Delayed contrast enhancement of hepatic parenchyma after intravenous sonographic contrast agent: unusual phenomenon. Case report and review of literature
ConclusionWe suggest that phagocytosis of contrast agent microbubbles by macrophages, and lymphocytosis of peripheral blood due to stress conditions of the patients might be in the background of HLHE. (Source: Journal of Ultrasound)
Source: Journal of Ultrasound - January 24, 2020 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Not all abolished lung sliding are pneumothorax: the case of a particular lung atelectasis
ConclusionsLUS allowed the visualization of a particular and rare disease such as anthracosis-associated rounded atelectasis, thus leading to a more correct and faster patient management. (Source: Journal of Ultrasound)
Source: Journal of Ultrasound - January 22, 2020 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Exercise induced changes in echo intensity within the muscle: a brief review
AbstractEcho intensity is the mean pixel intensity of a specific region of interest from an ultrasound image. This variable has been increasingly used in the literature as a physiological marker. Although there has been an increased interest in reporting changes in echo intensity in response to exercise, little consensus exists as to what a change in echo intensity represents physiologically. The purpose of this paper is to review some of the earliest, as well as the most up to date literature regarding the changes in echo intensity in response to exercise. Echo intensity has been used to measure muscle quality, muscle dam...
Source: Journal of Ultrasound - January 10, 2020 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Insight into Dunbar syndrome: color-Doppler ultrasound findings and literature review
We report a case of Dunbar syndrome and its borderline imaging findings focused on the crucial diagnostic role of color-Doppler ultrasound. We also reviewed the current literature, delineating the clinical manifestations and the diagnostic workup of the Dunbar syndrome with the objective to increase the knowledge of this clinical entity as a cause of postprandial abdominal pain and to underline the pivotal role of color-Doppler ultrasound to avoid incorrect or delayed diagnosis. (Source: Journal of Ultrasound)
Source: Journal of Ultrasound - January 10, 2020 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS) in the follow-up of pediatric abdominal injuries: value and timing
ConclusionsCEUS is valuable and safe to follow patients with post-traumatic abdominal injuries, even if further data are needed for renal injuries. We propose a tailored approach based on injury grade and clinical course: in the first 3  days only in case of delayed bleeding or rupture suspect; between 5 and 10 days post trauma to ensure a safe active mobilization and/or pose indication to discharge, and over 20–30 days post trauma to pose indication to discharge in most severe injuries or document complete healing and permit return to sport activities. (Source: Journal of Ultrasound)
Source: Journal of Ultrasound - January 10, 2020 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) in a remote area of Sierra Leone: impact on patient management and training program for community health officers
ConclusionPOCUS represents a powerful diagnostic tool in a low-income country that may improve the patient management. Training of non-physician health providers is doable and may improve healthcare management in resource-limited settings. (Source: Journal of Ultrasound)
Source: Journal of Ultrasound - January 9, 2020 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Focused ultrasound for the diagnosis of non-palpable endometriotic lesions of the abdominal wall: a not-uncommon surgical complication
We reported two cases of endometriosis of the abdominal wall, with subcutaneous and intramuscular localization, that became symptomatic a few years after a cesarean intervention. These cases have a clinical pattern quite similar to cutaneous endometriosis, but they are more difficult to diagnose through physical examination because they are barely palpable. In this sense, coupled with suggestive symptoms, ultrasound examination can confirm the clinical suspicion of endometriosis without the use of computed tomography and/or magnetic resonance imaging. (Source: Journal of Ultrasound)
Source: Journal of Ultrasound - January 9, 2020 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Sonographic visibility of the main posterior ankle ligaments and para-ligamentous structures in 15 healthy subjects
AbstractThe present article describes the ultrasound (US) appearance of ligaments and paraligamentous structures which are not included in standard US imaging of the ankle: the posterior inferior tibiofibular ligament (PITFL), the transverse tibiofibular ligament (TTFL), the posterior talofibular ligament (PTFL), the posterior intermalleolar ligament (PIL), the synovial recess (SR) of the posterior joint and the os trigonum (OT). Two skilled operators examined 15 ankles in 15 healthy volunteers. Correlation between thickness of the main ligaments and body mass index (BMI) was also analyzed. Compound and tissue harmonic ima...
Source: Journal of Ultrasound - January 9, 2020 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Sonographic diagnosis of clinically unsuspected thrombosis of the medial marginal vein and dorsal arch of the foot
We report a case of ours with a thrombosis of the medial marginal vein and dorsal venous arch of the foot, showing its close anatomical relation with the extensor hallucis longus tendon. (Source: Journal of Ultrasound)
Source: Journal of Ultrasound - January 9, 2020 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Introduction of point of care ultrasound into the neonatal intensive care unit
(Source: Journal of Ultrasound)
Source: Journal of Ultrasound - January 1, 2020 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Thoracic outlet syndrome: a rare case with bilateral cervical ribs and bilateral anterior scalene hypertrophy
AbstractThoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) is a rare neurovascular disorder generally caused by the presence of a cervical rib or hypertrophic scalene anterior muscle that can compress the brachial plexus and/or subclavian vessels. In the vascular form, the symptoms are caused by the compression of the artery and/or the subclavian vein. In the first case, the compression is caused by the cervical rib and leads to hypo-perfusion with cooling and cyanosis of the upper limb, while in the second case, the compression is caused by the anterior scalene muscle and leads to congestion, cyanosis, swelling and pain in the higher limb. I...
Source: Journal of Ultrasound - December 13, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

A bump: what to do next? Ultrasound imaging of superficial soft-tissue palpable lesions
AbstractSoft-tissue palpable lesions are common in clinical practice, and ultrasound (US) represents the first imaging option in the evaluation of a patient with a soft-tissue swelling. A full and systematic US assessment is necessary, however. This includes grayscale, color- and power-Doppler, spectral-Doppler, and possibly elastography facilities, as well as a trained operator. Several lesions showing characteristic US features can be diagnosed confidently, without any further work-up, and the high spatial resolution of ultrasound in the superficial layers can be a powerful tool to discriminate their etiologies. Second-l...
Source: Journal of Ultrasound - November 30, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Severe massive pulmonary thromboembolism: a case reinforcing the crucial role of point-of-care ultrasound in emergency settings
We report the case of a middle-aged woman presenting to the emergency department with shock who was diagnosed with massive pulmonary embolism based on point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS). We are hereby discussing the usefulness of POCUS in this subset of PE patients, highlighting the importance of considering ultrasound as a first-line diagnostic (and monitoring) tool for each patient with suspicion of massive PE. (Source: Journal of Ultrasound)
Source: Journal of Ultrasound - November 27, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Surgical margin follow-up after nephron-sparing surgery: the possible role of CEUS
ConclusionsCEUS can play a key role in the surgical margin follow-up after NSS when a suspicious enhancing mass is detected by CECT, giving an accurate depiction of the enhancement pattern and thus helping the clinician in the management of the patient. (Source: Journal of Ultrasound)
Source: Journal of Ultrasound - November 18, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Technical report: dynamic assessment of plantar fasciitis and plantar fascia tears utilising dorsiflexion of the great toe
This article describes the technique and its anatomical basis. (Source: Journal of Ultrasound)
Source: Journal of Ultrasound - November 13, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Rectus abdominis muscle tear diagnosed with sonography and its conservative management
ConclusionThis case demonstrates the diagnosis of a rare rectus abdominis muscle tear managed conservatively. To our knowledge, less than a dozen cases are reported using US in the evaluation and diagnosis of a rectus abdominis tear. (Source: Journal of Ultrasound)
Source: Journal of Ultrasound - November 12, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Anomalous insertion of the pectoralis minor tendon at the greater tuberosity
We present a case of ectopic insertion of the whole tendon of the pectoralis minor muscle associated with impingement syndrome. Based on this case, we performed a review of the literature focused on the association between this ectopic tendon insertion and anterior shoulder pain. (Source: Journal of Ultrasound)
Source: Journal of Ultrasound - November 11, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Measuring diaphragm movement and respiratory frequency using a novel ultrasound device in healthy volunteers
ConclusionThe DiaMon device is able to detect liver movement in most subjects, and it measures breathing frequency accurately. (Source: Journal of Ultrasound)
Source: Journal of Ultrasound - November 6, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Extended-FAST plus MDCT in pneumothorax diagnosis of major trauma: time to revisit ATLS imaging approach?
ConclusionOur results demonstrate that bedside thoracic US is characterized by a very good accuracy in the diagnostic work-up of major trauma patients, even in difficult conditions, allowing rapid diagnosis of PNX.Advances in knowledgeThe novelty of this research lies in the possibility of diagnosing potential life-threatening conditions in a very short time by means of US, thus proposing a revision of the Advanced Trauma Life Support (ATLS) guidelines in order to incorporate it in the work-up of high-energy injured patients. (Source: Journal of Ultrasound)
Source: Journal of Ultrasound - November 4, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Transgluteal ultrasonography in spica cast in postreduction assessment of developmental dysplasia of the hip
ConclusionTransgluteal ultrasonography can be used as an excellent modality to examine the position of the femoral head in relation to the posterior rim of the acetabulum in spica cast. The position of the femoral head can be viewed properly needless of perineal opening in the cast. Thus, transgluteal ultrasonography can replace the CT scan to assess the position of the femoral head. Sonography does not expose patients to radiation and does not require sedation. (Source: Journal of Ultrasound)
Source: Journal of Ultrasound - October 19, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Clinical significance of contrast-enhanced ultrasound in chronic kidney disease: a pilot study
This study investigated the clinical significance of real-time CEUS in cases of chronic kidney disease (CKD).Materials and methodsIncluded patients were stratified according to their estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR): Group I (CKD stage I and II), eGFR  ≥ 60 ml/min/1.73 m2; group II (CKD stage III), eGFR of 30  ≤ eGFR 
Source: Journal of Ultrasound - October 12, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Preliminary analysis of ultrasound elastography imaging-based thermometry on non-perfused ex vivo swine liver
ConclusionsUltrasound thermometry during laser ablation of biological tissue based on elastography shows an abrupt output change at temperatures  >  55–60 °C. This issue can have a relevant clinical impact, considering tumor necrosis when temperature crosses 55 °C to define the boundary of damaged volume.Graphic abstract (Source: Journal of Ultrasound)
Source: Journal of Ultrasound - September 20, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Ultrasound findings in urogenital schistosomiasis: a pictorial essay
AbstractUrogenital schistosomiasis is a parasitic disease caused byS. haematobium which is endemic in tropical and sub-tropical areas but is increasingly diagnosed in temperate non-endemic countries due to migration and international travels. Early identification and treatment of the disease are fundamental to avoid associated severe sequelae such as bladder carcinoma, hydronephrosis leading to kidney failure and reproductive complications. Radiologic imaging, especially through ultrasound examination, has a fundamental role in the assessment of organ damage and follow-up after treatment. Imaging findings of urinary tract ...
Source: Journal of Ultrasound - September 7, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Congenital lung malformations: a novel application for lung ultrasound?
AbstractCongenital lung malformations (CLMs) include a group of different disorders. With widespread use of antenatal ultrasonography (aUS) and increased use of pre-natal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), CLMs are increasingly detected, nevertheless the best postnatal imaging approach is not yet well defined: newborns usually undergo several chest X-rays and eventually computed tomography to confirm the diagnosis. In this case series, we show lung ultrasound features of three different cases of congenital lung malformations, describing prenatal and postnatal images comparing different imaging techniques. (Source: Journal of Ultrasound)
Source: Journal of Ultrasound - September 5, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Gynecological and postpartum ultrasonography of cesarean uterine scar defects: a pictorial essay
This article will discuss and show different and variable sonographic presentations of scar niches and uterine postpartum ultrasonography with vaginal birth after cesarean section that can be confusing and many should be unaware of. This brief review aims to help practitioners to avoid confusion and be aware and acquainted with the different sonographic findings encountered in practice related to cesarean scar. It can lead to uterine rupture I labour, dehiscence in pregnancy and placenta accreta in the future pregnancy, but this is not evidence-based and not even a contraindication for pregnancy. It is neither an indicatio...
Source: Journal of Ultrasound - September 3, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

A comparative evaluation of cataract classifications based on shear-wave elastography and B-mode ultrasound findings
In this study, a comparison is made of the findings of B-mode ultrasound and ultrasound elastography with the Lens Opacities Classification (LOCS) grade in patients with senile cataracts. A total of 74 patients with cataracts and 32 age-matched healthy volunteers as the control group were evaluated in the departments of ophthalmology and radiology between 2016 and 2017. In the patient group, cataracts were graded according to LOCS, and B-mode sonographic appearance and elasticity measurements were recorded, after which the cataract grade and sonoelastography/B-mode ultrasound findings were compared using statistical method...
Source: Journal of Ultrasound - September 3, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Correction to: Is there a role for bedside ultrasound in malaria? A survey of the literature
Unfortunately, all the authors ’ first name and family name were erroneously switched in the original article and published online. (Source: Journal of Ultrasound)
Source: Journal of Ultrasound - August 22, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

A rare case of non-traumatic intrasplenic pseudoaneurysms in a patient with acute T-cell lymphoblastic leukemia
AbstractPseudoaneurysm (PSA) or false aneurysm is a vascular lesion resulting from a focal and incomplete rupture of the arterial wall (intimate and/or elastic lamina), that allows blood to escape into the arterial wall; this small contained break causes a contained collection of blood and the creation of a “new” less resistant vessel wall, consisting of adventitia and perivascular tissues. Intrasplenic pseudoaneurysms are rare and more frequently recognize traumatic origin, sometimes are also unexpected lesions due to non-recent trauma. In contrast, non-traumatic intrasplenic pseudoaneurysms are r are complica...
Source: Journal of Ultrasound - August 1, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Calcific tendinopathy of the direct head of rectus femoris: a rare cause of groin pain treated with ultrasound guided percutaneous irrigation
We report the first case of calcific tendinopathy of the direct head of the rectus femoris that was treated effectively with ultrasound-guided percutaneous irrigation of calcific tendinopathy (USPICT). The anatomy of the rectus femoris and the technique for US-PICT of the rectus femoris are also described. (Source: Journal of Ultrasound)
Source: Journal of Ultrasound - August 1, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Safety and effectiveness of ultrasound-guided percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage: a multicenter experience
ConclusionsIn this series US guidance to access the biliary tree for PTBD was a safe and effective technique with an acceptable low-grade complications rate; the reported radiation dose is low.Graphic abstract (Source: Journal of Ultrasound)
Source: Journal of Ultrasound - July 31, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Added value of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) with Sonovue ® in the diagnosis of inferior epigastric artery pseudoaneurysm: report of a case and review of literature
We present a case of an IEA false aneurysm resulting from therapeutic paracentesis for ascites in a 71-year-old patient who came to our department for abdominal pain and signs of anemization. To our knowledge, no published reports are currently available describing an IAE pseudoaneurysm successfully diagnosed with contrast-enhanced ultrasound. (Source: Journal of Ultrasound)
Source: Journal of Ultrasound - July 20, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Correction to: Rare case of an upper urinary tract carcinoma (UTUC) in renal pelvis and ureter associated to renal vein thrombosis: diagnostic imaging with CECT, MRI and CEUS
Unfortunately, the first name and family names of all the authors have incorrectly been swapped and published in original article. (Source: Journal of Ultrasound)
Source: Journal of Ultrasound - July 18, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Sonoelastography of the trunk and lower extremity muscles in a case of Duchenne muscular dystrophy
We describe sonoelastographic characteristics of a patient ’s trunk and lower extremity musculature. An 8-year-old male presented with a 5-year history of DMD. Sonoelastographic measures of the gluteus maximus and medius, lumbar erector spinae, rectus abdominis, rectus femoris, biceps femoris, tibialis anterior, medial and lateral gastrocnemius muscles we re obtained. Sonoelastography demonstrated increased elasticity by elevated kiloPascals (kPa) across all muscles, except the lumbar erector spinae. Patient values were compared to an age-matched healthy control. These abnormal sonoelastographic findings reflected th...
Source: Journal of Ultrasound - June 29, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Rare case of an upper urinary tract carcinoma (UTUC) in renal pelvis and ureter associated to renal vein thrombosis: diagnostic imaging with CECT, MRI and CEUS
AbstractA 58-year-old woman complaining of dyspnea and mild flank pain was admitted to our radiology department after undergoing ultrasonography in another institution. She showed hydronephrosis and left kidney swelling. We performed a contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CECT) that confirmed the hydronephrosis and revealed a widely hypoperfused left kidney, a concentric thickening of the proximal ureter, and a slight and diffuse thickening of the renal pelvic wall, with a hyperdense content in the unenhanced CT phase and poor contrast enhancement in the post-contrast phases. A proximal ipsilateral renal vein thrombosis ...
Source: Journal of Ultrasound - June 26, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Ultrasound features of painful intraosseous migration of pectoralis major tendinous calcifications with follow-up
We present four cases of intraosseous migration of pectoralis major tendon calcification and their ultrasound features. Calcification migration into osseous structures is associated with cortical erosions, intraosseous calcifications, and bone marrow edema. These findings may be misleading on MRI, where the significant bone marrow and surrounding tissue inflammation may raise concerns regarding neoplasia and lead to unnecessary invasive biopsy. In these cases, echography can be less alarming, enabling the identification of the calcification, its location in the pectoralis major tendon enthesis, and the continuity between t...
Source: Journal of Ultrasound - June 21, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Non-rotator cuff calcific tendinopathy: ultrasonographic diagnosis and treatment
AbstractCalcific tendinopathy is a condition that is related to the deposition of calcium, mostly hydroxyapatite crystals, within the tendons. The shoulder and the hip are commonly affected joints, but calcific tendinopathy may occur in any tendon of the body. While there is an extensive literature on the ultrasound diagnosis of calcific tendinopathy of the shoulder, there are only sporadic reports on other sites. This review combines the experience of our centers and a thorough analysis of the literature from the last 45  years (1972–2017) in order to highlight the localizations beyond the rotator cuff, their u...
Source: Journal of Ultrasound - June 13, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Multiparametric ultrasound in the evaluation of kidney disease in elderly
AbstractAfter the age of 30  years, GFR progressively declines at an average rate of 8 mL/min/1.73 m/decade. A problem of advanced age is that the evaluation of renal function on the basis of indicators valid in young adults, such as creatininemia, is unreliable. In fact, many patients with chronic renal failure may have se rum creatinine levels within the normal range even if they have a significant reduction in renal function. Ultrasound has become a routine method of investigation in renal disease: kidney size and parenchymal echogenicity are considered markers of renal function, so US is useful in assess...
Source: Journal of Ultrasound - June 13, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Spontaneous regression of cystic dysplasia of the rete testis in an 18-month-old boy: the key role of ultrasonography
We report a further case of spontaneous regression of suspected CDT in an 18-month-old boy, who has been followed with clinic and ultrasonographic checks. (Source: Journal of Ultrasound)
Source: Journal of Ultrasound - June 12, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Sonoanatomy of anterior forearm muscles
AbstractThe anterior or volar compartment of the forearm contains eight muscles: five belong to the superficial group (pronator teres, flexor carpi radialis, palmaris longus, flexor digitorum superficialis and flexor carpi ulnaris), and three to the deep group (flexor digitorum profundus, flexor pollicis longus and pronator quadratus). Knowledge of the topographic anatomy is essential for correct performance of ultrasound (US) examinations and correct interpretation of the images provided. (Source: Journal of Ultrasound)
Source: Journal of Ultrasound - June 10, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Imaging features of granulomatous mastitis in 36 patients with new sonographic signs
ConclusionMammographic and ultrasound findings can highly suggest a diagnosis of granulomatous mastitis in an appropriate clinical context. (Source: Journal of Ultrasound)
Source: Journal of Ultrasound - June 7, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Diagnostic value of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) and comparison with color Doppler ultrasound and magnetic resonance in a case of scrotal trauma
We describe the case of a 19-year-old male with a scrotal trauma following a motorcycle crash. In accordance with the literature, we carried out a contrast-medium whole-body computed tomography for the evaluation of any potential traumatic injury. Because of scrotal swelling and the patient complaining about pain in the right testicle, we performed a scrotal ultrasound, which demonstrated an enlarged right testicle, with an inhomogeneous echostructure due to the presence of a hypoechoic area in the middle and upper portion of the testicle. Color Doppler ultrasound did not show signals of intralesional vascularization. The ...
Source: Journal of Ultrasound - June 5, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Intra-neural ganglion cyst of the lateral dorsal cutaneous nerve: an uncommon cause of lateral ankle pain
ConclusionIntra-neural ganglion cysts of the lateral dorsal cutaneous nerve are rare. They represent a relatively uncommon source of lateral ankle pain, which can easily be diagnosed with ultrasound (US) and magnetic resonance imaging and managed effectively with US-guided aspiration or surgical excision. (Source: Journal of Ultrasound)
Source: Journal of Ultrasound - June 3, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Multiparametric ultrasound in the diagnosis and monitoring of ischemic colitis: description of a case of ischemic colitis of the right colon and revision of the literature
AbstractThe aim of this paper is to describe the usefulness of multiparametric US in the diagnosis and subsequent follow-up of a case of right-side ischemic colitis and to present a review of the data reported in the literature. Ischemic colitis is frequently diagnosed in the field of gastroenterology. Diagnosis is usually based on the outcome of endoscopy and histological examination, and in case of right-side ischemic colitis also on the results of contrast-enhanced CT. In the described case, multiparametric US indicated the diagnosis including a prognostic judgment, and during follow-up US-monitored patency of the stent...
Source: Journal of Ultrasound - May 22, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Morphological and dynamic evaluation of complex cystic focal liver lesions by contrast-enhanced ultrasound: current state of the art
AbstractComplex cystic and cystic-like focal liver lesions (FLLs) encompass a spectrum of disorders ranging from non-neoplastic conditions to benign and malignant tumors. In this prospective, the possibility of non-invasive differentiation of these lesions is extremely important, because the clinical implications and therapeutic strategies vary considerably. Because of its advantageous cost/benefit ratio, widespread availability and easy execution, ultrasound (US) is the first-line imaging modality in most countries for the initial liver survey and represents the imaging technique that usually detects a complex liver cyst....
Source: Journal of Ultrasound - May 13, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Point of care ultrasound (POCUS) in Canadian neonatal intensive care units (NICUs): where are we?
ConclusionPOCUS is widely used in Canadian NICUs. However, a formal curriculum and assessment of competencies in this area of neonatal clinical care are lacking. (Source: Journal of Ultrasound)
Source: Journal of Ultrasound - May 9, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Skin cancer: findings and role of high-resolution ultrasound
AbstractCurrently available high-resolution transducers allow a detailed ultrasound (US) assessment of skin tumors. US complements clinical examination, dermoscopy, and biopsy in the initial differential diagnosis, surgical planning, locoregional staging, and follow-up of patients with skin malignancies. It is important for dermatologists, skin surgeons, and US operators to be aware of the US imaging findings and to recognize the clinical scenarios where imaging is indicated in the management of skin cancer. The purpose of this review article is to address the most common indications for US in skin oncology and to provide ...
Source: Journal of Ultrasound - May 8, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Acceptability of intrapartum ultrasound by mothers in an African population
This study aimed to determine women ’s acceptance of intrapartum ultrasound and their preference for transperineal ultrasound or digital vaginal examination (digital VE) in Ghana.MethodsAn analytical cross-sectional study was conducted among mothers who had had both digital VE and transperineal ultrasound during labour in a tertiary hospital. Information about their sociodemographic characteristics, experience with, and preference for ultrasound or digital VE in labour using a pretested structured questionnaire was obtained. Their experiences were categorised as ‘tolerable, ‘quite uncomfortable’ or ...
Source: Journal of Ultrasound - May 8, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Early hemodynamic characteristics of eversion and patch carotid endarterectomies
ConclusionAlthough eversion and patch CEAs vary greatly in technique and post-procedure anatomy, there was no significant difference in post-operative PSV or change in PSV at or around the carotid bifurcation. (Source: Journal of Ultrasound)
Source: Journal of Ultrasound - May 8, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Transperineal ultrasound for assessment of fistulas and abscesses: a pictorial essay
AbstractPerianal fistulas and abscesses may be cryptogenetic or associated with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), specifically Crohn ’s disease. Proper identification and classification of these lesions are paramount for correct therapeutic management. Current diagnostic modalities include MRI (magnetic resonance imaging), EUS (endoscopic ultrasound), EUA (exam under anaesthesia) and recently, transperineal ultrasound (TPUS). T he latter has been proposed as a noninvasive, easily available and cost-effective technique to diagnose, assess and follow up perianal disease particularly in IBD patients. This pictorial revi...
Source: Journal of Ultrasound - May 7, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Echographic evaluation of optic nerve sheath diameter in malarial patients
(Source: Journal of Ultrasound)
Source: Journal of Ultrasound - April 30, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research