Ovine mammary morphology and associations with milk production, milkability and animal selection
Publication date: Available online 9 November 2019Source: Small Ruminant ResearchAuthor(s): Aris PourlisAbstractIn current dairy sheep management, there is a widespread trend to improve the morphology of the udder for machine- and hand-milking ability. The purpose of this review is to present the literature regarding udder morphological traits related to milk production of sheep. The ovine udder consists of two mammary glands. Various techniques have been employed to appraise the mammary morphology and anatomy. Articles referring to all these methods are referred to. The typology and the linear scoring of udders and their measurable variables are described. Non-invasive methods, e.g., ultrasonography or digital image analysis, are assessed. Relationships between morphological and production traits are analyzed. Comparative results of quantitative trait loci detection for udder morphology traits in dairy sheep are included. Papers related to milkability are evaluated within the udder and teat morphological context. Use of mammary morphological traits is recommended in order to improve the morphology of the udder and, accordingly, the milkability of the sheep. Thus, their inclusion in programs of genetic improvement could increase the productivity of the animals.
Antioxidants&Redox Signaling, Ahead of Print.
Publication date: Available online 10 December 2019Source: Seminars in Ultrasound, CT and MRIAuthor(s): Satheesh Krishna, Ashley Leckie, Ania Kielar, Robert Hartman, Ashish KhandelwalAbstractCystic renal masses are common incidental findings on cross-sectional imaging. Accurate characterisation of cystic renal masses is essential to guide management. Renal mass protocol comprises of a good quality non-contrast, corticomedullary and nephrographic phases with each phase providing complementary information for diagnosis. Attenuation measurements in different phases are central to the ‘golden-rules’ in renal mass i...
This article reviews the risks and benefits of GBCA administration.
Publication date: Available online 10 December 2019Source: European Journal of RadiologyAuthor(s): Arun Jose, Akhil Kher, Robert E. O’Donnell, Jean M. ElwingAbstractPurposeTargeted treatment for pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), diagnosed via right heart catheterization (RHC), has been shown to improve morbidity and mortality. Identifying characteristics that predict clinical worsening has been challenging. We sought to evaluate the role of cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging (CMR) as a predictor of clinical worsening in a cohort of treatment-naïve pulmonary hypertension (PH) patients.MethodsWe performed a r...
Events: Conference Call Bayer 2030 Sustainable Development ObjectivesLive today at approx. 2:00 p.m. CET (1:00 p.m. UTC): Investor Conference Call: Bayer 2030 Sustainable Development ObjectivesLink to websiteAll changes
Bayer to significantly step-up its sustainability efforts2030 target to be carbon neutral in own operations / Ambitious 2030 objectives for access to health and nutrition in low- and middle-income countries and underserved communities / Measurable sustainability targets to be incorporated into management compensationmehr ...
to the article “Attachment Disorders,” by Gail Hornor, published in the September/October 2019 issue of the Journal (Journal of Pediatric Health Care, 33, 612–622).
This article presents a case report that illustrates how evasive the diagnosis of pericardial effusion can be. The early symptoms of pericardial effusion resemble common viral conditions that can easily be overlooked. Subtle presenting symptoms and the importance of urgent multidisciplinary collaboration and emergent referral for the child with pericarditis are summarized.
This article provides an overview of CALMs, followed by a summary of several conditions associated with CALMs ranging from the most common (neurofibromatosis type 1) to rare, ring chromosome syndromes.