Targeted therapy of oncogenic-driven advanced non-small cell lung cancer: recent advances and new perspectives.

Targeted therapy of oncogenic-driven advanced non-small cell lung cancer: recent advances and new perspectives. Expert Rev Respir Med. 2020 Jan 09;: Authors: Genova C, Rossi G, Tagliamento M, Rijavec E, Biello F, Cerbone L, Zullo L, Grossi F Abstract Introduction: The discovery of new actionable oncogenic drivers has led to the development of effective antineoplastic targeted agents in advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). While the role of inhibitors of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK), and ROS proto-oncogene 1 (ROS1) is widely acknowledged, other oncogenic drivers can be exploited as therapeutic targets.Areas covered: Our aim is to explore the role of actionable oncogenic drivers and antineoplastic drugs exploiting them, including well-established targets, such as EGFR, ALK, and ROS1, as well as less frequently observed drivers for which specific agents are at different stages of clinical development, such as MET, RET, BRAF, and NTRK.Expert opinion: Targeted agents have revolutionized the management of advanced NSCLC; in particular, novel agents and combinations targeting EGFR, ALK, ROS1, BRAF, and NTRK have become available and others are on their way. The molecularly driven approach to advanced NSCLC requires adequate tumor samples, as well as increasingly complex technologies designed to assess multiple targets on limited available tissue in an acceptable time-span. Furthermore, the role of other no...
Source: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Expert Rev Respir Med Source Type: research

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This study was undertaken to determine ICI efficacy against epidermal growth-factor receptor (EGFR)/anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)/c-ros oncogene 1 (ROS1)-mutated NSCLC patients in the real-world setting. In this retrospective, multicenter study on adults with ICI-treated EGFR-mutated or ALK- or ROS1-translated NSCLCs, we analyzed clinical characteristics and outcomes: ICI-treatment duration, and progression-free survival (PFS), objective response rate, duration of response, and overall survival (OS) from immunotherapy initiation. Fifty-one NSCLC patients (mean age, 58.0 years) were included from 20 French centers: 61%...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Observational Study Source Type: research
Aim: To compare survival outcomes in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) treated with modern-era drugs (antifolates, antiangiogenics, tyrosine kinase and anaplastic lymphoma kinase inhibitors, immunotherapy) with treatment initiation in 2011-12 and 2015-16, respectively. Patients and Methods: Prospective data from Czech TULUNG Registry (960 patients from 2011-12 and 512 patients from 2015-16) were analyzed. Kaplan-Meier analysis was used to estimate overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS); Cox proportional hazards model to assess factors associated with 2-year survival. Results: Survival at 2...
Source: In Vivo - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Clinical Studies Source Type: research
We examined publication bias and excess significance bias. 63 articles corresponding to 247 meta-analyses were eligible. Nine meta-analyses were classified to have convincing evidence, and 75 were classified as suggestive evidence. The clinical benefit of immunotherapy was supported by convincing evidence in the following settings: anti-PD-1/PD-L1 monoclonal antibody (mAb) therapy for treating advanced melanoma and non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), the combination of rituximab and chemotherapy for treating chronic lymphocytic leukemia and B-cell non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma, adoptive cell immunotherapy for NSCLC, and...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Yicheng Ni Cancer remains a major cause of death globally. Given its relapsing and fatal features, curing cancer seems to be something hardly possible for the majority of patients. In view of the development in cancer therapies, this article summarizes currently available cancer therapeutics and cure potential by cancer type and stage at diagnosis, based on literature and database reviews. Currently common cancer therapeutics include surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, targeted therapy, and immunotherapy. However, treatment with curative intent by these methods are mainly eligible for patients with localized diseas...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Real-world aNSCLC treatment costs are often inconsistent with the NCCN ARs. Given that NCCN Evidence Blocks are intended to inform provider-patient discussions and other decision support resources, such as the NCCN Categories of Preference, our results suggest that the NCCN ARs require further refinement and validation. PMID: 31513478 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: JOP - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: J Oncol Pract Source Type: research
ConclusionsPD-1 inhibitors are now widely used in a multitude of cancer types including melanoma, advanced non-small cell lung cancer, metastatic renal cell carcinoma, and Hodgkin lymphoma amongst others. While these agents are often well tolerated, they are associated with a unique profile of immune-related toxicities that can cause significant morbidity and mortality. Education of both patients and healthcare providers is essential for diagnosis and treatment of these adverse events early in their course. This case highlights the uncommon but potentially serious PD-1-associated toxicity of myopathy and rhabdomyolysis alo...
Source: Experimental Hematology and Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Patients with mesothelioma are now eligible for a multicancer clinical trial studying the effectiveness of personalized immunotherapy at the University of California, San Diego Medical Center. The phase I clinical trial involves a combination of Keytruda (pembrolizumab), a proven immunotherapy drug, and an individualized vaccine based upon the genetic mutations found in each patient’s cancer. “This is the future of cancer treatment,” Dr. Ezra Cohen, principal investigator and director of the San Diego Center for Precision Immunotherapy, told The Mesothelioma Center at Asbestos.com. “Now, we still ha...
Source: Asbestos and Mesothelioma News - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Source Type: news
ConclusionErlotinib plus ipilimumab caused excessive short-term gastrointestinal toxicity leading to early study closure. However, PFS and OS were notable; therefore, targeted therapies with immunotherapy in NSCLC merit further study.Clinicaltrials.gov registration number: NCT01998126.
Source: Targeted Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: First-line checkpoint inhibitors added to standard therapies improve overall survival for nonsquamous EGFR-/ALK- and squamous advanced NSCLC. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: Single-agent immune checkpoint inhibitors are now standard of care for advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), and emerging data show that combining these agents with established chemotherapy further improves outcomes. The phase III KEYNOTE-189 and IMPower-130 trials showed significantly improved survival using this strategy for nonsquamous NSCLC, and the phase III KEYNOTE-407 trial showed similar results in squamous disease. Checkpoin...
Source: The Oncologist - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Oncologist Source Type: research
Sarah Cannon Research Institute in Nashville, Tennessee, and MD Anderson Cancer Center in Houston have opened a much-anticipated clinical trial involving a novel T-cell therapy for patients with mesothelioma. The two institutions are establishing dosage levels and measuring efficacy of TC-210, a type of immunotherapy that targets mesothelin, a cell surface protein highly expressed in several cancers. The study also is open to patients with certain types of bile duct, ovarian and non-small cell lung cancer. Participation is based upon individual levels of mesothelin expression. Researchers at the two centers are hoping to ...
Source: Asbestos and Mesothelioma News - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Source Type: news
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