An overview of Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia for the African generalist practitioner

Conclusion: This overview is presented by clinicians who have experience with PCP and is directed mainly at first-line healthcare providers.Keywords: Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia, african generalist practitioner.
Source: African Health Sciences - Category: African Health Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 19 February 2020Source: Journal of the American College of RadiologyAuthor(s): Soheil Kooraki, Melina Hosseiny, Lee Myers, Ali GholamrezanezhadAbstractIn December 2019, a novel coronavirus pneumonia was emerged in Wuhan, China. Since then, this highly contagious coronavirus has been spreading worldwide with a rapid rise in the number of death tolls. The novel coronavirus infected pneumonia (NCIP) is characterized by fever, fatigue, dry cough and dyspnea. A variety of chest imaging features have been reported, similar to those found in other types of coronavirus syndromes. The purpose of t...
Source: Journal of the American College of Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Ventilators are used by patients who lose lung function due to complications from a variety of diseases such as spinal cord injuries, COPD, stroke, pneumonia, and ALS. In addition to dealing with a debilitating situation, patients tend to be hooked t...
Source: Medgadget - Category: Medical Devices Authors: Tags: Cardiology Critical Care Exclusive Medicine Pediatrics Rehab Source Type: blogs
(TEHRAN, Iran) — The new virus has killed two elderly Iranian citizens, Iran’s state-run IRNA news agency reported Wednesday. IRNA quoted Alireza Vahabzadeh, an adviser to the country’s health minister, as saying that both of the victims had been carrying the coronavirus and were located in Qom, about 140 kilometers (86 miles) south of the capital Tehran. No additional details were released. Earlier on Wednesday, Iranian authorities confirmed two cases of the new virus, the first in the country, according to the semi-official ISNA news agency. Officials later said the two patients had died. ISNA quoted an...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized COVID-19 Iran onetime Source Type: news
Pneumonia has been a serious cause of morbidity and mortality for many years and, more than 100 years ago, Sir William Osler referred to it as "the natural enemy of the old man" [1]. Many studies have documented that elderly individuals have a higher frequency of illness, increased mortality and more subtle clinical features compared to younger populations. This too was known by Osler who commented that "it is not improbable that debility lowers the vitality and renders the individual susceptible" and when the illness occurs, it can be "without chill; the cough and expectoration are slight&quo...
Source: European Respiratory Review - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Epidemiology, occupational and environmental lung disease, Respiratory infections and tuberculosis Editorial Source Type: research
Walking pneumonia causes milder symptoms than pneumonia, including being tired and having a sore throat, fever, and cough, the CDC says. Symptoms can be mild, more like a bad cold, but it can still lead to pneumonia.
Source: CNN.com - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
This study aimed to evaluate the clinical characteristics of COVID-19 in pregnancy and the intrauterine vertical transmission potential of COVID-19 infection.MethodsClinical records, laboratory results, and chest CT scans were retrospectively reviewed for nine pregnant women with laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 pneumonia (ie, with maternal throat swab samples that were positive for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 [SARS-CoV-2]) who were admitted to Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan, China, from Jan 20 to Jan 31, 2020. Evidence of intrauterine vertical transmission was assessed by testing for the pre...
Source: The Lancet - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
ConclusionsIn this open-label retrospective study, treatment of ICEP with mepolizumab was associated with a reduction of relapses, OCS use, and the disappearance of lung infiltrates.
Source: Lung - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
RARITAN, NJ, February 10, 2020 – The Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson &Johnson announced today the submission of a supplemental Biologics License Application (sBLA) to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) seeking approval of DARZALEX® (daratumumab) in combination with Kyprolis® (carfilzomib) and dexamethasone (DKd) for relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma. The sBLA is supported by results from the Phase 3 CANDOR study, which compared treatment with DKd to carfilzomib and dexamethasone (Kd) in patients with multiple myeloma who relapsed after one to three prior lines of therapy. “Wh...
Source: Johnson and Johnson - Category: Pharmaceuticals Tags: Innovation Source Type: news
We report the case of a 62-year-old male patient with a history of prolonged occupational exposure to asbestos, with dyspnea for minor exertion and productive cough, for several months. Imaging studies revealed extensive interstitial involvement with marked thickening of the interlobular and centrilobular septa and tenuous pleural involvement. Several differential diagnoses were considered such as, asbestosis, cryptogenic organizing pneumonia, desquamative interstitial pneumonia, pleuropulmonary metastases, and/or bronchopulmonary infection, but the histological and immunohistochemical results were compatible with pleural ...
Source: Acta Medica Portuguesa - Category: General Medicine Tags: Acta Med Port Source Type: research
AbstractRabies is caused by a single-stranded virus with ribonucleic acid belonging to the genusLyssavirus in theRhabdoviridae family. This disease causes 100% fatality of exposed non-vaccinated humans and animals. Many aspects of rabies still ambiguous; therefore,  the hemato-biochemical effects ofLyssavirus infection and  the potential diagnostic markers of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in rabid calves were investigated. Six female Frisian cross-bred calves (6–7 months of age) were accidentally exposed to bites from stray dogs. Twenty days later, the calves showed anorexia, severe ptyalism...
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - Category: Pathology Source Type: research
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