New method for immobilising diverse proteins onto cubic micro-protein polyhedrin crystals

Publication date: Available online 14 November 2019Source: Protein Expression and PurificationAuthor(s): Haruna Yuasa, Eiji Kotani, Hajime Mori, Keiko TakakiAbstractCypovirus is an insect virus that is encapsulated in stable cubic protein crystals composed of polyhedrin protein produced in virus-infected cells. Molecular technology developed over the last decade is now able to immobilise proteins of interest on polyhedrin crystals. Modified polyhedrin crystals can be used in cell cultures for implantation in animals and vaccines, among other applications. However, this technique does not work for some proteins. Here, we developed and tested an alternative approach for immobilising foreign proteins in polyhedrin crystals using a linker method; diverse proteins, such as fluorescent proteins, enzymes, antibodies, and streptavidin were successfully contained. The immobilised antibodies retained their binding activity on filter paper, implying their potential for new immunochromatography applications. Moreover, this immobilisation method allows enzymes to be collected from one reaction reagent and transferred to another reagent. These results demonstrate the potential of this immobilisation method and the likelihood of expanding the applications of polyhedrin crystals using this approach.
Source: Protein Expression and Purification - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research

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