Establishment of a multimodal protocol combining a motivational interview, subcutaneous injection of NicoSan ® and hyper-hydration for the "stopsmoking therapy": A multicentre real-life study'
CONCLUSION: The multimodal protocol explored seems to have a favorable impact on smoking cessation, which could be enhanced by additional interventions dedicated to the youngest age groups, to people having smoking close friends and family, and should possibly add interventions based on cognitive behavioral therapy. A dedicated support by specialist tobacco addiction in the first weeks after treatment and/or the use of mobile support applications could also be useful. In order to asses efficacy, a prospective randomized double blind controlled versus placebo protocol could be considered.PMID:34148643 | DOI:10.1016/j.encep....
Source: L Encephale - June 21, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: V Masetti L Hadj-Henni G Rouger M Ben Bacha L Kechid Source Type: research

Involuntary Psychiatric Hospitalizations: From request to a call center to hospitalization
DISCUSSION: The IPH rate for patients referred by GP mandated by the call center was comparable to that following the requests of the attending physicians, validating their intervention in this critical context.PMID:34148644 | DOI:10.1016/j.encep.2021.02.022 (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - June 21, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: G Ouarad F Lapostolle F Linval T Petrovic N Laghmari L Goix F Adnet P-G Reuter Source Type: research

Impact of an educational video on the representations of electroconvulsive therapy among psychiatrists in Hauts-de-France and Occitanie
Encephale. 2021 Jun 17:S0013-7006(21)00119-6. doi: 10.1016/j.encep.2021.02.019. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTINTRODUCTION: Despite its effectiveness and good tolerance, electro-convulsive therapy (ECT) is under-used in current clinical practice probably because of stigma and the negative image of this treatment. The main objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of an educational video on the representations of ECT among psychiatrists and psychiatric residents in the North and in Occitanie districts of France.METHOD: We evaluated the representations of ECT through the Questionnaire on Attitudes and Knowledge of E...
Source: L Encephale - June 21, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: S Pawlak M Wathelet F Olivier T Fovet A Amad Source Type: research

Electroconvulsive therapy during the perinatal period: Representations of mental health professionals
Encephale. 2021 Jun 17:S0013-7006(21)00120-2. doi: 10.1016/j.encep.2021.02.020. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTINTRODUCTION: Psychiatric disorders are common in peripartum and are associated with adverse outcomes for mother and fetus. Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is one of the most effective and safe options to treat severe mental illness, including during the perinatal period. Nevertheless, it remains underutilized during this period, possibly due to negative representations. Research has been carried out on the representations and attitudes of caregivers towards ECT, but the specificities of these attitudes during peri...
Source: L Encephale - June 21, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: No émie Nard Virginie Moulier Dominique Januel Olivier Guillin Maud Roth ärmel Source Type: research

Variations in immunological parameters after treatment of a manic episode
This study was carried out over a 30-month period from January 2017 to June 2019, in collaboration between the psychiatry department B of the Hédi Chaker CHU and the immunology department of the Habib Bourguiba CHU, in Sfax, Tunisia. It focused on a sample of 45 bipolar patients with manic relapse, naïve to psychotropic treatment, or discontinuing treatment for a period of at least three months and without a history of autoimmune disease. The study was conducted in two stages : on admission and after treatment. The mean plasma levels of IgG and complement C3 fraction were significantly higher in bipolar patient...
Source: L Encephale - June 21, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: N Halouani R Feki S Ellouze M Turki H Hachicha H Masmoudi L Aribi J Aloulou Source Type: research

Stigma in psychiatry
Encephale. 2021 Jun 17:S0013-7006(21)00125-1. doi: 10.1016/j.encep.2021.03.005. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTMental illness affects 48.9 % of the Moroccan population. Despite this significant figure, mental illness remains unrecognized. The patients suffering from mental disorders are therefore subject to stigma and social rejection. A descriptive study was conducted at the consultation service of the psychiatric Ibn Nafiss hospital of the CHU of Marrakech. We chose as a sample 100 stabilized patients, followed on an outpatient basis. The study included the three mental disorders: depressive disorder, bipolar disorder, an...
Source: L Encephale - June 21, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: A Ait Idar M Madani M Berghalout I Adali F Manoudi Source Type: research

Establishment of a multimodal protocol combining a motivational interview, subcutaneous injection of NicoSan ® and hyper-hydration for the "stopsmoking therapy": A multicentre real-life study'
CONCLUSION: The multimodal protocol explored seems to have a favorable impact on smoking cessation, which could be enhanced by additional interventions dedicated to the youngest age groups, to people having smoking close friends and family, and should possibly add interventions based on cognitive behavioral therapy. A dedicated support by specialist tobacco addiction in the first weeks after treatment and/or the use of mobile support applications could also be useful. In order to asses efficacy, a prospective randomized double blind controlled versus placebo protocol could be considered.PMID:34148643 | DOI:10.1016/j.encep....
Source: L Encephale - June 21, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: V Masetti L Hadj-Henni G Rouger M Ben Bacha L Kechid Source Type: research

Involuntary Psychiatric Hospitalizations: From request to a call center to hospitalization
DISCUSSION: The IPH rate for patients referred by GP mandated by the call center was comparable to that following the requests of the attending physicians, validating their intervention in this critical context.PMID:34148644 | DOI:10.1016/j.encep.2021.02.022 (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - June 21, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: G Ouarad F Lapostolle F Linval T Petrovic N Laghmari L Goix F Adnet P-G Reuter Source Type: research

Impact of an educational video on the representations of electroconvulsive therapy among psychiatrists in Hauts-de-France and Occitanie
Encephale. 2021 Jun 17:S0013-7006(21)00119-6. doi: 10.1016/j.encep.2021.02.019. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTINTRODUCTION: Despite its effectiveness and good tolerance, electro-convulsive therapy (ECT) is under-used in current clinical practice probably because of stigma and the negative image of this treatment. The main objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of an educational video on the representations of ECT among psychiatrists and psychiatric residents in the North and in Occitanie districts of France.METHOD: We evaluated the representations of ECT through the Questionnaire on Attitudes and Knowledge of E...
Source: L Encephale - June 21, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: S Pawlak M Wathelet F Olivier T Fovet A Amad Source Type: research

Electroconvulsive therapy during the perinatal period: Representations of mental health professionals
Encephale. 2021 Jun 17:S0013-7006(21)00120-2. doi: 10.1016/j.encep.2021.02.020. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTINTRODUCTION: Psychiatric disorders are common in peripartum and are associated with adverse outcomes for mother and fetus. Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is one of the most effective and safe options to treat severe mental illness, including during the perinatal period. Nevertheless, it remains underutilized during this period, possibly due to negative representations. Research has been carried out on the representations and attitudes of caregivers towards ECT, but the specificities of these attitudes during peri...
Source: L Encephale - June 21, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: No émie Nard Virginie Moulier Dominique Januel Olivier Guillin Maud Roth ärmel Source Type: research

Variations in immunological parameters after treatment of a manic episode
This study was carried out over a 30-month period from January 2017 to June 2019, in collaboration between the psychiatry department B of the Hédi Chaker CHU and the immunology department of the Habib Bourguiba CHU, in Sfax, Tunisia. It focused on a sample of 45 bipolar patients with manic relapse, naïve to psychotropic treatment, or discontinuing treatment for a period of at least three months and without a history of autoimmune disease. The study was conducted in two stages : on admission and after treatment. The mean plasma levels of IgG and complement C3 fraction were significantly higher in bipolar patient...
Source: L Encephale - June 21, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: N Halouani R Feki S Ellouze M Turki H Hachicha H Masmoudi L Aribi J Aloulou Source Type: research

Stigma in psychiatry
Encephale. 2021 Jun 17:S0013-7006(21)00125-1. doi: 10.1016/j.encep.2021.03.005. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTMental illness affects 48.9 % of the Moroccan population. Despite this significant figure, mental illness remains unrecognized. The patients suffering from mental disorders are therefore subject to stigma and social rejection. A descriptive study was conducted at the consultation service of the psychiatric Ibn Nafiss hospital of the CHU of Marrakech. We chose as a sample 100 stabilized patients, followed on an outpatient basis. The study included the three mental disorders: depressive disorder, bipolar disorder, an...
Source: L Encephale - June 21, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: A Ait Idar M Madani M Berghalout I Adali F Manoudi Source Type: research

Establishment of a multimodal protocol combining a motivational interview, subcutaneous injection of NicoSan ® and hyper-hydration for the "stopsmoking therapy": A multicentre real-life study'
CONCLUSION: The multimodal protocol explored seems to have a favorable impact on smoking cessation, which could be enhanced by additional interventions dedicated to the youngest age groups, to people having smoking close friends and family, and should possibly add interventions based on cognitive behavioral therapy. A dedicated support by specialist tobacco addiction in the first weeks after treatment and/or the use of mobile support applications could also be useful. In order to asses efficacy, a prospective randomized double blind controlled versus placebo protocol could be considered.PMID:34148643 | DOI:10.1016/j.encep....
Source: L Encephale - June 21, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: V Masetti L Hadj-Henni G Rouger M Ben Bacha L Kechid Source Type: research

Involuntary Psychiatric Hospitalizations: From request to a call center to hospitalization
DISCUSSION: The IPH rate for patients referred by GP mandated by the call center was comparable to that following the requests of the attending physicians, validating their intervention in this critical context.PMID:34148644 | DOI:10.1016/j.encep.2021.02.022 (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - June 21, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: G Ouarad F Lapostolle F Linval T Petrovic N Laghmari L Goix F Adnet P-G Reuter Source Type: research

Impact of an educational video on the representations of electroconvulsive therapy among psychiatrists in Hauts-de-France and Occitanie
Encephale. 2021 Jun 17:S0013-7006(21)00119-6. doi: 10.1016/j.encep.2021.02.019. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTINTRODUCTION: Despite its effectiveness and good tolerance, electro-convulsive therapy (ECT) is under-used in current clinical practice probably because of stigma and the negative image of this treatment. The main objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of an educational video on the representations of ECT among psychiatrists and psychiatric residents in the North and in Occitanie districts of France.METHOD: We evaluated the representations of ECT through the Questionnaire on Attitudes and Knowledge of E...
Source: L Encephale - June 21, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: S Pawlak M Wathelet F Olivier T Fovet A Amad Source Type: research

Electroconvulsive therapy during the perinatal period: Representations of mental health professionals
Encephale. 2021 Jun 17:S0013-7006(21)00120-2. doi: 10.1016/j.encep.2021.02.020. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTINTRODUCTION: Psychiatric disorders are common in peripartum and are associated with adverse outcomes for mother and fetus. Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is one of the most effective and safe options to treat severe mental illness, including during the perinatal period. Nevertheless, it remains underutilized during this period, possibly due to negative representations. Research has been carried out on the representations and attitudes of caregivers towards ECT, but the specificities of these attitudes during peri...
Source: L Encephale - June 21, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: No émie Nard Virginie Moulier Dominique Januel Olivier Guillin Maud Roth ärmel Source Type: research

Variations in immunological parameters after treatment of a manic episode
This study was carried out over a 30-month period from January 2017 to June 2019, in collaboration between the psychiatry department B of the Hédi Chaker CHU and the immunology department of the Habib Bourguiba CHU, in Sfax, Tunisia. It focused on a sample of 45 bipolar patients with manic relapse, naïve to psychotropic treatment, or discontinuing treatment for a period of at least three months and without a history of autoimmune disease. The study was conducted in two stages : on admission and after treatment. The mean plasma levels of IgG and complement C3 fraction were significantly higher in bipolar patient...
Source: L Encephale - June 21, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: N Halouani R Feki S Ellouze M Turki H Hachicha H Masmoudi L Aribi J Aloulou Source Type: research

Stigma in psychiatry
Encephale. 2021 Jun 17:S0013-7006(21)00125-1. doi: 10.1016/j.encep.2021.03.005. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTMental illness affects 48.9 % of the Moroccan population. Despite this significant figure, mental illness remains unrecognized. The patients suffering from mental disorders are therefore subject to stigma and social rejection. A descriptive study was conducted at the consultation service of the psychiatric Ibn Nafiss hospital of the CHU of Marrakech. We chose as a sample 100 stabilized patients, followed on an outpatient basis. The study included the three mental disorders: depressive disorder, bipolar disorder, an...
Source: L Encephale - June 21, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: A Ait Idar M Madani M Berghalout I Adali F Manoudi Source Type: research

Augmented psychotherapy with rTMS in functional neurological disorder
CONCLUSION: We propose several hypotheses concerning the effectiveness of this type of biofeedback protocol using rTMS. We also suggest that this type of protocol should be systematically associated with psychotherapeutic support on biographical elements for holistic management. This observation underlines the interest of potentiating cognitive-behavioral therapies using the principle of operant conditioning with the aid of brain stimulation in functional neurological disorders, and motivates the realization of future studies.PMID:34099244 | DOI:10.1016/j.encep.2021.02.017 (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - June 8, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: H Bottemanne K Imadache L Pernet T de La Forest Divonne I English E Barron B Millet Source Type: research

Ordalie, sensation-seeking and impulsivity. Critical analysis of definitions
CONCLUSION: We were able to describe areas of divergence and convergence between these three concepts but not to establish a quantitative diagram of the areas of divergence and convergence. It would seem that the coexistence of sensation-seeking and impulsivity in the same individual could explain that individual's involvement in ordalique behaviors. Further studies approaching this hypothesis would seem useful in terms of preventing risk-taking behaviors such as addictive behaviors.PMID:34099245 | DOI:10.1016/j.encep.2021.02.016 (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - June 8, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: A Egal C Donon L Jakubiec L Lambert M Fatseas M Auriacombe Source Type: research

Augmented psychotherapy with rTMS in functional neurological disorder
CONCLUSION: We propose several hypotheses concerning the effectiveness of this type of biofeedback protocol using rTMS. We also suggest that this type of protocol should be systematically associated with psychotherapeutic support on biographical elements for holistic management. This observation underlines the interest of potentiating cognitive-behavioral therapies using the principle of operant conditioning with the aid of brain stimulation in functional neurological disorders, and motivates the realization of future studies.PMID:34099244 | DOI:10.1016/j.encep.2021.02.017 (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - June 8, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: H Bottemanne K Imadache L Pernet T de La Forest Divonne I English E Barron B Millet Source Type: research

Ordalie, sensation-seeking and impulsivity. Critical analysis of definitions
CONCLUSION: We were able to describe areas of divergence and convergence between these three concepts but not to establish a quantitative diagram of the areas of divergence and convergence. It would seem that the coexistence of sensation-seeking and impulsivity in the same individual could explain that individual's involvement in ordalique behaviors. Further studies approaching this hypothesis would seem useful in terms of preventing risk-taking behaviors such as addictive behaviors.PMID:34099245 | DOI:10.1016/j.encep.2021.02.016 (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - June 8, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: A Egal C Donon L Jakubiec L Lambert M Fatseas M Auriacombe Source Type: research

Augmented psychotherapy with rTMS in functional neurological disorder
CONCLUSION: We propose several hypotheses concerning the effectiveness of this type of biofeedback protocol using rTMS. We also suggest that this type of protocol should be systematically associated with psychotherapeutic support on biographical elements for holistic management. This observation underlines the interest of potentiating cognitive-behavioral therapies using the principle of operant conditioning with the aid of brain stimulation in functional neurological disorders, and motivates the realization of future studies.PMID:34099244 | DOI:10.1016/j.encep.2021.02.017 (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - June 8, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: H Bottemanne K Imadache L Pernet T de La Forest Divonne I English E Barron B Millet Source Type: research

Ordalie, sensation-seeking and impulsivity. Critical analysis of definitions
CONCLUSION: We were able to describe areas of divergence and convergence between these three concepts but not to establish a quantitative diagram of the areas of divergence and convergence. It would seem that the coexistence of sensation-seeking and impulsivity in the same individual could explain that individual's involvement in ordalique behaviors. Further studies approaching this hypothesis would seem useful in terms of preventing risk-taking behaviors such as addictive behaviors.PMID:34099245 | DOI:10.1016/j.encep.2021.02.016 (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - June 8, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: A Egal C Donon L Jakubiec L Lambert M Fatseas M Auriacombe Source Type: research

Augmented psychotherapy with rTMS in functional neurological disorder
CONCLUSION: We propose several hypotheses concerning the effectiveness of this type of biofeedback protocol using rTMS. We also suggest that this type of protocol should be systematically associated with psychotherapeutic support on biographical elements for holistic management. This observation underlines the interest of potentiating cognitive-behavioral therapies using the principle of operant conditioning with the aid of brain stimulation in functional neurological disorders, and motivates the realization of future studies.PMID:34099244 | DOI:10.1016/j.encep.2021.02.017 (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - June 8, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: H Bottemanne K Imadache L Pernet T de La Forest Divonne I English E Barron B Millet Source Type: research

Ordalie, sensation-seeking and impulsivity. Critical analysis of definitions
CONCLUSION: We were able to describe areas of divergence and convergence between these three concepts but not to establish a quantitative diagram of the areas of divergence and convergence. It would seem that the coexistence of sensation-seeking and impulsivity in the same individual could explain that individual's involvement in ordalique behaviors. Further studies approaching this hypothesis would seem useful in terms of preventing risk-taking behaviors such as addictive behaviors.PMID:34099245 | DOI:10.1016/j.encep.2021.02.016 (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - June 8, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: A Egal C Donon L Jakubiec L Lambert M Fatseas M Auriacombe Source Type: research

Augmented psychotherapy with rTMS in functional neurological disorder
CONCLUSION: We propose several hypotheses concerning the effectiveness of this type of biofeedback protocol using rTMS. We also suggest that this type of protocol should be systematically associated with psychotherapeutic support on biographical elements for holistic management. This observation underlines the interest of potentiating cognitive-behavioral therapies using the principle of operant conditioning with the aid of brain stimulation in functional neurological disorders, and motivates the realization of future studies.PMID:34099244 | DOI:10.1016/j.encep.2021.02.017 (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - June 8, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: H Bottemanne K Imadache L Pernet T de La Forest Divonne I English E Barron B Millet Source Type: research

Ordalie, sensation-seeking and impulsivity. Critical analysis of definitions
CONCLUSION: We were able to describe areas of divergence and convergence between these three concepts but not to establish a quantitative diagram of the areas of divergence and convergence. It would seem that the coexistence of sensation-seeking and impulsivity in the same individual could explain that individual's involvement in ordalique behaviors. Further studies approaching this hypothesis would seem useful in terms of preventing risk-taking behaviors such as addictive behaviors.PMID:34099245 | DOI:10.1016/j.encep.2021.02.016 (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - June 8, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: A Egal C Donon L Jakubiec L Lambert M Fatseas M Auriacombe Source Type: research

Augmented psychotherapy with rTMS in functional neurological disorder
CONCLUSION: We propose several hypotheses concerning the effectiveness of this type of biofeedback protocol using rTMS. We also suggest that this type of protocol should be systematically associated with psychotherapeutic support on biographical elements for holistic management. This observation underlines the interest of potentiating cognitive-behavioral therapies using the principle of operant conditioning with the aid of brain stimulation in functional neurological disorders, and motivates the realization of future studies.PMID:34099244 | DOI:10.1016/j.encep.2021.02.017 (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - June 8, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: H Bottemanne K Imadache L Pernet T de La Forest Divonne I English E Barron B Millet Source Type: research

Ordalie, sensation-seeking and impulsivity. Critical analysis of definitions
CONCLUSION: We were able to describe areas of divergence and convergence between these three concepts but not to establish a quantitative diagram of the areas of divergence and convergence. It would seem that the coexistence of sensation-seeking and impulsivity in the same individual could explain that individual's involvement in ordalique behaviors. Further studies approaching this hypothesis would seem useful in terms of preventing risk-taking behaviors such as addictive behaviors.PMID:34099245 | DOI:10.1016/j.encep.2021.02.016 (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - June 8, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: A Egal C Donon L Jakubiec L Lambert M Fatseas M Auriacombe Source Type: research

Augmented psychotherapy with rTMS in functional neurological disorder
CONCLUSION: We propose several hypotheses concerning the effectiveness of this type of biofeedback protocol using rTMS. We also suggest that this type of protocol should be systematically associated with psychotherapeutic support on biographical elements for holistic management. This observation underlines the interest of potentiating cognitive-behavioral therapies using the principle of operant conditioning with the aid of brain stimulation in functional neurological disorders, and motivates the realization of future studies.PMID:34099244 | DOI:10.1016/j.encep.2021.02.017 (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - June 8, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: H Bottemanne K Imadache L Pernet T de La Forest Divonne I English E Barron B Millet Source Type: research

Ordalie, sensation-seeking and impulsivity. Critical analysis of definitions
CONCLUSION: We were able to describe areas of divergence and convergence between these three concepts but not to establish a quantitative diagram of the areas of divergence and convergence. It would seem that the coexistence of sensation-seeking and impulsivity in the same individual could explain that individual's involvement in ordalique behaviors. Further studies approaching this hypothesis would seem useful in terms of preventing risk-taking behaviors such as addictive behaviors.PMID:34099245 | DOI:10.1016/j.encep.2021.02.016 (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - June 8, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: A Egal C Donon L Jakubiec L Lambert M Fatseas M Auriacombe Source Type: research

Augmented psychotherapy with rTMS in functional neurological disorder
CONCLUSION: We propose several hypotheses concerning the effectiveness of this type of biofeedback protocol using rTMS. We also suggest that this type of protocol should be systematically associated with psychotherapeutic support on biographical elements for holistic management. This observation underlines the interest of potentiating cognitive-behavioral therapies using the principle of operant conditioning with the aid of brain stimulation in functional neurological disorders, and motivates the realization of future studies.PMID:34099244 | DOI:10.1016/j.encep.2021.02.017 (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - June 8, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: H Bottemanne K Imadache L Pernet T de La Forest Divonne I English E Barron B Millet Source Type: research

Ordalie, sensation-seeking and impulsivity. Critical analysis of definitions
CONCLUSION: We were able to describe areas of divergence and convergence between these three concepts but not to establish a quantitative diagram of the areas of divergence and convergence. It would seem that the coexistence of sensation-seeking and impulsivity in the same individual could explain that individual's involvement in ordalique behaviors. Further studies approaching this hypothesis would seem useful in terms of preventing risk-taking behaviors such as addictive behaviors.PMID:34099245 | DOI:10.1016/j.encep.2021.02.016 (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - June 8, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: A Egal C Donon L Jakubiec L Lambert M Fatseas M Auriacombe Source Type: research

Augmented psychotherapy with rTMS in functional neurological disorder
CONCLUSION: We propose several hypotheses concerning the effectiveness of this type of biofeedback protocol using rTMS. We also suggest that this type of protocol should be systematically associated with psychotherapeutic support on biographical elements for holistic management. This observation underlines the interest of potentiating cognitive-behavioral therapies using the principle of operant conditioning with the aid of brain stimulation in functional neurological disorders, and motivates the realization of future studies.PMID:34099244 | DOI:10.1016/j.encep.2021.02.017 (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - June 8, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: H Bottemanne K Imadache L Pernet T de La Forest Divonne I English E Barron B Millet Source Type: research

Ordalie, sensation-seeking and impulsivity. Critical analysis of definitions
CONCLUSION: We were able to describe areas of divergence and convergence between these three concepts but not to establish a quantitative diagram of the areas of divergence and convergence. It would seem that the coexistence of sensation-seeking and impulsivity in the same individual could explain that individual's involvement in ordalique behaviors. Further studies approaching this hypothesis would seem useful in terms of preventing risk-taking behaviors such as addictive behaviors.PMID:34099245 | DOI:10.1016/j.encep.2021.02.016 (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - June 8, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: A Egal C Donon L Jakubiec L Lambert M Fatseas M Auriacombe Source Type: research

Augmented psychotherapy with rTMS in functional neurological disorder
CONCLUSION: We propose several hypotheses concerning the effectiveness of this type of biofeedback protocol using rTMS. We also suggest that this type of protocol should be systematically associated with psychotherapeutic support on biographical elements for holistic management. This observation underlines the interest of potentiating cognitive-behavioral therapies using the principle of operant conditioning with the aid of brain stimulation in functional neurological disorders, and motivates the realization of future studies.PMID:34099244 | DOI:10.1016/j.encep.2021.02.017 (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - June 8, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: H Bottemanne K Imadache L Pernet T de La Forest Divonne I English E Barron B Millet Source Type: research

Ordalie, sensation-seeking and impulsivity. Critical analysis of definitions
CONCLUSION: We were able to describe areas of divergence and convergence between these three concepts but not to establish a quantitative diagram of the areas of divergence and convergence. It would seem that the coexistence of sensation-seeking and impulsivity in the same individual could explain that individual's involvement in ordalique behaviors. Further studies approaching this hypothesis would seem useful in terms of preventing risk-taking behaviors such as addictive behaviors.PMID:34099245 | DOI:10.1016/j.encep.2021.02.016 (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - June 8, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: A Egal C Donon L Jakubiec L Lambert M Fatseas M Auriacombe Source Type: research

Atypical depression as a risk factor for obstructive sleep apnea syndrome in young adults
Encephale. 2021 Jun 3:S0013-7006(21)00118-4. doi: 10.1016/j.encep.2021.02.018. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTOBJECTIVES: In the literature, several studies have investigated the particular relationship between major depression and obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS). However, most of these studies have focused primarily on middle-aged to elderly individuals (≥40 years) which means that this problem has been little studied in young adults (
Source: L Encephale - June 7, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: A Mungo M Hein J-P Lanquart G Loas Source Type: research

Assessment of neuropsychological impairments in regular cannabis users
CONCLUSION: In our population, chronic cannabis users presented divided and sustained attention and working memory disorders. Rapid Visual Information Processing performance may be influenced by education level in cannabis smokers.PMID:34092379 | DOI:10.1016/j.encep.2021.02.013 (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - June 7, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: S Bechtel V Lazar E Albuisson R Schwan V Lapr évote F Bernardin T Schwitzer Source Type: research

Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder and executive dysfunction in preschool children. A comparison of NEPSY and BRIEF-P assessments
CONCLUSIONS: About 2/3 of the ADHD preschool children had detectable EF dysfunctions. In order to assess dysexecutive problems, multi-method testing is mandatory.PMID:34092380 | DOI:10.1016/j.encep.2021.02.014 (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - June 7, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: S Ohmann M Wurzer C Popow Source Type: research

Mindfulness-based relapse prevention for cannabis regular users: Preliminary outcomes of a randomized clinical trial
This study will be continued in order to evaluate the effectiveness of MBRP on a larger number of subjects.PMID:34092381 | DOI:10.1016/j.encep.2021.02.015 (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - June 7, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: A Schneegans F Bourgognon E Albuisson R Schwan M Arfa L Polli M Moulard V Lapr évote T Schwitzer Source Type: research

Atypical depression as a risk factor for obstructive sleep apnea syndrome in young adults
Encephale. 2021 Jun 3:S0013-7006(21)00118-4. doi: 10.1016/j.encep.2021.02.018. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTOBJECTIVES: In the literature, several studies have investigated the particular relationship between major depression and obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS). However, most of these studies have focused primarily on middle-aged to elderly individuals (≥40 years) which means that this problem has been little studied in young adults (
Source: L Encephale - June 7, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: A Mungo M Hein J-P Lanquart G Loas Source Type: research

Assessment of neuropsychological impairments in regular cannabis users
CONCLUSION: In our population, chronic cannabis users presented divided and sustained attention and working memory disorders. Rapid Visual Information Processing performance may be influenced by education level in cannabis smokers.PMID:34092379 | DOI:10.1016/j.encep.2021.02.013 (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - June 7, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: S Bechtel V Lazar E Albuisson R Schwan V Lapr évote F Bernardin T Schwitzer Source Type: research

Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder and executive dysfunction in preschool children. A comparison of NEPSY and BRIEF-P assessments
CONCLUSIONS: About 2/3 of the ADHD preschool children had detectable EF dysfunctions. In order to assess dysexecutive problems, multi-method testing is mandatory.PMID:34092380 | DOI:10.1016/j.encep.2021.02.014 (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - June 7, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: S Ohmann M Wurzer C Popow Source Type: research

Mindfulness-based relapse prevention for cannabis regular users: Preliminary outcomes of a randomized clinical trial
This study will be continued in order to evaluate the effectiveness of MBRP on a larger number of subjects.PMID:34092381 | DOI:10.1016/j.encep.2021.02.015 (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - June 7, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: A Schneegans F Bourgognon E Albuisson R Schwan M Arfa L Polli M Moulard V Lapr évote T Schwitzer Source Type: research

Prevalence of severe cardiovascular disease in patients with schizophrenia
CONCLUSION: Patients with schizophrenia develop severe CV disease requiring hospitalization at an early age. These severe events are associated with a high prevalence of risk factors. Early screening and treatment of CV disease and risk factors is important to improve life expectancy and quality of life of these patients.PMID:34024498 | DOI:10.1016/j.encep.2021.02.008 (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - May 24, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: J-C Marche A Bannay S Baillot V Dauriac-Le Masson P Leveque C Schmitt V Lapr évote R Schwan D Dobre Source Type: research

Individual and contextual factors associated with violent behaviours during psychiatric hospitalizations
This study explored individual (age, gender, marital status, living status, diagnostic) and institutional (type of admission, length of stay, number of previous hospitalizations) risk factors, and how their interactions could increase the risk of VB during psychiatric hospitalizations.METHOD: The study was carried out over a period of four years in the psychiatry department of the Lausanne University Hospital, on the 15 wards (219 beds) specialized in acute psychiatric care for adults. All the patients admitted to one of these wards during this period (n=4518), aged between 18 and 65 years, were included in the study. The ...
Source: L Encephale - May 24, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: D Camus M Gholam P Conus C Bonsack J Gasser V Moulin Source Type: research

Prevalence of severe cardiovascular disease in patients with schizophrenia
CONCLUSION: Patients with schizophrenia develop severe CV disease requiring hospitalization at an early age. These severe events are associated with a high prevalence of risk factors. Early screening and treatment of CV disease and risk factors is important to improve life expectancy and quality of life of these patients.PMID:34024498 | DOI:10.1016/j.encep.2021.02.008 (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - May 24, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: J-C Marche A Bannay S Baillot V Dauriac-Le Masson P Leveque C Schmitt V Lapr évote R Schwan D Dobre Source Type: research

Individual and contextual factors associated with violent behaviours during psychiatric hospitalizations
This study explored individual (age, gender, marital status, living status, diagnostic) and institutional (type of admission, length of stay, number of previous hospitalizations) risk factors, and how their interactions could increase the risk of VB during psychiatric hospitalizations.METHOD: The study was carried out over a period of four years in the psychiatry department of the Lausanne University Hospital, on the 15 wards (219 beds) specialized in acute psychiatric care for adults. All the patients admitted to one of these wards during this period (n=4518), aged between 18 and 65 years, were included in the study. The ...
Source: L Encephale - May 24, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: D Camus M Gholam P Conus C Bonsack J Gasser V Moulin Source Type: research