Interplay of antibiotic resistance and food-associated stress tolerance in foodborne pathogens

Publication date: Available online 16 November 2019Source: Trends in Food Science &TechnologyAuthor(s): Xinyu Liao, Yanna Ma, Eric Banan-Mwine Daliri, Shigenobu Koseki, Shuai Wei, Donghong Liu, Xingqian Ye, Shiguo Chen, Tian DingAbstractBackgroundThe discovery and use of antibiotics have produced tremendous benefits for human society, however, with the large-scale use of antibiotics in medicine, animal husbandry and other fields, more and more antibiotic-resistant bacteria have emerged. Since diseases caused by such antibiotic resistant bacteria could require more drastic measures to treat, the emergence of such resistant bacteria in food has attracted much concern.Scope and approachIn this review, we summarized the interplay between antibiotic resistance and food-associated stress tolerance, and the hypothesized molecular mechanisms for the cross protection in bacteria.Key findings and conclusionsIn this review, we found that some common food-associated stresses, such as cold, acid, osmosis and sanitizers could provide cross protection for bacteria against antibiotics. In turn, antibiotic resistance could also render bacteria more tolerant to food-associated stresses. Meanwhile, novel nonthermal technologies may more likely result in little or no difference in bacterial antibiotic resistance, and this can be an advantage over traditional sterilization methods. Several molecular mechanisms for the cross protection between antibiotics and food-associated stresses have been...
Source: Trends in Food Science and Technology - Category: Food Science Source Type: research

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The objective of this study was to estimate AMU in a broiler chicken farm in Pakistan over a five-year period and to extrapolate national AMU in commercial broiler farming. Between 2013 and 2017, we monitored AMU in 30 flocks from a commercial broiler farm in Punjab, the most populous province of Pakistan. The amount of antimicrobials administered was calculated in milligram/population unit of the final flock weight (mg/fPU) and in used daily dose (UDD). The annual on-farm antimicrobial use was 250.84 mg of active ingredient per kilogram of the final flock weight. This consumption intensity exceeds the amount of antimicrob...
Source: Global Health Action - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research
The cobas vivoDx MRSA test uses a new bacteriophage technology based on bioluminescence to detect MRSA from nasal swab samples in 5 hours or less compared with 24 to 48 hours for conventional cultures.FDA Approvals
Source: Medscape Emergency Medicine Headlines - Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Infectious Diseases News Alert Source Type: news
This study used new genetic and molecular tools to inhibit pathogenicity and infection by E. faecalis. In this study, we suggested that efaA gene plays a critical role in the biofilm formation and anti-efaA PNAs could decrease the formation of biofilm, as well as, anti-ftsZ PNAs could eliminate bacterial growth.
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 3 December 2019Source: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: BiologyAuthor(s): Kandasamy Saravanakumar, Elango Jeevithan, Xiaowen Hu, Ramachandran Chelliah, Deog-Hwan Oh, Myeong-Hyeon WangAbstractThis work reports the optimization, synthesis, characterization, anticancer, and antibacterial activity of the Trichoderma-β-D-glucan‑zinc oxide nanoparticles (T-β-D-glu-ZnO NPs). Firstly, the T-ZnO NPs was synthesized using the fungal mycellial water extract (FWME) derived from T. harzianum strain SKCGW009 under the optimized condition of extract concentration (5.99 mL), te...
Source: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research
ConclusionGenome sequence data revealed an intertwined occurrence of plant probiotic traits and resistance to antimicrobials in the rice root endophyte LS-044.
Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
DiscussionAntibiotic resistance in environmental samples around wastewater treatment plants may pose a risk of exposure to workers and nearby residents. Results from the systematic review outlined in this protocol will allow to estimate the extend of exposure, to inform policy making and help to design future studies.
Source: Systematic Reviews - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
AbstractThe initial clinical status after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is an important outcome predictor, but the mechanisms behind the early brain injury (EBI) remains incompletely understood. Elevated neurofilament levels in the cerebrospinal fluid at protracted stages after SAH are associated with poor outcome, but the potential association between plasma neurofilament (pNfL) levels during EBI, disease severity on admission, and poor outcome remains unaddressed. Plasma NfL (pNfL) was measured by single molecule array in 44 SAH patients on admission and 24  h after ictus, as well as in 44 controls. Disease severity...
Source: Translational Stroke Research - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
(Natural News) Ginger is a well-known spice often used in Asian cuisine, especially in Indian, Thai, and Chinese cooking. Also known by its scientific name Zingiber officinale, ginger belongs to the same family as other medicinal spices like cardamom and turmeric. In traditional medicine, the root of the ginger plant is used to alleviate digestive problems, relieve...
Source: NaturalNews.com - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
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Source: OnMedica Latest News - Category: UK Health Source Type: news
Staphylococcus aureus is one of the major causes of nosocomial infections. This organism produces powerful toxins and cause superficial lesions, systemic infections, and several toxemic syndromes. A total of 109 S. aureus strains isolated from a variety of infections like ocular diseases, wound infection, and sputum were included in the study. Minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) was determined against 8 antimicrobials. PCR determined the presence of 16S rRNA, nuc, mecA, czrC, qacA/B, pvl, and toxin genes in S. aureus isolates. Pulse-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE), multi-locus sequence typing (MLST), SCCmec, spa-, and ...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
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