Association between body mass index and effectiveness of continuous positive airway pressure in patients with obstructive sleep apnea: a retrospective study

This study investigated the predictive value of body mass index (BMI) to assess the efficacy of CPAP in patients with OSA.MethodsData were extracted from a retrospective study performed in Silkeborg Hospital. The primary outcome was the improvement of Apnea-Hypopnea Index (AHI) after CPAP treatment. Association between BMI and improvement of AHI was assessed by multivariable linear regression. Interactions between BMI, baseline AHI severity ( ≥ 30 or
Source: Sleep and Breathing - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

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The study aimed to assess the relationship between coffee intake, obstructive sleep apnea risk (OSA), and glycemic control among patients with diabetes mellitus.
Source: BMC Research Notes - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Research note Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 6 December 2019Source: Trends in Anaesthesia and Critical CareAuthor(s): Amr Elkouny, Mohamed Al-Harbi, Vassilios Dimitirou, Ali Muzafar, Ali Nawaz, Amel FayedAbstractBackgroundObstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) is a serious condition that is usually undiagnosed in surgical patients exposing them to complications such as difficult intubation.ObjectivesTo evaluate the updated STOP-Bang in detecting OSA risk and its perioperative implications.MethodsPreoperative assessment for OSA risk of 845 adult patients using the updated STOP-Bang questionnaire was conducted. Evaluation of anesthetic events ...
Source: Trends in Anaesthesia and Critical Care - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS In middle-aged and elderly individuals without CKD, arterial stiffness determined by obesity, dyslipidemia and increased pulse pressure, was significantly associated with increased serum levels of cystatin C. PMID: 31793519 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Medical Science Monitor - Category: Research Tags: Med Sci Monit Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: 'AVNRT of the sick' has not been previously described in the medical literature, to our knowledge. It can be successfully treated with medications and the chance of recurrence after resolution of the acute illness is small. PMID: 31802764 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Turk Kardiyoloji Dernegi arsivi - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 30 November 2019Source: Obesity Research &Clinical PracticeAuthor(s): Maya Tsao-Wu, Ronald J. Williams, Helen M. Hendy, Marsha B. NovickAbstractBackgroundChildhood obesity has increased dramatically in the United States. Most available research has followed obesity prevalence with little attention to medical comorbidities, which could guide prevention and intervention.MethodsA retrospective chart review examined 2038 children referred to a Pediatric Weight Management Clinic providing low intensity (26 contact hours for changes in diet, exercise, screen time) for reducing obesity sever...
Source: Obesity Research and Clinical Practice - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Source Type: research
Abstract Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common arrhythmia encountered in clinical practice with implications on long-term outcomes. Metabolic disorders including diabetes mellitus and obesity are independent predictors of atrial fibrillation and present therapeutic targets to reduce both the incidence and duration burden of atrial fibrillation. The presence of pericardial fat in direct contact with cardiac structures, as well the subsequent release of proinflammatory cytokines, may play an important role in this connection. Atrial fibrillation is an independent predictor of cognitive impairment and dementia....
Source: Medicina (Kaunas) - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Medicina (Kaunas) Source Type: research
We examined the responsiveness of the PROMIS sleep scales to the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). METHODS: We collected SDA, SRI and Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) before and after initiation of positive airway pressure (PAP) in patients with type 2 diabetes newly diagnosed with OSA. To compare responsiveness, we compared effect sizes and classifications of symptom improvement using both the reliable change method and thresholds of minimum important difference (MID). RESULTS: 103 patients completed assessments pre- and post-PAP. SDA, SRI, and ESS scores all declined significantly with PAP therapy. We o...
Source: Chest - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Chest Source Type: research
ConclusionOAGB provided very good weight loss, comorbidity improvement, and quality of life at follow-up of ≥ 5 years.
Source: Obesity Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Patients interested in testing themselves at home for sleep apnea now have a few more options. Earlier this year Itamar Medical Ltd. introduced its third-generation WatchPAT home sleep apnea test (HSAT), the WatchPAT 300, and in June 2019, it debuted WatchPAT ONE, which the company calls the first and only disposable HSAT in the market. This month Blue Shield of California (BSC) and the Blue Cross Blue Shield Federal Employee Plan (BCBS FEP) included WatchPAT as a covered HSAT, Itamar reported in a news release. It added that changes in the U.S. Centers for Medicare &Medicaid Services (CMS) 2020 Fee Schedule are expect...
Source: MDDI - Category: Medical Devices Authors: Tags: Digital Health Source Type: news
Authors: Sanches E, Timmermans M, Topal B, Celik A, Sundbom M, Ribeiro R, Parmar C, Ugale S, Proczko M, Stepaniak PS, Pujol Rafols J, Mahawar K, Buise MP, Neimark A, Severin R, Pouwels S Abstract Introduction: Obesity is associated with various diseases such as type 2 diabetes, hypertension, obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS), metabolic syndrome, and cardiovascular diseases. It affects several organ systems, including the pulmonary and cardiac systems. Furthermore, it induces pulmonary and cardiac changes that can result in right and/or left heart failure.Areas covered: In this review, authors provide an overv...
Source: Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy - Category: Cardiology Tags: Expert Rev Cardiovasc Ther Source Type: research
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