Prevalence of and risk factors for substance use among Afghan refugees in Iran: an exploratory study - Naseh M, Wagner EF, Abtahi Z, Potocky M, Zahedi L.
This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of substance use among ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

A descriptive analysis of causalities undergoing CASEVAC from the point-of-injury in the Department of Defense Trauma Registry - Schauer SG, Naylor JF, Bellamy MA, Maddry JK, April MD.
INTRODUCTION: The recent conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan entail an asymmetric battlefield without clearly defined forward lines of troops as seen in previous wars. Accordingly, the United States military medical services have increasingly adopted casualt... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 25, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news

Posttraumatic stress disorder and traumatic brain injury: sex differences in veterans - Epstein EL, Martindale SL, Va Mid-Atlantic Mirecc Workgroup, Miskey HM.
This study evaluat... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 25, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news

Spain Tops Italy as World ’s Healthiest Country While U.S. Falls: Report
Maybe it’s something in the gazpacho or paella, as Spain just surpassed Italy to become the world’s healthiest country. That’s according to the 2019 edition of the Bloomberg Healthiest Country Index, which ranks 169 economies according to factors that contribute to overall health. Spain placed sixth in the previous gauge, published in 2017. Four additional European nations were among the top 10 in 2019: Iceland (third place), Switzerland (fifth), Sweden (sixth) and Norway (ninth). Japan was the healthiest Asian nation, jumping three places from the 2017 survey into fourth and replacing Singapore, which dr...
Source: TIME: Health - February 24, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Lee Miller and Wei Lu / Bloomberg Tags: Uncategorized onetime Spain Source Type: news

In Afghanistan, Women Step Up to Fill Need for Frontline Health Workers
By Mare Elston, Technical services manager, USAID Promote: Women in the Economy programFebruary 22, 2019Female clients often want care from female health workers, but they're in short supply.Communities across Afghanistan —especially the dispersed populations in rural areas—have long endured a lack of basic health services due to low numbers of trained health workers and chronic security issues. But this situation is improving.Today, a program to bolster women ’s inclusion in Afghanistan’s mainstream economy is also serving to fill high-priority needs in maternal and infant care, vaccination, skil...
Source: IntraHealth International - February 22, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: mnathe Tags: Maternal, Newborn, & Child Health Community Engagement Human Resources Management Gender Equality Health Workforce Systems Afghanistan Source Type: news

Optimism may protect against chronic pain in soldiers
(Reuters Health) - Soldiers who displayed high optimism before deployment were less likely to develop chronic pain after being sent to Afghanistan or Iraq than those who were more pessimistic, a new study finds. (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - February 8, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news

Upbeat Attitude May Be a Pain Fighter
FRIDAY, Feb. 8, 2019 -- Optimism may be key to coping with chronic pain, claims a new study of soldiers who served in Iraq and Afghanistan. And you don't need to be a vet to benefit from a positive attitude, the research suggests. Among nearly... (Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews)
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - February 8, 2019 Category: General Medicine Source Type: news

The sources of stigma and the impacts on Afghan refugees with substance abuse disorders: a qualitative study in Iran - Deilamizade A, Moghanibashi-Mansourieh A, Mohammadian A, Puyan D.
Iran is the fourth refugee-hosting country and Afghanistan is the second refugee-source country in the world. This research is qualitative and conducted with content analysis method. Twenty-seven individuals participated in the study. They were recruited f... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 6, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

A Third of the Himalayan Glaciers Will Melt by the End of the Century, a New Report Finds
At least one-third of the Himalayan glaciers, among the world’s most vital water resources, are projected to melt by the end of the century even if the most ambitions steps to halt global warming are achieved, a new report finds. And if nothing is done, with green house gas emissions continuing at pace, that loss could rise to two-thirds by 2100, says the report, “The Hindu Kush Himalaya Assessment.” The 2,000-mile Hindu Kush and Himalaya range stretches from Afghanistan to China and provides a source of water that sustains more than a quarter of the world’s population, according to the report. Know...
Source: TIME: Science - February 5, 2019 Category: Science Authors: Casey Quackenbush Tags: Uncategorized climate change onetime overnight Source Type: news

At War: The Relics of War Left Behind in an Afghan Clinic
In this week ’ s newsletter: A look at Ross McDonnell ’ s photographs of homemade prosthetics, on display in I.C.R.C. ’ s orthopedic clinic in eastern Afghanistan. (Source: NYT Health)
Source: NYT Health - January 25, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: LAUREN KATZENBERG Tags: Civilian Casualties Afghanistan War (2001- ) Photography International Committee of the Red Cross Jalalabad (Afghanistan) Source Type: news

At War: The Day They Came to Tell Me My Husband Died
Grieving people remember compassion, like the compassion I received from the sheriff ’ s deputies who stayed by my side until I was no longer alone. (Source: NYT Health)
Source: NYT Health - January 25, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: MELISSA THOMAS Tags: Iraq War (2003-11) United States Defense and Military Forces Afghanistan War (2001- ) Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Source Type: news

U.S. Supreme Court Refuses To Hear War Veterans' Burn-Pit Toxic Injury Case
WASHINGTON, D.C. - The U.S. Supreme Court on Jan. 14 denied certiorari to a group of veterans who sued private contractors for injuries and deaths they contend were caused by the defendants' disposal of toxic chemicals in open-air burn pits in Iraq and Afghanistan (Alan Metzgar, et al. v. KBR Inc., et al., No. 18-317, U.S. Sup.). (Source: LexisNexis® Mealey's™ Emerging Toxic Torts Legal News)
Source: LexisNexis® Mealey's™ Emerging Toxic Torts Legal News - January 25, 2019 Category: Medical Law Source Type: news

Missed injuries in combat casualties: lessons from Iraq and Afghanistan - Undurraga Perl VJ, Johnson C, Kelley S, Woods P, Martin K, Zonies D.
INTRODUCTION: Once injured in the battlefield in Iraq and Afghanistan, U.S. and NATO troops receive medical treatment through tiered echelons of care with varying resources, from austere to state-of-the-art. Similar to civilian trauma systems, the aim is t... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 23, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Strangers in the Land: A Congolese Murder Case
A man walks down the street. It's a street in a strange world. Maybe it's the Third World. Maybe it's his first time around. He doesn't speak the language. He holds no currency. He is a foreign man. He is surrounded by the sound. The sound! Cattle in the marketplace, scatterlings and orphanages. He looks around, around.By Jan LundiusSTOCKHOLM / ROME, Jan 21 2019 (IPS)I thought about this song by Paul Simon while I in 2011 spent a few weeks in Kinshasa. I was a foreign man in a strange world, surrounded by sights and sounds, completely dependent on my new-found Congolese friends. When our taxi got stuck in a traffic jam and...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - January 21, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Jan Lundius Tags: Africa Aid Armed Conflicts Crime & Justice Featured Headlines Health Human Rights TerraViva United Nations Source Type: news

Positron emission tomography of tau in Iraq and Afghanistan Veterans with blast neurotrauma - Robinson ME, McKee AC, Salat DH, Rasmusson AM, Radigan LJ, Catana C, Milberg WP, McGlinchey RE.
Military personnel are often exposed to multiple instances of various types of head trauma. As a result, there has been increasing concern recently over identifying when head trauma has resulted in a brain injury and what, if any, long-term consequences th... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 21, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news

The health impact of (sexual) torture amongst Afghan, Iranian and Kurdish refugees: A literature review - Dehghan R.
BACKGROUND: Amongst Muslim majority countries, torture is reported most in Afghanistan and Iran. In addition, despite the significant impact of sexual violence on individuals and public health, the issue has been poorly researched amongst victims of tortur... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 21, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

British soldier sues Army over Q fever chronic fatigue
Wayne Bass claims his life has been ruined after catching the disease in Afghanistan. (Source: BBC News | Health | UK Edition)
Source: BBC News | Health | UK Edition - January 21, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

More Chaos as President Threatens Government Shutdown and Defense Secretary Resigns
A year that began amid a swirl of chaos is set to conclude in an intensifying swirl of disorder and uncertainty. As the number of active investigations into the President and his administration grew, the President continued to run to the security of his political base. Following the recent announcement that Chief of Staff John F. Kelly would leave his post with no successor being announced at the time, Trump invited news cameras to chronicle a theatrical exchange with congressional Democrats where the President happily proclaimed that he would shut down the federal government if Congress did not appropriate $5 billion doll...
Source: Public Policy Reports - January 17, 2019 Category: Biology Authors: AIBS Source Type: news

Supreme Court rejects appeal over military burn pits
The Supreme Court is rejecting appeals from military veterans who claim they suffer health problems because of open burn pits in Iraq and Afghanistan (Source: ABC News: Health)
Source: ABC News: Health - January 14, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Health Source Type: news

Trump effect: Now that POTUS wants to end wars, Democrats suddenly support them
(Natural News) In recent weeks, POTUS Donald Trump announced that he would be withdrawing all 2,200 troops from Syria and cutting U.S. forces in Afghanistan in half over the next several months as part of his campaign promise to end America’s endless wars. (Article republished from TheNationalSentinel.com) Indeed, the withdrawal from Syria has already begun. The... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - January 12, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

WHO Director-General and WHO Regional Director conclude joint official visit to Afghanistan and ...
WHO Regional Director for the Eastern Mediterranean Dr Ahmed Al-Mandhari (front left) and WHO Director-General Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus (front right)9 January 2019 – WHO Director-General Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus and WHO Regional Director Dr Ahmed Al-Mandhari highlighted WHO’s commitment to the final push to eradicate polio on a 4-day visit to Afghanistan and Pakistan – the only 2 countries where wild poliovirus cases were reported last year. They also commended the governments of both countries for their efforts to provide universal access to health services. Dr Tedros and Dr Al-Mandhari m...
Source: WHO EMRO News - January 9, 2019 Category: Middle East Health Source Type: news

Emergency War Surgery
Source: U.S. Army Borden Institute. Published: 12/12/2018. This book on emergency war surgery includes the latest lessons, techniques, and principles learned from U.S. military engagements in Afghanistan, Iraq, and elsewhere. It reflects updates in Clinical Practice Guidelines and other new information accumulated since the 2013 Fourth Edition ’s publication, especially in the areas of blood collection and transfusions. It incorporates Tactical Combat Casualty Care (TCCC) to provide evidence-based, lifesaving techniques, and strategies for providing the best trauma care on the battlefield. (PDF) (Source: Disaster Li...
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - January 8, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Emergency War Surgery: Fifth United States Revision
Source: U.S. Army Borden Institute. Published: 12/12/2018. This book on emergency war surgery includes the latest lessons, techniques, and principles learned from U.S. military engagements in Afghanistan, Iraq, and elsewhere. It reflects updates in Clinical Practice Guidelines and other new information accumulated since the 2013 Fourth Edition ’s publication, especially in the areas of blood collection and transfusions. It incorporates Tactical Combat Casualty Care (TCCC) to provide evidence-based, lifesaving techniques, and strategies for providing the best trauma care on the battlefield. (PDF) (Source: Disaster Li...
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - January 8, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

An analysis of injuries and prehospital interventions sustained by females in the Iraq and Afghanistan combat zones - Schauer SG, Naylor JF, Long A, Mora A, Le TD, Maddry JK, April MD.
BACKGROUND: Women served in both combat and non-combat units in the recent conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan. Moreover, the recent conflicts lacked traditional separation of civilians from combatants carrying additional risk for injury to local civilians. ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 29, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Prevalence of intimate partner violence and reproductive health outcomes among Afghan refugee women in Iran - Delkhosh M, Merghati Khoei E, Ardalan A, Rahimi Foroushani A, Gharavi MB.
Refugee women are at high risk of experiencing high level of Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) and its negative impacts. We conducted a cross-sectional population-based household survey with refugees in a settlement in the city of Semnan, Iran, from 2016 to ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Study suggests shifts in Afghan attitudes towards increased education and delayed marriage
(Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health) In Afghanistan's most underdeveloped regions, attitudes towards education and child marriage appear to have changed significantly since the overthrow of the Taliban government in 2002, according to a study led by researchers at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - December 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Top 12 Global Health Moments of 2018
By The Editorial Team, IntraHealth InternationalDecember 14, 2018A month-by-month guide to the moments that captivated us most throughout the year.As 2018 comes to an end, we ’re looking back on the moments this year that filled us with joy, wonder, sorrow, and fear.These are some of the ones we won ’t forget:January: A mother and daughter assassinated in Pakistan for delivering polio vaccinesThis was the year we were supposed to eradicate polio, according to thePolio Eradication and Endgame Strategic Plan 2013 –2018. But there were27 new cases of wild poliovirus this year and it remains endemic in Afgh...
Source: IntraHealth International - December 14, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: mnathe Tags: Capacity Building for Fistula Treatment and Prevention in Mali (Fistula Mali) Family Planning & Reproductive Health Infectious Diseases Ebola obstetric fistula technology Policy Advocacy Health Workforce Systems Primary Health Care Source Type: news

UTSA's Bernard Arulanandam elected Fellow of National Academy of Inventors
(University of Texas at San Antonio) Since joining the faculty at UTSA in 2001, Arulanandam has conducted innovative research in vaccine development related to the pathogen Chlamydia trachomatis, which causes the sexually transmitted disease chlamydia, Francisella tularensis, which causes the respiratory infection tularemia or rabbit fever, and Acinetobacter Baumannii, a pathogen that has seen an uptick in occurrence in injured soldiers in Iraq and Afghanistan. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - December 13, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

At War: My Husband Was Hurt by an I.E.D. The Lasting Injury Was to Our Family.
After my husband suffered a traumatic brain injury while deployed in Afghanistan, our family was never the same. (Source: NYT Health)
Source: NYT Health - December 5, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: LIZ ROTENBERRY Tags: Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Afghanistan War (2001- ) Mental Health and Disorders United States Marine Corps Traumatic Brain Injury Improvised Explosive Devices Source Type: news

Women ‘vital’ to peace efforts and ensuring long-lasting stability in Afghanistan
As gender-equality advocates discuss how a lasting peace can be secured in Afghanistan, the top UN official in the country has underscored the importance of women ’s participation as “vital to ending the conflict and ensuring long-lasting stability.” (Source: UN News Centre - Women, Children, Population)
Source: UN News Centre - Women, Children, Population - December 4, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

The role of pain catastrophizing in cognitive functioning among veterans with a history of mild traumatic brain injury - Hoffman SN, Herbert MS, Crocker LD, DeFord NE, Keller AV, Jurick SM, Sanderson-Cimino M, Jak AJ.
OBJECTIVE: To determine the role of pain catastrophizing (PC) in neuropsychological functioning in veterans with a history of mild traumatic brain injury (TBI). PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-nine Iraq and Afghanistan combat veterans evaluated in the post-acute phas... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 4, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Mind sweepers: welcome to the age of introspective TV
From Cary Fukunaga ’s Maniac to Julia Roberts’ new Amazon show Homecoming, television is having an introspective moment, exploring its darkest subject yet – the human brainIn an early episode of the Julia Roberts showHomecoming, a soldier is brought back from Afghanistan to live in a rehabilitation centre in Florida, where he will learn to reintegrate into civilian life. At dinner in the hall, he begins to question the food on the plate in front of him. The pineapple cobbler the men are served every night is “really laying it on thick”, he announces, served to make them believe they are in Flo...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - November 25, 2018 Category: Science Authors: Rebecca Nicholson Tags: Drama Psychology Television Culture Mental health Legion Mr Robot The Sopranos Julia Roberts Dan Stevens Cary Fukunaga Jonah Hill Emma Stone US television & radio TV crime drama Schizophrenia Psychiatry Society Kill Source Type: news

Revolution in the head: from Maniac to Homecoming, the era of introspective TV
From Cary Fukunaga ’s Maniac to Julia Roberts’ new Amazon show, television is exploring its darkest subject yet – the human brain – and it all started with Tony Soprano on a horseIn an early episode of the Julia Roberts showHomecoming, a soldier is brought back from Afghanistan to live in a rehabilitation centre in Florida, where he will learn to reintegrate into civilian life. At dinner in the hall, he begins to question the food on the plate in front of him. The pineapple cobbler the men are served every night is “really laying it on thick”, he announces, served to make them believe th...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - November 25, 2018 Category: Science Authors: Rebecca Nicholson Tags: Drama Psychology Television Culture Mental health Legion Mr Robot The Sopranos Julia Roberts Dan Stevens Cary Fukunaga Jonah Hill Emma Stone US television & radio TV crime drama Schizophrenia Psychiatry Society Kill Source Type: news

Mild traumatic brain injury burden moderates the relationship between cognitive functioning and suicidality in Iraq/Afghanistan-era veterans - Crocker LD, Keller AV, Jurick SM, Bomyea J, Hays CC, Twamley EW, Jak AJ.
OBJECTIVES: Suicidal ideation (SI) is highly prevalent in Iraq/Afghanistan-era veterans with a history of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), and multiple mTBIs impart even greater risk for poorer neuropsychological functioning and suicidality. However, li... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 21, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news

At War: Debunking Stereotypes Around Veterans and PTSD
Readers tell us about the stereotypes they have encountered around veterans and post-traumatic stress disorder, and the ways in which they have challenged them. (Source: NYT Health)
Source: NYT Health - November 16, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: LAUREN KATZENBERG Tags: Veterans United States Defense and Military Forces Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Defense Department Afghanistan Civil War (US) (1861-65) Source Type: news

Interpersonal violence in Afghanistan-beyond a strictly public health approach - Ferguson L.
[Abstract unavailable] Language: en... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 14, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Violence and Weapons Issues Source Type: news

The HEROIN WAR – death toll greater for U.S. civilians than soldiers in Afghanistan, thanks to the opium-based prescription drug "invasion"
(Natural News) When psychotic political figures run the “show,” psychotic things happen to American citizens. Do we even need to speak the insidious names again of Donald Rumsfeld and Dick Cheney in order to make this point? Let’s take a moment to review the extreme fallout that’s still destroying Americans on our home turf, all... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - November 12, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Relationship between traumatic brain injury history and recent suicidal ideation in Iraq/Afghanistan-era veterans - Shura RD, Nazem S, Miskey HM, Hostetter TA, Rowland JA, Brenner LA, Va Mid-Atlantic Mirecc Workgroup, Taber KH.
This study evaluated whether a history of traumatic brain injury (TBI) was associated with increased risk for recent suicidal ideation (SI) after accounting for demographics, depression, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and sleep quality. In terms of ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 6, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

As conflict continues in Afghanistan, superbugs soar
As the conflicts in Afghanistan and Iraq evolved, military doctors grappling to treat soldiers maimed by roadside bombs began facing another challenge: Their patients were developing almost incurable, multidrug-resistant infections in their wounds. They couldn't be treated with the usual antibiotics the doctors had on hand. (Source: CNN.com - Health)
Source: CNN.com - Health - November 6, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Pediatric Extremity Hemorrhage and Tourniquet Use
Conclusion Current evidence suggests that direct pressure, commercial tourniquets and improvised tourniquets can adequately control pediatric extremity hemorrhage. Being prepared for an emergency requires dedicated and recurrent training. Practice bleeding control by applying direct pressure, a commercial tourniquet, and a cravat on a simulated (yet human, i.e., standardized) small patient. Take a moment to share the information you gained from this article, and from your own practice, with colleagues. Your knowledge, and the knowledge that you impart to others, will save lives. Back to the Call You take a deep breath and ...
Source: JEMS Special Topics - November 1, 2018 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Erica Simon, DO, MHA Tags: Trauma Exclusive Articles Source Type: news

Coming of age in the shadow of the Taliban: adolescents' and parents' views toward interpersonal violence and harmful traditional practices in Afghanistan - Li M, Rao K, Natiq K, Pasha O, Blum R.
OBJECTIVES: To understand Afghan adolescents' and parents' attitudes toward interpersonal violence. METHODS: We used a 2-stage sampling method in 6 provinces during 2016; we included 916 adolescents aged 12 to 15 years and 454 parents. RESU... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 31, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Why is it so important to eradicate polio?
Dr Ahmad Al-Mandhari, WHO Regional Director for the Eastern Mediterranean Since 1988, when the global goal was first agreed by the member countries of the World Health Organization, vast amounts of effort and money have been spent on the global mission to eradicate polio, to wipe the disease clean off this earth. So why is it so important for us to keep investing time and effort after so long? I am part of a team of people dedicated to eradicating polio in WHO’s Eastern Mediterranean Region. Working with national governments and our partners in the Global Polio Eradication Initiative, we have gradually cleared po...
Source: WHO EMRO News - October 24, 2018 Category: Middle East Health Source Type: news

A finite element model of an anthropomorphic test device lower limb to assess risk of injuries during vertical accelerative loading - Baker WA, Chowdhury M, Untaroiu CD.
Improvised explosive devices (IEDs) were used extensively to target occupants of military vehicles during the conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan (2003-2011). War fighters exposed to an IED attack were highly susceptible to lower limb injuries. To appropriat... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 22, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news

Pathophysiology of primary blast injury - Smith JE, Garner J.
The majority of patients injured in the recent conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan were as a result of explosion, and terrorist incidents have brought blast injuries to the front door of many civilian hospitals that had not previously encountered such devast... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 22, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news

Trauma exposure and IPV experienced by Afghan women: analysis of the baseline of a randomised controlled trial - Jewkes R, Corboz J, Gibbs A.
BACKGROUND: Four decades of conflict has indelibly impacted the lives of Afghans, exposing many to different forms of trauma. The aim of this paper investigate a hypothesis that (mostly war related) trauma is a key driver of partner violence in Afghanistan... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 15, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Post-traumatic stress disorder in veterans: treatments and risk factors for nonadherence - Haveman-Gould B, Newman C.
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) affects about 20% of US military veterans and is a major cause of mortality in these men and women. The incidence of PTSD has persisted over the last decade with the Iraq and Afghanistan wars, yet treatment and adheren... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 15, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Prehospital resuscitation performed on hypotensive trauma patients in Afghanistan: the prehospital trauma registry experience - Schauer SG, Naylor JF, April MD, Fisher AD, Cunningham CW, Fernandez JRD, Shreve BP, Bebarta VS.
We describe the interventions for trauma-related hypotension performed in the preho... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 11, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Rates of post-trauma stress rise in British military veterans
Conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan may have led to an increase in rates of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), according to new research looking at the mental health of Britain's soldiers. (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - October 8, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news

Employment and vocational rehabilitation experiences among veterans with polytrauma/traumatic brain injury history - Wyse JJ, Pogoda TK, Mastarone GL, Gilbert T, Carlson KF.
Evidence suggests that Iraq and Afghanistan war veterans with polytrauma/traumatic brain injury (TBI) history and neurobehavioral symptoms may face difficulties returning to work, yet also encounter barriers to accessing, navigating, and engaging in Depart... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 5, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Making Every Euro Count in the Fight Against Malnutrition
Graziano da Silva with a group of women who are participating in a vegetable-growing project in Borno State, north-eastern Nigeria. Credit: FAO/Carlos LaordenBy José Graziano da SilvaROME, Oct 3 2018 (IPS)Everybody wants to end hunger. That is what all UN-member countries stated when signing the 2030 Agenda for a better world: the second of its 17 goals aims at eradicating all forms of malnutrition (which include overweight, obesity or micronutrient deficiencies) and ensuring that everybody has access to nutritious and healthy foods. Along with these good intentions, we have in recent decades seen real efforts and c...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - October 3, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Jose Graziano da Silva Tags: Development & Aid Economy & Trade Featured Food & Agriculture Global Global Governance Headlines Health Population Poverty & SDGs TerraViva United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) Source Type: news