Peripheral and local anaesthetic techniques for paediatric surgery

This article discusses a general approach to PNBs in children. It covers a small selection of limb and trunk blocks, and discusses the benefit of ultrasound guidance.
Source: Anaesthesia and intensive care medicine - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Paediatric Anaesthesia Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 8 October 2020Source: Anaesthesia Critical Care &Pain MedicineAuthor(s): Paul J. Zetlaoui, Elodie Gauthier, Dan Benhamou
Source: Anaesthesia, Critical Care and Pain Medicine - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
Conditions:   Anesthesia;   Postoperative Pain;   Ultrasound Therapy; Complications Interventions:   Procedure: Intrathoracic Intercostal Nerve Block;   Procedure: Erector Spinae Plane Block Sponsor:   National Taiwan University Hospital Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Conclusions: A single injection of ultrasound-guided RLB did not reduce postoperative analgesic requirements following breast surgery. PMID: 32989202 [PubMed]
Source: Korean Journal of Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Korean J Pain Source Type: research
Background: Ultrasound-guided locoregional nerve blocks have been recently used in patients undergoing surgery for breast cancer. In particular, Paravetrebral block (PVB) and newer Pectoralis nerve (PECS) blocks can be used with the main aims of improving postoperative pain control and reducing use of opioids during general anesthesia. In this comparative study we investigated the effects of PVB and PECS in intraoperative opioid consumption, postoperative opioid consumption, postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV), operative time, and post-operative hospital stay.
Source: European Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: POSTERS A: Local Regional Treatment – Surgery Source Type: research
Conclusion: The use of transmuscular QLB in patients undergoing total hip replacement decreased post-operative analgesic consumption and post-operative pain score and prolonged post-operative analgesia. It did not affect patients' satisfaction and occurrence of post-operative complications.
Source: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Source Type: research
This study wa...
Source: BMC Anesthesiology - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
Authors: Çakir Ö, Aksu C Abstract BACKGROUND/AIM: To compare the subjective level of pain in patients who underwent an ultrasound-guided percutaneous liver biopsy (PLB) after either pericapsular anesthesia (PA) or subcapsular anesthesia (SA), based on the Numeric Rating Scale (NRS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 323 patients, mean age 51, range 21-82 years; 160 (49.5%) male, referred to the Interventional Radiology Clinic of Kocaeli University Faculty of Medicine for image-guided PLB, between June 2019 and May 2020 were included and randomized into two groups by anesthetic type; the first (n=171...
Source: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences - Category: General Medicine Tags: Turk J Med Sci Source Type: research
Conclusion: SAP block with continuous catheter technique seems to be a safe and effective modality for the management of acute postoperative pain after thoracotomy.
Source: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusion: TPVB and SAP group result in a greater spread of the drug and provide equivalent analgesia and are superior to the PECS II block in providing analgesia for breast surgeries. SAP block is easier to perform than TPVB with lesser chances of complications and results in faster onset.
Source: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusion: SAP block with continuous catheter technique seems to be a safe and effective modality for the management of acute postoperative pain after thoracotomy.
Source: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Source Type: research
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