[Psychiatric emergencies and sense of urgency occurring upstream from health services: What should be done?]
Authors: Gourevitch R, Boiteux C, Guedj-Bourdiau MJ Abstract The French psychiatric health system is not properly organized for managing the sense of urgency felt in critical situations that occur upstream from psychiatric health services, in "inappropriate" locations (e.g. home, street, work.), particularly for patients who are unwilling to cooperate and receive health care. Emergency services, police departments, or psychiatric teams - who should take charge? Families are distraught. The authors draw the line to propose a comprehensive and coherent model. Pressing emergencies require the intervention of...
Source: L Encephale - June 27, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

Migrations, trauma and mental health: A literature update on psychological assessment.
CONCLUSION: Even if the concern with the sensitivity of the tools used in cross-cultural assessment seems to be more present in the international literature, researchers seem to encounter difficulties in better understanding the effects of culture on the mental health of individuals. With increasingly diverse societies, new research should not be based on participants' geographic or ethnic origins, but rather try to "unpack" culture with, for example, the exploration of the relationships between certain values or orientations and the different expressions of psychological distress. Finally, given the still lackin...
Source: L Encephale - June 26, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[Management of cardiovascular co-morbidities in young patients with early onset psychosis: State of the art and therapeutic perspectives].
Authors: Frajerman A, Morin V, Chaumette B, Kebir O, Krebs MO Abstract Patients with psychiatric disorders have a decrease in their life expectancy. Excess mortality of patients with schizophrenia was demonstrated by a meta-analysis in the late 1990s and has not decreased for the past 30years. A recent meta-analysis including nearly 250,000 patients with schizophrenia found an average decrease in life expectancy of 14.5years (CI95: 11,2-17,8), more important for men than for women: 15.9 (CI95: 13,8-18,0) vs 13.6 (CI95: 11,4-15,8). A closer look at the somatic comorbidities, including metabolic syndrome, and investi...
Source: L Encephale - June 24, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

Emergency psychiatric management of borderline personality disorder: Towards an articulation of modalities for personalised integrative care.
Authors: Besch V, Debbané M, Greiner C, Magnin C, De Néris M, Ambrosetti J, Perroud N, Poulet E, Prada P Abstract Building on existing literature, the authors draw the landscape of psychiatric emergencies, and focus on borderline personality disorder, frequently encountered, and strongly linked to death by suicide. A review of knowledge in terms of diagnosis, prognosis, etiology, and treatment, as well as their own experiences, lead them to propose areas of progress that would secure the patient's care pathway. The evolution of society has led psychiatric emergency departments to play the role of a sa...
Source: L Encephale - June 24, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[Psychological development of children born by medically assisted procreation].
Authors: Fond G, Franc N, Sarfati Y, Purper-Ouakil D, Boyer L PMID: 32546294 [PubMed - in process] (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - June 19, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[Let us not forget the morale of "our troops"!]
[Let us not forget the morale of "our troops"!] Encephale. 2020 May 03;: Authors: Mulin E, Trouillet I, Gellato C PMID: 32536471 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - June 17, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[How do children and adolescents with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) experience lockdown during the COVID-19 outbreak?]
CONCLUSIONS: According to their parents, most children and adolescents with ADHD experience stability or improvement of their well-being. An improvement in school-related anxiety and the flexible adjustment to the children's' rhythms as well as parents' increased awareness of the difficulties their children experience are among the key topics in parents' descriptions. PMID: 32522407 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - June 13, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[Mental Health and sexual orientation in adolescents in a school environment].
CONCLUSION: Young people who reported being exclusively attracted to members of the same sex presented a higher level of mental distress compared to those who reported being attracted to members of the opposite sex. This was especially the case for boys. These findings led to the identification of risk and protective factors that can inform the development of appropriate preventive measures. PMID: 32522408 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - June 13, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[Coronavirus: Predictive brain and terror management].
Authors: Bottemanne H, Morlaàs O, Schmidt L, Fossati P Abstract Emerging infectious diseases like Covid-19 cause a major threat to global health. When confronted with new pathogens, individuals generate several beliefs about the epidemic phenomenon. Many studies have shown that individual protective behaviors largely depend on these beliefs. Due to the absence of treatment and vaccine against these emerging pathogens, the relation between these beliefs and these behaviors represents a crucial issue for public health policies. In the premises of the Covid-19 pandemic, several preliminary studies have highligh...
Source: L Encephale - June 12, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[Panic and pandemic: Review of the literature on the links between panic disorder and the SARS-CoV-2 epidemic].
Authors: Javelot H, Weiner L Abstract Although the "panic" word has been abundantly linked to the SARS-CoV-2 (severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2) pandemic in the press, in the scientific literature very few studies have considered whether the current epidemic could predispose to the onset or the aggravation of panic attacks or panic disorder. Indeed, most studies thus far have focused on the risk of increase and aggravation of other psychiatric disorders as a consequence of the SARS-CoV-2 epidemic, such as obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and general...
Source: L Encephale - June 10, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[Recommendations for a gradual and controlled resumption of electroconvulsive therapy in France during the period of lifting of the containment and of the COVID-19  pandemic linked to SARS-CoV-2].
The objective of this collective and national work is to offer simple recommendations that can be applied immediately by any healthcare establishment, public or private, practicing ECT. They are the result of feedback from multiprofessional and inter-establishment experiences. Declined in three stages, these recommendations are accompanied by a practical sheet which describes in detail the necessary conditions and prerequisites for any resumption of ECT activity. PMID: 32507557 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - June 10, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[Screening tools for cannabis use disorders and their adaptation to DSM-5: A literature review].
CONCLUSION: Among the many questionnaires available, few are suited for daily clinical practice in France because of their complexity, their long duration or the absence of a validated French translation. The CUDIT-R has good psychometric characteristics, is simple to use, and has been validated according to the criteria of DSM-5. These questionnaires are obviously not a substitute for a clinical diagnosis and must be followed by a specialist's evaluation. However, they remain an interesting mediation, encouraging a patient's awareness and commitment to care. PMID: 32475691 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - June 3, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[The effects of quarantine for SARS-CoV-2 on sleep: An online survey].
Authors: Hartley S, Colas des Francs C, Aussert F, Martinot C, Dagneaux S, Londe V, Waldron L, Royant-Parola S Abstract OBJECTIVES: Explore the evolution of sleep during the SARS-CoV-2 quarantine period and define associated factors. METHODS: An online survey of patients in quarantine. Questions targeted the conditions of quarantine, sleep related behaviours and exposure to factors known to affect sleep and circadian rhythms (light exposure and sport). RESULTS: In all, 1777 participants were included: 77% women and 72% aged 25-54 years. Quarantine conditions were most frequently in couples with children (36...
Source: L Encephale - June 3, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[Mental health care in French correctional facilities during the Covid-19 pandemic].
The objectives of this article are to describe the reorganization of the three levels of psychiatric care for inmates in France in the context of Covid-19 pandemic and to have a look at the impact of lockdown measures and early releases on mental health of prisoners. METHODS: This work is based on a survey conducted in April 2020 in France among psychiatric healthcare providers working in 42 ambulatory units for inmates and in the 9 full-time inpatient psychiatric wards exclusively for inmates called "UHSAs" (which stands for "unités hospitalières spécialement aménagées...
Source: L Encephale - June 3, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[Thoughts on a favourable evolution of a COVID-19  in a patient with resistant schizophrenia and on a combination of clozapine and paliperidone palmitate].
[Thoughts on a favourable evolution of a COVID-19 in a patient with resistant schizophrenia and on a combination of clozapine and paliperidone palmitate]. Encephale. 2020 May 21;: Authors: Bouaziz N, Ben Rejeb H, Ateb S, Fourati T, Chammas F, Baha D, Rosetti R, Kalalou K, Saba G, Benadhira R, Januel D PMID: 32475694 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - June 3, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[Attitude of psychiatrists and psychiatry residents in Lebanon towards restraint and informed consent].
CONCLUSIONS: Restraint is considered uncommon by psychiatrists and psychiatric residents in Lebanon and must remain an option of last resort with efforts being made upstream in order to avoid situations where the use of restraint becomes mandatory. Post critical thinking is paramount, and restraint should never respond to a lack of manpower or a security goal. Informed consent is one of the most important guarantors of the principle of autonomy, and must be sought in each patient, individually. Finally, no significant difference was found between the subgroups, which would therefore become a single population. Ethical refl...
Source: L Encephale - June 2, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[Particularities of psychiatric and dermatological comorbidity among medical students in Morocco: Multicenter study].
CONCLUSION: Dermatological and psychiatric conditions are frequent and underestimated among medical students in Morocco. Dermatologic and psychiatric comorbidity is associated with a higher prevalence of psychoactive substance use and suicide attempts. PMID: 32473776 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - June 2, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[Hepatitis C  in a psychiatric setting: A forgotten reservoir?]
In conclusion, the world of psychiatry is a possible hidden reservoir of HCV and, as such, a part of the challenge for eliminating the virus. Patients, families, and caregivers will have to be correctly sensitized and trained to play their role in the process. Specific investigations will be required to better understand why such an increased prevalence of HCV is observed in this population. Specific adaptations of the cascade of care within psychiatric settings, including access to treatment, will need to be designed, implemented, and evaluated for reaching micro-elimination of HCV in psychiatry. PMID: 32473777 [PubMe...
Source: L Encephale - June 2, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[Impulsivity in subjects at ultra high risk for psychosis].
Authors: Fekih-Romdhane F, Ghrissi F, Cherif W, Cheour M PMID: 32473778 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - June 2, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[Responsiveness and sustainability of psychiatric care in France during COVID-19 epidemic].
The objective of this review is to examine the adaptations of psychiatric care in France during this pandemic. METHOD: This narrative review is based on the observation of changes made in French psychiatric hospitals and on an analysis of the literature. RESULTS: Regarding psychiatric hospitalization, the COVID-19 epidemic required rapid measures that profoundly modified the conditions of patients' reception, forcing the medical staffs to adapt their methods of care. The authors noted the creation of at least 89 wards specifically dedicated to patients with COVID-19 needing psychiatric hospitalization, allowing dua...
Source: L Encephale - May 31, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[Pregabalin and risk of addiction: A new care issue?]
CONCLUSION: Current literature suggests an important and growing concern for the abuse of PRG. Male sex, psychiatric and/or addiction history, including opioid addiction, may be potential risk factors for the development of addictive behaviours associated with PRG. PMID: 32471706 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - May 31, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[Suicidal behavior in light of COVID-19 outbreak: Clinical challenges and treatment perspectives].
CONCLUSIONS: This unprecedented crisis may interact with certain dimensions of the suicidal process. However, it is time to innovate. Several suicide prevention tools all have their place in new modes of care and should be tested on a large scale. PMID: 32471707 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - May 31, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[Repurposing chlorpromazine to treat COVID-19: the reCoVery study].
CONCLUSION: This repurposing of CPZ for its anti-SARS-CoV-2 activity could offer an alternative, rapid strategy to alleviate infection severity. This repurposing strategy also avoids numerous developmental and experimental steps, and could save precious time to rapidly establish an anti-COVID-19 therapy with well-known, limited and easily managed side effects. PMID: 32425222 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - May 21, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[Appreciating COVID-19 as a child and adolescent psychiatrist on the move].
Authors: Cohen D Abstract COVID-19 is a multi-organ disease due to an infection with the SARS-CoV2 virus. It has become a pandemic in early 2020. The disease appears less devastating in children and adolescents. However, stress, quarantine and eventually mourning have major impacts on development. It is difficult to describe what this pandemic implies for a child psychiatrist, other than by giving a first-hand account. I propose to go through the main ethical questions that have arisen; to describe how my hospital team has reorganized itself to meet the new demands and questions, in particular by opening a unit ded...
Source: L Encephale - May 15, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[Repurposing of chlorpromazine in COVID-19 treatment: the reCoVery study].
CONCLUSION: This repositioning of CPZ as an anti-SARS-CoV-2 drug offers an alternative and rapid strategy to alleviate the virus propagation and the infection severity and lethality. This CPZ repositioning strategy also avoids numerous developmental and experimental steps and can save precious time to rapidly establish an anti-COVID-19 therapy with well-known, limited and easy to manage side effects. Indeed, CPZ is an FDA-approved drug with an excellent tolerance profile, prescribed for around 70 years in psychiatry but also in clinical routine in nausea and vomiting of pregnancy, in advanced cancer and also to treat heada...
Source: L Encephale - May 11, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[Evolution of electro-convulsive therapy activity in France since the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic].
Authors: Amad A, Magnat M, Quilès C, Yrondi A, Sauvaget A, Bulteau S, Plaze M, Rotharmel M, Polosan M, Lévy-Chavagnat D, Jaafari N, Vaiva G, Thomas P Abstract The recent COVID-19 pandemic has led to major organisational changes in health care settings, especially in psychiatric hospitals. We conducted a national online survey to assess the evolution of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) in the different centres practicing this treatment. 65 responses from all over France were analysed. More than 90 % of the centres practising ECT experienced a decrease in their activity. Half of the centres experien...
Source: L Encephale - May 8, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

Ensuring mental health care during the SARS-CoV-2 epidemic in France: A narrative review.
This article aims to propose guidance to ensure mental health care during the SARS-CoV epidemic in France. METHODS: The authors performed a narrative review identifying relevant results in the scientific and medical literature and in local initiatives in France. RESULTS: We identified four types of major vulnerabilities among patients with mental disorders during this pandemic: (1) medical comorbidities that are more frequently found among patients with mental disorders (cardiovascular and pulmonary pathologies, diabetes, obesity, etc.) which are risk factors for severe covid-19 infection; (2) age (the elderly form...
Source: L Encephale - May 8, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[Psychopathological consequences of confinement].
Authors: Mengin A, Allé MC, Rolling J, Ligier F, Schroder C, Lalanne L, Berna F, Jardri R, Vaiva G, Geoffroy PA, Brunault P, Thibaut F, Chevance A, Giersch A Abstract The psychological effects of isolation have already been described in the literature (polar expeditions, submarines, prison). Nevertheless, the scale of confinement implemented during the COVID-19 pandemic is unprecedented. In addition to reviewing the published studies, we need to anticipate the psychological problems that could arise during or at a distance from confinement. We have gone beyond the COVID-19 literature in order to examine the ...
Source: L Encephale - May 8, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[Health professionals facing the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic: What are the mental health risks?]
CONCLUSIONS: In the long run, this tragic health crisis should significantly enhance our understanding of the mental health risk factors among the health care professionals facing the COVID-19 pandemic. Reporting information such as this is essential to plan future prevention strategies. Protecting health care professionals is indeed an important component of public health measures to address large-scale health crisis. Thus, interventions to promote mental well-being in health care professionals exposed to COVID-19 need to be immediately implemented, and to strengthen prevention and response strategies by training health c...
Source: L Encephale - May 8, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[Informations on psychotropics and their adaptations for patients suffering from mental disorders in France during the SARS-CoV-2 epidemic].
Authors: Javelot H, Llorca PM, Drapier D, Fakra E, Hingray C, Meyer G, Dizet S, Egron A, Straczek C, Roser M, Masson M, Gaillard R, Fossati P, Haffen E Abstract The 2019-20 coronavirus pandemic (SARS-CoV-2; severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2) has dramatic consequences on populations in terms of morbidity and mortality and in social terms, the general confinement of almost half of the world's population being a situation unprecedented in history, which is difficult today to measure the impact at the individual and collective levels. More specifically, it affects people with various risk factors, wh...
Source: L Encephale - May 8, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[Challenges for psychotropics in the context of the SARS-Cov-2 pandemic].
Authors: Javelot H, Llorca PM, Meyer G, Fossati P, Haffen E Abstract French recommendations have been proposed for psychotropics use and possible adaptations during the SARS-CoV-2 epidemic. Between uncertainties linked to the lack of data and speculations about possible benefits of psychotropics against the coronavirus, we propose here elements allowing to base the pharmacotherapeutic decisions potentially useful in Covid+ patients with psychiatric disorders. PMID: 32360037 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - May 5, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[Early EMDR defusing in a COVID-19 testing center].
Authors: Thépaut M, Ferracci S, Dormois I, Haour F, Cazenave N PMID: 32362503 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - May 5, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[Real-life data and Covid-19: The third avenue of reseach].
Authors: Boyer L, Auquier P, Fond G Abstract The analysis of real-life data from hospital information systems could make possible to decide on the efficacy and safety of Covid-19 treatments by avoiding the pitfalls of preliminary studies and randomized clinical trials. The different drugs tested in current clinical trials are already widely prescribed to patients by doctors in hospitals, and can therefore be immediately analysed according to validated methodological standards. PMID: 32362504 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - May 5, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

In times of crisis, anticipate mourning.
Authors: Radoykov S PMID: 32331764 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - April 27, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[Validation of the French version of the 10-item Big Five Inventory].
CONCLUSION: The French version of the BFI-10 demonstrated the expected five-factor structure, satisfactory reliability, and broad bandwidth. It could be a valuable tool for the assessment of personality in circumstances in which it is not possible to use a longer and more in-depth instrument, especially when personality is not the main focus of research but one of the variables to be controlled. PMID: 32331765 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - April 27, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[Suicidal risk prevention in schizophrenia: Importance of family psychoeducation].
CONCLUSION: This study shows the positive impact of Profamille on reducing the rate of suicide attempts in patients with schizophrenia. It has been shown that the risk is highest at the beginning of the disorder. Therefore, based on our results, it would seem appropriate to propose the Profamille program at an early stage. PMID: 32317163 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - April 24, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[Clozapine prescription in the wake of the coronavirus (SARS CoV-2) outbreak: What measures? Why?]
Authors: Ben Dhia A, Hamzaoui S, Mouaffak F PMID: 32317164 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - April 24, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[The contribution of forensic neuroscience to psychopathy].
This article critically evaluates the contribution of structural and functional neuroimaging to the understanding of this personality disorder in North American forensic populations with psychopathic traits. Neuroimaging results are highly variable. They report numerous structural and functional abnormalities that are not limited to the amygdala and the ventromedial prefrontal cortex but include the striatum, hippocampus, and uncinate fasciculus. These brain abnormalities underlie an attenuated emotion processing functioning (but not an absence) and aversion to negative and threats signals, reinforcement learning, represen...
Source: L Encephale - April 23, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[Ensuring mental health care during the SARS-CoV-2 epidemic in France: A narrative review].
This article aims at proposing guidance to ensure mental health care during the SARS-CoV epidemy in France. METHODS: Authors performed a narrative review identifying relevant results in the scientific and medical literature and local initiatives in France. RESULTS: We identified four types of major vulnerabilities in patients suffering from mental disorders during this pandemic: (1) medical comorbidities that are more frequently found in patients suffering from mental disorders (cardiovascular and pulmonary pathologies, diabetes, obesity, etc.) which represent risk factors for severe infections with Covid-19; (2) a...
Source: L Encephale - April 23, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

Misdiagnosis in three boys with predominantly hyperactive ADHD.
Authors: Lucchelli JP, Bertschy G PMID: 32276718 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - April 13, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[Pharmaco-resistance and side effects of antipsychotics associated with poor metabolizer phenotype for cytochrome P450 2D6 in a context of early-onset schizophrenia: A case report].
Authors: David A, Fernandez A, Menard ML, Dor E, Bonnard-Couton V, Gugenheim L, Verstuyft C, Askenazy F, Thümmler S PMID: 32273136 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - April 11, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

Cultural risk factors of suicidal behavior among adolescents in Kazakhstan.
Authors: Jumageldinov A, Nuradinov A, Einloft Brunnet A, Derivois D Abstract Youth suicide is becoming a serious problem in Kazakhstan. According to UNICEF reports, the risk of suicidal behavior among adolescents (15-19 years) in Kazakhstan is three times higher than in the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS). Despite the urgency of the problem, there are currently no psychological studies of the causes of suicide. In this article, we identify several cultural and historical factors and associated risks that, in our opinion, should be considered in the study of the growth of adolescent suicide in Kazakhstan. ...
Source: L Encephale - April 11, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[The value of Police databases in preventing suicides].
Authors: Drouin E PMID: 32220484 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - March 31, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[Acceptance of "voices" in people with or without psychiatric disorders: Francophone validation of the 9-item VAAS scale].
The objective of this research was to validate the VAAS in a French speaking population. METHOD: Our sample consisted of individuals with schizophrenia (N=65) and voice hearers from the general population (N=321). For the clinical population, individuals with schizophrenia and auditory hallucinations were assessed using the VAAS scale in its two abbreviated versions (9 and 12 items). In order to validate the measure in French, we administered psychopathology scales (BPRS) and voice belief scales (BAVQ-R) for convergent and divergent validity. For the non-clinical population, we administered the VAAS scale online (via L...
Source: L Encephale - March 22, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[Sexual professional violence exposure of young physicians in the hospital: The MESSIAEN national study].
Authors: Duba A, Messiaen M, Masson M, Lançon C, Boyer L, Fond G PMID: 32192751 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - March 22, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[Observation and comparison of social abilities in Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and Autism Spectrum Disorder children].
Authors: Léger M, Piat N, Jean FA, Galera C, Bouvard MP, Amestoy A Abstract OBJECTIVES: Different studies centered on social relationship issues among ADHD children struggled to provide a unicist explanation between primary social cognition process alteration on the one hand and a mere symptomatic outcome of the disorder triad on the other. Some authors support the idea of a potential "social phenotype" shared at a different intensity by Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). The point of the study is to characterize this possible social disability in a ...
Source: L Encephale - March 12, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[Representation of Female speakers at French psychiatry conferences].
Authors: Pierron J, Dirani EE, Sanchez S, El-Hage W, Hingray C Abstract OBJECTIVES: First, the main objective was to describe the evolution of the representation of women at the two main conferences of psychiatry in France-Encephale and French Congress of Psychiatry-from 2009 to 2018, and to compare it to the evolution of the representation of women among French psychiatrists. Second, we aimed to describe this evolution within the themes of general psychiatry, child psychiatry and addictology and compare it to the evolution of the number of adult psychiatrists, child psychiatrists and addictologists in France, and ...
Source: L Encephale - March 12, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[Membrane lipids in schizophrenia and early phases of psychosis: Potential biomarkers and therapeutic targets?]
Authors: Frajerman A, Kebir O, Chaumette B, Tessier C, Lamazière A, Nuss P, Krebs MO Abstract The various roles of membrane lipids in human health has urged researchers to study their impact in neuropsychiatric diseases, especially in schizophrenia spectrum disorders and more recently in early stages of psychosis. The progress in mass spectrometry technologies now allows a more comprehensive analysis of phospholipids (PL) and their fatty acid (FA) molecular species. FA are defined by a carbon chain of variable length and are said to be unsaturated when their chain has one or more carbon-carbon double bonds. ...
Source: L Encephale - March 12, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[Descriptive study of the releases pronounced by the liberty and detention judge at groupe hospitalier universitaire Paris psychiatrie & neurosciences from November 2017  to October 2018].
CONCLUSION: Several reasons justify withdrawals of compulsory psychiatric admissions. Scrupulously respecting procedures and drafting psychiatric certificates might decrease the number of withdrawals. PMID: 32151447 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - March 12, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

[Hypothermia due to antipsychotic drug: A case report].
Authors: Arditti R, Mongin Y, Drancourt N, Hotier S, Laguerre A, Hamdani N PMID: 32151448 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - March 12, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research