Even in big cities, mobile stroke units save time and brain cells

(Reuters Health) - Special ambulances that carry equipment to treat stroke on the spot make a difference even when there are lots of hospitals nearby, a new study suggests.
Source: Reuters: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news

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AbstractThis is a letter to the Editor concerning the recently published article by Zerem et al. The paper described a 12yo female with multisystem mitochondrial disorder (MID) due to the compound heterozygous variants c.1963_1964dupAT and p.Ile382Met inOPA1 manifesting phenotypically with congenital nystagmus, developmental delay, visual impairment, gait ataxia, epilepsy, a stroke-like episode (SLE) with encephalopathy and vomiting, and hearing impairment. This interesting case could be more meaningful by providing more information about the treatment of the SLE/stroke-like lesion (SLL), about the morphological characteri...
Source: Metabolic Brain Disease - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
High blood pressure: A common diagnosis, that shows hardly any symptoms, but can be deadly. Hardened arteries and blood forced too hard against artery walls can lead to a heart attack or stroke. Fortunately, there are lifestyle improvements that can lower blood pressure and potentially save your life.
Source: Daily Express - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
ConclusionsThese findings suggest that MXYF inhibits autophagy after OGD/R-induced PC12 cell injury through the AMPK-mTOR pathway. Thus, MXYF might have therapeutic potential in treating ischemic stroke.Graphical abstract
Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
No abstract available
Source: Neurology Today - Category: Neurology Tags: For Your Patients Source Type: research
In this study, using a mouse model of ischemic strokevia transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (tMCAO), we found that Hes1 was induced following brain injury, and that siRNA-mediated knockdown of Hes1 increased the cerebral infarction and worsened the neurological outcome, suggesting that Hes1 knockdown exacerbates ischemic stroke. In addition, mechanistically, Hes1 knockdown promoted apoptosis and activated the PERK/eIF2 α/ATF4/CHOP signaling pathway after tMCAO. These results suggest that Hes1 knockdown promotes ER stress-induced apoptosis. Furthermore, inhibition of PERK with the specific inhibitor GSK2606414...
Source: Neuroscience Bulletin - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Background: Non-communicable diseases (NCD) are of international public health concern. Of more concern are people living with HIV (PLHIV), who have the increased risk of developing NCDs, such as hypertension, stroke and diabetes. Research has revealed that there is a relationship between knowledge of NCD risk factors and risk perceptions in the general population. Therefore, an assessment of PLHIV ’s NCD risk factors knowledge is quite critical, to design effective NCD prevention programmes.Objective: To assess the level of knowledge of modifiable risk factors for NCDs and its associated factors among adults living ...
Source: African Health Sciences - Category: African Health Source Type: research
Recurrent stroke is becoming an increasingly important public health issue owing to the increased risk of disability and death. However, population-based studies investigating the rate of recurrent stroke in China are rare. We explored the rate and determinants of recurrent stroke within 1 and 5 years after the initial stroke in a rural population in China. Data for stroke events were obtained from the Tianjin Brain Study, conducted between 1992 and 2016. The age-standardized rates of recurrent stroke within the first year and the first 5 years after the initial stroke were calculated for this period. Determinants of recur...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
ConclusionHyperintensities could serve as a diagnostic and prognostic imaging biomarker for patients, presenting with mild acute focal neurology, warranting application of automated quantification methods. However, larger cohorts are required to provide a definitive answer especially as this is a heterogenous group of patients.
Source: Neurological Sciences - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
ConclusionIn 20% of failing MT, thrombus cannot be reached/passed. Direct carotid puncture or surgical arterial access could be considered in these cases.In 80% of failing interventions, thrombus can be passed with the device, but the occluded vessel cannot be recanalized. Rescue techniques can be an option. Development of new devices and techniques is necessary to improve recanalization rates. Assessment of pre-existing illness could sensitize for occurring complications.
Source: Neurological Sciences - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
In this study, we examine risk factors and consequences of intravenous rt-PA for treatment of acute ischemic stroke. In a retrospective cohort study we evaluate risk factors for seizure and epilepsy after stroke thrombolysis, as well as the impact of seizures and epilepsy in outcome of stroke patients. In our cohort, mean age of patients was 67.2 years old (SD = 13.1) and 79 of them (51.6%) were male and. Initial NIHSS mean score were 10.95 (SD = 6.25). Three months NIHSS mean score was 2.09 (SD = 3.55). Eighty seven (56.9%) patients were mRS of 0–1 after thrombolysis. Hemorrhagic transformation was observed in 22 (1...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
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