Comprehensive analysis of rule formalisms to represent clinical guidelines: Selection criteria and case study on antibiotic clinical guidelines

ConclusionsThe proposed framework of criteria may help clinical institutions to select the most suitable rule technology for the representation of CGs in general, and for the antibiotic prescription domain in particular, depicting the main aspects that lead to Computer Interpretable Guidelines (CIGs), such as Logic expressivity (Open/Closed World Assumption, Negation-As-Failure), Temporal Reasoning and Interoperability with existing HIS and clinical workflow. Future work will focus on providing clinicians with suggestions regarding new potential steps for CGs, considering process mining approaches and CGs Process Workflows, the use of HL7 FHIR for HIS interoperability and the representation of Knowledge-as- a-Service (KaaS).
Source: Artificial Intelligence in Medicine - Category: Bioinformatics Source Type: research

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Authors: Alzahrani SM, Ko CS, Yoo MW Abstract Purpose: The American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS NSQIP) risk calculator is useful in predicting postoperative adverse events. However, its accuracy in specific disorders is unclear. We validated the ACS NSQIP risk calculator in patients with gastric cancer undergoing curative laparoscopic surgery. Materials and Methods: We included 207 consecutive early gastric cancer patients who underwent laparoscopic gastrectomy between January 2018 and January 2019. The preoperative characteristics and risks of the patients were review...
Source: Journal of Gastric Cancer - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: J Gastric Cancer Source Type: research
In this study, the effect of MA on pyelonephritis was studied in C3H mouse strains prone to VUR. MA induced by ammonium chloride suppl ementation in food specifically impaired clearance of urinary tract infection with uropathogenicEscherichia. coli (UPEC ‐UTI) in innate immune competent C3H strains (HeOuJ, HeN), whereas kidney UPEC burden in Tlr‐4‐deficient HeJ mice was unaffected. Antibody‐mediated depletion of myeloid cells (monocytes, neutrophil) markedly increased UPEC burden in the bladder and kidney confirming the pivotal role of neutr ophils and tissue‐resident macrophages in clearance of UPEC‐UTI. MA co...
Source: Physiological Reports - Category: Physiology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research
ConclusionsKidney transplant recipients with prolonged postoperative malnutrition, posttransplant voiding dysfunction and/or urinary storage disorder had an increased risk of UTI. Bladder function tests, such as uroflowmetry, postvoid residual urine tests, and urodynamic tests, were needed to predict UTI. For patients with malnutrition, care should be taken to ensure sufficient calorie intake. Kidney transplant recipients who develop UTI should be treated as complicated UTI patients.
Source: Clinical and Experimental Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Authors: Poulios E, Vasios GK, Psara E, Giaginis C Abstract INTRODUCTION: Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are usual diseases caused by different strains of microorganisms. Many antibiotics have been applied for the treatment of these infections. However, the development of multidrug-resistant strains is a major problem in these treatments. As alternative complementary agents, several medicinal plants are often used to prevent and/or treat these diseases. AREAS COVERED: This review summarized the current evidence about the efficacy of medicinal plants' consumption to prevent and/or co-treat UTIs. The most precis...
Source: Expert Review of Anti-Infective Therapy - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther Source Type: research
By KEN TERRY In a recent podcast about the future of telehealth, Lyle Berkowitz, MD, a technology consultant, entrepreneur, and professor at Northwestern University’s Feinberg School of Medicine, confidently predicted that, because of telehealth and clinical automation, “In 10-20 years, we won’t need primary care physicians [for routine care]. The remaining PCPs will specialize in caring for complicated patients. Other than that, if people need care, they’ll go to NPs or PAs or receive automated care with the help of AI.” Berkowitz isn’t the first to make this kind of predictio...
Source: The Health Care Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Artificial Intelligence Health Tech AI Ken Terry primary care Source Type: blogs
Urinary tract infection (UTI) is the second most common infection requiring intensive care unit (ICU) admission in emergency department (ED) patients. Optimal empiric management for health care-associated (HCA) UTI is unclear, particularly in the critically ill.
Source: The Journal of Emergency Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Tags: Original Contributions Source Type: research
ConclusionIn peri-menopausal and menopausal women, the risks and benefits of chronic NF therapy  should be weighed by the clinician and patient prior to prescribing long term NF. Patients must be educated about the potential NF toxicities and clinically monitored for signs and symptoms of potential adverse events while on chronic NF therapy.
Source: World Journal of Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
This article is licensed under aCreative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported Licence.Cristina Adrover-Jaume, Estrella Rojo-Molinero, Antonio Clemente, Steven M. Russell, Javier Arranz, Antonio Oliver, Roberto de la Rica Immunosensors made of paper interfaced with smartphones diagnose UTIs in less than 10 minutes. To cite this article before page numbers are assigned, use the DOI form of citation above. The content of this RSS Feed (c) The Royal Society of Chemistry
Source: RSC - Analyst latest articles - Category: Chemistry Authors: Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Glucosuria induced by SGLT2in therapy may lead to a high incidence of urogenital infections in postmenopausal women with T2DM and can be considered a risk factor for these infections. PMID: 33016178 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Postgraduate Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Postgrad Med Source Type: research
TUESDAY, Oct. 6, 2020 -- Among critically ill neonates and children, the rates of central catheter-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSI) remained stable from 2013 to 2018, while population-based catheter-associated urinary tract infection...
Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News - Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news
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