Fear driven compulsive behaviour is associated with worse long-term outcome in obsessive-compulsive disorder - Ferreira GM, Albertella L, Moreira-de-Oliveira ME, Piquet-Pess ôa M, Yücel M, Lee RSC, Batista KB, de Menezes GB, Fontenelle LF.

OBJECTIVES: In this retrospective study of patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), we assessed the relationship between different motivational drivers of compulsive behaviours and the response to naturalistic treatments (based mostly on high dos...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

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These days, we all have to accept the anxiety inherent in living in the time of the coronavirus pandemic and COVID-19. If there was a way to dispel all anxious feelings, I’d tell you, but there isn’t. The one exception might be someone who could summon such a degree of denial that they carry on as if everything was normal. And that, as I’m sure you can see, would prove to be very, very unwise. Anxiety helps us prepare to respond in a more adaptive and healthy way. Some people find it possible to tolerate some degree of discomfort and can manage their anxiety in a healthy manner. Often that’s because...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Anxiety and Depression Health Infectious diseases Mental Health Source Type: blogs
CONCLUSION: Comorbid depressive disorders were observed in almost half of the patients treated in specialized (outpatient) clinics for anxiety disorders. A slower reduction of depressive symptoms predicts worse outcome of the treatment of anxiety. PMID: 32207128 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Tijdschrift voor Psychiatrie - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Tijdschr Psychiatr Source Type: research
As the physical coronavirus pandemic continues to spread, an emotional pandemic is following fast in its wake. When the whole world is going to pieces, it’s awfully hard for the human mind—a fragile thing in the best of times—to cope, and more and more, doctors are reporting the spread of despair, worry and depression among their patients, especially those already suffering from some form of anxiety disorder. Even before COVID-19 hit its shores, the U.S. was a clinically anxious place. According to the National Institute of Mental Health, just over 19% of all American adults will experience at least one a...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized COVID-19 Source Type: news
Despite coronavirus, Trump keeps shaking hands(AP Photo/Alex Brandon)Don't shake hands. Maintain a distance of 6 feet. Don't touch surfaces that could contain respiratory droplets. Don't touch your face. [It'svery hard tonot touch your face.]When your leaders fail to follow the most basic guidelines forpreventing the spread of COVID-19, trust and confidence are eroded.Trump coronavirus press conference an exemplar of what not to do  (AP Photo/Evan Vucci)The coronavirus pandemic has raised (nearly) everyone's level of anxiety and stress. Rampant panic buying, superstore shelves emptied of toilet pap...
Source: The Neurocritic - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Source Type: blogs
The exposure in cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is a well-known intervention, widely investigated in scientific research. Several studies have shown the benefits of this intervention in the treatment of anxiety disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorders ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
Authors: Lognoul M, Nasello J, Triffaux JM Abstract The exposure in cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is a well-known intervention, widely investigated in scientific research. Several studies have shown the benefits of this intervention in the treatment of anxiety disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorders (OCD) and post-traumatic stress disorders (PTSD). The different exposure techniques are mainly based on the emotional processing of fear theory and use an emotional stimulation of fear, following by its habituation. However, new approaches have emerged and are based on the inhibitory learning theory. The virtual ...
Source: L Encephale - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research
Across the landscape of mental health research and diagnosis, there is a diverse range of questionnaires and interviews available for use by clinicians and researchers to determine patient treatment plans or investigate internal and external etiologies. Although individually, these tools have each been assessed for their validity and reliability, there is little research examining the consistency between them in terms of what symptoms they assess, and how they assess those symptoms. Here, we provide an analysis of 126 different questionnaires and interviews commonly used to diagnose and screen for 10 different disorder typ...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The methods applied in this systematic review protocol can be used to inform the design of future systematic reviews of observational studies in headache medicine. The results of this systematic review will be used to inform the clinical community on the association between pediatric migraine and internalizing disorders and symptoms and may also be used to inform the design of future research studies in this area. PMID: 32096560 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Headache - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Headache Source Type: research
Authors: Gray M, Adamson MM, Thompson RC, Kapphahn KI, Han S, Chung JS, Harris OA Abstract Primary Objective: Research focused on mild traumatic brain injury in active military and veteran populations details the psychological, neurological and functional outcomes of mTBI, in a primarily male (~95%) cohort. This may misrepresent female symptoms and outcomes. Here we assess for genuine sex differences in symptom presentation and functional outcomes.Research Design: We used matched pairs to preclude potential sex bias in outcome data.Methods and Procedures: We matched 49 female/male pairs on; 1) mechanism of injury, ...
Source: Brain Injury - Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research
Conclusion The structural and functional alterations observed in neuroimage studies suggest that the ACC has a role in predicting treatment response to CBT. Future studies with larger samples may contribute to the improvement of treatment efficacy in such disorders.
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
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