Plasmidome of a multiresistant Salmonella enterica ser. Typhimurium from Uruguay

Publication date: Available online 5 December 2019Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial ResistanceAuthor(s): Nicolás F. Cordeiro, Andrés Iriarte, Lucía Yim, Laura Betancor, José Alejandro Chabalgoity, Teresa Camou, Rafael Vignoli
Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

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Jia Huang Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) causes millions of illnesses every year, threatening the success of lifesaving antibiotic therapy and, thus, public health. To examine the rise and spread of antimicrobial resistance around the world, our study performs a multivariate statistical analysis of antimicrobial resistance gene data from eight different countries: the US, the UK, China, Brazil, Mexico, Canada, Australia, and South Africa. Multi-dimensional data points were projected onto a two-dimensional plane using principal component analysis and organized into a dendrogram utilizing hierarchical clustering to ...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
ConclusionsWe report the identification of S. Kentucky in Korea through long-term surveillance. International travel, especially to Southeast Asia, has been a major risk factor for human infections of CIP-resistant S. Kentucky in Korea.
Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
ConclusionsWe observed a marked variation in pathogen distribution and their resistance profiles between Asia and Africa. Very limited data is available on underlying risk factors for bacteraemia, patterns of treatment of multidrug-resistant infections and predictors of adverse outcomes.
Source: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Publication date: March 2020Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance, Volume 20Author(s): Nicolás F. Cordeiro, Andrés Iriarte, Lucía Yim, Laura Betancor, José Alejandro Chabalgoity, Teresa Camou, Rafael Vignoli
Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Although keeping small poultry flocks is increasingly popular in Ontario, information on the antimicrobial susceptibility of enteric bacteria of such flocks is lacking. The current study was conducted on small...
Source: BMC Veterinary Research - Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
Salmonella is one of the most important foodborne pathogens, causing outbreaks of human salmonellosis worldwide. Owing to large scales of consumption markets, pork and poultry that contaminated by Salmonella coul...
Source: BMC Veterinary Research - Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
ConclusionA new SGI1 variant, SGI1-XJ9S, was characterized in this study for the first time. The draft genome sequence of S. Kentucky ST198 strain XJ9S isolated from poultry slaughter house provides valuable information for tracing the potential spread of this MDR clone from poultry products processing to consumption, even to humans.
Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Fluoroquinolones are used to treat serious bacterial infections, including those caused by Escherichia coli and Salmonella enterica. The emergence of plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance (PMQR) represent a new challenge to the successful treatment of Gram-negative infections. As part of a long-term strategy to generate a reference database of closed plasmids from antimicrobial resistant foodborne bacteria, we performed long-read sequencing of 11 E. coli isolates from retail meats that were non-susceptible to ciprofloxacin. Each of the isolates had PMQR genes, including qnrA1, qnrS1, and qnrB19. The four qnrB19 genes were ...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Conclusions/SignificanceAlthough the prevalence of ESBL-producingSalmonella isolates was low in CAR, we found that a single IncHI2 plasmid-carryingblaCTX-M-15 was widespread amongSalmonella serotypes from sub-Saharan Africa, which is of concern.
Source: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
In this study we adopted whole genome sequencing (WGS) to determine the genetic relationship and antimicrobial resistance of S. enterica strains isolated from a poultry breeding enterprise that consists of one breeding chicken farm, one egg hatchery and one commercial chicken farm. A total of 148 S. enterica including 147 S. Enteritidis strains were isolated from 2100 fecal swab samples, with 16 (5.3%, 16/300) from breeding chicken farm, 38 (4.2%, 38/900) from egg hatchery and 94 (10.4%, 94/900) from commercial chicken farm. WGS revealed that all 147 S. Enteritidis strains belonged to ST11, and further divided into 4 diffe...
Source: Veterinary Microbiology - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
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