CTA lowers costs, improves outcomes for minor stroke

Integrating CT angiography (CTA) into the routine clinical evaluation of patients...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: Are clinicians overusing CTA for carotid stenosis? SIR: Stroke treatment training program improves outcomes CT matches MRI for late-window stroke evaluation 3 CTA signs show which stroke patients can skip surgery 5 risk factors help predict brain hemorrhage on CT
Source: AuntMinnie.com Headlines - Category: Radiology Source Type: news

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AbstractDirect stenting (DS) without pre-dilatation of the culprit lesion might improve myocardial perfusion and prognosis in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention for ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI); however, some studies report conflicting results. We investigated whether DS provides incremental myocardial benefits over conventional stenting (CS) in STEMI patients based on cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) measures. Reperfused patients who underwent CMR examinations within 1  week of STEMI onset were selected from a multicenter CMR registry of STEMI (NCT: 03768453). Patients were s...
Source: The International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
This study assessed the effect of IaN on rScO2 and systemic hemodynamic indices during IaN therapy for cerebral vasospasm after aSAH. Methods: This prospective cohort study was conducted in 20 patients over sixteen month period after ethics committee approval and informed consent. Patients with angiographic evidence of vasospasm received IaN 3mg over 30 minutes in the spastic vessels. Data regarding rScO2 heart rate (HR), mean blood pressure (MBP) cardiac index (CI), stroke volume index (SVI), stroke volume variation (SVV), and total peripheral resistance index (TPRI) were collected during IaN treatment. The primary out...
Source: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Short Reports Source Type: research
The objective of this study was to develop a score to predict patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) who will not benefit from endovascular treatment (EVT) using computed tomographic angiography (CTA) parameters. Methods: The CTA-ABC score was developed from 3 scales previously described in the literature: the Alberta Stroke Program Early CT Score (0-5 points, 3; 6-10 points, 0), the clot burden score (0-3 points, 1; 4-10 points, 0), and the leptomeningeal Collateral score (0-1 points, 2; 2-3 points, 0). We evaluated the predictive value of CTA parameters associated with symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (sICH) or...
Source: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society - Category: Neurosurgery Tags: J Korean Neurosurg Soc Source Type: research
ConclusionUltrafast ultrasound imaging is an innovative, easily accessible technique that provides imaging modalities on top of the conventional B-mode. Ultrafast ultrasound biomarkers such as plaque stiffness heterogeneity, WSS and intraplaque micro-flows could help to define the vulnerability of the carotid plaque in order to stratify patients that could benefit most from endarterectomy or intensive medical therapy.
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
Conclusions: There is extensive and increasing evidence that a range of retinal vascular signs and disease are closely linked to CeVD, including subclinical and clinical CeVD. New technology including AI-DL will allow further translation to clinical utilization.
Source: Journal of Neuro-Ophthalmology - Category: Opthalmology Tags: Disease of the Year: Cerebrovascular Disorders Source Type: research
Semin Neurol DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1702942Reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome (RCVS) is a clinical–radiologic diagnosis that affects children and adolescents, but it is much more frequently reported in adults. Clinically, patients present with severe and commonly recurrent thunderclap headaches. Typical precipitating triggers include vasoactive substances, serotonergic agents, and the postpartum period. There may be associated neurologic complications at presentation or in the weeks following, such as convexity subarachnoid hemorrhage, stroke, cerebral edema, cervical artery dissection (CeAD), and seizures. A...
Source: Seminars in Neurology - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Review Article Source Type: research
Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) and reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome (RCVS) are relatively uncommon neurological disorders, but their detection has been increasing mainly due to clinical awareness and spreading of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Because these syndromes share some common clinical and radiologic features and occasionally occur in the same patient, misdiagnosis may occur. PRES is characterized by varied neurological symptoms including headache, impaired visual acuity or visual field deficit, confusion, disorders of consciousness, seizures, and motor deficits often associated...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Objective: To explore the value of whole-brain perfusion parameters combined with multiphase computed tomography angiography (MP-CTA) in predicting the hemorrhagic transformation (HT) of ischemic stroke. Methods: A total of 64 patients with ischemic stroke who underwent noncontrast computed tomography, computed tomography perfusion imaging, and computed tomography angiography before treatment from August 2017 to June 2019 were included retrospectively. The perfusion parameters cerebral blood volume (CBV), cerebral blood flow (CBF), time to peak (TTP), mean transit time (MTT), time to maximum (Tmax), and permeability surfac...
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - Category: Neurology Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusions: Patients with poor collateral circulation are at a higher risk of HT after receiving endovascular therapy. Thus, variations in collateral circulation based on 4D CTA may be an important factor for personalized clinical treatments. In addition, high blood glucose, atrial fibrillation and the baseline NIHSS score are all important independent predictors of HT.
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Unenhanced CT is a mainstay of acute phase imaging due to its availability and, sensitivity and specificity for detecting acute haemorrhage. Several imaging features can be identified on CT and, along with clinical information, can provide some certainty in diagnosis. For those suitable and where diagnostic uncertainty remains CT angiogram, time-resolved CT angiography and catheter angiography can help identify underlying AVMs, aneurysms, cavernomas and vasculitides. MRI is more sensitive for the detection of subacute and chronic haemorrhage and identification of underlying mass lesions. PMID: 32008532 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Current Medical Imaging Reviews - Category: Radiology Tags: Curr Med Imaging Rev Source Type: research
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