Differences in the success rates of inpatient therapy for alcohol and illegal drug abusers. A Replication Study.

DISCUSSION: What appears to influence the abstinence rate after inpatient treatment is not only the type of substance consumed but also sociodemographic characteristics. In addition to individually tailored therapy, our results confirm the importance of a highly differentiated presentation of the outcomes of therapy in the specialist literature. An average rate of abstinence (e.g. 30%) is insufficient to evaluate an intervention unless information is also provided about the patients for which the intervention is suitable and those for which it is not. In accordance with the Reproducibility Project, we consider replication studies essential in psychotherapy, even though in practice the considerable methodical requirements can only be partially fulfilled. PMID: 31866104 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: L Encephale - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

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CONCLUSION: Despite a reduction in the overall burden of depressive symptoms, the migrant subgroup population has a higher probability of presenting these symptoms. Mental health strategies for migrant women are a priority in Peru. PMID: 32237886 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Rural and Remote Health - Category: Rural Health Tags: Rural Remote Health Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 2 April 2020Source: Colloids and Surfaces B: BiointerfacesAuthor(s): Kannan Badri Narayanan, Gyu Tae Park, Sung Soo Han
Source: Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
J. Mater. Chem. A, 2020, Accepted Manuscript DOI: 10.1039/D0TA00871K, PaperJunquan Meng, Cher Hon Lau, Yunlong Xue, Rui Zhang, Bing Cao, pei li The incompatibility between hydrophobic polymers such as polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) and hydrophilic polymers like polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) is typically overcomed by reducing the large surface energy difference between these materials via... The content of this RSS Feed (c) The Royal Society of Chemistry
Source: RSC - J. Mater. Chem. latest articles - Category: Chemistry Authors: Source Type: research
Authors: Hormoznejad R, Mohammad Shahi M, Rahim F, Helli B, Alavinejad P, Sharhani A Abstract A double-blind placebo-controlled randomised clinical trial was conducted on 41 patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Participants were randomly allocated to receive either a cranberry supplement or a placebo for 12 weeks. Both groups were assigned to follow a weight loss diet. At the end of the study, alanine aminotransferase and insulin decreased significantly in both groups (p 
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research
This study was launched in response to an American Indian (AI) community's concern regarding the comorbid occurrence of substance use, poor mental health, and other risk factors on sexual health. The purpose of this manuscript was to ass...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
BACKGROUND: Alcohol-induced blackouts are a common high-risk outcome of heavy episodic drinking and considered a marker of problematic alcohol consumption. One's estimates of the prevalence and peer approval of heavy episodic drinking (i.e., social norm pe...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
Authors: Tabler J, Mykyta L, Chernenko A, Flores P, Marquez A, Saenz N, Stocker R Abstract OBJECTIVE: Although substantial research has explored the Hispanic health paradox (HHP) and suggests that Latinx immigrants experience positive health outcomes relative to those born in the United States, less research has assessed the role of immigration status. Our aim was to examine this role in Latinx health. METHODS: Using survey data collected at two free/reduced-cost clinics in southernmost Texas, we examined differences in the mental and self-rated health, substance, alcohol, and tobacco use of low-income patients...
Source: Southern Medical Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: South Med J Source Type: research
AbstractYouth living with HIV (YLWH; aged 16 –24) are at elevated risk of alcohol and drug use. Studies in older populations have identified patterns or profiles of multiple substance use differentially associated with mental health and anti-retroviral therapy (ART) adherence. No studies of YLWH have yet examined such patterns. A sample of 1 79 YLWH, reporting ART non-adherence and alcohol use, were recruited at five Adolescent Trials Network clinics in urban areas of the US between November 2014 and August 2017. Participants completed the Alcohol Smoking and Substance Involvement Screening Test (ASSIST) to assess su...
Source: AIDS and Behavior - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
The objective of this study is to present a practical example of a scale-independent design space development using a step-wise approach. A detailed description of the development process with a systematic outline of the main steps is provided. Design space is developed for film coating of tablets with moisture protective polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) based coating. The impact of scale-independent coating process parameters on the properties of film-coated tablets (FCT), i.e. water activity and film coating protection ability, and consequently on product long-term stability is explored. The main finding is that with model simpli...
Source: Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Drug Dev Ind Pharm Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 2 April 2020Source: Journal of Vascular and Interventional RadiologyAuthor(s): Massimo Venturini, Paolo Marra, Luigi Augello, Anna Colarieti, Giorgia Guazzarotti, Diego Palumbo, Carolina Lanza, Germano Melissano, Roberto Chiesa, Francesco De Cobelli
Source: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
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