Transgluteal ultrasonography in spica cast in postreduction assessment of developmental dysplasia of the hip

ConclusionTransgluteal ultrasonography can be used as an excellent modality to examine the position of the femoral head in relation to the posterior rim of the acetabulum in spica cast. The position of the femoral head can be viewed properly needless of perineal opening in the cast. Thus, transgluteal ultrasonography can replace the CT scan to assess the position of the femoral head. Sonography does not expose patients to radiation and does not require sedation.
Source: Journal of Ultrasound - Category: Radiology Source Type: research

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We examined US sensitivity for diagnosis of HCC in obese patients. Methods: Liver transplant patients data with HCC in explant was used (January 2012-December 2017). All patients underwent liver US within 3 months of diagnosis of HCC. Number/size of HCC lesions were extracted from radiologic and pathologic reports. Obesity was defined as BMI ≥30 kg/m2. Results: One hundred sixteen patients were included. 80% were male, with mean BMI of 31 kg/m2. The most common underlying liver disease was hepatitis C virus (62%). At the time of diagnosis, median number of HCC lesions was 2 (interquartile range [IQR], 1-3), and ...
Source: Clinical and molecular hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Clin Mol Hepatol Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: In critically ill patients with AKI, quadriceps muscle thickness assessment based on US is unbiased, although it occurs with a minor loss of precision compared to CT. PMID: 31729699 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: J Nephrol Source Type: research
If you want residents to moan, start out the conversation with “when I was a resident….” Well, when I was a resident, computed tomography (CT) scans had just been introduced into the hospital, ultrasound was a rarely used procedure, and magnetic resonance imaging and positron emission tomography were still in the future. We did tomograms, pyelograms, veno grams, and various scans of the spleen, liver, and brain. The imaging options available today are overwhelming. Three-dimensional reproductions of any part of the body; bedside ultrasounds of the brain, heart, abdomen, and pelvis; and scans that show fu...
Source: The Journal of Emergency Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Tags: Book and Other Media Reviews Source Type: research
ConclusionMesenteric cysts represent a rare cause of intra-abdominal mass. Owing to low prevalence, literature is limited as is guidance on management. Careful pre-operative planning is essential so as to avoid operative complications. Imaging such as USS is of great importance; however Computed Tomography (CT) and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) may be of more benefit, owing to the complex anatomical relations within which mesenteric cysts can present. Surgical excision is widely reported as the surgical treatment of choice for symptomatic cysts
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Technological improvements and growing sonographers ’ expertise boost the role of intestinal ultrasound (IUS) in assessing patients with inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD). Non-invasiveness, low cost and good reproducibility make IUS attractive.Leveraging on the Authors’ long-term field experience, this review focuses on the IUS role in IBD patien ts’ clinical management.For detecting IBD, particularly Crohn’s disease, the IUS parameters — above all the evidence of a thickened bowel wall (BWT) — show very good diagnostic accuracy similar to that of MRI or CT scan.
Source: Digestive and Liver Disease - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: Review Article Source Type: research
Authors: Pramono LA, Yuwono A Abstract Congenital hypothyroidism is the most treatable cause of mental retardation. It is also the most prevalent congenital endocrine disorder in childhood. A dramatic improvement can be made by early detection, diagnosis, and adequate treatment of levothyroxine in patients with congenital hypothyroidism. Severe cognitive impairment is associated with persistent disease in patients who have delayed or no treatment at all. In a modern era with complete healthcare facilities in a big city like Jakarta, the prevalence late-diagnosed congenital hypothyroidism is supposed to be very low....
Source: Acta medica Indonesiana - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Acta Med Indones Source Type: research
We report a 3 day old female who was referred with a congenital abdominal mass with a background history of polyhydramnios antenatally and preterm delivery at 35 weeks. Imaging studies showed a right renal mass involving the mid and lower pole of the kidney. The neonate underwent a right radical nephrectomy and histopathology confirmed the mass as a classic sub-type of CMN.
Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Lung cancer has been identified as the leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide and one of the most common malignancies in China [1]. More and more non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients have been observed in the screening projects for detection of early stage lung cancer with the use of low dose computed tomography (CT) [2]. Accurate imaging for evaluation of the Lymph Node Metastases (LNM) could affect the treatment of these patients [3]. Many imaging modalities such as CT, Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), Positron Emission Tomography-CT (PET-CT), as well as other diagnostic techniques like ultrasound-guide...
Source: Lung Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: research
Authors: Zhao T, Xin Y, Shen H, Liu X, Wang J, Wang Q, Wei B Abstract Ectopic parathyroid adenomas (PAs) can occur in numerous locations and are thought to be the cause of a significant portion of failed primary surgery for hyperparathyroidism. PA is a rare cause of hoarseness, which may be harbingers of a malignant process. Here, we describe an unusual case of an ectopic PA in the carotid sheath presenting as unilateral vocal cord paralysis (VCP). A 49-year-old lady presented with a 1-week history of hoarseness, irritating cough and shortness of breath. Fibreoptic laryngoscopy revealed left VCP. Ultrasound and com...
Source: Endocrine Journal - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Endocr J Source Type: research
In conclusion, the present case is an extremely rare occurrence of simultaneous multiple RDMs from PTC as the initial presentation.
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
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