Assessment of illness representations in mental disorders: A mini review.
Authors: Averous P, Charbonnier E, Dany L Abstract Health beliefs, and especially illness representations, have been widely used to understand clinical outcomes and psychosocial adjustment in people with physical diseases. However, this area of research has been under-explored in the field of mental health, and the few studies that have been conducted have used very different methods. Therefore, the aim of our study was to identify the tools and methods that have been used to evaluate illness representations in psychiatry. To this end, a mini review has been conducted and 58 articles were retained. This mini review...
Source: L Encephale - February 18, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[Evaluation of the use of care programs provided for under the law of 5 July 2011].
CONCLUSIONS: Our study allows a precise vision of patients concerned by CP: men with risk factors for psychiatric dangerousness, with a severe clinical profile. It also found a high rate of re-hospitalization despite good adherence with the CP which is in line with a device allowing the work of an alliance to care and interventions at the beginning of relapse. CP have poorly personalized content and are poorly justified by psychiatrists although it is a freedom-restricting measure, highlighting the need for increased awareness amongst psychiatrists of the legal framework of their practice regarding care without consent. ...
Source: L Encephale - February 18, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[Euthanasia and assisted suicide for psychiatric disorder].
CONCLUSIONS: Authors who support these practices emphasise the right to die with dignity and the inequality of ruling out patients with psychiatric reasons, whereas they meet the legal requirements, and psychological pain is as severe as somatic pain. Some major issues are highlighted: the close relationship between mood symptoms and death wish, thinking biases and cognitive disturbances that limit the ability to decide, access and consent to medical care, the difficulty of assessing psychological pain, and the definitions of incurability or treatment refractoriness in psychiatry. To date, medical knowledge and assessment ...
Source: L Encephale - February 16, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[Pharmacoresistance to psychotropic drugs in children and adolescents: Pharmacogenetic anomalies of cytochrome P450 2D6].
CONCLUSIONS: This study allows a clinical characterisation of the population of pediatric drug-resistant patients whose severity and the impact of their pathology are major and require long-term care associated with repeated hospitalisations, multiple drug prescriptions and numerous side effects. However, a link between drug resistance to psychotropic drugs and CYP2D6 UFM abnormalities could not be confirmed. An additional pharmacogenetic analysis by a panel of genes applied in the metabolism, transport and action of psychotropic drugs should be considered to answer questions about the resistance and independent effects of...
Source: L Encephale - February 9, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

Cross-Cultural Adaptation and Validation of the Quality of Life Questionnaire for Caregivers of Patients with Schizophrenia (S-CGQoL) in Latin America.
CONCLUSIONS: The adaptation and validation of the S-CGQoL questionnaire demonstrate adequate psychometric properties to assess the quality of life of caregivers in samples of middle-income countries in Latin America. PMID: 33551123 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - February 9, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

Association of insomnia with mania in Lebanese patients with bipolar disorder.
Authors: Haddad C, Obeid S, Ghanem L, Kazour F, Chok A, Azar J, Hallit S, Tahan F Abstract OBJECTIVE: To assess: (1) the association between insomnia experienced at admission, sociodemographic and other patients' characteristics and mania; and (2) the variation of insomnia and mania before and after treatment in bipolar patients with manic episodes (type I). METHODS: Sixty-two patients were interviewed shortly after their admission to the hospital (after 3 to 5 days). The current symptoms experienced by the patients were assessed upon admission and again at discharge from the hospital. RESULTS: A poorer qua...
Source: L Encephale - February 6, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[Psychological impact of the COVID-19  pandemic: Comparison between residents of metropolitan France and of Reunion Island].
CONCLUSIONS: This study brings new data on the important psychosocial impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on two French samples. Observed differences highlight a higher fear of being infected among the metropolitans who were generally more exposed. Overseas from La Réunion did not feel more spared by this risk, despite the limited number of cases since the appearance of the first case in March 11th and the end of the lockdown in May 11th. Despite exposure, our results could be explained by several cultural differences such as way of life or beliefs. Overseas life in Reunion Island might bring more resilience and less lo...
Source: L Encephale - February 6, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

First-episode psychosis following vaccination against yellow fever: A case report.
Authors: Romeo B, Rari E, Mazari A, Toullec A, Martelli C, Benyamina A PMID: 33541715 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - February 6, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[The evolution of child psychiatry emergencies: Results and reflections from a Nancy University Hospital study].
Authors: Boyer J, Cautenet A, Ligier F Abstract INTRODUCTION: Mental illness is one of the most common causes of disability, morbidity and mortality in childhood. According to the scientific literature, the prevalence of mental health disorders is an estimated 10% to 20% in the USA and similar results are found in France. Although primordial, outpatient care often appears insufficient with inequalities in its geographical distribution and its accessibility. These past decades have been marked by an increase in consultations for mental disorders in pediatric emergency departments. Is this trend indicative of a "...
Source: L Encephale - January 20, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[Towards better management for sexual offenders: Presentation and conclusions of a public hearing concerning prevention, assessment, and care].
This article presents the global methodology of the public hearing "Sexual Offenders: Prevention, Evaluation and Care" which was conducted on June 14 and 15, 2018. Thirty-three experts replied to27 questions and presented their conclusions to an Audition Committee and an audience of 200 persons representative of the civil and professional society. After a public debate, the hearing committee prepared a report in which they proposed propositions in order to better care for sexual offenders. PMID: 33422285 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - January 12, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[Plasmatic glutathione levels and their relationships with clinical and therapeutic features in patients with schizophrenia].
CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that the observed changes are related to the physiopathology of schizophrenia rather than to the presence of neuroleptic treatment. These results provide support for further studies of the possible role of antioxidants as neuroprotective therapeutic strategies. PMID: 33358006 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - December 30, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

Use of immediate release melatonin in psychiatry: BMI impacts the daily-dose.
CONCLUSION: The BMI and the number of reevaluations impact the daily dose of melatonin. Two mechanisms may explain that BMI may need higher doses: (i) melatonin diffuses into the fat mass, (ii) the variant 24E on melatonin receptor MT2, more frequent in obese patients, leads to a decrease of the receptor signal. PMID: 33349460 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - December 24, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

Do physicians suffer or benefit from the Zeigarnik effect?
Authors: Naviaux AF, Janne P, Gourdin M PMID: 33342536 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - December 23, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

Priapism and cannabism: A case report and review of the literature.
Authors: Chouaib N, Jidane S, Gueye I, Lekhlit M, Nebhani T, Belkouch A, Zidouh S, Belyamani L Abstract Priapism is classically defined as a partial or complete erection, abnormally prolonged in the absence of desire or sexual stimulation. Several classes of drugs as well as certain psychoactive substances (e.g. alcohol, cocaine, cannabis, etc.) are accused in the occurrence of priapism. In this article, we report a case of priapism in a 37-year-old adult admitted to the emergency department after cannabis use. The patient received emergency aspiration of blood by puncturing the corpora cavernosa, followed by intra...
Source: L Encephale - December 23, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[Which indications for inpatient admission of a patient with an addiction? Application of the chronic disorders model. A face validity study].
CONCLUSION: By clarifying addiction as a chronic disease, we were able to determine 14 indications for inpatient admission of a person with an addiction and to distinguish them from the long-term care of addiction. These explicit indications can help the general practitioner or community psychiatrist to better manage patients with addiction on the basis of their expertise with chronic diseases management. PMID: 33334579 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - December 20, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[Sexual behavior in psychiatry wards: Experience of Tunisian psychiatrists].
Authors: Abdelghaffar W, Ferchichi I PMID: 33308863 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - December 16, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[Social defeat and schizophrenia: Hypotheses, arguments, mechanisms].
Authors: Alexandre C, Di Lodovico L, Szöke A, Schürhoff F Abstract There is growing evidence for a main role of environment in the occurrence of mental disorders such as a psychosocial risk factor, for example, childhood trauma, discrimination linked to minority status, or migrant status. One hypothesis is that social adversity factors influence the risk of schizophrenia through a common pathway: social defeat which could be defined as the impotence of a subject in the face of a situation of social adversity, with a consequential experience of devaluation on the social scale. This review proposes to expla...
Source: L Encephale - December 16, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

Effect of internet use on medical students before and after 4g internet service in india: A comparative study.
CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of internet addiction and its ill effect on behavior among medical students was higher after availability of 4G service in same college. So appropriate preventive and interventional strategies need to be developed in professional institutions. PMID: 33309007 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - December 16, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

Ten years psychosocial outcomes among adolescents following suicide attempts  - early recurrence and psychosocial outcomes.
CONCLUSIONS: Although a favorable outcome was reported ten years after the event for the majority of adolescents who had attempted suicide, some with a lower level of education were nevertheless at increased risk of recurrence and depression. Post-intervention strategies are therefore essential in order to evaluate risk factors which may persist if not taken into consideration. PMID: 33293033 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - December 11, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

How to improve in France ADHD transition support from childhood to adulthood.
Authors: Fourneret P, Zimmer L, Rolland B PMID: 33293034 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - December 11, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

Clozapine withdrawal catatonia in a young schizophrenic man.
Authors: Lucchelli JP, Kourakou S, Hasler G, Hilal R PMID: 33293035 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - December 11, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[Explanatory style and burnout at the workplace: A cluster analysis].
Authors: Paquet Y, Martin-Krumm C, Junot A, Gilibert D Abstract In the domain of the workplace, burnout appears as an important consequence of stressful events experienced by an individual. But how to define it, and what reality does this concept represent? The benefits of optimism, and particularly of an optimistic explanatory style, have also been demonstrated on a set of other variables such as health, performance and resilience. If an optimistic explanatory style is an important variable, what are the relationships that can be observed with burnout? The purpose of this study is to explore the links that exist b...
Source: L Encephale - December 4, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

Panic and pandemic: Narrative review of the literature on the links and risks of panic disorder as a consequence of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic.
Authors: Javelot H, Weiner L Abstract Although the "panic" word has been abundantly linked to the SARS-CoV-2 (severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2) pandemic in the press, in the scientific literature very few studies have considered whether the current epidemic could predispose to the onset or the aggravation of panic attacks or panic disorder. Indeed, most studies thus far have focused on the risk of increase and aggravation of other psychiatric disorders as a consequence of the SARS-CoV-2 epidemic, such as obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and general...
Source: L Encephale - November 24, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

Post-concussion syndrome: Still forgotten? From the disappearance of the DSM-5 to a multidisciplinary consultation.
CONCLUSIONS: Yet, post-concussion syndrome remains a clinical-biological reality. If a diffusion tensor imaging MRI in the acute phase is likely to provide predictive elements for subsequent cognitive dysfunctions, it would appear useful to consider combining biomarkers, and linguistics markers, with the creation of a clinical-radio-bio- neuropsychological score in order to differentiate benign outcomes from neuro- and/or psycho-traumatic disorders. PMID: 33218667 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - November 23, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[Validation of the questionnaire for assessing the childbirth experience (QACE) in a French population].
CONCLUSION: To date, the QEVA is the first standardized tool allowing a multidimensional evaluation of the subjective experience of childbirth. It has been validated on a French population using an exploratory structural equation modeling. This tool, which is simple to use and well accepted by mothers, enables health professionals not only to screen mothers experiencing difficult childbirth and in need of support, but also to adapt health care according to the dimensions of the birth experience and its associated difficulties (emotions during the birth, interactions with health professionals, first moments with the baby, o...
Source: L Encephale - November 18, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

Validation of the French version of the Children's Alexithymia Measure.
CONCLUSIONS: Findings provide initial support for the psychometric properties of the French version of the Children's Alexithymia Measure with a clinical sample of child victims of sexual abuse. The measure could be useful for future studies exploring the mediating role of alexithymia in the association between trauma and psychopathology. The measure could as well be a relevant tool in the clinical assessment of vulnerable children. PMID: 33189347 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - November 17, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

Improving interoception and self-disgust in the treatment of patients with anorexia nervosa.
Authors: Bou Khalil R, Kassab A, Richa S Abstract Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a mental disorder in which sufficient evidence points towards the presence of a high level of disturbed interoception and self-disgust. High arousal mood induction is a therapeutic technique that helps improve a patient's interoceptive capacities. With some adjustments to this technique such as adding a challenging behavior that induces a "flow" state or a mindfulness component such as in mindful awareness in body-oriented therapy (MABT), it is expected that patients with AN may benefit from an integrative treatment strategy that h...
Source: L Encephale - November 17, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[Linguistic markers in improving the predictive model of the transition to schizophrenia].
The objective has been to engage the patient with prodromal symptoms in a trajectory of care. It has also been a question of being able to offer treatment as soon as the patient "at risk" of schizophrenia triggered a possible first psychotic episode. Standardized clinical tools were developed and now allow identification of subjects at risk of developing psychotic disorders. However, the reliability of predictions of the psychotic transition, which is between 15 and 25%, remains insufficient. In order to improve care, it is now necessary to highlight markers to refine the prediction of the risk of developing schi...
Source: L Encephale - November 17, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[Network model of mental disorders: Application and interest in post-stroke depression].
Authors: Vansimaeys C, Zuber M, Pitrat B, Farhat W, Join-Lambert C, Tamazyan R, Bungener C Abstract In contrast to the classic models in psychopathology, the network model considers that the temporal interactions between symptoms are the causes of their occurrence. This model could also be particularly suitable for understanding the processes involved in post-stroke depression. The aim of this paper is to perform a network analysis in order to describe the temporal dynamic of the links existing between depression symptoms during the acute phase after stroke. Twenty-five patients (64% male, mean age 58.1±14.9...
Source: L Encephale - November 17, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

Implications of istradefylline induced hallucinations.
Authors: Singh A PMID: 33189351 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - November 17, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[Life course violence, pregnancy experiences, use of alcohol and pemba, in French Guiana women].
CONCLUSIONS: Data on violence in French Guyana show that young people and women declare more often having experienced physical violence, in or out of family life. Young women are overrepresented thus a survey in childbearing women must reveal a high frequency of these events. Our data allow us to go further, by associating this experience of violence and the experience of pregnancy with socio-demographic variables. We can thus see that the overall average obtained on a large number of indicators is smoothed by extremely contrasting situations, of women feeling safe or not, well followed or not for this pregnancy, etc. The ...
Source: L Encephale - November 17, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

The association between initial motivation for medical studies and specialty choice in young French physicians.
Authors: Sunhary de Verville PL, Masson M, Messiaen M, Duba A, da Fonseca D, Lancon C, Auquier P, Boyer L, Fond G PMID: 33189353 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - November 17, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[Psychological effects of emergency calls management on medical dispatcher assistants in a SAMU-Center 15].
Authors: Hilaire Schneider C, Saint-Cast A, Michelland L, de Stefano C, Radou L, Chouied T, Savary D, Gueye P, Jehel L, Lapostolle F Abstract INTRODUCTION: In France, the emergency call center is called SAMU (service d'aide médicale d'urgence). The Medical Dispatcher Assistant (MDA) is the first responder and is exposed to first calls of distress and has a high risk of stress disorder. AIM: Psychological impact of emergency calls on MDA. METHOD: National multicenter prospective study from January to August 2018 by electronic surveys, including all MDA of 13 SAMU, subdivided in 5 sectio...
Source: L Encephale - November 17, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[Network analysis by systemic text excavation of the concept of personalized psychiatry and precision].
CONCLUSIONS: The paradox of personalized and precision psychiatry is to associate a strong conceptual heterogeneity with a well-defined mechanistic component. Heterogeneity found in literature on personalized and precision psychiatry testifies to the lack of a pluralist and integrative theoretical framework. This framework could be based on a naturalizing but non-reducing formalism, aware of the societal challenges of the sciences and their implementation in the research and clinical systems of psychiatry. PMID: 33190818 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - November 17, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[Ketamine, psilocybine, and rapid acting antidepressant: new promise for psychiatry?]
Authors: Bottemanne H, Claret A, Fossati P Abstract The hypothesis of monoaminergic deficiency has long dominated the conceptual framework for the development of new antidepressant strategies, but the limits of conventional antidepressant treatments targeting monoaminergic signaling have motivated the search for new antidepressant pathways. The success of ketamine in the management of depressive disorders has provoked a renewed interest in hallucinogenic substances such as psilocybin targeting the serotonergic signaling 5HT2A and neurosteroid allosteric modulator of γ-aminobutyric acid (GABAA) receptors such ...
Source: L Encephale - November 17, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

"Emotional Chemobrain": A new concept for chemotherapy adverse drug effect?
"Emotional Chemobrain": A new concept for chemotherapy adverse drug effect? Encephale. 2020 Nov 12;: Authors: Bou Khalil R Abstract "Emotional chemobrain" is a new paradigm that relates the occurrence of alterations in the psychological wellbeing of patients to the adverse drug effects of chemotherapy on the neurobiological level. The concept of "emotional chemobrain" is the analogue concept of the classical concept of "chemobrain" but that concerns emotional disturbances related to chemotherapy. Disgust is a negative emotion that might accompany any stressful li...
Source: L Encephale - November 17, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[Profile of the victims of sexual violence in child psychiatry consultation].
CONCLUSION: Knowing the profile of victims of child sexual abuse and taking into consideration the social and psychiatric impact can help in adapting the means to intervene properly in order to take care of the victims and prevent such abuse. PMID: 33190821 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - November 17, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[Age at diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorder depending on ethno-cultural background or migratory status: A systematic literature review].
CONCLUSION: Nevertheless, this review highlights the existence of a lot of confounding factors and raises many issues. It shows that the United States produces most of the studies whose conclusions cannot be generalized because of the particular history and organization of this country. In Europe, where belonging to minority groups is thought to be through migratory status, studies are rare. There is an urgent need for new research in order to clarify the connection between migratory status and socioeconomic factors, to precisely define the independent variables influencing diagnosis -such as access to healthcare- and fina...
Source: L Encephale - October 19, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

How to treat inflammatory schizophrenia?
Authors: Fond G, Da Fonseca D, Korchia T, Sunhary De Verville PL, Lancon C, Boyer L PMID: 33046235 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - October 15, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[Thirty years of research in suicidology in France: A bibliometric study].
CONCLUSION: Suicidology has been a dynamic field of research in France for the last fifteen years, with a growing international visibility, but there is also room for improvement. An effort remains to be made to improve women's place in these publications. PMID: 33046236 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - October 15, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

Targeting all psychopathological dimensions in the treatment of anorexia nervosa.
Authors: Bou Khalil R Abstract Efforts to improve the prognosis of subjects with anorexia nervosa [AN] through the development of specific therapeutic interventions have yielded unsatisfactory results. AN can be perceived as a mental disorder that is clinically composed of disturbed psychopathological dimensions found in major depressive disorder, obsessive compulsive disorder, body dysmorphic disorder, and delusional disorder somatic type. Future treatment strategies of patients with AN might target these multiple psychopathological dimensions. Considering that each of these dimensions is known to be best treated ...
Source: L Encephale - October 14, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[Gender equity in French scientific publications: The glass ceiling].
Authors: Feral-Pierssens AL, Avondo A, Apard M, Monguillet J, Gonot A, De Stefano C, Beggaz Y, Aguadish E, Akodad H, Hilaire-Schneider C, Deltour S, Lapostolle F PMID: 33041049 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - October 14, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[Clinical interest of CYP2D6 genotyping to treat depression in practice].
Authors: Petitpain N, Bertoni N, Gambier N, Yelehe M, Gillet P PMID: 33041050 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - October 14, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[Is involuntary commitment to treatment applicable in case of an addictive disorder in the French context? A critical review of available evidence].
CONCLUSION: French law does not prohibit compulsory addiction treatment in psychiatry. Compulsory addiction treatment could be an access to health care for some patients and an emergency measure to limit at one point the accumulation of damage or in view of a life-threatening situation. PMID: 33023758 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - October 9, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

Covid-19 pandemic and suicide in France: An opportunity to improve information systems.
Authors: Jollant F PMID: 33019971 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - October 8, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[Cognitive behavioral therapy and psychoanalysis : Effectiveness comparable in the depressive crisis ?]
Authors: Burckel A Abstract Our study compares the efficacy of two therapeutic treatments, cognitive behavioral and psychoanalytic, on a depressed population hospitalized in the same institution. We recorded the degree of intensity and improvement of fifteen subjects in a depressive state followed by a psychologist trained in CBT, and recorded the same for fifteen subjects followed by a psychoanalytical psychologist, using the Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS). Both the first and final follow-up scores were compared, and the difference between the two depression scores was calculated. At the same ti...
Source: L Encephale - September 23, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[Bayesian brain: Can we model emotion?]
We present here some computational hypotheses for the modeling of affective parameters, and we suggest that computational psychiatry would benefit from these modeling parameters. PMID: 32928524 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - September 18, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[Post-traumatic growth: Some conceptual considerations].
This article aims to propose a full description of this concept from an historical view to epidemiological data through underlying mechanisms and evaluation. METHODS: A literature search identifying relevant results was performed through the Pubmed database. RESULTS: PTG refers to positive psychological changes experienced as a result of a traumatic life event in order to rise to a higher level of functioning. That is to say that people experiencing psychological struggle following adversity may often see positive outcomes in the aftermath of trauma. Domains of PTG include appreciation of life, relationships with o...
Source: L Encephale - September 18, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

Need for systematic screening for IGD in adolescent psychiatric inpatients.
The objectives of this study were to: (1) assess the prevalence of IGD among adolescent psychiatric inpatients, using the Ten-Item Internet Gaming Disorder Test (IGDT-10), and (2) assess the parental version developed for this study (IGDT-10-P). A total of 102 patients, aged from 12 to 17 years old, were included from four psychiatric units of the French region Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, during a 6-month inclusion period. Adolescents completed the IGDT-10 while one of their parents completed the IGDT-10-P. The inclusion rate among the eligible population was 57.95%. The prevalence of IGD in the sample, based on the IGDT-1...
Source: L Encephale - September 18, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

Validity of the Measure of Intensive Mothering Ideology (MIMI).
CONCLUSION: The MIMI shows good structural validity and known-groups validity. This scale offers interesting research avenues notably regarding perinatal parental adaptation. PMID: 32928527 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - September 18, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research