Cyanide concentrations in blood and tissues of fire victims - Htike TT, Moriya F, Miyaishi S.

Cyanide poisoning has been regarded to contribute the fatal outcome in fire victims. The toxicity of inhaled hydrogen cyanide (HCN) at the cellular level was evaluated considering the impact of methemoglobin (MetHb) produced by fire gases. Cyanide (CN) con...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news

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Drinking alcohol causes damage to your health in both the short term and long term, even for moderate drinkers. For individuals who suffer from addiction to alcohol and frequently drink in excess, these risks become higher. Knowing the risks of drinking alcohol is important to help avoid drinking to excess and reduce the likelihood of these risks. Short-Term Risks of Drinking Alcohol There are many short-term risks that occur when drinking alcohol. These risks can happen to anyone, including individuals suffering from alcohol use disorder, or individuals who are drinking for the very first time. Injuries When you drink al...
Source: Cliffside Malibu - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Alcoholism alcohol abuse alcohol dependence alcohol dependency alcohol detox alcohol treatment alcohol treatment center alcohol treatment facility alcohol use risks Source Type: blogs
Word countfor the text: 495 (excluding title page, author contributions, funding, competing interests, references, and figure legend)
Source: The American Journal of Emergency Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
e C Abstract Hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) has been shown to improve tissue hypoxia, neovascularization and ischemia reperfusion injury and reduce pathologic inflammation in various clinical settings and was proposed to be a game changer in treatment of burns. Improved and faster wound healing as well as a reduction of morbidity and mortality after thermal and concomitant carbon monoxide poisoning are expected. In defiance of the observed benefits for burn wounds and carbon monoxide poisoning in animal models and few randomized controlled trials there is an ongoing controversy regarding its use, indic...
Source: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Wien Klin Wochenschr Source Type: research
Inhaled carbon monoxide (CO) displaces oxygen from hemoglobin, reducing the capacity of blood to carry oxygen. Current treatments for CO-poisoned patients involve administration of 100% oxygen; however, when CO poisoning is associated with acute lung injury secondary to smoke inhalation, burns, or trauma, breathing 100% oxygen may be ineffective. Visible light dissociates CO from hemoglobin. We hypothesized that the exposure of blood to visible light while passing through a membrane oxygenator would increase the rate of CO elimination in vivo. We developed a membrane oxygenator with optimal characteristics to facilitate ex...
Source: Science Translational Medicine - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Tags: Research Articles Source Type: research
The rising popularity of vaping has been dramatic, especially among teenagers. According to a recent study, about 37% of high school seniors reported vaping in 2018, up from 28% the year before. An estimated 2.1 million middle school and high school students reported using e-cigarettes in 2017; that number jumped to 3.6 million in 2018. Certainly, age restrictions — it’s illegal to sell e-cigarettes to anyone under 21 (18 or 19 in some states) — aren’t preventing use among teens and young adults. And nearly seven million adults 18 or older use e-cigarettes, according to a 2017 survey by the CDC. E-c...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Addiction Adolescent health Lung disease Men's Health Smoking cessation Women's Health Source Type: blogs
We describe a case of tejocote exposure from a weight-loss supplement resulting in severe cardiotoxicity. CASE REPORT: A healthy 16-year-old girl presented to an emergency department after ingesting eight pieces of her mother's tejocote root weight-loss supplement. At arrival, she was drowsy, had active vomiting and diarrhea, and had a heart rate of 57 with normal respirations. Her initial blood chemistries were unremarkable, except for an elevated digoxin assay of 0.7 ng/mL (therapeutic range 0.5-2.0 ng/mL). All other drug screens were negative. She later developed severe bradycardia and multiple episodes o...
Source: Journal of Medical Toxicology - Category: Toxicology Authors: Tags: J Med Toxicol Source Type: research
When we think about household products that need to be kept out of the reach of small children, we usually think about medications and cleaning products. We don’t usually think about cosmetics. But a study published in the journal Clinical Pediatrics shows that we need to think about cosmetics too. How many childhood injuries are due to cosmetics? Researchers used the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System to look at data about children younger than 5 who were treated in US emergency departments for cosmetics-related injuries between 2002 and 2016. They found that in that time period, almost 65,000 child...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Children's Health Injuries Source Type: blogs
BACKGROUND: Electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDSs), including electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes), are rapidly gaining popularity. The aim of this study was to use poison centre data to describe epidemiological trends in ENDS-related exposures. ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news
BACKGROUND: Carbon monoxide (CO) is a major and ubiquitous component of fire atmospheres produced when organic matter is burned in an inadequate supply of oxygen. Accidental poisoning by CO is common in cold climates where fireplaces, a gas, electric or ke...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Home and Consumer Product Safety Source Type: news
Authors: Mureşan CO, Zăvoi RE, Dumache RO, Precup CV, Ciocan V, Bulzan OŞ, Florou C, Enache A Abstract Carbon monoxide (CO) remains an insidious and silent killer due to its physical and chemical properties; its lethal effects are encountered in cases of household accidents, occupational hazards or suicide. Deaths due to CO poisoning were studied retrospectively in the period 2000-2018 at the Institute of Forensic Medicine, Timişoara, Romania. These cases represent 1.75% of all the autopsies and 0.63% of all violent deaths. There have been cases of single deaths and cases with multiple victims - concomitant dea...
Source: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology - Category: General Medicine Tags: Rom J Morphol Embryol Source Type: research
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