R égis GUIEU Tags: Short Communication Source Type: research

Combination of albumin-globulin score and skeletal muscle index predicts long-term outcomes of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma patients after curative resection
This study aimed to investigate the prognostic value of preoperative albumin-globulin score (AGS), skeletal muscle index (SMI) as well as their combination in patients with intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) treated with surgical resection. (Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - May 2, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Hui Li, Junlong Dai, Tian Lan, Hailing Liu, Jinju Wang, Bole Cai, Lin Xu, Kefei Yuan, Genshu Wang, Hong Wu Tags: Original article Source Type: research