Early cannulation of percutaneously created arteriovenous hemodialysis fistulae.

CONCLUSION: The results of this study suggest that the possibility of successful early cannulation with a percutaneous arteriovenous fistula can be considered as an additional factor in making this access a reasonable alternative for a surgically created arteriovenous fistula in appropriate patients. PMID: 31854231 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The Journal of Vascular Access - Category: Surgery Tags: J Vasc Access Source Type: research

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Abstract Failure to mature and venous neointimal hyperplasia formation are the two major causes of hemodialysis arteriovenous fistula (AVF) vascular access failure. Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) is the first-line treatment for both of these conditions, but clinically, women have decreased patency rates when compared to men. The hypothesis to be tested in the present paper was that female mice after PTA of venous areas of higher intimal thickening have increased gene expression of transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) and transforming growth factor-β receptor 1 (TGFβ-R1) accompani...
Source: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology - Category: Physiology Authors: Tags: Am J Physiol Renal Physiol Source Type: research
ández M, Ortiz A Abstract Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are at an increased risk of premature mortality, mainly from cardiovascular causes. The association between CKD on hemodialysis and accelerated atherosclerosis was described>40 years ago. However, more recently, it has been suggested that the increase in atherosclerosis risk is actually observed in early CKD stages, remaining stable thereafter. In this regard, interventions targeting the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis, such as statins, successful in the general population, have failed to benefit patients with very advanced CKD. This ra...
Source: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol Source Type: research
Rationale: Twin pregnancy in women with chronic kidney disease (CKD) is very rare but poses a great risk to both mother and children. In developing countries like China, advanced CKD twin pregnancies are often terminated. Here, we report a successful case and reviewed related cases, hope to facilitate further study. Patient concerns: A 29-year-old woman with a twin pregnancy showed serum creatinine (Scr) 100 μmol/L (CKD2) at conception. During her 12th week, Scr reached 263 μmol/L (CKD4) with urine protein 3+ and hypertension. Diagnoses: Due to her pregnancy, renal biopsy was not considered. Lab tests sho...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research
A 67-year-old man began hemodialysis at age 44 years after undergoing a right nephrectomy. Whereas a preoperative ultrasound had revealed mild renal atrophy in the absence of cysts, the histopathologic analysis of the excised kidney was consistent with nonspecific chronic kidney disease. During the following decade, the remaining kidney became severely polycystic (Figure  1a and b), and the liver was occupied by several microcysts in the absence of hepatocellular dysfunction or cholestasis based on serum measurements.
Source: Kidney International - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Nephrology Image Source Type: research
Guangwen Luo1†, Bailiang Li1†, Cailu Yang2†, Yutang Wang1, Xin Bian1, Wan Li1, Fei Liu1 and Guicheng Huo1* 1Key Laboratory of Dairy Science, Ministry of Education, College of Food Science, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin, China 2Department of Ultrasound, Maternal and Child Health Hospital of Dapeng New District, Shenzhen, China Modulating gut microbiota to promote host health is well recognized. Therefore, people consume dietary products containing traditional probiotics in wishing to improve their health, and they need more research-based advices on how to select products with sui...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Discussion: Incomplete septal cirrhosis is an uncommon cause of non-cirrhotic portal hypertension. Its definition is not well known, morphological and pathophysiological. We have not found published cases of post-RT ascites secondary to this pathology, described as possibly associated with drugs, immune alterations, infections, hypercoagulability and genetic predisposition. PMID: 30897191 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: J Bras Nefrol Source Type: research
Conclusions: Renal disease proved to be associated with early and subclinical impairment of LV systolic function, which persists after starting dialysis and even in spite of successful kidney transplantation. An increased E/e ’ resulted to be the most powerful independent predictor of abnormal GLS.Cardiorenal Med 2019;9:61 –68
Source: Cardiorenal Medicine - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Conclusion: Community acquired AKI is a major health problem with high morbidity and mortality.Nephron
Source: Nephron - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Abstract Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) CD34 are bone marrow-derived cells that decrease in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients especially when they reach end-stage renal disease and may be a risk marker of cardiovascular (CV) diseases. The aim of our study is to investigate the endothelial progenitor cell CD 34 numbers in children with CKD on regular hemodialysis (HD) and detect their association with vascular stiffness. We recruited 25 children on regular HD, who were selected from the HD unit of Al-Zahraa Hospital, Al-Azhar University. Another group of 25 age and sex matched healthy children served as as...
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research
A new catheter-based technology could provide a non-surgical option for arteriovenous (AV) fistula creation. FDA recently gave de novo clearance to Avenu Medical’s Ellipsys Vascular Access System. The San Juan Capistrano, CA-based company’s device challenges the surgical option to create an AV fistula, which has been the gold standard for about 50 years. “This is what we call a disruptive technology for sure,” Ed Chang, Co-Founder, Director and VP Marketing for Avenu, told MD+DI. “We liken this to lap chole. Prior to lap chole it was always done surgically. That was the gold standard until lap...
Source: MDDI - Category: Medical Devices Authors: Tags: Business Source Type: news
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