Elevated blood glucose is associated with aggravated brain edema in acute stroke

AbstractBackground and purposeClinical outcome after endovascular thrombectomy in patients with acute ischemic stroke still varies significantly. Higher blood glucose levels (BGL) have been associated with worse clinical outcome, but the pathophysiological causes are not yet understood. We hypothesized that higher levels of BGL are associated with more pronounced ischemic brain edema and worse clinical outcome mediated by cerebral collateral circulation.Methods178 acute ischemic stroke patients who underwent mechanical thrombectomy were included. Early ischemic brain edema was determined using quantitative lesion water uptake on initial computed tomography (CT) and collateral status was assessed with an established 5-point scoring system in CT-angiography. Good clinical outcome was defined as functional independence (modified Rankin Scale [mRS] score 0 –2). Multivariable logistic regression analysis was performed to predict functional independence and linear regression analyses to investigate the impact of BGL and collateral status on water uptake.ResultsThe mean BGL at admission was significantly lower in patients with good outcome at 90  days (116.5 versus 138.5 mg/dl;p 
Source: Journal of Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research

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ConclusionImaging of thrombus can be used as an aseessment tool to predict the outcomes and it needs further studies in the future.
Source: Neurological Sciences - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: This review provides evidence that TCD or TCCD, administered by professionals with adequate experience and skills, can provide useful diagnostic information for detecting stenosis or occlusion of intracranial vessels in people with acute ischaemic stroke, or guide the request for more invasive vascular neuroimaging, especially where CT or MR-based vascular imaging are not immediately available. More studies are needed to confirm or refute the results of this review in a larger sample of stroke patients, to verify the role of contrast medium and to evaluate the clinical advantage of the use of ultrasound. ...
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research
Objective: To explore the value of whole-brain perfusion parameters combined with multiphase computed tomography angiography (MP-CTA) in predicting the hemorrhagic transformation (HT) of ischemic stroke. Methods: A total of 64 patients with ischemic stroke who underwent noncontrast computed tomography, computed tomography perfusion imaging, and computed tomography angiography before treatment from August 2017 to June 2019 were included retrospectively. The perfusion parameters cerebral blood volume (CBV), cerebral blood flow (CBF), time to peak (TTP), mean transit time (MTT), time to maximum (Tmax), and permeability surfac...
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - Category: Neurology Authors: Source Type: research
The recent article from McCluskey et al “Radiological Eye Deviation as a Predictor of Large Vessel Occlusion in Acute Ischaemic Stroke” J of Stroke and Cerebrovasc Dis. 2019; 28:2318-23231 provides valuable information that may lead to early stroke intervention. They found that subjective visual detection of radiographic eye deviation on nonenhanced computed tomography (NECT) brain is strongly associated with large vessel occlusion (LVO). This compelling association may expedite patients for timely angiographic testing and endovascular therapy.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: A high level of CEUS perfusion and increased serum FFA levels are indicative of vulnerable carotid plaques, which may be useful for the prediction of stroke in patients with carotid artery disease. PMID: 32039838 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: Clin Hemorheol Microcirc Source Type: research
ConclusionOur everyday clinical practice experience suggests 9.8  % of consecutive AIS patients present in the 4.5–9 h window and 2.2 % adhere to EXTEND neuroimaging eligibility criteria for IVT. Only 1.3% of AIS is eligible for IVT according to EXTEND neuroimaging and clinical eligibility criteria.
Source: Neuroradiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
ObjectivesCarotid artery geometry influences blood flow disturbances and is thus an important risk factor for carotid atherosclerosis. Extracellular matrix (ECM) and yes-associated protein (YAP) expression may play essential roles in the pathophysiology of carotid artery stenosis, but the effect of blood flow disturbances of carotid bifurcation location on the ECM is unknown. We hypothesized that carotid artery anatomy and geometry are independently associated with the ECM and YAP expression.MethodsIn this cross-sectional study, 193 patients were divided into two groups: an asymptomatic group (n = 111) and a symptomatic gr...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
ConclusionFast T2*W sequences demonstrated very good diagnostic performance and inter-reader agreement for detecting SVS in the M1 segment in patients with acute ischemic stroke.
Source: Emergency Radiology - Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research
Conclusion: Familiarity with carotid webs varied across subspecialties. We found some consensus among respondents on the imaging modality preferred to identify webs, on asymptomatic carotid web management, and on recurrently symptomatic (multiple strokes) carotid web management. Less consistency was seen regarding preferences for confirmatory imaging and management of acutely symptomatic (initial stroke) carotid webs. PMID: 31903051 [PubMed]
Source: Ochsner Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: Ochsner J Source Type: research
ConclusionAdding CTP and/or a delayed-phase CTA to NCCT with arterial-phase CTA improves the decision-maker ’s confidence level and creates a trend towards a lower threshold for mechanical thrombectomy.
Source: Neuroradiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
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