ASAP Bacteria-Responsive Biomimetic Selenium Nanosystem for Multidrug-Resistant Bacterial Infection Detection and Inhibition

ACS NanoDOI: 10.1021/acsnano.9b05766
Source: ACS Nano - Category: Nanotechnology Authors: Source Type: research

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This study aimed to modify Muller-Hinton agar (MHA) to improve colistin diffusion in agar. METHODS: MHA was modified by reducing the agar concentration from 100% to 30% and supplementing with protamine. We tested 60 gram-negative clinical isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa (N=27) and Acinetobacter calcoaceticus-baumannii complex (N=33). Disk diffusion test results were interpreted based on minimum inhibitory concentrations determined by broth microdilution. RESULTS: The modified MHA yielded the best performance metrics, including 94.7% sensitivity, 100% specificity, and an area under the curve of 0.995 (95% confide...
Source: Annals of Laboratory Medicine - Category: Laboratory Medicine Tags: Ann Lab Med Source Type: research
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an ubiquitous gram-negative opportunistic human pathogen which is not considered part of the human commensal gut microbiota. However, depletion of the intestinal microbiota (Dysbiosis) following antibiotic treatment facilitates the colonization of the intestinal tract by Multidrug-Resistant P. aeruginosa. One possible strategy is based on the use of functional foods with prebiotic activity. The bifidogenic effect of the prebiotic inulin and its hydrolyzed form (fructooligosaccharide: FOS) is well established since they promote the growth of specific beneficial (probiotic) gut bacteria such as bifi...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Sanna Sillankorva The treatment and management of chronic wounds presents a massive financial burden for global health care systems, with significant and disturbing consequences for the patients affected. These wounds remain challenging to treat, reduce the patients’ life quality, and are responsible for a high percentage of limb amputations and many premature deaths. The presence of bacterial biofilms hampers chronic wound therapy due to the high tolerance of biofilm cells to many first- and second-line antibiotics. Due to the appearance of antibiotic-resistant and multidrug-resistant pathogens in these t...
Source: Viruses - Category: Virology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
In this report, we investigated six RND efflux-responsive regulatory genes for contributions to V. cholerae virulence factor production. Our data showed that the V. cholerae gene VC2714, encoding a homolog of Escherichia coli OmpR, was a virulence repressor. The expression of ompR was elevated in an RND-null mutant, and ompR deletion partially restored virulence factor production in the RND-negative background. Virulence inhibitory activity in the RND-negative background resulted from OmpR repression of the key ToxR regulon virulence activator aphB, and ompR overexpression in wild-type cells also repressed virulence throug...
Source: Infection and Immunity - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Molecular Pathogenesis Source Type: research
Foodborne Pathogens and Disease, Ahead of Print.
Source: Foodborne Pathogens and Disease - Category: Food Science Authors: Source Type: research
Foodborne Pathogens and Disease, Ahead of Print.
Source: Foodborne Pathogens and Disease - Category: Food Science Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionsA. baumannii ST2 producing 16S rRNA methylase ArmA has been spreading in medical settings in Myanmar.
Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe findings showed the presence of antibiotic resistance in probiotic bacteria isolated from commercially available dietary supplements. As multidrug resistance is a serious emerging issue and the risk of drug resistant gene transfer to commensals or pathogens of the gut is inevitable, the safety of probiotics has become a major criterion of interest. The findings of this study would serve as a platform for further screening and characterization of the determinants of antibiotic resistance and the genetic mechanisms of resistance.
Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
This study characterized Listeria monocytogenes, Salmonella enterica, and E. coli O157:H7 by collecting rectoanal mucosal swabs and fecal samples from 518 imported beef cattle at Jordan’s major abattoir. A unique 53 L. monocytogenes, 287 S. enterica, and 17 E. coli O157:H7 were isolated from 37, 120 and 9 different animals; respectively. The prevalence of S. enterica, L. monocytogenes and E. coli O157:H7 were 23.2% (95% CI, 19.7-27.0%), 7.1% (95% CI, 5.2-9.7%) and 1.7% (95% CI, 0.9-3.3%); respectively. All L. monocytogenes, all E. coli O157:H7 and 93.0% of S. enterica isolates resisted at least one antimicrobial clas...
Source: Comparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 February 2020Source: Molecular and Cellular EndocrinologyAuthor(s): Tenghua Yu, Hong Cheng, Zhijuan Ding, Zhiliang Wang, Lixia Zhou, Peng Zhao, Shengxing Tan, Xue Xu, Xianming Huang, Manran Liu, Meixi Peng, Yu-an QiuAbstractRescue chemotherapy is usually the preferred treatment for patients with advanced estrogen receptor-positive (ER+) breast cancer with endocrinotherapy resistance. However, these patients often simultaneously show a poor response to cytotoxic drugs, and thus the detailed mechanism of this resistance needs to be further investigated. Our previous research indicated th...
Source: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
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