Gender Differences in Pre- and Postoperative Health-Related Quality of Life Measures in Patients Who Have Had Decompression Surgery for Lumbar Spinal Stenosis.
This study aimed to investigate the gender difference in pre- and postoperative health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in patients who have had decompression surgery for lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS). Overview of Literature: Gender differences may contribute to variations in disease presentations and health outcomes. The influence of gender on pre- and postoperative HRQOL in spinal disorders remains unclear. Methods: We reviewed 125 patients (79 men and 46 women) who had lumbar spinous process splitting laminectomy (LSPSL) for LSS. We assessed the following clinical information: Japanese Orthopedic Association (JOA) score; numerical rating scale (NRS) for low back pain (LBP), leg pain, and leg numbness; Zurich Claudication Questionnaire; JOA Back Pain Evaluation Questionnaire; Roland- Morris Disability Questionnaire (RMDQ); and Short Form 8 (SF-8) as HRQOL. We compared the HRQOLs of men and women pre- and postoperatively. Results: Although the preoperative NRS results for LBP were significantly higher in women (p
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In conclusion, both elastic stable intramedullary nailing and external fixation can achieve satisfactory clinical and radiographic outcomes in children with acute Monteggia fractures. However, the rate of residual pain and less satisfactory clinical appearance was higher in patients managed by external fixation compared to those treated by elastic stable intramedullary nailing. According to our results, elastic stable intramedullary nailing should be used as primary treatment option in children with acute Monteggia fracture requiring surgical management.
The aim of this study was to explore the clinical features and surgical treatment methods of unstable midfoot injuries in children. Eleven children with severe unstable midfoot injuries admitted to Jishuitan Hospital, Beijing, from June 2009 to October 2016 were enrolled, including seven patients with Lisfranc injuries and four patients with Chopart injuries. All Lisfranc injuries had radiographic data from the healthy sides, and radiographs of the affected sides showed that all injured Lisfranc joints separated more than 3 mm compared with the healthy sides. The treatment methods employed a joint-spanning external fixator...
Publication date: Available online 2 August 2020Source: Journal of Clinical &Translational EndocrinologyAuthor(s): Masahiro Usui, Mamiko Tanaka, Hironori Takahashi
First-time surgeries for congenital heart disease did not increase following the 2011 Fukushima nuclear accident, researchers in Japan report.Reuters Health Information
The widely used inhalational anesthetic sevoflurane was effective as a topical analgesic in treating otherwise refractory pain in an elderly patient with a severe leg ulcer.Reuters Health Information
Abstract OBJECTIVEPatients with lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) tend to bend forward to relieve neurological symptoms. They therefore have a positive sagittal vertical axis (SVA). The importance of the SVA value is well known in the field of adult spinal deformity; however, little is known about its impact on LSS. The authors sought to investigate the impact of sagittal spinopelvic alignment on clinical outcome and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) after decompression surgery for LSS.METHODSThe authors retrospectively reviewed 83 patients who underwent lumbar decompression without fusion between January 2014 and...
ConclusionsIncreasing severity of SedSign indicates progressively smaller dural sac CSA, but there is an inconsistent association with clinical symptoms. Therefore, it is reasonable to suggest that spinal stenosis is severe in patients with severe symptoms.
Authors: Kim K, Shin KM, Lee JH, Seo BN, Jung SY, Youn Y, Lee SH, Kim J, Qu W, Kim TH Abstract This is a study protocol for a pilot three-armed randomized controlled trial on nonsurgical integrative Korean medicinal treatment for symptomatic lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS). Thirty-six participants who have been diagnosed with (LSS) and recommended for spinal surgery by neurosurgeons or orthopedics and have had spinal symptoms such as severe low back pain and neurological claudication regardless of at least three months of conservative treatments will be recruited. Participants will be randomly assigned to be one of th...
Conclusion: This trial failed to demonstrate a benefit of OH or PA in patients experiencing neurogenic claudication. Considering the potential negative side effects of chronic opioid use, additional research is necessary to evaluate the efficacy of sustained opioid treatment specifically for neurogenic claudication. Level of Evidence: 2