Medical News Today: Constipation in breastfeeding babies: What to know
Constipation is very uncommon in breastfed babies, but it does sometimes happen. Learn about the causes and treatment of constipation in breastfed babies here.
Raquel Abalo Mast cells are key actors in inflammatory reactions. Upon activation, they release histamine, heparin and nerve growth factor, among many other mediators that modulate immune response and neuron sensitization. One important feature of mast cells is that their population is usually increased in animal models and biopsies from patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Therefore, mast cells and mast cell mediators are regarded as key components in IBS pathophysiology. IBS is a common functional gastrointestinal disorder affecting the quality of life of up to 20% of the population worldwide. It is chara...
Conclusion: Laparoscopic surgery with NOSE for eligible patients with CRC was a feasible choice. PMID: 32940092 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Let ’s talk about gas, bloating, cramping, constipation, and diarrhea.
AbstractInfrequent bowel movements are a common feature of constipation, but fecal loading as a cause of symptoms in patients with regular bowel movements has not previously been evaluated. The aim of this preliminary study was to assess prospectively if fecal loading may be a cause of bowel symptoms in patients with regular bowel movements. Consecutive patients attending a gastroenterology clinic for functional bowel symptoms (FBD) not including infrequent bowel movements and who did not fulfil the criteria for constipation-predominant irritable bowel syndrome or functional constipation underwent plain abdominal radiograp...
Eur J Pediatr Surg DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1716881 Introduction Functional constipation (FC) is a common gastrointestinal disorder affecting up to 30 % of children. Voluntary stool withholding (e.g., after painful defecation) with consecutive harder and larger stools can result in avoidance patterns. Perianal abscesses (PA) are associated with anal pain and painful stooling. We hypothesized that patients with PA have a higher incidence of subsequent FC compared with children without PA. Materials and Methods Between January 2010 and December 2016, we retrospectively analyzed all infants (
Abdominal pain and constipation are common in children. Though mostly functional, an occasional child can spring a surprise, as did this one with his bizarre abdominal x-ray study (1). A 4-year-old, developmentally normal boy presented with acute periumbilical pain for 3 days, constipation for 3 months, and multiple, vague, firm masses palpable in the abdomen. Chronic constipation with intestinal obstruction was suspected. Hemogram showed hemoglobin 7.3 g/dL, mean corpuscular volume 56.5 fL, mean corpuscular hemoglobin 14.6 pg, mean corpuscular hemoglobin conce ntration 25.8 g/dL and red cell dist...
In conclusion, intranasal low-dose naltrexone counteracted morphine and oxycodone induced gastrointestinal and CNS side effects without impairing opioid analgesia. It is a candidate to be a valid clinical strategy deserving deep analysis.
Constipation is highly prevalent in advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD), due in part to dietary (e.g., fiber) restrictions, and is often managed by laxatives; however, the effect of laxative use on kidney function in advanced CKD remains unclear. We aimed to examine the association of laxative use with longitudinal change in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) in patients with advanced CKD.
ConclusionsPhysicians who prescribe long-term opioids should be forthcoming with patients about the possibility of OIC and be adequately versed in the most recent guideline recommendations for its management.
CONCLUSIONS: Concurrent administration of enzalutamide and crizotinib resulted in a clinically significant 74% decrease in systemic crizotinib exposure. Further investigation of this combination in CRPC is not planned. Our results highlight the importance of evaluating pharmacokinetic interactions when evaluating novel combination strategies in CRPC. PMID: 32943461 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]