Suggestibility, Facebook use and relationship with substance addictive behaviors
Encephale. 2022 Jan 13:S0013-7006(21)00258-X. doi: 10.1016/j.encep.2021.10.001. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTOBJECTIVE: Several health issues related to the us of social networking sites (SNS) are documented. One concept that is not clearly studied is suggestibility as the tendency of a person to accept and internalize communication. The aim of the study is to test a model in which suggestibility of people can predict SNS use, which in turn can predict substance use.METHODS: Participants answered a questionnaire measuring suggestibility, alcohol consumption, dependence to nicotine and Facebook use. Linear regression and a...
Source: L Encephale - January 17, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: B Chapoton E Sarda F Tinquaut L B ègue A Chirain G Brousse F Chauvin V Flaudias Source Type: research

Medical and recreational cannabis: A cross-sectional survey assessing a sample of physicians' attitudes, knowledge and experience in a university hospital in Lebanon
CONCLUSION: Even though the majority of the sample who participated in this study seemed to approve the use of medical cannabis, they lacked the knowledge and confidence to do it. Therefore, this study highlights the need of physician training in the subject of medical cannabis. Future well-conducted university studies will produce evidence-based-guidelines for medical cannabis indications and side effects.PMID:35016798 | DOI:10.1016/j.encep.2021.10.002 (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - January 12, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: G Akiki S Richa F Kazour Source Type: research

Predictive factors for the outcome of emotional and/or behavioural disorders in 18- to 48-month-old children after parent-child psychotherapy: Protocol of a European prospective cohort study
CONCLUSION: This study should allow identifying some of the factors that contribute to the outcome of externalizing and internalizing disorders, and distinguishing between pre-existing and treatment-related variables. It should also help to identify children at higher risk of poor outcome who require special vigilance on the part of the therapist. It should confirm the importance of therapeutic alliance.TRIAL REGISTRATION: ID-RCB 2008-A01088-47.PMID:35012897 | DOI:10.1016/j.encep.2021.10.003 (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - January 11, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: M-J Herv é V Maurice L Gamon S Rusconi Serpa D Trojan N Guedeney S Tereno A Guedeney M Myquel A Fernandez J-P Raynaud F Poinso M Maury D Purper-Ouakil M-C Picot Source Type: research

The predictive mind: An introduction to Bayesian Brain Theory
Encephale. 2022 Jan 7:S0013-7006(21)00260-8. doi: 10.1016/j.encep.2021.09.011. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe question of how the mind works is at the heart of cognitive science. It aims to understand and explain the complex processes underlying perception, decision-making and learning, three fundamental areas of cognition. Bayesian Brain Theory, a computational approach derived from the principles of Predictive Processing (PP), offers a mechanistic and mathematical formulation of these cognitive processes. This theory assumes that the brain encodes beliefs (probabilistic states) to generate predictions about sensory in...
Source: L Encephale - January 11, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: H Bottemanne Y Longuet C Gauld Source Type: research

Crisis consultations in child and adolescent psychiatry in Reims: Cross-sectional study of the population of accompanied minors
CONCLUSION: Our study allowed us to draw up a sociodemographic profile and to show certain trends observed within the CCU of the child psychiatry department of the Reims University Hospital, in particular the multiplicity of reasons for consultation. At a time when the health crisis is impacting the mental health of the entire population and increasing the time required for treatment, this type of system is particularly relevant to the possible reorganization of the care offered by the CMP. The CCU would make it possible to report the most urgent situations, which would then benefit from specific care (hospitalization, med...
Source: L Encephale - January 11, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: L Baltide A-C Rolland J Eutrope A Novo Source Type: research

The aftermath of the Covid-19 crisis in the field of intimacy: How to bounce back and rethink our values?
Encephale. 2022 Jan 7:S0013-7006(21)00262-1. doi: 10.1016/j.encep.2021.10.004. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTHuman relationships and bonding reconfigure and reinvent themselves over time. For several decades, it has been interesting to note that both the digital dimension and the development of artificial intelligence have played a great evolutionary role in our relational society. There is an accessibility and intensification of social exchanges between internet users (published writings, photos, conversations, conferences… ). Although we access this interplanetary sharing of connection, despite everything the dist...
Source: L Encephale - January 11, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: C Duray-Parmentier N Nielens D Duray P Janne M Gourdin Source Type: research

Predictive factors for the outcome of emotional and/or behavioural disorders in 18- to 48-month-old children after parent-child psychotherapy: Protocol of a European prospective cohort study
CONCLUSION: This study should allow identifying some of the factors that contribute to the outcome of externalizing and internalizing disorders, and distinguishing between pre-existing and treatment-related variables. It should also help to identify children at higher risk of poor outcome who require special vigilance on the part of the therapist. It should confirm the importance of therapeutic alliance.TRIAL REGISTRATION: ID-RCB 2008-A01088-47.PMID:35012897 | DOI:10.1016/j.encep.2021.10.003 (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - January 11, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: M-J Herv é V Maurice L Gamon S Rusconi Serpa D Trojan N Guedeney S Tereno A Guedeney M Myquel A Fernandez J-P Raynaud F Poinso M Maury D Purper-Ouakil M-C Picot Source Type: research

The predictive mind: An introduction to Bayesian Brain Theory
Encephale. 2022 Jan 7:S0013-7006(21)00260-8. doi: 10.1016/j.encep.2021.09.011. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe question of how the mind works is at the heart of cognitive science. It aims to understand and explain the complex processes underlying perception, decision-making and learning, three fundamental areas of cognition. Bayesian Brain Theory, a computational approach derived from the principles of Predictive Processing (PP), offers a mechanistic and mathematical formulation of these cognitive processes. This theory assumes that the brain encodes beliefs (probabilistic states) to generate predictions about sensory in...
Source: L Encephale - January 11, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: H Bottemanne Y Longuet C Gauld Source Type: research

Crisis consultations in child and adolescent psychiatry in Reims: Cross-sectional study of the population of accompanied minors
CONCLUSION: Our study allowed us to draw up a sociodemographic profile and to show certain trends observed within the CCU of the child psychiatry department of the Reims University Hospital, in particular the multiplicity of reasons for consultation. At a time when the health crisis is impacting the mental health of the entire population and increasing the time required for treatment, this type of system is particularly relevant to the possible reorganization of the care offered by the CMP. The CCU would make it possible to report the most urgent situations, which would then benefit from specific care (hospitalization, med...
Source: L Encephale - January 11, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: L Baltide A-C Rolland J Eutrope A Novo Source Type: research

The aftermath of the Covid-19 crisis in the field of intimacy: How to bounce back and rethink our values?
Encephale. 2022 Jan 7:S0013-7006(21)00262-1. doi: 10.1016/j.encep.2021.10.004. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTHuman relationships and bonding reconfigure and reinvent themselves over time. For several decades, it has been interesting to note that both the digital dimension and the development of artificial intelligence have played a great evolutionary role in our relational society. There is an accessibility and intensification of social exchanges between internet users (published writings, photos, conversations, conferences… ). Although we access this interplanetary sharing of connection, despite everything the dist...
Source: L Encephale - January 11, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: C Duray-Parmentier N Nielens D Duray P Janne M Gourdin Source Type: research

Sleep disorders in patients with a neurocognitive disorder
CONCLUSION: Multiple and sustained nonpharmacological approaches are recommended for the treatment of sleep disturbances in patients with neurocognitive disorder. Pharmacological indications remain limited, and further randomized clinical trials integrating a multimodal approach are warranted to evaluate the treatment of sleep disorders in specific neurocognitive disorders.PMID:34916075 | DOI:10.1016/j.encep.2021.08.014 (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - December 17, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: C Moderie J Carrier T T Dang-Vu Source Type: research

A possible link between air pollution and suicide?
Encephale. 2021 Dec 13:S0013-7006(21)00204-9. doi: 10.1016/j.encep.2021.08.003. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34916076 | DOI:10.1016/j.encep.2021.08.003 (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - December 17, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: S Shoib M A Khan S Javed S Das M Chandradasa T R Soron F Saeed Source Type: research

CONFAMI study: Effects of home confinement during the COVID-19 epidemic on the lives of children and their families
CONCLUSION: Our results confirm European and international data collected in children in countries where strict lockdown measures have been applied. Despite the negative emotions felt in some children, confinement has helped develop new resources in most families. Families seem to have been successful in maintaining a stable and secure routine which has certainly been a protective factor against anxiety. Some reported factors, such as bonding, could be protective factors and constitute good leads in interventions to be offered to children and their families.PMID:34916077 | PMC:PMC8491935 | DOI:10.1016/j.encep.2021.06.021 (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - December 17, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: R Zebdi E Plateau A Delalandre S Vanwalleghem M Chahed Y Hentati G Chaudoye E Moreau B Lignier Source Type: research

Ethical dilemma for healthcare professionals facing elderly dementia patients during the COVID-19 pandemic
Encephale. 2021 Oct 25:S0013-7006(21)00226-8. doi: 10.1016/j.encep.2021.09.003. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe management of elderly patients with dementia and COVID-19 infections without access to an intensive care unit gives rise to serious ethical conflicts. Therapeutic decisions have been made in psychogeriatric units, leaving a heavy moral burden on staff. They had to deal with the most difficult patients without the support of appropriate guidelines. The gap between established rules and hospital reality led to psychological distress and burnout. Managing uncertainty in medical decisions is a skill that doctors an...
Source: L Encephale - December 17, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: M Romdhani S Kohler P Koskas O Drunat Source Type: research

Belief updating and mood congruence in depressive disorder
Encephale. 2021 Dec 13:S0013-7006(21)00187-1. doi: 10.1016/j.encep.2021.06.015. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTDepressive disorder is characterized by a polymorphic symptomatology associating emotional, cognitive and behavioral disturbances. One of the most specific symptoms is negative beliefs, called congruent to mood. Despite the importance of these beliefs in the development, the maintenance, and the recurrence of depressive episodes, little is known about the processes underlying the generation of depressive beliefs. In this paper, we detail the link between belief updating mechanisms and the genesis of depressive beli...
Source: L Encephale - December 17, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: H Bottemanne S Frileux A Guesdon P Fossati Source Type: research

Sleep disorders in patients with a neurocognitive disorder
CONCLUSION: Multiple and sustained nonpharmacological approaches are recommended for the treatment of sleep disturbances in patients with neurocognitive disorder. Pharmacological indications remain limited, and further randomized clinical trials integrating a multimodal approach are warranted to evaluate the treatment of sleep disorders in specific neurocognitive disorders.PMID:34916075 | DOI:10.1016/j.encep.2021.08.014 (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - December 17, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: C Moderie J Carrier T T Dang-Vu Source Type: research

A possible link between air pollution and suicide?
Encephale. 2021 Dec 13:S0013-7006(21)00204-9. doi: 10.1016/j.encep.2021.08.003. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34916076 | DOI:10.1016/j.encep.2021.08.003 (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - December 17, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: S Shoib M A Khan S Javed S Das M Chandradasa T R Soron F Saeed Source Type: research

CONFAMI study: Effects of home confinement during the COVID-19 epidemic on the lives of children and their families
CONCLUSION: Our results confirm European and international data collected in children in countries where strict lockdown measures have been applied. Despite the negative emotions felt in some children, confinement has helped develop new resources in most families. Families seem to have been successful in maintaining a stable and secure routine which has certainly been a protective factor against anxiety. Some reported factors, such as bonding, could be protective factors and constitute good leads in interventions to be offered to children and their families.PMID:34916077 | PMC:PMC8491935 | DOI:10.1016/j.encep.2021.06.021 (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - December 17, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: R Zebdi E Plateau A Delalandre S Vanwalleghem M Chahed Y Hentati G Chaudoye E Moreau B Lignier Source Type: research

Ethical dilemma for healthcare professionals facing elderly dementia patients during the COVID-19 pandemic
Encephale. 2021 Oct 25:S0013-7006(21)00226-8. doi: 10.1016/j.encep.2021.09.003. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe management of elderly patients with dementia and COVID-19 infections without access to an intensive care unit gives rise to serious ethical conflicts. Therapeutic decisions have been made in psychogeriatric units, leaving a heavy moral burden on staff. They had to deal with the most difficult patients without the support of appropriate guidelines. The gap between established rules and hospital reality led to psychological distress and burnout. Managing uncertainty in medical decisions is a skill that doctors an...
Source: L Encephale - December 17, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: M Romdhani S Kohler P Koskas O Drunat Source Type: research

Belief updating and mood congruence in depressive disorder
Encephale. 2021 Dec 13:S0013-7006(21)00187-1. doi: 10.1016/j.encep.2021.06.015. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTDepressive disorder is characterized by a polymorphic symptomatology associating emotional, cognitive and behavioral disturbances. One of the most specific symptoms is negative beliefs, called congruent to mood. Despite the importance of these beliefs in the development, the maintenance, and the recurrence of depressive episodes, little is known about the processes underlying the generation of depressive beliefs. In this paper, we detail the link between belief updating mechanisms and the genesis of depressive beli...
Source: L Encephale - December 17, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: H Bottemanne S Frileux A Guesdon P Fossati Source Type: research

Sleep disorders in patients with a neurocognitive disorder
CONCLUSION: Multiple and sustained nonpharmacological approaches are recommended for the treatment of sleep disturbances in patients with neurocognitive disorder. Pharmacological indications remain limited, and further randomized clinical trials integrating a multimodal approach are warranted to evaluate the treatment of sleep disorders in specific neurocognitive disorders.PMID:34916075 | DOI:10.1016/j.encep.2021.08.014 (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - December 17, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: C Moderie J Carrier T T Dang-Vu Source Type: research

A possible link between air pollution and suicide?
Encephale. 2021 Dec 13:S0013-7006(21)00204-9. doi: 10.1016/j.encep.2021.08.003. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34916076 | DOI:10.1016/j.encep.2021.08.003 (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - December 17, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: S Shoib M A Khan S Javed S Das M Chandradasa T R Soron F Saeed Source Type: research

CONFAMI study: Effects of home confinement during the COVID-19 epidemic on the lives of children and their families
CONCLUSION: Our results confirm European and international data collected in children in countries where strict lockdown measures have been applied. Despite the negative emotions felt in some children, confinement has helped develop new resources in most families. Families seem to have been successful in maintaining a stable and secure routine which has certainly been a protective factor against anxiety. Some reported factors, such as bonding, could be protective factors and constitute good leads in interventions to be offered to children and their families.PMID:34916077 | PMC:PMC8491935 | DOI:10.1016/j.encep.2021.06.021 (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - December 17, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: R Zebdi E Plateau A Delalandre S Vanwalleghem M Chahed Y Hentati G Chaudoye E Moreau B Lignier Source Type: research

Ethical dilemma for healthcare professionals facing elderly dementia patients during the COVID-19 pandemic
Encephale. 2021 Oct 25:S0013-7006(21)00226-8. doi: 10.1016/j.encep.2021.09.003. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe management of elderly patients with dementia and COVID-19 infections without access to an intensive care unit gives rise to serious ethical conflicts. Therapeutic decisions have been made in psychogeriatric units, leaving a heavy moral burden on staff. They had to deal with the most difficult patients without the support of appropriate guidelines. The gap between established rules and hospital reality led to psychological distress and burnout. Managing uncertainty in medical decisions is a skill that doctors an...
Source: L Encephale - December 17, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: M Romdhani S Kohler P Koskas O Drunat Source Type: research

Belief updating and mood congruence in depressive disorder
Encephale. 2021 Dec 13:S0013-7006(21)00187-1. doi: 10.1016/j.encep.2021.06.015. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTDepressive disorder is characterized by a polymorphic symptomatology associating emotional, cognitive and behavioral disturbances. One of the most specific symptoms is negative beliefs, called congruent to mood. Despite the importance of these beliefs in the development, the maintenance, and the recurrence of depressive episodes, little is known about the processes underlying the generation of depressive beliefs. In this paper, we detail the link between belief updating mechanisms and the genesis of depressive beli...
Source: L Encephale - December 17, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: H Bottemanne S Frileux A Guesdon P Fossati Source Type: research

Sleep disorders in patients with a neurocognitive disorder
CONCLUSION: Multiple and sustained nonpharmacological approaches are recommended for the treatment of sleep disturbances in patients with neurocognitive disorder. Pharmacological indications remain limited, and further randomized clinical trials integrating a multimodal approach are warranted to evaluate the treatment of sleep disorders in specific neurocognitive disorders.PMID:34916075 | DOI:10.1016/j.encep.2021.08.014 (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - December 17, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: C Moderie J Carrier T T Dang-Vu Source Type: research

A possible link between air pollution and suicide?
Encephale. 2021 Dec 13:S0013-7006(21)00204-9. doi: 10.1016/j.encep.2021.08.003. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34916076 | DOI:10.1016/j.encep.2021.08.003 (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - December 17, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: S Shoib M A Khan S Javed S Das M Chandradasa T R Soron F Saeed Source Type: research

CONFAMI study: Effects of home confinement during the COVID-19 epidemic on the lives of children and their families
CONCLUSION: Our results confirm European and international data collected in children in countries where strict lockdown measures have been applied. Despite the negative emotions felt in some children, confinement has helped develop new resources in most families. Families seem to have been successful in maintaining a stable and secure routine which has certainly been a protective factor against anxiety. Some reported factors, such as bonding, could be protective factors and constitute good leads in interventions to be offered to children and their families.PMID:34916077 | PMC:PMC8491935 | DOI:10.1016/j.encep.2021.06.021 (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - December 17, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: R Zebdi E Plateau A Delalandre S Vanwalleghem M Chahed Y Hentati G Chaudoye E Moreau B Lignier Source Type: research

Ethical dilemma for healthcare professionals facing elderly dementia patients during the COVID-19 pandemic
Encephale. 2021 Oct 25:S0013-7006(21)00226-8. doi: 10.1016/j.encep.2021.09.003. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe management of elderly patients with dementia and COVID-19 infections without access to an intensive care unit gives rise to serious ethical conflicts. Therapeutic decisions have been made in psychogeriatric units, leaving a heavy moral burden on staff. They had to deal with the most difficult patients without the support of appropriate guidelines. The gap between established rules and hospital reality led to psychological distress and burnout. Managing uncertainty in medical decisions is a skill that doctors an...
Source: L Encephale - December 17, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: M Romdhani S Kohler P Koskas O Drunat Source Type: research

Belief updating and mood congruence in depressive disorder
Encephale. 2021 Dec 13:S0013-7006(21)00187-1. doi: 10.1016/j.encep.2021.06.015. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTDepressive disorder is characterized by a polymorphic symptomatology associating emotional, cognitive and behavioral disturbances. One of the most specific symptoms is negative beliefs, called congruent to mood. Despite the importance of these beliefs in the development, the maintenance, and the recurrence of depressive episodes, little is known about the processes underlying the generation of depressive beliefs. In this paper, we detail the link between belief updating mechanisms and the genesis of depressive beli...
Source: L Encephale - December 17, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: H Bottemanne S Frileux A Guesdon P Fossati Source Type: research

Sleep disorders in patients with a neurocognitive disorder
CONCLUSION: Multiple and sustained nonpharmacological approaches are recommended for the treatment of sleep disturbances in patients with neurocognitive disorder. Pharmacological indications remain limited, and further randomized clinical trials integrating a multimodal approach are warranted to evaluate the treatment of sleep disorders in specific neurocognitive disorders.PMID:34916075 | DOI:10.1016/j.encep.2021.08.014 (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - December 17, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: C Moderie J Carrier T T Dang-Vu Source Type: research

A possible link between air pollution and suicide?
Encephale. 2021 Dec 13:S0013-7006(21)00204-9. doi: 10.1016/j.encep.2021.08.003. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34916076 | DOI:10.1016/j.encep.2021.08.003 (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - December 17, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: S Shoib M A Khan S Javed S Das M Chandradasa T R Soron F Saeed Source Type: research

CONFAMI study: Effects of home confinement during the COVID-19 epidemic on the lives of children and their families
CONCLUSION: Our results confirm European and international data collected in children in countries where strict lockdown measures have been applied. Despite the negative emotions felt in some children, confinement has helped develop new resources in most families. Families seem to have been successful in maintaining a stable and secure routine which has certainly been a protective factor against anxiety. Some reported factors, such as bonding, could be protective factors and constitute good leads in interventions to be offered to children and their families.PMID:34916077 | PMC:PMC8491935 | DOI:10.1016/j.encep.2021.06.021 (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - December 17, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: R Zebdi E Plateau A Delalandre S Vanwalleghem M Chahed Y Hentati G Chaudoye E Moreau B Lignier Source Type: research

Ethical dilemma for healthcare professionals facing elderly dementia patients during the COVID-19 pandemic
Encephale. 2021 Oct 25:S0013-7006(21)00226-8. doi: 10.1016/j.encep.2021.09.003. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe management of elderly patients with dementia and COVID-19 infections without access to an intensive care unit gives rise to serious ethical conflicts. Therapeutic decisions have been made in psychogeriatric units, leaving a heavy moral burden on staff. They had to deal with the most difficult patients without the support of appropriate guidelines. The gap between established rules and hospital reality led to psychological distress and burnout. Managing uncertainty in medical decisions is a skill that doctors an...
Source: L Encephale - December 17, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: M Romdhani S Kohler P Koskas O Drunat Source Type: research

Belief updating and mood congruence in depressive disorder
Encephale. 2021 Dec 13:S0013-7006(21)00187-1. doi: 10.1016/j.encep.2021.06.015. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTDepressive disorder is characterized by a polymorphic symptomatology associating emotional, cognitive and behavioral disturbances. One of the most specific symptoms is negative beliefs, called congruent to mood. Despite the importance of these beliefs in the development, the maintenance, and the recurrence of depressive episodes, little is known about the processes underlying the generation of depressive beliefs. In this paper, we detail the link between belief updating mechanisms and the genesis of depressive beli...
Source: L Encephale - December 17, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: H Bottemanne S Frileux A Guesdon P Fossati Source Type: research

Sleep disorders in patients with a neurocognitive disorder
CONCLUSION: Multiple and sustained nonpharmacological approaches are recommended for the treatment of sleep disturbances in patients with neurocognitive disorder. Pharmacological indications remain limited, and further randomized clinical trials integrating a multimodal approach are warranted to evaluate the treatment of sleep disorders in specific neurocognitive disorders.PMID:34916075 | DOI:10.1016/j.encep.2021.08.014 (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - December 17, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: C Moderie J Carrier T T Dang-Vu Source Type: research

A possible link between air pollution and suicide?
Encephale. 2021 Dec 13:S0013-7006(21)00204-9. doi: 10.1016/j.encep.2021.08.003. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34916076 | DOI:10.1016/j.encep.2021.08.003 (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - December 17, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: S Shoib M A Khan S Javed S Das M Chandradasa T R Soron F Saeed Source Type: research

CONFAMI study: Effects of home confinement during the COVID-19 epidemic on the lives of children and their families
CONCLUSION: Our results confirm European and international data collected in children in countries where strict lockdown measures have been applied. Despite the negative emotions felt in some children, confinement has helped develop new resources in most families. Families seem to have been successful in maintaining a stable and secure routine which has certainly been a protective factor against anxiety. Some reported factors, such as bonding, could be protective factors and constitute good leads in interventions to be offered to children and their families.PMID:34916077 | PMC:PMC8491935 | DOI:10.1016/j.encep.2021.06.021 (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - December 17, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: R Zebdi E Plateau A Delalandre S Vanwalleghem M Chahed Y Hentati G Chaudoye E Moreau B Lignier Source Type: research

Ethical dilemma for healthcare professionals facing elderly dementia patients during the COVID-19 pandemic
Encephale. 2021 Oct 25:S0013-7006(21)00226-8. doi: 10.1016/j.encep.2021.09.003. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe management of elderly patients with dementia and COVID-19 infections without access to an intensive care unit gives rise to serious ethical conflicts. Therapeutic decisions have been made in psychogeriatric units, leaving a heavy moral burden on staff. They had to deal with the most difficult patients without the support of appropriate guidelines. The gap between established rules and hospital reality led to psychological distress and burnout. Managing uncertainty in medical decisions is a skill that doctors an...
Source: L Encephale - December 17, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: M Romdhani S Kohler P Koskas O Drunat Source Type: research

Belief updating and mood congruence in depressive disorder
Encephale. 2021 Dec 13:S0013-7006(21)00187-1. doi: 10.1016/j.encep.2021.06.015. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTDepressive disorder is characterized by a polymorphic symptomatology associating emotional, cognitive and behavioral disturbances. One of the most specific symptoms is negative beliefs, called congruent to mood. Despite the importance of these beliefs in the development, the maintenance, and the recurrence of depressive episodes, little is known about the processes underlying the generation of depressive beliefs. In this paper, we detail the link between belief updating mechanisms and the genesis of depressive beli...
Source: L Encephale - December 17, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: H Bottemanne S Frileux A Guesdon P Fossati Source Type: research

Sleep disorders in patients with a neurocognitive disorder
CONCLUSION: Multiple and sustained nonpharmacological approaches are recommended for the treatment of sleep disturbances in patients with neurocognitive disorder. Pharmacological indications remain limited, and further randomized clinical trials integrating a multimodal approach are warranted to evaluate the treatment of sleep disorders in specific neurocognitive disorders.PMID:34916075 | DOI:10.1016/j.encep.2021.08.014 (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - December 17, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: C Moderie J Carrier T T Dang-Vu Source Type: research

A possible link between air pollution and suicide?
Encephale. 2021 Dec 13:S0013-7006(21)00204-9. doi: 10.1016/j.encep.2021.08.003. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34916076 | DOI:10.1016/j.encep.2021.08.003 (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - December 17, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: S Shoib M A Khan S Javed S Das M Chandradasa T R Soron F Saeed Source Type: research