An analysis of the incidence of hypothermia in casualties presenting to emergency departments in Iraq and Afghanistan

Hypothermia on the battlefield has been shown to be associated with severe injury and higher mortality. The incidence of battlefield casualties presenting to with hypothermia are described.
Source: The American Journal of Emergency Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Source Type: research

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ConclusionsFor patients without aortic dissection and who require more than 30 minutes of circulatory arrest, optimal cerebral protection strategies are deep hypothermia with either antegrade or retrograde cerebral perfusion and moderate hypothermia with antegrade cerebral perfusion.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research
Source: Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine - Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Source Type: research
This article was corrected online.
Source: JAMA Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research
AbstractAimThe main burden of hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy falls in low-income countries. 2-Iminobiotin, a selective inhibitor of neuronal and inducible nitric oxide synthase, has been shown to be safe and effective in preclinical studies of birth asphyxia. Recently, safety and pharmacokinetics of 2-iminobiotin treatment on top of hypothermia has been described. Since logistics and the standard of medical care are very different in low-resource settings, the aim of this study was to investigate safety and pharmacokinetics of Two-IminoBiotin in the Democratic Republic of Congo (TIBC).MethodsNear-term neonates, born in Ki...
Source: Pediatric Drugs - Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research
No abstract available
Source: Biomedical Safety and Standards - Category: Medical Devices Tags: RECALLS & FIELD CORRECTIONS—CLASS II Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 January 2020Source: Journal of Hazardous MaterialsAuthor(s): Tengxia He, Deti Xie, Jiupai Ni, Zhu Li, Zhenlun LiAbstractA hypothermia aerobic denitrifying bacterium, Pseudomonas taiwanensis strain J488, can effectively remove multiple nitrogen sources from wastewater at 15 °C. The ammonium, nitrate and nitrite removal efficiencies were 100%, 92.61% and 92.49%, respectively. Strain J488 could survive with hydroxylamine as sole nitrogen source and its removal efficiency was 97.71%. The removal efficiency of ammonium was 100% even in the presence of the classical inhibitors of nitrifi...
Source: Journal of Hazardous Materials - Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research
ConclusionsAKI might be a reliable indicator of death or long-term disability in infants with HIE receiving TH, but the absence of AKI does not guarantee a favorable long-term outcome.
Source: Pediatric Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
This study aimed to determine the incidence of and the factors associated with PTH. We retrospectively reviewed patients who underwent DC for TBI at our institute between January 2014 and December 2018. We identified and compared the demographic, clinical, and radiological data, and 12-month functional outcome (as assessed by the Glasgow Outcome Scale [GOS]) between patients who developed PTH and those who did not. Logistic regression analyses were performed to identify risk factors for PTH. Additionally, the influence of PTH on unfavorable functional outcome was analyzed. PTH developed in 18 (18.95%) of the 95 patients wh...
Source: Neurosurgical Review - Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research
Publication date: January 2020Source: The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice, Volume 8, Issue 1Author(s): Anna Nowak-Wegrzyn, M. Cecilia Berin, Sam MehrFood protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome (FPIES) is a non–IgE-mediated food allergy that manifests with projectile, repetitive emesis that can be followed by diarrhea and may be accompanied by lethargy, hypotonia, hypothermia, hypotension, and metabolic derangements. FPIES usually starts in infancy although onset at older ages is being increasingly recognized. FPIES is not rare, with the cumulative incidence of FPIES in infants estimated to be ...
Source: The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Abstract The TRPV1 ion channel is a neuronal sensor that plays an important role in nociception and neuropathic as well as inflammatory pain. In clinical trials, hyperthermia and thermo-hypoaesthesia turned out as major side effects of TRPV1 antagonists, preventing successful development of such molecules as analgesics. In vitro studies demonstrated that the TRPV1 ion channel is a polymodal sensor integrating stimuli from molecular modulators with temperature, pH and transmembrane potential. Temperature dependent gating is suggested to constitute the molecular basis for its role in heat sensation and body temperat...
Source: European Journal of Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Eur J Pharmacol Source Type: research
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