Crash patterns in two Chinese secondary cities, with comparisons to crash patterns in the United States.

Conclusions: Compared to published data, crash rates are similar among licensed drivers in the United States and these Chinese cities. The percentage of crashes that involved injury did not differ significantly between the 2 countries. Injury crashes were well reported in both. Crashes involving property damage only were significantly less likely to be reported to the police in the Chinese cities. Alcohol involvement rates in crashes were similar. Although our crash sample was small, some crash parameters appear to be transferable between these 2 countries. PMID: 31674807 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Related Links:

Publication date: March 2020Source: Journal of Catalysis, Volume 383Author(s): Chong Xu, Fan Yang, Bijian Deng, Yue Zhuang, Dingyao Li, Baocheng Liu, Wang Yang, Yongfeng LiAbstractThe Ti3C2/TiO2 nanowires photocatalyst is synthesized by in situ growth through a facile hydrothermal method and mild chemical processes for the first time. The Ti3C2/TiO2-0.7 exhibits high photocatalytic activity for selective oxidation of aromatic alcohols to aldehydes under visible light irradiation. The 92% benzyl alcohol conversion and almost 99% selectivity is observed for the Ti3C2/TiO2-0.7 photocatalyst, higher than that of P25 and TiO2 n...
Source: Journal of Catalysis - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
Prevalence of heavy alcohol use remain high, and daily marijuana use is at an all-time high in young adults. As perceptions of drug effects may guide risky decision making, understanding subjective feelings for alcohol and marijuana use is critical. Existi...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
In this study, we assessed whether alcohol influenced IL-22 expression and thereby perpetuates UC flare. Male C57BL/6 mice received 2% DSS or water ad libitum for 5 days.
Source: Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: Innate and Mucosal Immunology and Immunity Source Type: research
Crohn ’s disease (CD) is an inflammatory disease of the gut with multiple psychosocial comorbidities, including lost wages, stress on loved ones, and psychiatric illnesses, all of which are associated with substance use disorders. While approximately 7.5% of individuals aged 12 or older in the United St ates have a substance use disorder, we know little about this issue among patients with CD. Using a nationally representative dataset, we examined the burden of alcohol, tobacco, and illicit drug use among patients with CD in the United States.
Source: Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: Quality of Life/Psychosocial Care Source Type: research
Source: Drugs: Education, Prevention, and Policy - Category: Addiction Authors: Source Type: research
Publication date: 1 April 2020Source: Materials Chemistry and Physics, Volume 244Author(s): Meiling Ren, Weifang Han, Yufeng Bai, Chunhua Ge, Lili He, Xiangdong ZhangAbstractBoron carbon oxynitride (BCNO) was successfully prepared via the template of the melamine sponge. The resultant BCNO was characterized by infrared spectroscopy, fluorescence spectrophotometer, scanning electron microscope as well as quantum yield (QY). The results revealed that BCNO exhibit yellow-green photoluminescence under UV illumination with QY of 86%. For BCNO phosphor, the fluorescence is disappeared in the water, which limits its application i...
Source: Materials Chemistry and Physics - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 23 January 2020Source: NeuroscienceAuthor(s): Brian A. Coffman, Felicha T. Candelaria-Cook, Julia M. StephenAbstractWhile it is generally accepted that structural and functional brain deficits underlie the behavioral deficits associated with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD), the degree to which these problems are expressed in sensory pathology is unknown. Electrophysiological measures indicate that neural processing is delayed in visual and auditory domains. Furthermore, multiple reports of white matter deficits due to prenatal alcohol exposure indicate altered cortical connectivit...
Source: Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 23 January 2020Source: NeuroscienceAuthor(s): Guo-Qing Chang, Olga Karatayev, Devi Sai Sri Kavya Boorgu, Sarah F. LeibowitzAbstractClinical and animal studies show maternal alcohol consumption during pregnancy causes in offspring persistent alterations in neuroimmune and neurochemical systems known to increase alcohol drinking and related behaviors. Studies in lateral hypothalamus (LH) demonstrate in adolescent offspring that maternal oral administration of ethanol stimulates the neuropeptide, melanin-concentrating hormone (MCH), together with the inflammatory chemokine C-C motif ligand 2...
Source: Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Air pollution is not only bad for the lungs, it could be bad for the brain...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: Fast MRI technique benefits kids with head trauma Brain MRI may predict alcohol abuse in teens Shorter MRI protocol reduces sedation for kids 3D MRI captures changes to fetal head during birth Brain MRI spots effects of prenatal exposure to air pollutants
Source: Headlines - Category: Radiology Source Type: news
Conclusion: A high prevalence of DUIA was observed in Brazil, especially in the Central-West, Northeast and, North macro-regions. Factors associated with DUIA can be incorporated to develop effective interventions to reduce this behavior in Brazil.
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
More News: Accident Prevention | Alcoholism | China Health | USA Health