Crystal structure of the MIF4G domain of the Trypanosoma cruzi translation initiation factor EIF4G5

Kinetoplastida, a class of early-diverging eukaryotes that includes pathogenic Trypanosoma and Leishmania species, display key differences in their translation machinery compared with multicellular eukaryotes. One of these differences involves a larger number of genes encoding eIF4E and eIF4G homologs and the interaction pattern between the translation initiation factors. eIF4G is a scaffold protein which interacts with the mRNA cap-binding factor eIF4E, the poly(A)-binding protein, the RNA helicase eIF4A and the eIF3 complex. It contains the so-called middle domain of eIF4G (MIF4G), a multipurpose adaptor involved in different protein – protein and protein – RNA complexes. Here, the crystal structure of the MIF4G domain of T. cruzi EIF4G5 is described at 2.4   Å resolution, which is the first three-dimensional structure of a trypanosomatid MIF4G domain to be reported. Structural comparison with IF4G homologs from other eukaryotes and other MIF4G-containing proteins reveals differences that may account for the specific interaction mechanisms of MIF4G despite its highly conserved overall fold.
Source: Acta Crystallographica Section F - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tags: MIF4G domain translation initiation factor EIF4G5 Trypanosoma cruzi research communications Source Type: research

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