Major depressive syndrome (MDS) and its association with time of residence among Spanish speaking au-pairs living in Germany - Espinoza-Castro B, Weinmann T, Mendoza L ópez R, Radon K.

The number of au-pairs in Germany is on the rise. In 2017, about 13,500 au-pairs were living in German families, almost half of them originating from non-European Union (EU) countries and many of them from Spanish speaking countries. Knowledge about mental...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Young Adults Source Type: news

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BACKGROUND: Suicide is the third leading cause of death worldwide among youth aged 10- to 19, and mental disorders are often associated in the etiology of suicidal behavior. Mental disorders are often under-diagnosed and under-treated in young people, a si...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
BACKGROUND: Suicide prevention remains challenging among youth, as many do not disclose suicidal ideation. Nearly one-third of American Indian and Alaska Native (AI and AN, tribal, or native) youth see concerning messages on social media at least weekly. ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Young Adults Source Type: news
This article discusses the development and initial validation of the Dual Self-Directed Humor Scale (DSDHS), the first instrument to evaluate individual differences in the two dimensions of self-directed humor (SDH). The DSDHS assumes two distinct dimensions: Deleterious SDH and Benign SDH. While the former is potentially harmful to well-being, the latter is potentially beneficial. By employing 400 participants in Study 1, the validity of the two-factor model of the DSDHS was demonstrated. In Study 2, which included 446 participants, evidence for concurrent validity was shown by correlating the DSDHS with other humor measu...
Source: Personality and Individual Differences - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
Publication date: 15 April 2020Source: Personality and Individual Differences, Volume 157Author(s): Martin M. Smith, Simon B. Sherry, Paul L. Hewitt, Gordon L. Flett, Peter A. Hall, Dayna L. Lee-BaggleyAbstractThe existential model of perfectionism and depressive symptoms (EMPDS) posits difficulties accepting the past (i.e., viewing past experiences as incoherent, dissatisfying, and meaningless) explains when and why socially prescribed perfectionism (i.e., perceiving others as requiring perfection of the self) confers risk for depressive symptoms. However, excessive use of cross-sectional designs, an over-reliance on unde...
Source: Personality and Individual Differences - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
Publication date: March 2020Source: Epilepsy &Behavior, Volume 104, Part AAuthor(s): Jeffrey Do, Richard J. Webster, Patricia E. Longmuir, Sara Ieradi, Deepti Reddy, Sharon Whiting, Daniela PohlAbstractObjectiveThe aim of this study was to longitudinally characterize in children with epilepsy the objective and subjective sleep quality and the relationship between increased physical activity and sleep as well as measures of psychosocial well-being.MethodsBaseline physical activity and sleep were established in children with epilepsy over four weeks, prior to a 12-week exercise intervention (weekly meeting with exercise ...
Source: Epilepsy and Behavior - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
This study aimed to explore the quality of life (QoL) of adult patients with epilepsy (PwE) in Australia and its relationship with comorbidities and adverse events (AEs) from antiepileptic drugs (AEDs).MethodsCross-sectional surveys were completed by PwE, or carer proxies, recruited via the online pharmacy application MedAdvisor and Australian PwE Facebook groups from May to August 2018. Data were collected on demographics, epilepsy severity and management, AEs, comorbidities, and QoL (using the Patient-Weighted Quality of Life in Epilepsy Inventory [QOLIE-10-P] total score). Two linear regression models were constructed t...
Source: Epilepsy and Behavior - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 20 January 2020Source: Computers in Human BehaviorAuthor(s): Jan Dieris-Hirche, Magdalena Pape, Bert Theodor te Wildt, Aram Kehyayan, Maren Esch, Salam Aicha, Stephan Herpertz, Laura BottelAbstractCurrent psychological models for the development of specific internet-use disorders consider predisposing core characteristics (e.g. biopsychological constitution, psychopathology, early childhood experiences, and personality traits) that are involved in the early behavioral addiction process. The cross-sectional study discussed in this paper examined several likely relevant psychological variab...
Source: Computers in Human Behavior - Category: Information Technology Source Type: research
Authors: Ali Z, Tegin C, El-Mallakh RS Abstract Introduction: Lurasidone has been approved in the United States as a monotherapy and adjunct for acute bipolar I depression, as well as an antipsychotic for patients with schizophrenia.Areas covered: Herein, the authors review the pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics of lurasidone as well and the major randomized clinical trials. The authors also provide their expert opinion.Expert opinion: Lurasidone has not been studied in patients with mania or bipolar psychosis. It has been studied, both as a monotherapy and adjunctive treatment to lithium or valproate, in acute ...
Source: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Expert Opin Pharmacother Source Type: research
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Source: International Review of Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusions“Hypoflexible” CCN may involve in anxiety syndrome. Low flexibility in DMN may be indicative of hysteresis. These suggest an important pathophysiology of depressive manifestation of MDD. The antidepressant-induced normalization of the “hypoflexibility” suggests a selective pathway through which antidepressants may alleviate symptoms in depression.
Source: Progress in Neuro Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
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