Serum levels of copper, zinc and disease severity scores in sickle cell disease patients in Benin City, Nigeria

Background: Micronutrient deficiency is recognized in sickle cell anaemia (SCA) but it is not known for certain whether changes in zinc, copper and copper-to-zinc ratio are associated with Sickle cell disease severity scores.Objective: To compare serum levels of copper, zinc and copper-to-zinc ratio in SCA subjects with control group and correlate the variables with objective disease severity scores.Methods: Serum copper and zinc were determined in 100 SCA patients and 50 controls using kits supplied by Centronic, Germany. Unpaired Students ’t-test was used to compare the variables between SCA patients in steady clinical state, vaso-occlusive crisis and controls, while Spearman correlation coefficient was used to associate the parameters with disease severity scores.Results: Serum copper level was higher (P=0.008) in SCA patients than controls, while serum zinc level was lower (P
Source: African Health Sciences - Category: African Health Source Type: research

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A 34 year-old female with Stage V chronic kidney disease secondary to a history of sickle cell anemia and focal segmental glomerulosclerosis and on peritoneal dialysis presented to our hospital for imaging as part of routine evaluation for renal transplant. Upon receiving an MRI of the abdomen to evaluate liver architecture and kidney anatomy, a 6.6 cm left perinephric mass was incidentally found inferomedial to the left kidney and extending caudally (Figure 1). The renal parenchyma and ureter were uninvolved.
Source: Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Grand Rounds Source Type: research
Conditions:   Cardiovascular Diseases;   Sickle Cell Disease;   Exercise Intervention:   Other: Exercise Treatment Group Sponsor:   University of Alabama at Birmingham Not yet recruiting
Source: - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
This study was carried out to compare the fetomaternal outcome in patients with SCD with those without SCD. This was a retrospective cohort study done in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia in a tertiary care, teaching hospital, by retrieving the data through the code ICD-9 for SCD, the control group was also selected with comparable characteristics. A total of 302 SCD pregnant patients were included for comparison with 600 pregnant women without SCD as control, during the period of Jan 1, 2008 to December 31, 2018. After the data retrieval, percentages of complications were calculated between the study and control groups...
Source: African Journal of Reproductive Health - Category: African Health Tags: Afr J Reprod Health Source Type: research
Study Design: A retrospective study. Objective: To determine the impact of sickle cell anemia on perioperative outcomes and resource utilization in elective spinal fusion surgery. Summary of Background Data: Sickle cell anemia has been identified as an important surgical risk factor in otolaryngology, cardiothoracic surgery, general surgery, and total joint arthroplasty. However, the impact of sickle cell anemia on elective spine surgery is unknown. Methods: Hospitalizations for elective spinal fusion surgery between the years of 2001–2014 from the US National Inpatient Sample were identified using ICD-9-C...
Source: Journal of Spinal Disorders and Techniques - Category: Surgery Tags: Primary Research Source Type: research
Plastic bronchitis is a potentially fatal disorder characterized by the exudation of proteinaceous material and cells in the airways that leads to branching cast formation, which can be expectorated or lead to asphyxiation. Plastic bronchitis can appear as a complication after single-ventricle palliation. Other causes of plastic bronchitis that have been described include cystic fibrosis, sickle-cell anemia, asthma, and lymphangiomatosis. The underlying pathophysiology of plastic bronchitis seems to be abnormal pulmonary lymphatic perfusion, and the preferred treatment is embolization of the abnormal pulmonary lymphatic vessels (1).
Source: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology : JVIR - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research
This study demonstrates for the first time that senescent cells secrete functional LTs, significantly contributing to the LTs pool known to cause or exacerbate idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. Against Senolytics There is no consensus in science that is so strong as to have no heretics. So here we have an interview with a naysayer on the matter of senolytic treatments, who argues that the loss of senescent cells in aged tissues will cause more harm to long-term health than the damage they will do by remaining. To be clear, I think this to be a ...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
The management of sickle cell disease is a major challenge at the international level. In many African countries, sickle cell anemia is one of the major causes of mortality and is a critical public health problem in Niger. In this part of the continent, the estimated prevalence is around 18 to 22%, which is amongst the highest in Africa. Nowadays, despite the existence of some ways to improv...
Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research - Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research
AbstractIn the present study, the possible activation of cellular immunity in SCD patients was investigated. As immune activation parameters, neopterin concentrations and kynurenine/tryptophan ratio for tryptophan degradation in 35 pediatric patients with sickle cell disease (31 HbSS and 4 HbS ß) were determined. Our results have shown that neopterin levels (both urinary and serum) are increased in pediatric patients with sickle cell disease. The increase in neopterin concentration was accompanied by significantly increased biopterin, kynurenine concentration and kynurenine/tryptophan ra tio. The mechanism of immune ...
Source: Annals of Hematology - Category: Hematology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: We demonstrate how a CTTP can be developed in a community hospital through collaboration with the blood supplier, hospital, and clinical care team. A model of incorporating RBC genotyping informs risk for alloimmunization and allows consideration of transfusion strategy for providing prophylactic antigen matched blood. PMID: 31758587 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Transfusion - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: Transfusion Source Type: research
To evaluate adherence to annual transcranial Doppler ultrasound (TCD) screening to prevent stroke among patients with sickle cell anemia (SCA) seen in the emergency department (ED).
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
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