Don't Delay Very Early-Stage Breast Cancer Surgery

Longer delays in surgery for ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) breast cancer lead to a higher risk of invasive ductal carcinoma and a slightly lower survival rate, researchers found.
Source: WebMD Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

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Publication date: Available online 5 December 2019Source: The LancetAuthor(s): Timothy J Whelan, Jim A Julian, Tanya S Berrang, Do-Hoon Kim, Isabelle Germain, Alan M Nichol, Mohamed Akra, Sophie Lavertu, Francois Germain, Anthony Fyles, Theresa Trotter, Francisco E Perera, Susan Balkwill, Susan Chafe, Thomas McGowan, Thierry Muanza, Wayne A Beckham, Boon H Chua, Chu Shu Gu, Mark N LevineSummaryBackgroundWhole breast irradiation delivered once per day over 3–5 weeks after breast conserving surgery reduces local recurrence with good cosmetic results. Accelerated partial breast irradiation (APBI) delivered over 1 week t...
Source: The Lancet - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
ConclusionsThese results suggest heterogeneity by grade for breast cancer etiology. Identification of potential risk factor differences among low-grade and high-grade DCIS and IDBC may help to clarify associations, and ultimately, improve breast cancer risk prediction models.
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
ConclusionThere was a high agreement rate among readers when differentiating NME from mass lesions. The agreement rate was lower when assessing the distribution and internal enhancement pattern descriptors, but still substantial. The descriptors clustered ring enhancement and segmental distribution were significant predictors of malignancy.Key Points• Non-mass enhancement is a common morphological feature of non-invasive breast cancer (DCIS) in MRI. Differentiation between potentially malignant and benign changes may be very challenging.• Since clustered ring enhancement and segmental distribution are both signif...
Source: European Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Patients who previously received radiotherapy for ductal carcinoma in situ may have higher mortality after developing an invasive second breast cancer.
Source: CancerNetwork - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: news
While there has been some controversy over when women should start getting mammograms, all experts agree that screening is an important first step in detecting breast cancers and treating them early. But for some women, that’s not enough. For the approximately 40% of women with dense breast tissue, and especially the 10% with extremely dense tissue, cancer cells are harder to detect, since the denser tissue can mask small growths. In addition, dense breast tissue itself is also a risk factor for developing cancer. There’s been debate among experts over whether these women should have additional screening, on to...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Breast Cancer embargoed study Research Source Type: news
AbstractManagement of classic lobular neoplasia (cLN) diagnosed on core needle biopsy (CNB) is controversial. Our aim in this study was to review cases of cLN diagnosed on CNB to determine the rate and risk factors of an upgrade to ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) or invasive carcinoma on excision. All breast CNBs with a diagnosis of atypical lobular hyperplasia (ALH) or classic lobular carcinoma in situ (cLCIS) from three different institutions within a single health care system between 2013 and 2018 were retrieved. Cases with any additional high-risk lesions in the same CNB or discordant radiological-pathological correlat...
Source: Virchows Archiv - Category: Pathology Source Type: research
Abstract Ductal carcinoma in situ of the breast is a non-obligate precursor of invasive breast cancer, and at its lower risk end might not need treatment, a hypothesis tested in several currently running randomized clinical trials. This review describes the heterogeneity of grading ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS). First it considers differences between low and high grade DCIS, and then it looks at several grading schemes and highlights how different these are, not only in the features considered for defining a given grade but also in their wording of a given variable seen in the grade in question. Rather than bein...
Source: Pathology Oncology Research - Category: Pathology Authors: Tags: Pathol Oncol Res Source Type: research
Mucinous lesions of the breast encompass a range of benign and malignant entities characterized by extracellular mucin production. Increased sampling of mammary calcifications has identified a range of mucocele-like lesions, which are associated with benign proliferative and atypical intraductal epithelial proliferation ranging in architectural complexity from flat epithelial atypia to ductal carcinoma in situ. Mucinous carcinoma is a unique histologic subtype of breast cancer with a good prognosis.
Source: Diagnostic Histopathology - Category: Pathology Authors: Tags: Mini-symposium: Breast Pathology Source Type: research
AbstractThe risk of radiotherapy-induced malignancies (RIMs) is a concern when treating Li –Fraumeni syndrome (LFS) or Li–Fraumeni Like (LFL) patients. However, the type ofTP53 pathogenic germline variant may possibly influence this risk.TP53 p.R337H mutation is particularly prevalent in Brazil. We aimed to evaluate the outcomes of patients with pathogenicTP53 variants treated for localized breast cancer in a Brazilian cohort. We evaluated retrospectively a cohort of patients with germlineTP53 pathogenic variants treated for localized breast cancer between December 1999 and October 2017. All patients were follo...
Source: Familial Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
This study sought to evaluate the impact of RT for DCIS on mortality after SBC in a larger cohort. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Using the SEER database, 3,407 patients were identified who received breast-conserving therapy with or without RT for primary DCIS in 2000 through 2013 and subsequently developed a stage I-III invasive SBC within the same time period. Fine-Gray competing risk models were used to study the association between receipt of RT and mortality after SBC. RESULTS: Prior RT was found to be associated with higher rates of breast cancer-specific mortality (hazard ratio [HR], 1.70; 95% CI, 1.18-2.45; P=.005),...
Source: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network : JNCCN - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: J Natl Compr Canc Netw Source Type: research
More News: Breast Cancer | Breast Carcinoma | Cancer | Cancer & Oncology | Carcinoma | Carcinoma in Situ | DCIS (Ductal Carcinoma in Situ) | Ductal Carcinoma | Health