Can Ultrasonographic Measurements of Gastric Motility Identify Pathophysiological Abnormalities of Functional Dyspepsia and Irritable Bowel Syndrome?

Can Ultrasonographic Measurements of Gastric Motility Identify Pathophysiological Abnormalities of Functional Dyspepsia and Irritable Bowel Syndrome? J Neurogastroenterol Motil. 2020 Jan 30;26(1):1-3 Authors: Lee HS PMID: 31917911 [PubMed]
Source: Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: J Neurogastroenterol Motil Source Type: research

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Functional dyspepsia is a common functional gastrointestinal disease that is characterized by postprandial fullness, early satiation, epigastric pain, and/or epigastric burning. Eating a meal is a key factor in the occurrence of symptoms during functional dyspepsia, and patients frequently request dietary advice that could relieve these symptoms. Eating behaviors, irregular meal patterns, and moderate-to-fast eating rates are significantly associated with functional dyspepsia. The role of diet is complex; fat ingestion increases the occurrence of symptoms in dyspeptic patients, which might be affected by cognitive factors ...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: Diet therapies may be recommended for pediatric functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs). However, little is known about the frequency with which diet therapy is recommended in FGIDs. Our aims were to determine and contrast the frequency and types of diet recommendations provided to children with FGIDs by pediatric gastroenterologists (PGIs) versus primary care pediatricians (PCPs). METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed using data from a large, metropolitan children's academic healthcare system to identify subjects meeting Rome IV criteria for functional abdominal pain,...
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - Category: Nutrition Authors: Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research
Authors: Steinsvik EK, Valeur J, Hausken T, Gilja OH Abstract Background/Aims: Dyspeptic symptoms are common in patients with functional gastrointestinal (GI) disorders, and may be related to visceral hypersensitivity. We aim to explore the relation between visceral hypersensitivity by using an ultrasonographic meal test and questionnaires in patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and/or functional dyspepsia (FD). Methods: Patients (FD, n = 94; IBS, n = 88; IBS + FD, n = 66, healthy controls [HC], n = 30) were recruited consecutively and examined with ultrasound of the proximal and distal stomach after dr...
Source: Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: J Neurogastroenterol Motil Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of SR-NCWS was similar in 2015 and 2018. Baseline (2015) and incident SR-NCWS (2018) were each associated with functional gastrointestinal disorders. The number of people avoiding dietary gluten exceeds that of people with coeliac disease or SR-NCWS, and general health considerations and abdominal symptoms are the most frequently reported reasons for avoidance. PMID: 31909482 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Med J Aust - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Med J Aust Source Type: research
Functional gastrointestinal disorders such as irritable bowel syndrome and functional dyspepsia are extremely common, debilitating, and costly. Although diagnostic guidelines and effective management options exist, management is suboptimal, with long waiting lists, delayed diagnosis, and poor patient outcomes. The aim of this systematic review was to explore and evaluate evidence for existing models of care for functional gastrointestinal disorders. Thirty-eight studies pertaining to the diagnosis or management of functional gastrointestinal disorders were found; however, only 6 investigated a full model of care. Five stud...
Source: Gastroenterology Nursing - Category: Nursing Tags: Features Source Type: research
Authors: Wilder-Smith CH, Drewes AM, Materna A, Olesen SS Abstract Objectives: Mast cell involvement is evident in functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGID). FGID and mast cell activation syndrome (MCAS) are associated with multi-organ symptoms. An overlap has not been assessed.Methods: MCAS symptoms were determined by questionnaires in 2083 FGID patients.Results: The median number of MCAS symptoms ([IQR] (range 0-16)) was 6 [4-8] in all FGID, and in functional dyspepsia (FD) patients, 7 [5-9] in overlapping irritable bowel syndrome and FD (IBS+FD), 5 [3-8] in IBS and 5 [3-6] in non-IBS/non-FD (p 
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Scand J Gastroenterol Source Type: research
Conclusions: Current studies analyzing the efficacy of hypnotherapy in FD provide encouraging data, but additional randomized controlled trials are needed before a firm position on the effectiveness of hypnosis in FD.
Source: American Journal of Therapeutics - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Review Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Overall, current evidence does not support an association between IBS and H. pylori infection. Further rigorous and detailed studies with larger sample sizes and after H. pylori eradication therapy are warranted. PMID: 31602169 [PubMed - in process]
Source: World Journal of Gastroenterology : WJG - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: World J Gastroenterol Source Type: research
Gastrointestinal (GI) motility disorders are major contributing factors to functional GI diseases that account for>40% of patients seen in gastroenterology clinics and affect>20% of the general population. The autonomic and enteric nervous systems and the muscles within the luminal GI tract have key roles in motility. In health, this complex integrated system works seamlessly to transport liquid, solid, and gas through the GI tract. However, major and minor motility disorders occur when these systems fail. Common functional GI motility disorders include dysphagia, gastroesophageal reflux disease, functional dyspepsia...
Source: Cold Spring Harbor perspectives in medicine - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Bioelectronic Medicine TECHNIQUES Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 10 August 2019Source: Journal of EthnopharmacologyAuthor(s): Timo A. Thumann, Eva-Maria Pferschy-Wenzig, Christine Moissl-Eichinger, Rudolf BauerAbstractEthnopharmacological relevance.Many medicinal plants have been traditionally used for the treatment of gastrointestinal disorders. According to the monographs published by the Committee on Herbal Medicinal Products (HMPC) at the European Medicines Agency, currently 44 medicinal plants are recommended in the European Union for the treatment of gastrointestinal disorders based on traditional use. The main indications are functional and chro...
Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
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