AI model could speed up pneumonia diagnosis in ED

An artificial intelligence (AI) algorithm for chest x-rays that was tested...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: SIIM: AI can detect, classify TB on chest x-rays CAD software helps stratify risk in lung cancer patients AI outperforms physicians for interpreting chest x-rays Stanford launches huge dataset of chest x-rays for AI Canada-U.S. duo wins RSNA pneumonia AI challenge
Source: Headlines - Category: Radiology Source Type: news

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ConclusionsThis study demonstrated that patients who developed GGO exhibited worse outcomes among non ‐small‐cell lung cancer patients receiving anti‐PD‐1 therapies.
Source: Cancer Medicine - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research
Programmed cell death ‐1 immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICI) antibody has proven to be effective in advanced non‐small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients positive for programmed cell death‐1 ligand‐1. However, there are currently no reports which evaluate drug efficacy by continuous bronchoscopic observation. A 75‐ year‐old man with complete right atelectasis was diagnosed with squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the right lower lobe (tumor proportion score: TPS 90%, cT4N3M0, stage 3C). For first‐line chemotherapy, carboplatin and nab‐paclitaxel were effective for the primary lesion and the right lung atele ctasi...
Source: Thoracic Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: CASE REPORT Source Type: research
Conditions:   Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease;   Lung Non-Small Cell Carcinoma;   Pneumonia;   Stage IB Lung Cancer AJCC v8;   Stage II Lung Cancer AJCC v8;   Stage IIA Lung Cancer AJCC v8;   Stage IIB Lung Cancer AJCC v8;   Stage IIIA Lung Cancer AJCC v8 Interventions:   Other: Quality-of-Life Assessment;   Other: Questionnaire Administration;   Biological: Recombinant Human EGF-rP64K/Monta...
Source: - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Over the past 200 years lung diseases have shifted from infections – tuberculosis, pneumonia – to diseases of dirty air – chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, asthma and lung cancer. New diseases have emerged from industrial pollution and HIV infection, while better imaging has revealed others previously unrecognized. Scientific advances in microbiology, im aging and clinical measurement have improved diagnosis and allowed better targeted treatment. Advances in treatment have been dramatic, the most important being drugs (antibiotics, cortisone, β2-adrenoceptor agonists), ventilatory support (from ...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Tags: Clinical aspects Source Type: research
k Yzermans There is continuing debate and public health concern regarding the previously confirmed association between high livestock density and human health. The primary aim of the current study is to assess the prevalence of respiratory and other health problems in a livestock dense area in the Netherlands, based on recent longitudinal health data and a large sample. Analyses are expanded with the investigation of different subgroups of patients with respiratory health problems and the inclusion of various chronic and acute health outcomes, as well as prescribed medication. Prevalence of health symptoms and chron...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
ConclusionsORR and PFS were significantly better in ILD patients than in irAEs ‐non‐ILD and non‐irAEs patients. Pre‐existing history of IP was an independent risk factor for ILD‐induced ICIs.
Source: Thoracic Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
Authors: Rispoli M, Salvi R, Cennamo A, Di Natale D, Natale G, Meoli I, Gioia MR, Esposito M, Nespoli MR, De Finis M, Buono S, Corcione A, Lavoretano S, Bianco A, Fiorelli A, Curcio C, Perrotta F Abstract OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effectiveness of a home-based preoperative rehabilitation program for improving preoperative lung function and surgical outcome of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) undergoing lobectomy for cancer. METHODS: This was a prospective, observational, single-center study including 59 patients with mild COPD who underwent lobectomy for lung cancer. All patients a...
Source: Tumori - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Tumori Source Type: research
Abstract Neutrophils act as both messenger and effector which contributed to the pathogenesis of acute lung injury (ALI). Targeting neutrophils could be a novel strategy for prevention and treatment of ALI. Selaginella uncinata is widely used as an antitussive, antipyretic and anti-inflammatory herb to treat various pulmonary diseases, including lung cancer, asthma, pulmonary fibrosis and pneumonia. However, its effective constituents remain unknown. In the present study, the protective effects of flavonoids from S. uncinata (SUF) and its major compound robustaflavone-4'-dimethyl ether (RDE) against lipopolysaccha...
Source: International Immunopharmacology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Int Immunopharmacol Source Type: research
Lung cancer is the most common cancer worldwide, accounting for approximately 17% and 9% of all cancers in men and women, respectively, and more than 1.6 million cancer-related deaths every year [1]. Patients with non-metastatic disease are eligible for curative treatment, which can include various combinations of surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy [2 –4]. The risk of experiencing major morbidity from surgery ranges from 10%-30% and most common symptomatic complications include arrhythmias, pneumonia and pulmonary embolism [5].
Source: Lung Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 20 February 2020Source: Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica BAuthor(s): Kudelaidi Kuerban, Xiwen Gao, Hui Zhang, Jiayang Liu, Mengxue Dong, Lina Wu, Ruihong Ye, Meiqing Feng, Li YeAbstractMore efficient drug delivery system and formulation with less adverse effects are needed for the clinical application of broad-spectrum antineoplastic agent doxorubicin (DOX). Here we obtained outer-membrane vesicles (OMVs), a nano-sized proteoliposomes naturally released by Gram-negative bacteria, from attenuated Klebsiella pneumonia and prepared doxorubicin-loaded OMVs (DOX-OMV). Confocal microscopy and in vivo ...
Source: Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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