NSCLC Highlights From ESMO 2019 NSCLC Highlights From ESMO 2019

Dr Tony Mok of Hong Kong University reviews key studies on non-small cell lung cancer therapies, presented at the 2019 annual meeting of the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO).Medscape
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: None ReCAP Source Type: news

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Yicheng Ni Cancer remains a major cause of death globally. Given its relapsing and fatal features, curing cancer seems to be something hardly possible for the majority of patients. In view of the development in cancer therapies, this article summarizes currently available cancer therapeutics and cure potential by cancer type and stage at diagnosis, based on literature and database reviews. Currently common cancer therapeutics include surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, targeted therapy, and immunotherapy. However, treatment with curative intent by these methods are mainly eligible for patients with localized diseas...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
ConclusionOur finding suggests that FC-AE mediates apoptosis through a STAT1 and STAT4-mediated co-regulatory network, which may be the key novel mechanism for its antitumor activity. The F. cirrhosa may be a promising antitumor drug for modulating immune responses to improve cancer therapy.Graphical abstract
Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Abstract Previous studies showed that dopamine (DA) significantly reduces the frequency of cancer stem-like cells (CSC) and enhances the efficacy of sunitinib (SUN) in the treatment of breast cancer and non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). To overcome the shortcomings of DA in clinical practice, the purpose of this study was to investigate the efficacy as well as the underlying mechanism of an orally available, N-arylpiperazine-containing compound C2, in the treatment of pancreatic cancer when used alone or in combination with SUN. Our results showed that C2 and SUN exerted synergistic effects on inhibiting the gro...
Source: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology - Category: Toxicology Authors: Tags: Toxicol Appl Pharmacol Source Type: research
Abstract Traditional cancer therapies, such as treatment with anthracyclines and chest radiation, are known to induce cardiovascular complications. Currently, the increase of cancer therapies will involve new mechanisms such as cancer immunotherapies, also called immune checkpoint inhibitors (PD-1, PD-L1 and CTLA-4 inhibitors). These treatments have shown long-term remissions in subgroup of cancers, including melanomas, non-small-cell lung cancer, urothelial carcinoma, renal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck and colorectal cancer. Although these treatments will change the natural course ...
Source: Bulletin du Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Bull Cancer Source Type: research
With the popularization of Next-generation sequencing technology, targeted cancer therapy based on gene mutations has attracted more and more attention. Aberrant activated mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK) pathway is considered to play a crucial role in the occurrence and development of various cancers [1]. Various mutations in pathway components including MEK1/2 can cause the aberrant activation of MAPK signaling pathway [2]. As oncogenic mutations, MEK1 mutations were widely observed in many cancers [1,3,4], while trametinib, a MEK1/2 inhibitor, was limited to treat BRAF-mutant melanoma and non-small-cell lung can...
Source: Cancer Treatment Reviews - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Tumour Review Source Type: research
Abstract The deep and durable antitumor effects of antibody-based immunotherapies such as immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) have revolutionized oncology and transformed the therapeutic landscape for many cancers. Several anti-programmed death receptor 1 and anti-programmed death receptor ligand 1 antibodies have been approved for use in advanced solid tumors, including melanoma, non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), bladder cancer, and other cancers. ICIs are under development across many tumor types and preliminary results are compelling. However, ICIs have been associated with severe immune-related adverse event...
Source: Clinical Cancer Research - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Clin Cancer Res Source Type: research
Authors: Ichihara E, Miyahara N, Maeda Y, Kiura K Abstract Systemic therapy for advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) has dramatically changed in the latest 15 years. Molecular-targeted therapy has brought about an era of precision medicine, and immune checkpoint inhibitors have brought hope for a cure for advanced NSCLC. In the wake of this remarkable advancement, lung cancer with comorbid interstitial pneumonia (IP) has been completely left behind, as most clinical trials exclude patients with comorbid IP. IP, especially idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), is often accompanied by lung cancer, and acute exa...
Source: Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Intern Med Source Type: research
Abstract Lung cancer, similar to other chronic diseases, occurs due to perturbations in multiple signaling pathways. Mono-targeted therapies are not ideal since they are not likely to be effective for the treatment and prevention of lung cancer, and are often associated with drug resistance. Therefore, the development of multi-targeted agents is required for novel lung cancer therapies. Thioredoxin reductase (TrxR or TXNRD1) is a pivotal component of the thioredoxin (Trx) system. Various types of tumor cells are able to overexpress TrxR/Trx proteins in order to maintain tumor survival, and this overexpression has ...
Source: Biochemical Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Biochem Pharmacol Source Type: research
In this study, a marked decrease in the incidence of lung cancer (a 67% relative risk reduction) was observed in a high-risk population. Although a number of preclinical studies have demonstrated that canakinumab inhibits interleukin-1β and reduces inflammation, the question remains whether these actions positively affect both cancer incidence and recurrence. This review will summarize the role of inflammation in cancer propagation and development, discuss the biological rationale for targeting interleukin-1β in lung cancer, advocate for further investigation of the anti-inflammatory antibody canakinumab as a new...
Source: Anti-Cancer Drugs - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Review Article Source Type: research
In conclusion, the data suggest that halting pro-survival autophagy by targeting PIK3C3 with MPT0L145 significantly sensitizes cancer cells to targeted or chemotherapeutic agents, fostering rational combination strategies for cancer therapy in the future.
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
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