[Age at diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorder depending on ethno-cultural background or migratory status: A systematic literature review].
CONCLUSION: Nevertheless, this review highlights the existence of a lot of confounding factors and raises many issues. It shows that the United States produces most of the studies whose conclusions cannot be generalized because of the particular history and organization of this country. In Europe, where belonging to minority groups is thought to be through migratory status, studies are rare. There is an urgent need for new research in order to clarify the connection between migratory status and socioeconomic factors, to precisely define the independent variables influencing diagnosis -such as access to healthcare- and fina...
Source: L Encephale - October 19, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

How to treat inflammatory schizophrenia?
Authors: Fond G, Da Fonseca D, Korchia T, Sunhary De Verville PL, Lancon C, Boyer L PMID: 33046235 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - October 15, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[Thirty years of research in suicidology in France: A bibliometric study].
CONCLUSION: Suicidology has been a dynamic field of research in France for the last fifteen years, with a growing international visibility, but there is also room for improvement. An effort remains to be made to improve women's place in these publications. PMID: 33046236 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - October 15, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

Targeting all psychopathological dimensions in the treatment of anorexia nervosa.
Authors: Bou Khalil R Abstract Efforts to improve the prognosis of subjects with anorexia nervosa [AN] through the development of specific therapeutic interventions have yielded unsatisfactory results. AN can be perceived as a mental disorder that is clinically composed of disturbed psychopathological dimensions found in major depressive disorder, obsessive compulsive disorder, body dysmorphic disorder, and delusional disorder somatic type. Future treatment strategies of patients with AN might target these multiple psychopathological dimensions. Considering that each of these dimensions is known to be best treated ...
Source: L Encephale - October 14, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[Gender equity in French scientific publications: The glass ceiling].
Authors: Feral-Pierssens AL, Avondo A, Apard M, Monguillet J, Gonot A, De Stefano C, Beggaz Y, Aguadish E, Akodad H, Hilaire-Schneider C, Deltour S, Lapostolle F PMID: 33041049 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - October 14, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[Clinical interest of CYP2D6 genotyping to treat depression in practice].
Authors: Petitpain N, Bertoni N, Gambier N, Yelehe M, Gillet P PMID: 33041050 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - October 14, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[Is involuntary commitment to treatment applicable in case of an addictive disorder in the French context? A critical review of available evidence].
CONCLUSION: French law does not prohibit compulsory addiction treatment in psychiatry. Compulsory addiction treatment could be an access to health care for some patients and an emergency measure to limit at one point the accumulation of damage or in view of a life-threatening situation. PMID: 33023758 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - October 9, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

Covid-19 pandemic and suicide in France: An opportunity to improve information systems.
Authors: Jollant F PMID: 33019971 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - October 8, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[Cognitive behavioral therapy and psychoanalysis : Effectiveness comparable in the depressive crisis ?]
Authors: Burckel A Abstract Our study compares the efficacy of two therapeutic treatments, cognitive behavioral and psychoanalytic, on a depressed population hospitalized in the same institution. We recorded the degree of intensity and improvement of fifteen subjects in a depressive state followed by a psychologist trained in CBT, and recorded the same for fifteen subjects followed by a psychoanalytical psychologist, using the Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS). Both the first and final follow-up scores were compared, and the difference between the two depression scores was calculated. At the same ti...
Source: L Encephale - September 23, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[Bayesian brain: Can we model emotion?]
We present here some computational hypotheses for the modeling of affective parameters, and we suggest that computational psychiatry would benefit from these modeling parameters. PMID: 32928524 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - September 18, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[Post-traumatic growth: Some conceptual considerations].
This article aims to propose a full description of this concept from an historical view to epidemiological data through underlying mechanisms and evaluation. METHODS: A literature search identifying relevant results was performed through the Pubmed database. RESULTS: PTG refers to positive psychological changes experienced as a result of a traumatic life event in order to rise to a higher level of functioning. That is to say that people experiencing psychological struggle following adversity may often see positive outcomes in the aftermath of trauma. Domains of PTG include appreciation of life, relationships with o...
Source: L Encephale - September 18, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

Need for systematic screening for IGD in adolescent psychiatric inpatients.
The objectives of this study were to: (1) assess the prevalence of IGD among adolescent psychiatric inpatients, using the Ten-Item Internet Gaming Disorder Test (IGDT-10), and (2) assess the parental version developed for this study (IGDT-10-P). A total of 102 patients, aged from 12 to 17 years old, were included from four psychiatric units of the French region Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, during a 6-month inclusion period. Adolescents completed the IGDT-10 while one of their parents completed the IGDT-10-P. The inclusion rate among the eligible population was 57.95%. The prevalence of IGD in the sample, based on the IGDT-1...
Source: L Encephale - September 18, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

Validity of the Measure of Intensive Mothering Ideology (MIMI).
CONCLUSION: The MIMI shows good structural validity and known-groups validity. This scale offers interesting research avenues notably regarding perinatal parental adaptation. PMID: 32928527 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - September 18, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

Short-term impact of alcohol detoxification on facial emotions recognition.
CONCLUSION: FER is impaired in patients with Alcohol Use Disorder compared to controls. This alteration improves after alcohol detoxification. We suggest the RMET could be used to follow the improvement of FER during the first month of abstinence, especially as RMET performance has been associated with maintenance of alcohol withdrawal. PMID: 32928528 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - September 18, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[Efficacy of psychodynamic therapies: A systematic review of the recent literature].
CONCLUSION: A systematic review about psychodynamic therapies, published in 2015 in Lancet Psychiatry, included 64 randomized controlled trials of which 37 were published after 2003. Therefore, most quality studies assessing psychodynamic therapies have been published since 2003 and have been reviewed in recent meta-analysis articles. All together, this recent literature leads to the conclusion that psychodynamic therapies are as effective as active treatments, including cognitive psychotherapies, to help patients suffering from common mental disorders (unipolar depression, anxiety disorders, eating dis...
Source: L Encephale - September 18, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[Suicidal behaviors in migrant youths: Male experiences].
CONCLUSION: Therapeutic management must explore and respect the adolescent's representations of masculinity and then mobilize them to bring the young person to reconsider his perception of care and suicidal behavior. PMID: 32928530 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - September 18, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

Post-stroke psychosis with atypical features.
Authors: Ferreira TF, Dehanov S, Godinho F PMID: 32928531 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - September 18, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

Hypomania in a depressed man following the introduction of brexpiprazole: A case report.
Authors: Lafrenière S, Picotte F, Légaré N PMID: 32928532 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - September 18, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[Problematic gambling and criminal responsibility].
CONCLUSIONS: Some clinical dimensions such as craving intensity, compulsivity, disorder's severity, volitional control might be forensic targets to assess criminal responsibility. PMID: 32928533 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - September 18, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

Cognitive treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder in the elderly. A longitudinal study.
CONCLUSION: The treatment of PTSD by cognitive-behavioural therapy adapted to elderly people without cognitive impairment, or with mild cognitive or memory disorders, allows for a lasting disappearance of symptoms and an improvement in quality of life. PMID: 32928534 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - September 18, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[Immunopsychiatry and SARS-CoV-2  pandemic: Links and possible consequences].
CONCLUSION: In this context, preventive measures and specialized care are necessary. Thus, it is important to propose a close follow-up to the individuals who have been infected by the virus, in order to set up the earliest care possible. Likewise, in pregnant women, screening of mood disorders during the pregnancy or the postpartum period must be facilitated. The follow-up of the babies born during the pandemic must be strengthened to screen and care for possible neurodevelopmental disorders. PMID: 32928535 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - September 18, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

Estimating the prevalence of autism spectrum disorder in Lebanon.
Authors: Richa S, Khoury R, JRouhayem J, Chammay R, Kazour F, Bou Khalil R, Kheir W, Choueifaty D, Kouba-Hreich E, Gerbaka B, Adib S Abstract This cross-sectional survey examines the prevalence rate of Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in 818 children (16-48 months) across all Lebanese regions. Screening was done using the revised form of the Modified-Checklist for Autism in Toddlers. Based on the total score of items failed, children were classified into 3 categories of ASD risk (low, moderate and high). Phone calls follow-up interviews and clinical assessments for diagnosis ascertainment were conducted. Given the ca...
Source: L Encephale - September 18, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[Exposure to professional violence by young physicians in the hospital: MESSIAEN national study].
CONCLUSION: These results suggest the need to develop specific information and prevention programs for professional hospital violence in France. PMID: 32928537 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - September 18, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

Increased in-hospital mortality from COVID-19 in patients with schizophrenia.
CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that SCZ is not overrepresented among COVID-19 hospitalized patients, but SCZ is associated with excess COVID-19 mortality, confirming the existence of health disparities described in other somatic diseases. PMID: 32933762 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - September 18, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[Comorbid major depressive disorder of anorexia nervosa in adolescence: A scoping review of treatment strategies].
DISCUSSION: There is a need to identify faster severe depressive disorders in adolescents with anorexia nervosa in order to provide, along with refeeding, a more intensive treatment of mood symptoms. A multidisciplinary and coordinated approach must be initiated at the beginning of the trouble. There is a need for more systematic studies on the therapeutic approaches of mood disorder comorbidities in adolescents suffering from anorexia nervosa. PMID: 32933763 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - September 18, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

Bereavement and reactions of grief among children and adolescents: Present data and perspectives.
Authors: Revet A, Bui E, Benvegnu G, Suc A, Mesquida L, Raynaud JP Abstract Losing a loved one is among the most common and stressful traumatic events that a child or and adolescent can experience and can be associated with mental health and somatic disorders, as well as a range of life issues and potentially negative outcomes that may impact longitudinal development. Complicated grief, a disorder that has been studied primarily among adults, has received increasing recognition among children and adolescents in recent years. The demonstration of the distinctive character of grief reactions in relation to major depr...
Source: L Encephale - September 15, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[Post-traumatic stress disorder in prison].
Authors: Belet B, D'Hondt F, Horn M, Amad A, Carton F, Thomas P, Vaiva G, Fovet T Abstract PTSD is frequent in prison, with a lifetime prevalence of 17.8% among male inmates, and of 40.1% among female inmates. Despite those high rates, only a limited number of studies have been published about this disorder in the prison population, and PTSD is still widely underdiagnosed in jail. We conducted a review of the literature to identify the PTSD sociodemographic characteristics and specificities among incarcerated populations. Some epidemiological characteristics of PTSD are identical in both the general and the prison ...
Source: L Encephale - September 15, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[Training of healthcare professionals in clinical hypnosis: A qualitative study].
The objective of this study was to explore how health professionals experience the transformations that result from such a training. METHOD: Semi-structured interviews with health professionals from France and Europe were conducted. The qualitative method used was Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis. Purposive sampling required to include participants from different professions, experience and regions of origin. They had already completed training in clinical hypnosis at different teaching institutions. RESULTS: Ten participants were included. The analysis showed four meta-themes of experience. First, it revea...
Source: L Encephale - September 15, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[Temperament and alcoholic behavior in medical students].
Authors: Elleuch S, Sellami R, Hentati S, Masmoudi R, Hentati S, Feki I, Masmoudi J Abstract BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The Tunisian medical student population is very heterogeneous. This heterogeneity is based among other things on temperamental differences between different students and their behavior and strategies to cope with the requirements and constraints of medical studies. We conducted this study aiming: to determine the prevalence of alcohol use in a student population at Sfax Medical School and to evaluate the factors associated with this use; to study the relationship between affective temperament and alcoho...
Source: L Encephale - September 15, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

ECT –for a European scientific concern.
ECT–for a European scientific concern. Encephale. 2020 Aug;46(4):233-234 Authors: Bulteau S, Baeken C, Poulet E PMID: 32739017 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - August 3, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[French psychiatry and the novelty of the COVID-19  crisis].
[French psychiatry and the novelty of the COVID-19 crisis]. Encephale. 2020 Jun;46(3S):S1-S2 Authors: Masson M, Gaillard R PMID: 32620194 [PubMed - in process] (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - July 7, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[Interictal psychosis of epilepsy].
Authors: de Toffol B, Adachi N, Kanemoto K, El-Hage W, Hingray C Abstract Interictal psychosis (IIP) refers to psychosis that occurs in clear consciousness in persons with epilepsy (PWE) with temporal onset not during or immediately following a seizure. The pooled prevalence estimate of psychosis in PWE is 5.6%. PWE and schizophrenia have very high mortality, and more than one in four persons with both disorders die between the age of 25 and 50years. IIP can manifest in brief or chronic forms. The chronic forms of IIP may closely resemble schizophrenia. However, some authors have described the typical presence of p...
Source: L Encephale - July 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[Psychiatric emergencies and sense of urgency occurring upstream from health services: What should be done?]
Authors: Gourevitch R, Boiteux C, Guedj-Bourdiau MJ Abstract The French psychiatric health system is not properly organized for managing the sense of urgency felt in critical situations that occur upstream from psychiatric health services, in "inappropriate" locations (e.g. home, street, work.), particularly for patients who are unwilling to cooperate and receive health care. Emergency services, police departments, or psychiatric teams - who should take charge? Families are distraught. The authors draw the line to propose a comprehensive and coherent model. Pressing emergencies require the intervention of...
Source: L Encephale - June 27, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

Migrations, trauma and mental health: A literature update on psychological assessment.
CONCLUSION: Even if the concern with the sensitivity of the tools used in cross-cultural assessment seems to be more present in the international literature, researchers seem to encounter difficulties in better understanding the effects of culture on the mental health of individuals. With increasingly diverse societies, new research should not be based on participants' geographic or ethnic origins, but rather try to "unpack" culture with, for example, the exploration of the relationships between certain values or orientations and the different expressions of psychological distress. Finally, given the still lackin...
Source: L Encephale - June 26, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[Management of cardiovascular co-morbidities in young patients with early onset psychosis: State of the art and therapeutic perspectives].
Authors: Frajerman A, Morin V, Chaumette B, Kebir O, Krebs MO Abstract Patients with psychiatric disorders have a decrease in their life expectancy. Excess mortality of patients with schizophrenia was demonstrated by a meta-analysis in the late 1990s and has not decreased for the past 30years. A recent meta-analysis including nearly 250,000 patients with schizophrenia found an average decrease in life expectancy of 14.5years (CI95: 11,2-17,8), more important for men than for women: 15.9 (CI95: 13,8-18,0) vs 13.6 (CI95: 11,4-15,8). A closer look at the somatic comorbidities, including metabolic syndrome, and investi...
Source: L Encephale - June 24, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

Emergency psychiatric management of borderline personality disorder: Towards an articulation of modalities for personalised integrative care.
Authors: Besch V, Debbané M, Greiner C, Magnin C, De Néris M, Ambrosetti J, Perroud N, Poulet E, Prada P Abstract Building on existing literature, the authors draw the landscape of psychiatric emergencies, and focus on borderline personality disorder, frequently encountered, and strongly linked to death by suicide. A review of knowledge in terms of diagnosis, prognosis, etiology, and treatment, as well as their own experiences, lead them to propose areas of progress that would secure the patient's care pathway. The evolution of society has led psychiatric emergency departments to play the role of a sa...
Source: L Encephale - June 24, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[Psychological development of children born by medically assisted procreation].
Authors: Fond G, Franc N, Sarfati Y, Purper-Ouakil D, Boyer L PMID: 32546294 [PubMed - in process] (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - June 19, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[Let us not forget the morale of "our troops"!]
[Let us not forget the morale of "our troops"!] Encephale. 2020 May 03;: Authors: Mulin E, Trouillet I, Gellato C PMID: 32536471 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - June 17, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[How do children and adolescents with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) experience lockdown during the COVID-19 outbreak?]
CONCLUSIONS: According to their parents, most children and adolescents with ADHD experience stability or improvement of their well-being. An improvement in school-related anxiety and the flexible adjustment to the children's' rhythms as well as parents' increased awareness of the difficulties their children experience are among the key topics in parents' descriptions. PMID: 32522407 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - June 13, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[Mental Health and sexual orientation in adolescents in a school environment].
CONCLUSION: Young people who reported being exclusively attracted to members of the same sex presented a higher level of mental distress compared to those who reported being attracted to members of the opposite sex. This was especially the case for boys. These findings led to the identification of risk and protective factors that can inform the development of appropriate preventive measures. PMID: 32522408 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - June 13, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[Coronavirus: Predictive brain and terror management].
Authors: Bottemanne H, Morlaàs O, Schmidt L, Fossati P Abstract Emerging infectious diseases like Covid-19 cause a major threat to global health. When confronted with new pathogens, individuals generate several beliefs about the epidemic phenomenon. Many studies have shown that individual protective behaviors largely depend on these beliefs. Due to the absence of treatment and vaccine against these emerging pathogens, the relation between these beliefs and these behaviors represents a crucial issue for public health policies. In the premises of the Covid-19 pandemic, several preliminary studies have highligh...
Source: L Encephale - June 12, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[Panic and pandemic: Review of the literature on the links between panic disorder and the SARS-CoV-2 epidemic].
Authors: Javelot H, Weiner L Abstract Although the "panic" word has been abundantly linked to the SARS-CoV-2 (severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2) pandemic in the press, in the scientific literature very few studies have considered whether the current epidemic could predispose to the onset or the aggravation of panic attacks or panic disorder. Indeed, most studies thus far have focused on the risk of increase and aggravation of other psychiatric disorders as a consequence of the SARS-CoV-2 epidemic, such as obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and general...
Source: L Encephale - June 10, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[Recommendations for a gradual and controlled resumption of electroconvulsive therapy in France during the period of lifting of the containment and of the COVID-19  pandemic linked to SARS-CoV-2].
The objective of this collective and national work is to offer simple recommendations that can be applied immediately by any healthcare establishment, public or private, practicing ECT. They are the result of feedback from multiprofessional and inter-establishment experiences. Declined in three stages, these recommendations are accompanied by a practical sheet which describes in detail the necessary conditions and prerequisites for any resumption of ECT activity. PMID: 32507557 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - June 10, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[Screening tools for cannabis use disorders and their adaptation to DSM-5: A literature review].
CONCLUSION: Among the many questionnaires available, few are suited for daily clinical practice in France because of their complexity, their long duration or the absence of a validated French translation. The CUDIT-R has good psychometric characteristics, is simple to use, and has been validated according to the criteria of DSM-5. These questionnaires are obviously not a substitute for a clinical diagnosis and must be followed by a specialist's evaluation. However, they remain an interesting mediation, encouraging a patient's awareness and commitment to care. PMID: 32475691 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - June 3, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[The effects of quarantine for SARS-CoV-2 on sleep: An online survey].
Authors: Hartley S, Colas des Francs C, Aussert F, Martinot C, Dagneaux S, Londe V, Waldron L, Royant-Parola S Abstract OBJECTIVES: Explore the evolution of sleep during the SARS-CoV-2 quarantine period and define associated factors. METHODS: An online survey of patients in quarantine. Questions targeted the conditions of quarantine, sleep related behaviours and exposure to factors known to affect sleep and circadian rhythms (light exposure and sport). RESULTS: In all, 1777 participants were included: 77% women and 72% aged 25-54 years. Quarantine conditions were most frequently in couples with children (36...
Source: L Encephale - June 3, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[Mental health care in French correctional facilities during the Covid-19 pandemic].
The objectives of this article are to describe the reorganization of the three levels of psychiatric care for inmates in France in the context of Covid-19 pandemic and to have a look at the impact of lockdown measures and early releases on mental health of prisoners. METHODS: This work is based on a survey conducted in April 2020 in France among psychiatric healthcare providers working in 42 ambulatory units for inmates and in the 9 full-time inpatient psychiatric wards exclusively for inmates called "UHSAs" (which stands for "unités hospitalières spécialement aménagées...
Source: L Encephale - June 3, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[Thoughts on a favourable evolution of a COVID-19  in a patient with resistant schizophrenia and on a combination of clozapine and paliperidone palmitate].
[Thoughts on a favourable evolution of a COVID-19 in a patient with resistant schizophrenia and on a combination of clozapine and paliperidone palmitate]. Encephale. 2020 May 21;: Authors: Bouaziz N, Ben Rejeb H, Ateb S, Fourati T, Chammas F, Baha D, Rosetti R, Kalalou K, Saba G, Benadhira R, Januel D PMID: 32475694 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - June 3, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[Attitude of psychiatrists and psychiatry residents in Lebanon towards restraint and informed consent].
CONCLUSIONS: Restraint is considered uncommon by psychiatrists and psychiatric residents in Lebanon and must remain an option of last resort with efforts being made upstream in order to avoid situations where the use of restraint becomes mandatory. Post critical thinking is paramount, and restraint should never respond to a lack of manpower or a security goal. Informed consent is one of the most important guarantors of the principle of autonomy, and must be sought in each patient, individually. Finally, no significant difference was found between the subgroups, which would therefore become a single population. Ethical refl...
Source: L Encephale - June 2, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[Particularities of psychiatric and dermatological comorbidity among medical students in Morocco: Multicenter study].
CONCLUSION: Dermatological and psychiatric conditions are frequent and underestimated among medical students in Morocco. Dermatologic and psychiatric comorbidity is associated with a higher prevalence of psychoactive substance use and suicide attempts. PMID: 32473776 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - June 2, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[Hepatitis C  in a psychiatric setting: A forgotten reservoir?]
In conclusion, the world of psychiatry is a possible hidden reservoir of HCV and, as such, a part of the challenge for eliminating the virus. Patients, families, and caregivers will have to be correctly sensitized and trained to play their role in the process. Specific investigations will be required to better understand why such an increased prevalence of HCV is observed in this population. Specific adaptations of the cascade of care within psychiatric settings, including access to treatment, will need to be designed, implemented, and evaluated for reaching micro-elimination of HCV in psychiatry. PMID: 32473777 [PubMe...
Source: L Encephale - June 2, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research