Understanding and Testing Recovery Processes for PTSD and Alcohol Use Following Sexual Assault

Conditions:   Alcohol; Use, Problem;   Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Interventions:   Behavioral: Imaginal Exposure;   Behavioral: Alcohol Skills Training;   Behavioral: Supportive Telehealth Sponsors:   University of Washington;   National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials

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BACKGROUND: Post-traumatic stress disorder sharply increases the risk of depression and suicide. Individuals living with post-traumatic stress disorder frequently use cannabis to treat associated symptoms. We sought to investigate whether cannabis use modi...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
by Samantha Harris, Jennifer Dykxhoorn, Anna-Clara Hollander, Christina Dalman, James B. Kirkbride BackgroundRefugees are at higher risk of some psychiatric disorders, including post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and psychosis, compared with other non-refugee migrants and the majority population. However, it is unclear whether this also applies to substance use disorders, which we investigated in a national register cohort study in Sweden. We also investigated whether risk varied by region of origin, age at migration, time in Sweden, and diagnosis of PTSD. Methods and findingsUsing linked Swedish register data, we follo...
Source: PLoS Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Subthreshold and threshold PTSD are associated with binge eating symptoms in both men and women. Similar to drugs and alcohol, binge eating may be used as a strategy to alleviate distressing symptoms of PTSD. PMID: 31644842 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: J Clin Psychiatry Source Type: research
This article covers the renaissance of classical psychedelic drugs such as psilocybin and LSD plus 3,4-methylene dioxymethamphetamine (MDMA-ecstasy) in psychiatric research. These drugs were used quite extensively before they became prohibited. This ban had little impact on recreational use, but effectively stopped research and clinical treatments, which up to that point had looked very promising in several areas of psychiatry. In the past decade a number of groups have been working to re-evaluate the utility of these substances in medicine. So far highly promising preliminary data have been produced with psilocybin in anx...
Source: Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Tags: Dialogues Clin Neurosci Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Sub-syndromal PTSD occurs when persons experience many of the symptoms of PTSD, with some impairment, but do not meet full diagnostic criteria. Found to be associated with a range of mental health conditions including alcohol abuse, higher rates of suicidal ideas and delayed-onset PTSD, it should be seen as 'symptoms that are predictive of later disorder'. Patients with this condition need accurate assessment, trauma-focused therapy and follow-up to address the symptoms and, potentially, prevent development of PTSD. PMID: 31647319 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Australasian Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Australas Psychiatry Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Prevalence and comorbidity of major MH conditions is high in veterans referred for geriatric MH services. Future work will examine challenges faced by non-specialty providers in caring for older veterans, with the goal of developing targeted educational and clinical interventions to better address aging veterans' MH needs. PMID: 31621886 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Military Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research
According to a recently-published interview with John Torous, MD, MBI, Director of the Digital Psychiatry Division at the Department of Psychiatry at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, there are seven great evidenced-based mental health apps you should consider. Evidence-based means they’ve met the minimum requirements by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) or have at least one randomized clinical research study that supports their use and effectiveness. The recommendation for these evidence-based mental health apps comes in an interview with Dr. Torous found in the Oct. 2019 issue of The Carlat Psychiatr...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: General Medications Mental Health and Wellness Mindfulness Psychology Self-Help Technology evidence-based mental health apps Smartphone Source Type: blogs
The ability of resting-state functional MRI (fMRI) to pinpoint reduced brain...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: fMRI connects words to brain activity fMRI may speed up diagnosis of autism fMRI links imaging biomarker to PTSD treatment response PET, fMRI shed light on alcohol's effects on brain Machine learning, fMRI unlock cellular brain properties
Source: AuntMinnie.com Headlines - Category: Radiology Source Type: news
CONCLUSIONS: These preliminary findings suggest that oxytocin does not affect cue-induced craving. Our results contribute to an ever-growing field of research investigating the effects of intranasal oxytocin on the symptoms of substance use disorders and will help further refine methodology and streamline future inquiries in this area. PMID: 31610033 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Alcohol Clin Exp Res Source Type: research
Conditions:   Alcohol; Use, Problem;   Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Interventions:   Behavioral: Imaginal Exposure;   Behavioral: Alcohol Skills Training;   Behavioral: Supportive Telehealth Sponsors:   University of Washington;   National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
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