miR-1293 Suppresses Tumor Malignancy by Targeting Hydrocyanic Oxidase 2: Therapeutic Potential of a miR-1293/Hydrocyanic Oxidase 2 Axis in Renal Cell Carcinoma

Cancer Biotherapy and Radiopharmaceuticals, Ahead of Print.
Source: Cancer Biotherapy and Radiopharmaceuticals - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: research

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In this study, we aim at evaluation the role of the Asp148Glu (rs1130409) variant at apurinic/apyrimidinic endonuclease (APE) gene in renal cell carcinoma (RCC) risk and the contribution of different genotypes to its transcriptional mRNA levels. In the case-control study, 92 RCC patients and 580 cancer-free patients matched by age and gender were recruited. The apurinic/APE genotyping work was conducted with typical restriction fragment length polymorphism methodology after polymerase chain reaction. At the meanwhile, thirty renal tissue samples with variant genotypes were examined for their apurinic/APE mRNA and protein e...
Source: The Chinese Journal of Physiology - Category: Physiology Tags: Chin J Physiol Source Type: research
In this report, we describe the case of a 66-year-old male who presented with mRCC with lung and cardiac metastases treated with cabozantinib, a multikinase inhibitor that was administered in second line after disease progression with sunitinib. To date, there are no data about the safety and efficacy of cabozantinib in mRCC with cardiac metastasis. In a real word analysis, cabozantinib demonstrated to be associated to a modest risk of developing left ventricular heart failure. It is unknown if this risk is higher in mRCC population with cardiac metastases. We report the first evidence of efficacy and safety of cabozantini...
Source: Anti-Cancer Drugs - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Case Reports Source Type: research
ConclusionsSeveral TKIs are standard of care at different settings. Among those approved TKIs, tivozanib has similar efficacy than others with a better safety profile. The use of prognostic factors is critical to the selection of optimal therapy.
Source: Clinical and Translational Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
AbstractObjectives(1) To assess the methodological quality of radiomics studies investigating histological subtypes, therapy response, and survival in patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and (2) to determine the risk of bias in these radiomics studies.MethodsIn this systematic review, literature published since 2000 on radiomics in RCC was included and assessed for methodological quality using the Radiomics Quality Score. The risk of bias was assessed using the Quality Assessment of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies tool and a meta-analysis of radiomics studies focusing on differentiating between angiomyolipoma without visi...
Source: European Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Meningeal carcinomatosis metastasis from renal cancer is a rare condition. Diagnosis is often challenging: the onset of nonspecific presenting symptoms could be initially attributed to bone involvement, side effects of oncologic therapy, or paraneoplastic syndromes. Our case suggests that nivolumab could be an effective and safe treatment option in patients with pretreated renal cancer with leptomeningeal metastasis. PMID: 32041500 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Tumori - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Tumori Source Type: research
(Dana-Farber Cancer Institute) Scientists report promising activity of a novel drug that targets a key molecular driver of clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) in patients with metastatic disease.
Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: news
hee Kim The engraftment of human tumor tissues into immunodeficient host mice to generate patient-derived xenograft (PDX) models has become increasingly utilized for many types of cancers. By capturing the unique genomic and molecular properties of the parental tumor, PDX models enable analysis of patient-specific clinical responses. PDX models are an important platform to address the contribution of inter-tumoral heterogeneity to therapeutic sensitivity, tumor evolution, and the mechanisms of treatment resistance. With the increasingly important role played by targeted therapies in urological malignancies, the establi...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: Very little is known about receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) expression on peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) in humans including renal cell carcinoma (RCC) patients. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of this study was to evaluate expression levels of major RTKs on PBMC and tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL) isolated from RCC patients. The secondary aim was to compare levels of RTK expression in RCC patients before surgery and on the 180th day after surgery (lymphocyte lifetime) and to compare them with the expression in healthy donors. In addition, we compared RTK and PD-L1 express...
Source: Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Oncology Source Type: research
In conclusion, HDAC3 is potential targets for clinical treatment, and our study provides a new approach for targeted therapy of BRM-negative clear cell RCC.
Source: Pathology Research and Practice - Category: Pathology Source Type: research
ry Tuma Recent studies report that the polarity gene myelin and lymphocyte protein 2 (MAL2), is overexpressed in multiple human carcinomas largely at the transcript level. Because chromosome 8q24 amplification (where MAL2 resides) is associated with hepatocellular- and cholangio-carcinomas, we examined MAL2 protein expression in these human carcinoma lesions and adjacent benign tissue using immunohistochemistry. For comparison, we analyzed renal cell carcinomas that are not associated with chromosome 8q24 amplification. Surprisingly, we found that MAL2 protein levels were decreased in the malignant tissues compared ...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
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