Ultrasound guided arthroscopic meniscus surgery
AbstractUltrasound is a useful adjunctive intra-operative imaging modality for soft tissue pathologies. It is readily available in the operating theater and has the distinct advantage of being more portable than an MRI, with no harmful radiation. It is especially useful for determining if any extra articular cysts have been decompressed through arthroscopic surgery, if a parameniscal cyst has been removed completely or if extrusion has been reduced adequately in a meniscus root repair. In our series, intra-operative ultrasound was used for two cases of medial meniscus horizontal tear with meniscus cyst excision, one case o...
Source: Journal of Ultrasound - May 16, 2022 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Screening for asymptomatic deep vein thrombosis in COVID-19 patients admitted to the medical ward: a cross-sectional study
ConclusionWe have shown a low prevalence (4%) of newly discovered asymptomatic DVT outside the ICU-setting in COVID-19 patients. Despite this low prevalence, nine patients developed PE (7%) within 28  days after ultrasound. This favors the hypothesis of local thrombus formation in the lungs. Based on our findings and literature, we do not recommend US-screening of asymptomatic patients with COVID-19 admitted to the ward. (Source: Journal of Ultrasound)
Source: Journal of Ultrasound - May 14, 2022 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

A concise guide to transtemporal contrast-enhanced ultrasound in children
AbstractBrain contrast-enhanced ultrasound offers insights into the brain beyond the anatomic information offered by conventional grayscale ultrasound. In infants, the open fontanelles serve as acoustic windows. In children, whose fontanelles are closed, the temporal bone serves as the ideal acoustic window due to its relatively smaller thickness than the other skull bones. Diagnosis of common neurologic diseases such as stroke, hemorrhage, and hydrocephalus has been performed using the technique. Transtemporal ultrasound and contrast-enhanced ultrasound, however, are rarely used in children due to the prevalent notion tha...
Source: Journal of Ultrasound - May 14, 2022 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Assessing left ventricular diastolic function in prone position
(Source: Journal of Ultrasound)
Source: Journal of Ultrasound - May 11, 2022 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Systematic review and meta-analysis on the effectiveness of ultrasound-guided versus landmark corticosteroid injection in the treatment of shoulder pain: an update
ConclusionOur analysis showed that US-guided CS injection was effective in the treatment of various shoulder diseases. Further research on the cost-effectiveness of US-guided CS methods is needed. (Source: Journal of Ultrasound)
Source: Journal of Ultrasound - May 6, 2022 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Plantar flexion with inversion shows highest elastic modulus of calcaneofibular ligament using ultrasound share wave elastography
ConclusionsThe angle of the CFL increased with DF. Moreover, ultrasound SWE showed that the CFL was tensed and likely to be injured in the PI position. (Source: Journal of Ultrasound)
Source: Journal of Ultrasound - May 5, 2022 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Relation between partial arterial carbon dioxide pressure and pH value and optic nerve sheath diameter: a prospective self-controlled non-randomized trial study
ConclusionThe ONSD changed significantly and in a highly correlated manner to acute changes in PaCO2 levels. (Source: Journal of Ultrasound)
Source: Journal of Ultrasound - May 5, 2022 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

COVID-19 vaccine-induced lymphadenopathies: incidence, course and imaging features from an ultrasound prospective study
ConclusionA high incidence of vaccine-induced lymphadenopathy was found in a population of healthy subjects, with nearly complete regression within 4 –12 weeks. (Source: Journal of Ultrasound)
Source: Journal of Ultrasound - May 4, 2022 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Concurrent subarachnoid haemorrhage and internal carotid artery dissection: a transcranial colour-coded sonography diagnosis
We report the case of a young woman affected by an aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH) and numerous anatomic abnormalities. A Transcranial Colour-Coded Duplex Sonography, performed with the aim of monitoring the vasospasm, showed a non-pulsatile flow with loss of sharp systolic peak and lowering of mean flow velocities in the right extracranial Internal Carotid Artery (ICA) and all its intra-cranial branches. This event suggested a possible concomitant acute right ICA sub-occlusion with a lack of collateral circulation. This type of flow is typically found in systemic and brain arteries of patients undergoing to veno...
Source: Journal of Ultrasound - April 28, 2022 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Assessment of Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasound (CEUS) and Computed Tomography (CT) diagnostic accuracy in the evaluation of challenging cystic renal masses
ConclusionDespite some statistical limitations, this study confirms that among cystic renal masses, those classified as Bosniak IIF and III are the most difficult to assess. The diagnostic performances of CEUS and CT are similar within this group. However, in experienced hands, CEUS could be valuable in further evaluation of ambiguous cystic masses, and in more ductile, safer, and cost-effective surveillance of those classified as Bosniak IIF and III. When challenging cystic renal masses occur, CEUS is a useful tool for clinical management and for the follow-up of non-surgical lesions. (Source: Journal of Ultrasound)
Source: Journal of Ultrasound - April 23, 2022 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Saphenous and sciatic nerve block to treat acute lower limb ischemic pain in the emergency department
AbstractAcute limb ischemia (ALI) presents with significant pain that is often refractory to opioid pain management or is present in patients with relative contraindications to opioids. Here we present a case of ALI successfully managed with regional anesthesia using sciatic and saphenous nerve blocks. To our knowledge, this is the first case report of regional anesthesia for ALI performed in the Emergency Department (ED) by Emergency Medicine physicians. (Source: Journal of Ultrasound)
Source: Journal of Ultrasound - April 23, 2022 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Assessment of Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasound (CEUS) and Computed Tomography (CT) diagnostic accuracy in the evaluation of challenging cystic renal masses
ConclusionDespite some statistical limitations, this study confirms that among cystic renal masses, those classified as Bosniak IIF and III are the most difficult to assess. The diagnostic performances of CEUS and CT are similar within this group. However, in experienced hands, CEUS could be valuable in further evaluation of ambiguous cystic masses, and in more ductile, safer, and cost-effective surveillance of those classified as Bosniak IIF and III. When challenging cystic renal masses occur, CEUS is a useful tool for clinical management and for the follow-up of non-surgical lesions. (Source: Journal of Ultrasound)
Source: Journal of Ultrasound - April 23, 2022 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Saphenous and sciatic nerve block to treat acute lower limb ischemic pain in the emergency department
AbstractAcute limb ischemia (ALI) presents with significant pain that is often refractory to opioid pain management or is present in patients with relative contraindications to opioids. Here we present a case of ALI successfully managed with regional anesthesia using sciatic and saphenous nerve blocks. To our knowledge, this is the first case report of regional anesthesia for ALI performed in the Emergency Department (ED) by Emergency Medicine physicians. (Source: Journal of Ultrasound)
Source: Journal of Ultrasound - April 23, 2022 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Diagnostic dilemma between angular and interstitial ectopic pregnancy: 3D ultrasound features
We report here two cases of women at 8  weeks of pregnancy with an angular pregnancy diagnosed by vaginal 2D and 3D ultrasound and discuss about specific ultrasound features and alternative imaging modalities to distinguish it from interstitial and cornual pregnancies. (Source: Journal of Ultrasound)
Source: Journal of Ultrasound - April 21, 2022 Category: Radiology Source Type: research