AML Cell Immunotherapy Using Chimeric Antigen Receptor T-cells

Condition:   Acute Myeloid Leukemia Intervention:   Other: Sample collection Sponsors:   Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Besancon;   Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Dijon;   Etablissement Français du Sang Recruiting
Source: - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials

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Blinatumomab is superior to standard chemotherapy for children and young adults with high- or intermediate-risk B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia that has relapsed.
Source: National Institutes of Health (NIH) News Releases - Category: American Health Source Type: news
(SWOG) About 32% of older, sicker patients enrolled on a leukemia clinical trial experienced serious side effects from a treatment that combined a chemotherapy and an immunotherapy drug, leading investigators to pause the trial and the US Food and Drug Administration to eventually pull the combination from the current study.
Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: news
PPARγ Agonists in Combination Cancer Therapies. Curr Cancer Drug Targets. 2019 Dec 08;: Authors: Mrowka P, Glodkowska-Mrowka E Abstract Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPARγ) is a nuclear receptor acting as a transcription factor involved in the regulation of energy metabolism, cell cycle, cell differentiation, and apoptosis. These unique properties constitute a strong therapeutic potential that place PPARγ agonists as one of the most interesting and widely studied anticancer molecules. Although PPARγ agonists exert significant, antiproliferative and tumoricid...
Source: Current Cancer Drug Targets - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Curr Cancer Drug Targets Source Type: research
Authors: Fielding AK Abstract The understanding and treatment of Philadelphia chromosome-positive (Ph+) acute lymphoblastic leukemia have changed rapidly in the past 10 years. The outcome is equally as good as for Ph- disease, and with targeted tyrosine kinase inhibitor therapies in addition to chemotherapy, the novel immunotherapy approaches, and the extension of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant (allo-HCT) to older individuals, there is the potential to exceed this outcome. There is particular interest in reducing chemotherapy exposure and considering for whom allo-HCT can be avoided. However, the pat...
Source: Hematology ASH Education Program - Category: Hematology Tags: Hematology Am Soc Hematol Educ Program Source Type: research
Authors: Schultz L, Gardner R Abstract Immunotherapies have been successfully developed for the treatment of B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) with FDA approval of blinatumomab, inotuzumab, and tisagenlecleucel for relapsed or refractory patients. These agents target either CD19 or CD22, which are both expressed on the surface of the leukemic blasts in the majority of patients. The use of these agents has greatly transformed the landscape of available treatment, and it has provided curative therapy in some patients. As the field has matured, we are learning that for most patients, the currently available ...
Source: Hematology ASH Education Program - Category: Hematology Tags: Hematology Am Soc Hematol Educ Program Source Type: research
Authors: Winters A, Gore L Abstract Although almost 90% of children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and ∼60% of children with acute myeloid leukemia are cured with frontline therapy, relapse and chemotherapy resistance are significant challenges that contribute to morbidity and mortality. Even with long-term survival, the acute and chronic burdens of therapy are major issues for patients and families. Long-term side effects occur, including cardiac, endocrinologic, neurcognitive, orthopedic, and psychosocial problems, and healthy survivorship is frequently compromised. With goals of minimizing relapse a...
Source: Hematology ASH Education Program - Category: Hematology Tags: Hematology Am Soc Hematol Educ Program Source Type: research
This article reviews the current landscape of antibody-based and cellular immunotherapies under current clinical evaluation with an emphasis on active or soon-to-open phase 1 trials for children with relapsed/refractory AML. PMID: 31808843 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Hematology ASH Education Program - Category: Hematology Tags: Hematology Am Soc Hematol Educ Program Source Type: research
AbstractThe 5-year survival rate for children and adolescents with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) has improved to more than 90% in high-income countries. However, further increases in the intensity of conventional chemotherapy would be associated with significant adverse effects; therefore, novel approaches are necessary. The last decade has seen significant advances in targeted therapy with immunotherapy and molecular therapeutics, as well as advances in risk stratification for therapy based on somatic and germline genetic analysis and monitoring of minimal residual disease. For immunotherapy, the approval of antibody...
Source: Cancer and Metastasis Reviews - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Conclusion: Our results hints that CART123 reduces the chemotherapy-resistant AML blasts for FUS-ERG+ AML without affecting the full donor chimerism and myeloid implantation.
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Authors: Corral Sánchez MD, Fernández Casanova L, Pérez-Martínez A Abstract Children and adolescents suffering from refractory leukaemia, relapse after stem cell transplantation, solid metastatic tumour or refractory to conventional treatments still condition a dismal prognosis. The critical role of the immune system in the immunosurveillance of cancer is becoming relevant with the development of new treatments such as the checkpoint inhibitor drugs and genetic modified T lymphocytes, tisagenlecleucel or axicabtagene ciloleucel. In addition, other immunotherapies are being developed such...
Source: Medicina Clinica - Category: General Medicine Tags: Med Clin (Barc) Source Type: research
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