Sleep-Related Rhythmic Movements and Sleep Terrors: A Possible Common Neurophysiological Background in a Preschool Boy

We report the case of a 3-year-old boy with a history of frequent and injurious sleep-related rhythmic movements and sleep terrors. We documented six episodes of body rocking and head banging via video polysomnography. No epileptic seizures were observed. In addition to the association between a sleep movement disorder and a disorder of arousal, our case shows that sleep-related rhythmic movements can arise not only during relaxed wakefulness or during a stable sleep stage, but also during a less clearly defined sleep stage during which it is difficult to further subtype non-rapid eye movement sleep. On the contrary, the portion of sleep without rhythmic movement episodes were clearly depicted with their physiological features. These findings might be of relevance for understanding the pathophysiology of both sleep-related rhythmic movements and sleep terrors and emphasize the importance to assess sleep using polysomnography, especially when episodes are frequent and injurious. The neurophysiological information obtained from this assessment might be helpful and guide an eventual treatment option.Citation:Merli E, Ferri R, DelRosso LM, Mignani F, Loddo G, Traverso A, Provini F. .J Clin Sleep Med. 2019;15(12):1849–1852.
Source: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine : JCSM - Category: Sleep Medicine Source Type: research

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Source: Epilepsy and Behavior - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
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Source: Epilepsy and Behavior - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 17 January 2020Source: Neuroscience ResearchAuthor(s): Zhaofa Wu, Yulong LiAbstractPurinergic transmitters such as adenosine, ADP, ATP, UTP, and UDP-glucose play important roles in a wide range of physiological processes, including the sleep-wake cycle, learning and memory, cardiovascular function, and the immune response. Moreover, impaired purinergic signaling has been implicated in various pathological conditions such as pain, migraine, epilepsy, and drug addiction. Examining the function of purinergic transmission in both health and disease requires direct, sensitive, non-invasive too...
Source: Neuroscience Research - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
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Source: The Splintered Mind by Douglas Cootey - Category: Psychiatry Tags: ADHD Depression Family Goodreads Journaling Source Type: blogs
Abstract OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to longitudinally characterize in children with epilepsy the objective and subjective sleep quality and the relationship between increased physical activity and sleep as well as measures of psychosocial well-being. METHODS: Baseline physical activity and sleep were established in children with epilepsy over four weeks, prior to a 12-week exercise intervention (weekly meeting with exercise counselor). Participants continuously wore a wrist pedometer (Fitbit Flex®) to capture daily number of steps, sleep efficiency, and total sleep time. The Early Childhood Epil...
Source: Epilepsy and Behaviour - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Epilepsy Behav Source Type: research
Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine, Ahead of Print.
Source: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine : JCSM - Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusions: Resective surgery is an effective treatment for selected cases of ESES, producing long term seizure freedom, resolution of ESES and stabilization of cognitive and behavioral functioning in most patients. Our case series is the largest single center cohort description addressing resective surgery for ESES. Outcomes in this sample suggest that good long-term seizure, EEG and cognitive/behavioral outcomes can be achieved in patients with normal brain imaging and in limited lobar or multi-lobar resections. Moreover, patients with ESES and very infrequent clinical seizures can benefit from surgery with stabilizatio...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
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Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized animals onetime Source Type: news
Abstract Autistic epileptiform regression is an uncommon but extensively described malady in children. The clinico-etiological spectrum of this entity ranges from electrical status epilepticus in sleep to various neurogenetic and neurodegenerative disorders. Identification of these disorders is crucial considering their therapeutic and prognostic implications. Simple investigations such as neuroimaging and electroencephalography with activation procedures can provide valuable diagnostic clues in resource-limited settings; facilitating targeted genetic/metabolic testing. Here we report a 3.5-year-old girl with auti...
Source: Clinical EEG and Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: Clin EEG Neurosci Source Type: research
Conclusions1. Atypical seizures, for instance, seizures without EEG evolution, are not rare but likely to be overlooked. 2. FBDS is closely linked with epileptic seizures, revealing FBDS to be a part of epileptic attacks. 3. HMs could expand the spectrum of motor manifestations, overlapping with sleep disorders. 4. The high prevalence of these motor events might be due to the disrupted cortical-subcortical network, which is critical in motor control and sleep.
Source: Seizure - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
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